Научитесь правильно произносить следующие интернациональные слова.

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Научитесь правильно произносить следующие интернациональные слова.


hydro ['haIdrou]  
industrial [In'dAstrIql]  
aluminium [xlju'mInqm]  
industry ['IndAstrI]  
cultural ['kAlCqrql]  
stadium ['stxdIum]  

4. Прочитайте текст еще раз и найдите эквиваленты a) слов и словосочетаний, b) предложений.


а) Местный, гордость, продукция, главная достопри-мечательность, лесопромышленный, кукольный театр, огромное количество, любимое место отдыха, промышленная эксплуатация.

b) Первые агрегаты станции были запущены в 1961 году.

Здесь есть три Дворца Культуры. Казаки во главе с Максимом Перфильевым построили крепость на правом берегу Ангары.


5. Восстановите по памяти (на русском языке), в каком контексте упоминаются следующие словосочетания:


entire station

puppet theatre

to have a good rest

the only trouble


Прослушайте дикторскую запись указанных ниже предложений. Постарайтесь понять, какие слова и словосочетания в них отсутствуют. Повторите полные предложения.


1. There are __________ industrial enterprises here.

2. The history of _______ of the Angara goes back to _______.

3. Bratsk’s new life began in _________ _________.

4. ____ bob-sleigh track in Bratsk is _____ to the ____ ______.

5. Bratsk is among 10 ___________ towns of Russia.

7. Научитесь читать следующие вопросительные предложения, имитируя интонацию диктора. Ответьте на вопросы.

1. Where is Bratsk situated?

2. What century does the history of Bratsk go back?

3. Who were the first settlers on the banks of the Angara?

4. When were the first generating units of the station put on line?

5. What are the largest industrial enterprises in Bratsk?

6. What places of interest in Bratsk do you know?

7. What is your favourite town in Russia?


Разделите текст на логические части и озаглавьте их.


9. Послушайте текст и ответьте на вопросы.

1. Who was Avvakum?

2. Why was he exiled?

3. Where can you see the towers of Fort now?


There is a historical legend associated with the tower in Bratsk Fort. Bratsk Fort, like many other remote parts of Siberia, was a place of banishment. Rumour has it that it was in this tower that one of the most vident schismatics of the 17th century was imprisoned for a while – the indomitable archpriest Avvakum, unfrocked, anathematised, whipped but still a militant fighter for the old belief. The second of the two towers surviving those times was taken to the Kolomenskoye Estate - museum in Moskow.


  1. How many rivers flow into Baikal?
  2. What did old Baikal do to stop his daughter?


I’d like to tell you a legend about the Angara. According to a legend, old Baikal was brought gifts of water by his 336 sons – large, small and tiny mountain rivers (554 according to new calculations). To counterbalance her brothers Angara, Baikal’s the only daughter, carried out into the world between her broad banks Baikal’s precious water, which had settled in the Siberian lake for 4 centuries. The Angara is a restive river. The legend of old man Baikal and his wilful daughter Angara tells how Baikal threw the Shaman Stone after his daughter as she was running to her hero Yenisei, but he failed to stop her.


Перескажите текст “Bratsk”.




1. Прочитайте, запомните следующие слова и словосочетания:

Europe, Asia, total, area, square, the Pacific ocean, the Arctic ocean, the Atlantic ocean, neighbour, the south, Chine, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia, Azerbaijan, climate, nature, fertile, high, European, densely, outskirts, power, the highest legislative body, parliament, chamber, cultural, tricolour, stripe, loyalty, valour, double-headed eagle.


Прочитайте и переведите текст.


My native country is Russia. The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It is situated both in Europe and Asia. The total area is about 17 million square kilometers. The country is washed by 12 seas and 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic oceans.

Russia borders on many countries. Our neighbours in the south are China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the west we have borders with Norway, Finland, Belarus and the Ukraine.

Due to the large territory, the climate and nature are of various types in Russia. Winters are cold, windy and snowy and summers are hot and dry.

Russia is a country of thick forests and wide valleys, of fertile lands and high mountains. There are a lot of great rivers and deep lakes on its territory. The longest rivers are the Volga, the Ob, the Yenisey and the Lena. The largest lakes are Ladoga and Baikal. Baikal is the deepest lake in the world and its water is purest on earth.

Our country is rich in mineral deposits. It possesses oil, natural gas, coal, iron, gold and many others. Most of them are concentrated in Siberia.

The current population of Russia is about 150 million people. The European part of Russia is densely peopled, and most people live in cities, towns and their outskirts.

Russia is a federal republic with the strong power of the President who is the head of the state. The highest legislative body is the Parliament. It consists of two chambers: the Duma and the Soviet of Federation.

The capital of Russia is Moscow. It is the largest political, cultural and industrial centre. It is one of the oldest Russian cities.

The national banner of Russia is a tricolour with white, blue and red stripes. White represents peace, blue represents loyalty and red stands for valour.

The emblem of Russia is a double-headed eagle.


3. Найдите в тексте «Russia» английские эквиваленты следующих слов и словосочетаний:


моя родная страна; Российская Федерация; самая большая страна в мире; общая площадь; омывается 12 морями и 3 океанами; граничит со многими странами; наши соседи на юге; из-за большой территории; различные типы; широкие равнины; плодородные земли; самые длинные реки; самое глубокое озеро; самое чистое на земле; месторождение; природный газ; население современной России; густо населенный; глава государства; состоит из двух палат; промышленный центр; государственный флаг; символизирует мир; герб России.


4. Ответьте на вопросы по тексту «Russia».


1. What is your native country? 2. Where is the Russian Federation situated? 3. What is its total area? 4. What oceans is Russia washed by? 5. What countries does the Russian Federation border on? 6. What is the climate like in Russia? 7. Russia is rich in its natural resources, isn’t it? 8. What is Lake Baikal famous for? 9. What mineral resources does this country possess? 10. How large is the current population of Russia? 11. What kind of republic is Russia? 12. Who is the head of the state? 13. What chambers does the Parliament consist of? 14. The capital of Russia is Moscow, isn’t it? 15. What is the national banner of Russia like? 16. What do the three colours of the banner stand for? 17. What is the national emblem of the Russian Federation like?

Прочитайте правильно слова и словосочетания к тексту «State System of the Russian Federation». Выучите их.


is stated is vested legislative the Federal Assembly the Council of Federation the Upper/Lower Chamber the Constitutional Court the State Duma to represent subject to enforce adopted by the State Duma the decrees issued by the president introduces, considers and adopts new bills approved by a majority vote elected by a popular vote   an executive branch the commander-in-chief to make treaties judicial branch contradictory loyalty to stand for valour to go back to to veto dynasty установлено, сформулиро­вано вручена законодательный Федеральное собрание Совет Федерации Верхняя/Нижняя палата Конституционный Суд Государственная Дума представлять субъект (федерации) утверждать (законопроект) принятый Государственной Думой указы, изданные президен­том   вносит на рассмотрение, изучает и принимает новые законопроекты одобренный большинством го­лосов   избранный всенародным голосова-нием исполнительная власть главнокомандующий заключать договоры судебная власть противоречивый верность символизировать отвагу восходить (к) приостанавливать династия


Прочитайте текст и переведите его со словарем.


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