Exercise 3. Read the text. Complete the gaps with prepositions.

It was 8 o’clock on cold morning … January. She was still asleep. She usually stayed … bed … about 9 o’clock … the winter. Suddenly she was woken up by a knocking at the door. She got … bed and went … the door. There was a man … the doorstep. She thought she recognized him. “Hello, Edna”, he said. “It’s Tom. Can I come …?” And then she knew who it was but she didn’t quite believe it. She hadn’t seen him … thirty years, not … the summer of 1940 when she’d said goodbye to him the night … his final departure. That was when he went off … war. It was two years … that when she received the letter … the War Office which said that Tom had been missing … some time and was now presumed dead. She kept on hoping that they were wrong right up … the of the war. But then she gave up. … then , she’d continued to think of Tom every day. … his birthday, she always stayed at home all day because she couldn’t bear to meet anybody. She’d met Tom … age of sixteen and they’d had a wonderful time together … the start of the war. She was nineteen when war broke out and they’d been together … three years. They were going to get married … war.

She looked at his face. It was still the same face but with quite a few lines … it and there was a bit less hair … his head. He put his hand … his pocket and took out a small photograph. It was one she’d sent him just … his disappearance. It was a picture of her … teenager …the war. She held it … her hand and remembered back to those times. She felt rather hot and dizzy and thought that she might fall … the floor at any moment. She asked him to come … the living-room and they sat down together to tell their stories.




Exercise 1. Make up general question

1. The snow melted immediately.___________________________________________________ 2. She speaks English fluently._____________________________________________________
3. Occasionally we go to a dance.___________________________________________________
4. Sometimes she goes to London. _________________________________________________
5. He never does morning exercises. ________________________________________________
6. They meet her quite often. ______________________________________________________
7. She can play the violin very well. ________________________________________________

8. She was always prettily dressed.__________________________________________________

9. There are two sandwiches in her bag ______________________________________________

10. Her apple pies are always tasty. _________________________________________________

11. His smile is charming.________________________________________________________

12. Kelly wears her clothes carefully._______________________________________________

13. Her son rides a bicycle carelessly. _______________________________________________

Exercise 2. Make up alternative questions according to the model.

Model: This pencil is bad (good). – Is this pencil bad or good?

1. Your friend is a doctor (teacher).

2. These pencils are brown (yellow).

3. I’m leaving tonight (tomorrow).

4. The book is open at page ten (twelve).

5. He is taking the book off table (shelf).

6. Peter is sitting at the window (corner).

7. The classroom is large (small).

8. You went for a walk with Ann (Lena).

9. The train leaves at 10 (10.15).


Exercise 3. Make up Tail-questions.

1. It’s cold.

2. Tom has a car.

3. You can drive.

4. He should drive slowly.

5. He plays well.

6. I was right.

7. You did it yourself.

8. You won’t be long.

9. They needn’t pay.

10. They aren’t allowed to play cards.

11. She doesn’t know you.

12. You hear me.

13. You have a sister.


Exercise 4. Make up questions

1. I’ve known him for many years.

2. He works at the library every Saturday.

3. Our teacheralways speaks English in class.

4. Our lessons usually last two hours.

5. His sister works for “Philips”.

6. They are discussingthis question now.

7. My friend is a teacher.

8.He was in Brest last week.

9. Doctor Pat spoketo meabout son’s health.


Exercise 5. Make up all types questions.


1. A new play is being staged at our theatre. 2. The hall is usually separated from the stage. 3. He had been introduced to me before I met you. 4. The children were taken home. 5. He is loved by everybody. 6. The carpet was made by hand. 7. The doors are open. 8. Animals are fed twice a day at the zoo. 9. Moscow University was founded in 1755. 10. They will be presented with flowers on their birthday.




Exercise 1. Determine the meaning of the modal verbs "can," "could," "may", "might "and translate the sentences into Russian:

1. Carol саn speak three foreign languages. 2. If you don't 1 take your umbrella, you can get wet through. 3. Could vou help me with my translation? 4. What can I do for you?

5. When Bob was a child he could play the piano wonderfully. Could I use your car tonight? 7. You could call your mother and ask for the money if you haven't got any. 8.1 can't drink my tea, it's too hot. 9. Can he still be at the office? 10. It can't be true. 11. You may take a day off whenever you like. 12. If convicted, an accused person may appeal to the court. 13. May I have my test on Tuesday? 14. You may not enter the house 1 unless you have a permission. 15. Jim said he might go home for the vacation. 16. They might come, but I'm not sure. 17. It mav be still raining. 18. He might be sick. He ate far too much last night. 19. Might I ask your advice? 20. The sky is dark it ; might rain this afternoon.

Exercise 2. Use "can,*' "may," "must":

1. The man ...... be a foreigner. He ...... not understand Russian. 2.... ….you believe her story? It........ be her imagination. 3. How…. ... we get to the centre of London? 4.......... you tell us where we ... ……get off? 5. It's 10 o'clock, you ......... go to bed at once. 6.I…... not do without your help now. 7. You... ……get her on the phone any time. 8. If you go through the forest you........ lose your way. 9…. ..... I use your camera? 10. Flue ....... be very dangerous. 11. The road was dirty, you....... wipe your feet when you come in. 12. Mrs. Smith……. be at least 60. 13. Something ........ be done to stop the criminal. 14.I....... leave now, I have a seminar. 15. ….... you understand what he's speaking about? 16. I ... …..admit he's very capable. 17. I …… hear some voices outside. 18. You........ come a little later tomorrow. 19. She ........ not be 35, she has grandchildren. 20. She ....... be very unreasonable at times. 21.......... I apologize to him? 22. You …….. go and play now. 23. They've bought such an expensive house. They... …..be very well-off. 24.1 wonder what they....... think of the girl now. 25....... you speak Spanish? 26. My watch ....... be two minutes fast. It........ be 6 sharp now.

Exercise 3. Make a suggestion to your friend using the model:

Model: J don't have any money. — You can (can could) ask your father for some.

1. I am hungry. ______________________________________________________________

2. I don't know what to do with my girlfriend.____________________________________________________________________

3. We have no food in the house._________________________________________________ 4.1 don't like black coffee._______________________________________________________

5. Our TV set is out of order.____________________________________________________

6. This car is very expensive.____________________________________________________

7. Mary speaks excellent English._________________________________________________

8. I'm bored. _________________________________________________________________

9. I'm tired of my job. _________________________________________________________

10. I don't understand this word. _________________________________________________

Exercise 4. Determine the meaning of the modal verbs "must,' "have to," "should," "ought to" and translate the sentences into Russian:

1. You must tell me the truth. 2. Must I go and see the dean now? 3. The children mustn't stay outside by them­selves. 4. It's 7 o'clock, they must be at home now. 5. Sol­diers must obey orders. 6. You must feel hungry. 7. Somebody has to take the responsibility for the accident. 8. I've got to do some shopping today. 9. He had to earn his living when he was 15. 10. Do we have to stay in town the whole summer? 11. You don't have to answer my question if you don't want to. 12. Students should be well prepared for every class. 13. You've eaten too much ice cream, vou should have a sore throat. 14. Teenagers shouldn't drink alcohol. 15. If you're not feeling well you should stay in bed. 16. You should 1 stop driving so fast. 17. Do you think Paul ought to see a doctor? 18. The pills ought to be in a safe place. You oughtn't to eat cakes, you're putting on weight. Parents ought to take care of their small children.

Exercise 5. Make the following sentences interrogative and negative:

1. You have to get a foreign passport to go abroad.


2. He had to go to a police station. __________________________________________________


3. We'll have to take four entrance exams.____________________________________________


4. He has to leave tonight, he got a telegram from home. ________________________________


5. If we miss the last bus, we'll have to walk. ________________________________________


6. Our schoolchildren no longer have to wear a uniform. ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

7. I have to take my test a second time _____________________________________________


8. We had to change \ trains twice to get here. ________________________________________


9. The parents had to work hard to pay for their son's education.



10. You have to pay for the rooms now. ____________________________________________


Exercise 6. Make up disjunctive questions:

1. You have to trust facts…… 2. We could meet with an accident…….. 3. They don't have to change trains……….. 4. Everybody must know at least one foreign language…….. 5. You can share your experience with us………. 6. Small children are not allowed here…….. 7. She could buy flowers…………. 8. We had to call at the shop and buy some food for the picnic……… 9. You must form your own opinion about it………. 10.1 shouldn't tell the truth……… 11. You can speak French and Italian…….. 12. They couldn't leave for Rome yesterday………

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