ТОП 10:

X. Retell the Text Use the map of London on pp. 114-115.



XI. a) Fill in preposition» wherever necessary:

Please remember: traffic ... Britain keeps ... the left! So when crossing a street look rightfirst then left. If possible cross ... zebra crossings, sometimes indicated ... flashing orange lights ... either side ... the road.

Speed limit... Britain is 70 mph (= miles per hour); ... built-up areas 30 mph. Careful ridingis essential as there are many narrowand winding roads.

Roads ... fast long-distance drivingare calledmotorways.The best known is the motorway ... London and Leeds. Road signsare mostly the same as those used ... the continent. The same goes ... traffic lights.

b) Speak about the traffic in this country using the word combinations in bold type.

ХII. a) Explain the meaning of these proverbs. Translate them. Give their Russian equivalents:

A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush. The game is not worth the candle. An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening. Between two evils 'tis not worth while choosing.

b) Say whether you agree with Lord Goring's opinion that "It is always worth while asking a question, though it is not always worth while answering one." (O. Wilde. "An Ideal Husband")

ХIII. Translate the sentences into English, using a) be well worth + ger/n or b) just as... so:

1. He стоит кататься сегодня по Темзе, ветер слишком сильный. 2. Стоит прислушаться к его совету. 3. Не стоит тратить время на вещи, которыми вы не интересуетесь. 4. Стоит посетить Музей науки в Лондоне и посмотреть, как дети занимаются моделированием. 5. Подобно тому как Вестминстер часто обозначает парламент Великобритании, так Сити — ее финансовый центр. 6. Подобно тому как под «гуманитарными» науками подразумевают историю, литературу, иностранные языки, так под «естественными» науками — физику, химию, ботанику и др.

XIV. Arrange micro-dialogues on the following topics:

1. How old Moscow is. Where and how it started. 2. What money is in circulation in this country. 3. What the most popular papers in Moscow are. 4. Why Muscovites like their underground railway. 5. What the most popular museums in Moscow are. What is exhibited-there? 6. What you know about parks in Moscow. 7. The traffic in the capital.

XV. a) Read and translate the text:

Apart from more important news printed on the first page with big headlines in bold type there are many other sections in the paper. Some people turn at once to classified ads (called by that name because advertisements are arranged in groups like: "to let", "property wanted", "situation vacant", etc.). For those who are interested in clothes there are fashion pages. You can find out what's on by looking in the advertisement guide. Some like to look through the whole paper reading a headline here, glancing at an interesting article there, looking at a political cartoon, maybe, or reading some of business news.

b) Answer the suggested questions:

1. Do you read papers to catch up with the latest news or are you interested in some particular problems? Why? 2. Where can we find the most important political, business and cultural news in our papers? 3. In which of our newspapers can you find advertisements? Are they classified in any way? 4. Are there any political cartoons and amusement guides in our papers? 5. Are you used to studying a newspaper thoroughly or just glancing at an article here and there?

XVI. Translate the sentences into English:

1. Докладчик говорил о будущем человечества. 2. Эта картина всегда привлекает восетителей музея. 3. Надпись на памятнике озадачила туристов: никто из них не сталкивался с древнеанглийским языком. 4. Мы удивились, когда узнали, что в Гайд-парке у Марбл-Арч любой человек может высказывать свои суждения по любому поводу, часто там можно услышать много чепухи. 5, Вот объявление, которое вам нужно, 6. Поверьте мне, этот молодой человек достоин вашего уважения. 7. Теперь в Англии в обращении фунты и пенсы. 8. 1945 год — исторический год для всего человечества 9. Каждая английская газета имеет определенный круг читателей. 10. В Лондоне, как и в любом столичном городе с большим движением, бывают дорожные происшествия. П. С Воробьевых гор открывается удивительная панорама Москвы. 12 Помещение обогревается горячей водой, циркулирующей по трубам. 13. Сотни новых домов вырастают во всех городах нашей страны. 14 Богатая коллекция произведений изобразительного и прикладного искусства привлекает посетителей этого музея. 15. Экспонаты Исторического музея в Москве знакомят посетителей с развитием цивилизации на территории России. 16. Предельная скорость в жилых районах Москвы 60 км/час.

ХVII. a) Read the text. Retell it adding some more Information about Parliament

The first Westminster Palace was built by Edward the Confessor in about 1050 and was used as a royal residence, then as the seat of Government and finally, after 1547, as the meeting place for Parliament. The fire of 1834 destroyed most of the original buildings. The new building for Parliament was designed by Sir Charles Barry in 1840. The general style is gothic.

There are two "Chambers" or "Houses" of Parliament— that of the Commons and that of the Lords. The more important and powerful of these is the House of Commons, whose members are elected by the public. The Prime Minister and most of the Government are Members of the House of Commons. The House of Lords is made up ofLords who have inherited their titles and the right to sit in the House, and "life peers" who are appointed by the Queen on the advice of the Government of the day.

Half of the building of Parliament is used by the Commons and the other half by the Lords. At the Westminster Bridge end is the residence of the Speaker, who presides over meetingsof the House of Commons and at the other end is the residence of the Lord Chancellor, who presides over the House of Lords.

Parliament's most important function is the making of laws. Before a new law (or Bill) can come into effect, it must pass throughthree stages in each House and be giventhe Queen's approval. It then becomes an Act of Parliament. (See: Mountefield A. London. Lnd., 1979)

b) Say what you know about the Russian Parliament, i. e. two chambers: the Duma and the Council of Federation.

XVIII. Give the idea of the text in English:

После более чем десяти лет споров по поводу того, стоит ли допускать телевидение в британский парламент, лорды, наконец, разрешили установить камеры в своей палате. Однако палата общин отказывается принять такое же решение. Один из основных противников телетрансляций заседаний парламента — премьер-министр М.Тэтчер. Она оправдывает свою позицию тем, что подобные передачи потребуют слишком больших затрат. Но, как считает лондонский корреспондент американской газеты «Крисчен сайенс монитор», причина упорного сопротивления Тэтчер кроется в нежелании делать достоянием гласности критические выступления в адрес ее правительства. А как заявил во время недавних дебатов лорд Уайтлоу, немалую проблему представляет и тот факт, что многие парламентарии на заседаниях попросту спят. Появление на телеэкранах дремлющих законодателей отнюдь не послужит росту их авторитета. («За рубежом», № 9, 1985)

XIX. Read and comment on the following:

REMEMBRANCE DAY (POPPY DAY)

Remembrance Day is observed throughout Britain in commemoration of the million or more British soldiers, sailors and airmen who lost their lives during the two World Wars. On that day wreaths are laid at war memorials throughout the country and at London's Cenotaph (a war memorial in Whitehall) where a igreat number of people gather to observe the two-minute silence and to perform the annual Remembrance Day ceremony. The silence begins at the first stroke of Big Ben booming 11 o'clock and is broken only by the crash of distant artillery. When the two-minute silence is over, members of the Royal Family or their representatives and political leaders come forward to lay wreaths at the foot of theXenotaph. Then comes the march past the memorial of ex-servicemen and women, followed by an endless line of ordinary citizens who have come here with their personal wreaths and their sad memories. On that day artificial poppies, a symbol of mourning, are traditionally sold in the streets and people wear them in their button-holes.

(From Customs, Traditions and Festivals of Great Britain

by T. Khimunina, N. Konon, L. Walshe. M, 1974)

XX. a) Collect information on English traditions and customs.

b) Arrange a talk between Russian and English students on their national traditions, customs and habits. (One of the students should conduct it: introduce the participants to each other, make a short introductory speech on the subject, ask questions, etc. to keep the talk running on, sum up the discussion.)

LABORATORY EXERCISES (I)

1. listen to the text "Introducing London".

2. Respond to the following using the suggested models.

3. Complete the sentences using the given suggestions.

4. Translate the sentences into English, using the Essential Vocabulary of Unit Three. Check your sentences with the key.

5. listen to some text and write it as a dictation, check the spelling with the key. Retell the text.

6. Listen to the text "The House of Commons" or some other text on the same topic. Retell the text, add more Information on the topic.

TOPIC: CITY







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