Electives- courses that students may choose to take for credit toward their intended degree, as distinguished from courses that they are required to take.

Examinations-(also exams) - method of assessment of students' academic progress. Exams usually take place at the end of each semester, in January and at the end of May. Information on exams are provided by the Exams Office.

Faculty - organisational division within a university (e.g. the Faculty of Arts and Education).

Freshman- a first-year student at a secondary school, college, or university.

Full-time student- a student who is enrolled at a university and is taking at least the minimum number of credits (often 12) to meet the university's requirement for a full course load.

Graduate- a student who has completed a course of study, either at the secondary or university level. A graduate program at a university is a study course for students who already hold a bachelor's degree.

Grant- Students used to get grants which paid for their tuition, and grants which went towards their living costs.

Lecture-one of the main methods of teaching at universities. Lectures tend to be larger than a regular school class and less interactive.

Lecturer-academic at a certain level in the hierarchy, well above postgraduates but below professors and deans.

Major -a major is the principal subject or area of concentration within a Bachelor Degree.

Master’s degree - Qualification that students can study towards after completing their Bachelor's degree.

Modules-at university students take a certain number of modules, course units, each year. On most courses you have a number of core and optional modules.

PhD:Doctor of Philosophy - advanced academic degree that usually involves extensive research and an original thesis.

Postgraduate- a postgraduate qualification refers to courses of study beyond bachelor's level, including graduate certificates, graduate diplomas, master's and higher degrees. Eligibility for entry to a postgraduate course normally requires a completed undergraduate degree.

Professor - the most senior academics in a university.

Seminar- a smaller study group under the supervision of a tutor, where the subject area covered in lectures is explored further.




UNIT 1 Madina ???




UNIT 5 Types of houses

Detached house - it is a house which is not joined to another house;

Semi-detached house- it is a house which is joined to another house on one side; or two houses joined together;

Terraced house -it is a house which is part of a line of houses. It is a house which is joined to other houses on two sides; several houses joined together;

Block of flats (or flats) -they are part of a bigger building where all the flats share a front door; they are called “apartments” in American English;

Bungalow -it is a house which is only on one floor, no stairs;

Cottage -it is a small house, typically one in the country ;

Caravan -it is a type of a car equipped for living in

Castle-it is a large expensive house;

A flat/ apartment is a living area that is self-contained with in only part of a building. Usually, a flat is situated in a building that is split up into multiple living areas for different residents;

Mansion- a large, impressive house;

Loft (apartment) - A room or space directly under the roof of a house or other building, used for accommodation or storage;

Skyscraper- A very tall building of many storeys;

Cabin- a small wooden shelter or house in a wild or remote area;

Camper van- a covered horse-drawn wagon;

Tent- a portable shelter made of cloth, supported by one or more poles and stretched tight by cords or loops attached to pegs driven into the ground;

Cave house- house constructed in a cave;

Tree house- a structure built in the branches of a tree for children to play in;

Igloo- A dome-shaped Eskimo house, typically built from blocks of solid snow;

Houseboat- A boat which is or can be moored for use as a dwelling;

Attic- A space or room inside or partly inside the roof of a building;

Hovel- A small squalid or simply constructed dwelling.


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