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ТОП 10 на сайтеПриготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Техника нижней прямой подачи мяча.
Франко-прусская война (причины и последствия)
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Смысловое и механическое запоминание, их место и роль в усвоении знаний
Коммуникативные барьеры и пути их преодоления
Обработка изделий медицинского назначения многократного применения
Образцы текста публицистического стиля
Четыре типа изменения баланса
Задачи с ответами для Всероссийской олимпиады по праву
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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?
Приготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Практические работы по географии для 6 класса
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Изменения в неживой природе осенью
Уборка процедурного кабинета
Сольфеджио. Все правила по сольфеджио
Балочные системы. Определение реакций опор и моментов защемления
TEXT С. A VOYAGE ROUND EUROPE
L.: Hello, Anne. Are you back from your holidays already? Ooo, you're lovely and brown! Where have you been?
A.: Oh, I've had a fantastic timeJ I've just been on a cruise round Europe with my Dad.
L.: Oh, you lucky thing! You must have seen so many interesting places. Where did you sail from?
A.: Well, we left from Odessa...
L.: Did you call at any European ports?
A.: Yes. Quite a lot. We went ashore at each one and went on some really interesting trips sightseeing.
L.: Did you go by train or did you hire a car?
A.: No, we went by coach. Now I can say I've seen Rome, London, Paris and Athens.
L.: Ooo, I'm so envious. Were you ever seasick?
A.: Only a little, I was fine, until two days after Gibraltar, The sea suddenly became very rough, and I had to stay in my cabin.
L.: What a shame. But was your father all right?
A.: Yes, he was fine all the time. He's never seasick,
L.: Did you go ashore when you reached Spain?
A.: No, we only saw the coast-line from the deck. It didn't really look very inviting, a bit bare and monotonous, in fact.
L.: And did you go for a swim in the Mediterranean?
A.: Yes, and in the Atlantic Ocean too. There are some beautiful beaches on the west coast of France, It's so nice to have a swim there.
L: Well, I'm glad you've had such a lovely time!
From a Railway Carriage
Faster than fairies, faster than witches,
Bridges and houses, hedges and ditches;
And charging along like troops in a battle,
All through the meadows, the horses and cattle;
All of the sights of the hill and the plain
Fly as thick as driving rain;
And ever again, in the wink of an eye,
Painted stations whistle by.
Here is a child who clambers and scrambles,
All by himself and gathering brambles;
Here is a tramp who stands and gazes;
And there's the green for stringing the daisies!
Here is a cart run away in the road,
Lumping along with man and load;
And here is a mill and there's a river;
Each a glimpse and gone for ever! Robert L. Stevenson
NOTES ON SYNONYMS
The act of travelling can be described by a number of synonyms which differ by various implications (see Notes on Synonyms, p. 18). They all describe the act of going from one place to another (that is why they are synonyms), but differ by the length of time taken by that act, by its purpose, destination or by the method of travelling.
travel n: the act of travelling, esp. a long one in distant or foreign places, either for the purpose of discovering something new or in search of pleasure and adventure. (Freq. in the plural.); е.g. He is writing a book about his travels in Africa.
journey n: the act of going from one place to another, usually taking a rather long time; е.g. It's a three days' journey by train. You'll have to make the journey alone. Going on a journey is always exciting.
voyage n: a rather long journey, esp. by water or air; е.g. I'd love to go on a voyage, would you? The idea of an Atlantic voyage terrified her: she was sure to be seasick all the time.
trip n: a journey, an excursion, freq. a brief one, made by land or water; е.g. Did you enjoy your week-end trip to the seaside?
tour n: a journey in which a short stay is made at a number of places (usu. with the view of sightseeing), the traveller finally returning to the place from which he had started; е.g. On our Southern-England tour we visited Windsor, Oxford, Cambridge, Stratford-on-Avon and then came back to London.
cruise n [kni:z]: a sea voyage from port to port, esp. a pleasure trip; е.g. The Mediterranean cruise promised many interesting impressions.
hitch-hikingn: travelling by getting free rides in passing automobiles and walking between rides; е.g. Hitch-hiking is a comparatively new way of travelling which gives one a chance to see much without spending anything.
ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (П)
booking-office n journey n smoker
cabin n hitch-hiking n (smoking-car) n
cargo-ship n luggage n speed n
cruise n luggage-van n steamer n
deck n porter n tour n
dining-car n rough adj travel n
engine n sail υ trip n
fare n sea-gull n voyage n
flight n seasickness n walker n
guide n sleeper (sleeping-car) n wave n
to go on a journey, trip, to travel second/standard
voyage, a package tour class
to travel by air (train, to call at a port
boat, cruiser, liner, etc.) to go ashore
to change from train to boat, bad (good) sailor
(cruiser, liner) to make a trip, journey
(But: to change for a boat. on deck
Also: Where do I change for on shore
Paris?) to look inviting
to be seasick, to be travelsick to be due at (a place)
(in any kind of transport) direct/through train
single ticket you can't beat the train
return ticket (return berth) a home lover/stay-at-home/
to travel/go first class a home-stay type
I. Answer the questions. Be careful to argue your case well:
1. What means of travel do you know? 2. Why are many people fond of travelling? 3. Why do some people like travelling by train? 4. Do you like travelling by train? What makes you like/dislike it? 5. What are the advantages of a sea-voyage? 6. What are the advantages of hitch-hiking? 7. What kind of people usually object to travelling by sea? 8. What are the advantages and disadvantages of travelling by air? Have you ever travelled by air? How do you like it? 9. What do you think about walking tours? 10. What is, in your opinion, the most enjoyable means of travel? 11. What way of travelling affords most comfort for elderly people? (Give your reasons.) 12. Do you think travel helps a person to become wiser?
II. Fill in appropriate words (consult the list of synonyms on pp. 291— 292):.
I. I'd be delighted to go on a sea .... but my wife has never been a good sailor, so we can't join you. 2. Last week we made a wonderful ... to the mountains. It took us four hours
??? стр 294 задания 3-6 пропущены? во всех книгах???
Nina: And where did you go ... ashore?
Alex: Oh, ... some spot you are not likely to find ... any map. Well, when we found ourselves ... the bank we immediately started ... the place where our expediton was working.
Nina: Did you go ... car?
Alex: Oh, no! No car could have driven ... those paths. We travelled partly... foot, and ... some places went... small rivers and streams ... rowing-boats. We were ... spots where no man's foot had stepped ... us.
Nina: How exciting! So you enjoyed ... the journey, didn't you?
Alex: Every minute ... it, though it was not an easy one.
Nina: Did you return ... air?
Alex: No,... train. The fact is, I had hardly enough money ... the railway fare, not to say anything ... the plane.
Work in groups of four or five:
You are a family deciding on the type of holiday you will go on next summer. Then report to the other families on your final decision, explaining the reasons for your choice. Point out advantages and disadvantages, giving warning based on personal experience.
VIII. Translate the following into English:
1. В какие порты будет заходить «Победа»? Зайдет ли она в Дувр? 2. Я не очень люблю морские путешествия. Я плохо переношу море и всегда страдаю морской болезнью. 3. Сегодня вечером наш пароход зайдет в Неаполь. Там мы пересядем в поезд и завтра будем в Риме. 4. Он не мог позволить себе ехать на поезде. Плата за проезд была слишком высока. Домой он добирался пешком и на попутных машинах. 5. В прошлом месяце группа наших студентов совершила интересную поездку по Англии. 6. Море было бурное, и несколько дней пассажиры не выходили из кают. Некоторые из них накануне хвастали, что не знают, что такое морская болезнь. Но и они не показывались на палубе. 7. Свое первое путешествие он совершил на борту старого грузового судна, направлявшегося в Европу. 8. В поезде был всего лишь один спальный вагон, в котором не было ни одного свободного места. Вагона-ресторана не было совсем. Начало поездки нельзя было считать удачным. 9. У вас есть билет на поезд прямого сообщения? Терпеть не могу пересадок, особенно если много багажа.
IX. Make up dialogues.
A. Two friends are discussing different ways of spending their holidays. They both want to travel, but one of them is an enthusiast ready for anything and the other is a cautious and a sceptical person. (Use the following: there is nothing like travel by air/by sea, etc., it is more convenient to ...; there is none of the ...; speed, comfort and pleasure combined; there is no travel so fine as by...; the rise and fall of the waves; coming in to the harbour, that's all right for those that like it; when the sea is rough; hitch-hiking; it's risky, isn't it! I prefer to be on the safe side; I'd rather stay at home.)
B. A person who has just returned from a foreign cruise is answering the questions of an eager listener. (Use the following: a most exciting experience; I really envy you; do tell me all about it, where did you sail from? what were your ports of colli go ashore; go sightseeing; what was the place that impressed you most! I didn't think much of...; the journey was tiring; but you did enjoy it, didn't you!)
C. An old lady is talking to a porter at the railway platform. She keeps forgetting the name of the place she is going to and does not quite know how many pieces of luggage she has. (Use the following: will you see to my luggage? where for, madam? it just slipped my memory, it's a sort of resort place; would you like me to have these trunks put in the luggage-van? where on earth is that suitcase? it will never go on the luggage-rack; I must have a seat facing the engine; dear me, I'm sure to miss the train; is it a through train? I hate to change; when are we due to arrive?)
X. а) Translate the following fragment into Russian inwritten form:
When your ship leaves Honolulu they hang 'leis' round your neck, garlands of sweet-smelling flowers. The wharf is crowded and the band plays a melting Hawaiian tune. The people on board throw coloured streamers to those standing below, and the side of the ship is gay with the thin lines of paper, red and green and yellow and blue. When the ship moves slowly away the streamers break softly, and it is like the breaking of human ties. Men and women are joined together for a moment, by a gaily coloured strip of paper, red and blue and green and yellow, and then life separates them and the paper is sundered, so easily, with a little sharp snap. For an hour the fragments trail down the hull and then they blow away. The flowers of your garlands fade and their scent is oppressive. You throw them overboard.
(From "The Trembling of a Leaf" by W. S. Maugham)
b) Compare the seeing-off ceremony described in the fragment with the one you read about in the story "Seeing People Off".
c) Comment on the second part of the fragment beginning with the wordg "...it is like the breaking of human ties". What does the description symbolize? Comment on the stylistic aspect of the fragment.
XI. a) Read the text below and translate it into Russian orally:
A Sea Trip
"No", said Harris, "if you want rest and change, you can't beat a sea trip."
I objected to the sea trip strongly. A sea trip does you good when you are going to have a couple of months of it, but, for a week, it is wicked.
You start on Monday with the idea that you are going to enjoy yourself. You wave an airy adieu to the boys on shore, light your biggest pipe and swagger about the deck as if you were Captain Cook, Sir Francis Drake, and Christopher Columbus all rolled into one. On Tuesday you wish you hadn't come. On Wednesday, Thursday and Friday, you wish you were dead. On Saturday you are able to swallow a little beef tea, and to sit up on deck, and answer with a wan, sweet smile when kind-hearted people ask you how you feel now. On Sunday, you begin to walk about again, and take solid food. And on Monday morning, as, with your bag and umbrella in your hand, you stand by the gangway, waiting to step ashore, you begin to thoroughly like it.
I remember my brother-in-law going for a short sea trip once for the benefit of his health. He took a return berth from London to Liverpool; and when he got to Liverpool, the only thing he was anxious about was to sell that return ticket.
It was offered round the town at a tremendous reduction; so I am told; and was eventually sold for eighteen pence to a youth who had just been advised by his medical man to go to the seaside, and take exercise.
"Seaside!" said my brother-in-law, pressing the ticket affectionately into his hand; "why, you'll get enough to last you a lifetime; and as for exercise! why, you'll get more exercise, sitting down on that ship, than you would turning somersaults on dry land.
He himself — my brother-in-law — came back by train. He said the North-Western Railway was healthy enough for him. (From "Three Men in a Boat" by Jerome K. Jerome. Adapted)
b) Answer the following questions:
1. What made the narrator object to the sea trip? 2. Why did his brother-in-law sell his return ticket? 3. How did he describe the advantages of a sea trip to the youth who bought his ticket?
c) Point out the Hues and passages that you consider humorous. Is it humour of situation or humour of words! (Analyse each case separately.)
XII. Speak individually or arrange a discussion on the following:
1. What attracts people in the idea of travelling?
2. Is the romantic aspect of travelling still alive in our time?
3. The celebrated travellers of the past.
4. Where and how would you like to travel?
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