D- Use the adjectives to describe the means of transport.

a) fast

b) slow

c) convenient

d) cheap

e) tiring

f) enjoyable

g) expensive

h) comfortable

i) boring

Module 1 Unit 12 Customs and Traditions in Kazakhstan.

The present perfect simple expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result.


Form of Present Perfect


  Positive Negative Question
I / you / we / they I have spoken. I have not spoken. Have I spoken?
he / she / it He has spoken. He has not spoken. Has he spoken?


For irregular verbs, use the participle form (see list of irregular verbs, 3rd column). For regular verbs, just add “ed”.


Exceptions in Spelling when Adding ‘ed’

Exceptions in spelling when adding ed Example
after a final e only add d love – loved
final consonant after a short, stressed vowel or l as final consonant after a vowel is doubled admit – admitted travel – travelled
final y after a consonant becomes i hurry – hurried

Use of Present Perfect

  • puts emphasis on the result

Example: She has written five letters.

  • action that is still going on

Example: School has not started yet.

  • action that stopped recently

Example: She has cooked dinner.

  • finished action that has an influence on the present

Example: I have lost my key.

  • action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking

Example: I have never been to Australia.

Signal Words of Present Perfect

  • already, ever, just, never, not yet, so far, till now, up to now


a) Put the verbs into the correct form (present perfect simple).

1. I (not / work) today.

2. We (buy) a new lamp.

3. We (not / plan) our holiday yet.

4. Where (be / you) ?

5. He (write) five letters.

6. She (not / see) him for a long time.

7. (be / you) at school?

8. School (not / start) yet.

9. (speak / he) to his boss?

10. No, he (have / not) the time yet.

b) Write sentences in present perfect simple.

1. They / play / football

2. He / speak / English

3. I / write / a poem

4. We / not / wash / the car

5. Nancy / not / meet / her friends

c) Write questions in present perfect simple.

1. They / finish / their homework?

2. She / visit / her friend?

3. The maid / clean / the house?

4. He / drive / the van?

5. You / ever / write / a poem?

Listening First Date

Read and listen to the dialog. Complete the dialog with the missed words.

1. What kind of movie is the girl going to see on her date?
A. horror
B. romance
C. science fiction

2. At what theater is the movie playing?
A. Central Palace
B. Campus Plaza
C. Common Plex

3. How is the girl getting to the movie?
A. She is getting a ride with her brother.
B. Her date is coming to pick her up.
C. She is going by bus and will meet her date there.

4. What time does the movie begin?
A. 7:30 p.m.
B. 8:00 p.m.
C. 8:30 p.m.

5. What time does she have to be home?
A. 10:00 p.m.
B. 10:30 p.m.
C. 11:00 p.m.


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