My speciality is Telecommunications



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My speciality is Telecommunications



I am a second-year student of the Bratsk State University. I’d like to tell you about my future profession.

Since ancient times a man could communicate using various ways (methods): mimicry, gesture, rocky outline, sound, light, smoke, etc.

Current society is in need of instant-on and qualitative communication and information storage.

At present global telecommunication systems and networks are set up.

Telecommunication systems and networks provide for transmitting, receiving, processing, distributing and information storage.

What do telecommunication systems mean?

They mean technical facilities complex providing for telecommunication (electric communication) of special type.

Telecommunication (electric communication) means transmitting or receiving of signs, signals, texts, pictures, sounds by communication, optical and other electromagnetic systems.

Telecommunication networks are centers, assemblies and lines totality connecting telecommunication systems.

Telecommunication systems and networks make up system of electric communication.

System of electric communication is a complex of technical facilities providing for electric communication of a special type.

There are various types of telecommunications: telegraphic communication (aerial, cable), radio (surface, cosmic, satellite radio-communication), optical (fiber-optical), free space.

And there are various kinds of information such as: telephone, telegraph, data transmission, facsimile, newspaper transmission, broad- and telecasting that we can communicate.

To become a high-quality specialist in the field of telecommunications it is necessary to study the theory of electric communication, the theory of electric chains, optical communication systems and so on.

After graduating from the University I shall become a telecommunication engineer and I shall work at industrial enterprises, on TV and radio, and etc.

 

Прочитайте и переведите интернациональные слова.

 

Profession, specialist, method, type, system, global, transmission, communication, complex, signal, optical, center, to form, cable, radio, cosmic, fax, sphere.

 

Переведите слова, обращая внимание на значение суффиксов.

 

To connect-connection; society-social-socialist; quality-qualitative-qualification; to store-storage; to create-creation-creator-creature; to distribute-distributor-distribution; total-totality; center-central; to inform-information-informant; fax-facsimile.

 

5. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. After graduating from the University I shall become a ….

2. It is important to study the theory of electric chains and optical communication systems.

3. Broadcasting, telegraph, facsimile, newspaper transmission are various kinds of communication of information.

4. Any system of electric communication is made up of telecommunication systems and networks.

5. Do you know what telecommunication system means?

6. Ancient men could communicate using mimicry, gesture, rocky outline, sound etc.

 

Закончите предложения и переведите их.

1. Any telecommunication specialist deals with…

a. working out technological processes.

b. constructing and manufacturing computers.

c. communicating.

 

2. The qualities required of the communication of the XXI century are…

a. high efficiency, long service life.

b. to meet up-to-date requirements.

c. to be smokeless, soundless and lightless.

 

3. Electric communication is…

d. telecommunication.

e. telegraphic communication.

f. free space.

 

4. Nowadays we use telecommunication systems and networks …

g. to send data (words, numbers, programs etc.).

h. to point out the main stages of the development of computers.

i. to know something about our future.

 

Выпишите из правой колонки русские слова и словосочетания, соответствующие английским из левой колонки.

1. rocky outline a. мгновенный

2. distribution б. спутниковый

3. communication в. наскальный рисунок

4. broadcasting г. звуковое вещание

5. instant-on д. данные

6. interchange ж. волоконно-оптический

7. satellite з. размещение

8. fiber-optical е. связь

9. data и. обработка

10. processing к. обмен

 

Найдите в тексте “My speciality is Telecommunications” английские эквиваленты предложений и запишите их.

 

1. Существуют разные типы электросвязи: проводная (воздушная, кабельная), радио (наземная, космическая, спутниковая) и др.

 

2. … необходимо изучать теорию электросвязи, теорию электрических цепей, системы оптической связи и т.д.

 

3. После окончания университета я стану …

 

4. Телекоммуникация это передача и прием знаков, сигналов … по проводным, оптическим и другим электромагнитным системам.

 

5. Телекоммуникационные системы – это комплекс технических средств, обеспечивающих электрическую связь особого типа.

 

6. Телекоммуникационные сети это совокупность пунктов, узлов и линий, соединяющих системы телекоммуникаций.

 

7. Телекоммуникационные системы и сети образуют систему электрической связи.

 

8. В настоящее время созданы глобальные системы и сети телекоммуникации.

 

9. Прочитайте и переведите текст. Выразите ваше мнение по излагаемой в тексте проблеме.

 

Telecommunications: Global Brain?

The immense economic power of the telecommunications industry constitutes the “base camp” from which computer power will assault the old structures. One example: in the single area of “computer conferencing” (the use of computers to link people together), some scientists have already envisioned the rapid obsolescence of many education techniques, the electronic replacement of 80 percent of business mail, and a significant alteration of transportation and settlement patterns. When these effects were first suggested in a Futurist article in 1974, there were only about a hundred persons in the world engaging in such “computer conferencing”. By the end of the decade they numbered in the thousands, and Dr. Michael Arbib suggested that the building of a “Global Brain for Mankind” was an urgent necessity. Can we build such a brain? Is it desirable to build it?

 

Сделайте сообщение по теме “My speciality is Telecommunications”.

 

AUTOMATION OF TECHNOLOGICAL

AND PRODUCTION PROCESSES

1. Прочитайте и запомните следующие слова и словосочетания:

automation ["LtO'meISqn] автоматизация
properly ['prOpqlI] должным образом, правильно
substantially [sqb'stxnSqlI] по существу, в значительной степени
contribute [kqn'trIbjHt] сделать вклад
efficiency [I'fISqnsI] производительность
device [dI'vaIs] прибор, механизм
replace [rI'pleIs] заменять, замещать
human ['hjHmqn] человеческий, человек
mechanical [mI'kxnIkql] механический
mechanization ["mekqnaI'zeISqn] механизация
machine [mq'SI:n] машина, станок
sphere [sfIq] сфера, поле деятельности
exceed [Ik'sI:d] превышать, превосходить
chemical ['kemIkql] химический
require [rI'kwaIq] требовать
turbine ['tq:bIn] турбина
consumer [kqn'sjHmq] потребитель
technique [tek'nI:k] прием, способ
equipment [I'kwIpmqnt] оборудование
cultured ['kAlCqd] культурный, развитой

Прочитайте и переведите текст.

My speciality

I am a student of the Bratsk State University. I am specializing in automation of technological and production processes.

Automation plays an important part in the great advances in technology. Automation, properly coordinated with other phases of technology, can substantially contribute to production efficiency.

Man has always been interested in devices and machines that would do things for him. Automation replaces human by mechanical power, it continues a process of mechanization which began before the industrial revolution two centuries ago. The first machines were semi-automatic, they performed automatically, but the unskilled work of loading and unloading and the skilled work of maintaining the machines had to be performed by a human operator. Since then technical development has been gradual and continuous; what is being done in this sphere at present greatly exceeds what has been done in the past.

At present we have many almost fully automatic enterprises: power stations with remote control, chemical plants where men have only to keep watch over automatic units. Take, for example, the Bratsk Hydroelectric Power Station, one of the biggest in the world, which is controlled by only two men. Some hydroelectric power plants have such level of mechanization that don’t require the instant presence of man at all. Instruments automatically start and stop the turbines, send the power to the consumer, regulate the water input.

There are several automatic systems at present which use different techniques. But in each case mechanisms perform the process of production and the human operator has only to control the operation of process. In some kinds of work automatic machinery is more accurate and reliable than human workers. The worker in the plant with modern automatic equipment regulates the production process and controls the “thinking” machines. But the operation of these machines, the latest modern equipment and automatic regulators requires highly skilled, cultured people with good knowledge of technology.

Automation of all industrial processes is of great importance at today’s stage of the engineering development.

3. Повторите за диктором следующие интерна-циональные слова:

 

Advance, technology, production, specialize, process, station, regulate.

 

Составьте предложения.

1. Which, at present, are, there, systems, use, techniques, several, automatic, different.

2. Technology, an, plays, in, advances, important, automation, part, great, of, the.

3. And, processes, I, in, production, specializing, am, automation, technological, of.

 



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