ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

B. Substitute the underlined words with their synonyms.



1. Myfriend's surnameisPetrov.

2. Heis a freshman.

3. He has been enrolledinto the University this year.

4. His hobbiesare fishing and computer games.

5. He spends much time online, browsing the Net.

6. He has less free timenow than he had at school.

7. Reading helps to develop one's way of thinking.

8. He has taken part in a number of sport competitionsthisyear.

9. There are many buildings and places for playing sporton the campus.

10. He wants to remain levelwith the changes in technology.

11. He likes to spend timewith his friends.

 

SPEAKING

Answer the questions in the quiz to discover what type of person you are.

1. Are you usually smiling and happy?

2. Do you enjoy the company of other people?

3. Do you find it difficult to meet new people?

4. Is it important to you to succeed in your career?

5. Does your mood change often and suddenly for no reason?

6. Do you notice other people's feelings?

7. Do you think the future will be good?

8. Can your friends depend on you?

9. Is your room always in a mess?

10. Do you get annoyed if you have to wait for anyone or anything?

11. Do you put off until tomorrow what you could do today?

12. Doyouworkhard?

13. Do you keep your feelings and ideas to yourself?

14. Do you often give presents?

15. Do you talk a lot?

16. Are you usually calm and not worried by things?

 

TASK FOR SELF-STUDY

GRAMMAR EXERCISES

1. Complete the sentences with am, is, are, his, her, or your:

1. My name … Anna. 2. Where … you from? 3. I … from Japan. 4. ‘What’s … name?’ ‘My name’s Tomoko.’ 5. Max and Lisa … from Chicago. 6. This … my teacher. … name’s Richard. 7. Where … he from? 8. This is my sister. … name’s Emma.

2. Insert the verb ‘to be’ in present tense.

1. My father … not a teacher, he … a scientist. 2. … your aunt a doctor? – Yes, she … . 3. … they at home? – No, they … not at home, they … at work. 4. My brother … a worker. He … at work. 5. … you an engineer? – Yes, I … . 6. … your sister a typist? – No, she … not a typist, she … a student. 7. … your brother at school? – Yes, he … . 8. … your sister at school? – No, she … not at school. 9. My … sister … at home. 10. … this your watch? – Yes, it … .

3. Complete these paragraphs with the correct subject pronoun or possessive adjective:

1.This is Tom. Heis my friend. His last name is Rogers. … is from Washington, DC. … family is very interesting. … father is a singer. … is famous. …mother is a dancer. … is famous, too. … twin sisters are actresses and … are talented. … names are Tina and Lena.

2. My name is Amal. …am from Jordan. …religion is Moslem. … am 23 years old. … husband is a business executive and … am a student. …family is large. … four brothers are all students. … are in college in Jordan. … teachers are happy because … are smart. … four sisters are in Jordan, too. Three are married and one is single. … last name is Al-Zeer. … parents are proud of all … children.

WRITING

A. Complete the form with information

Form of car insurance

Name:

Mr/Mrs/ Miss/Ms

Surname_____________________

First name

Male ________ Female _______________

Address:

Number_______________

Street_________________

Town/city ______________

Country________________

Postcode________________

Tel no:

Area code _______________

Number _________________

Occupation_______________

Age last birthday__________

Vehicle:

Make/Model_______________

B. Write a short composition about yourself. Tell the class a little about your likes and dislikes, your interests, your personality traits, your achieve­ments and dreams.


Module 1 Unit 2

FAMILY. FAMILY MEMBERS. FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS.

DOMESTIC DUTIES.

GRAMMARHAVE GOT/HAVE

When do we use have got and when have

In British English have got is used quite often, in other areas it is common to use the main verb have.

Affirmative sentences

have have got
I have a brother. I have got a brother.
I've got a brother.
You have a sister. You have got a sister.
You've got a sister.
He has a cat. He has got a cat.
He's got a cat.
She has a dog. She has got a dog.
She's got a dog.
It has Bluetooth. It has got Bluetooth.
It's got Bluetooth.
We have books. We have got books.
We've got books.
You have a nice room. You have got a nice room.
You've got a nice room.
They have pets. They have got pets.
They've got pets.

have got be is often used in its contracted form even in written language.

Negations

have have got
I do not have a brother. I have not got a brother.
I haven't got a brother.
I don't have a brother. I've not got a brother.
You do not have a sister. You have not got a sister.
You haven't got a sister.
You don't have a sister. You've not got a sister.
He does not have a cat. He has not got a cat.
He hasn't got a cat.
He doesn't have a cat. He's not got a cat.
She does not have a dog. She has not got a dog.
She hasn't got a dog.
She doesn't have a dog. She's not got a dog.
It does not have Bluetooth. It has not got Bluetooth.
It hasn't got Bluetooth.
It doesn't have Bluetooth. It's not got Bluetooth.
We do not have books. We have not got books.
We haven't got books.
We don't have books. We've not got books.
You do not have a nice room. You have not got a nice room.
You haven't got a nice room.
You don't have a nice room. You've not got a nice room.
They do not have pets. They have not got pets.
They haven't got pets.
They don't have pets. They've not got pets.

Questions

have have got
Do I have time? Have I got time?
Do you have pets? Have you got pets?
Does he have a computer? Has he got a computer?
Does she have a mobile phone? Has she got a mobile phone?
Does it have mudguards? Has it got mudguards?
Do we have ketchup? Have we got ketchup?
Do you have a yellow car? Have you got a yellow car?
Do they have nice teachers? Have they got nice teachers?

There can be negations in questions too.

have have got
Don't you have a brother? Haven't you got a brother?

Be careful

4.1. The contracted forms 've or 's are only used with have got – not with have.

right wrong
I've got a new mobile phone. I've a new mobile phone.
He's got a new car. He's a new car.

4.2. Do not use an auxiliary with have got – only with have. Be careful when using negations.

right wrong
Have you got a garden? Do you have got a garden?
Do you have a pet? Have you a pet?
They haven't got a brother. They haven't a house.

4.3. have cannot always be substituted with have got. You can only substitute have with have got when you talk about possession and relationships.

have got have
I've got a brother. I have a brother.
wrong: I had got an accident. I had an accident.
wrong: We had got lunch. We had lunch.

► In American English have is dropped in informal speech like in the following example.

We've got a problem. → We got a problem.

REFLEXIVE PRONOUNS

reflexive (adj.) [grammar]: reflecting back on the subject, like a mirror

We use a reflexive pronoun when we want to refer back to the subject of the sentence or clause. Reflexive pronouns end in "-self" (singular) or "-selves" (plural).

 

There are eight reflexive pronouns:

 

  reflexive pronoun
singular myself yourself himself, herself, itself
plural ourselves yourselves themselves

Look at these examples:

non-reflexive the underlined words are NOT the same person/thing REFLEXIVE pronouns the underlined words are the SAME person/thing
John saw me. I saw myself in the mirror.
Why does he blame you? Why do you blame yourself?
David sent him a copy. John sent himself a copy.
David sent her a copy. Mary sent herself a copy.
My dog hurt the cat. My dog hurt itself.
We blame you. We blame ourselves.
Can you help my children? Can you help yourselves?
They cannot look after the babies. They cannot look after themselves.

Intensive pronouns

Notice that all the above reflexive pronouns can also act as intensive pronouns, but the function and usage are different. An intensive pronoun emphasizes its antecedent. Look at these examples:

  • I made it myself. OR I myself made it.
  • Have you yourself seen it? OR Have you seen it yourself?
  • The President himself promised to stop the war.
  • She spoke to me herself. OR She herself spoke to me.
  • The exam itself wasn't difficult, but the exam room was horrible.
  • Never mind. We'll do it ourselves.
  • You yourselves asked us to do it.
  • They recommend this book even though they themselves had never read it. OR They recommend this book even though they had never read it themselves.

DEMONSTRATIVE PRONOUNS (THIS / THESE, THAT / THOSE).

This, That, These, Those are called demonstrativesand they are used to show the relative distance between the speaker and the noun.

Demonstrative Pronouns

We use this (singular) and these (plural) to refer to something that is here / near.

Examples:

  • This is my car. (singular)
  • These are our children. (plural)

We use that (singular) and those (plural) to refer to something that is there / far.

Examples:

  • That is our house. (singular)
  • Those are my shoes. (plural)

Note that the verb changes (i.e. singular / plural) depending on the pronoun that you use.

You can also use Demonstrative Pronouns by themselves:

  • Did you do that?
  • I'd like to buy these?
  • Which of those would you like?

Demonstrative Adjectives

You can also use demonstratives before a noun. These are called demonstrative adjectives.

The Demonstrative Adjective needs to agree (= be the same form) as the noun.

Examples of demonstrative adjectives:





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