ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Exercise 2. Read the following words in the singular



 

rooms, moments, pipes, plays, years, storms, kitchens, stockings, pockets, clocks, answers, replies, feelings, rains, nights, husbands, stars, children, actions, men, geese, sheep, ships, drops, beliefs, days, trains, roads, oceans, seas, continents, islands, voices, teeth, phenomena, curricula.


Exercise 3. Is it singular or plural?

 


means

food

television

table

feet

papers

fish

horse

trouble

fruit

advice

traffic

furniture

bread

watch

teeth

pyjamas

weather

clothes

money

clock

sheep

police

work

news

workers

spectacles

economics

phonetics

child

sports

information

progress

scissors

goods

data

glasses

men

ship

sum

trousers

oxen

mice

hair

paper

contents

phenomena



Exercise 4. Use the verbs in the correct form:

1. My watch (to be) _____ten minutes fast. 2. These data (to be) _____ not accurate. 3. No news (to be) _____ good news. 4. Mathe­matics (to be) _____ my favourite subject when I was at school. 5. Money (to do) _____ not make you happy. 6. Your clothes (to hang) ______ on the chair. 7. The goods (to have) ______ arrived. 8. The pyjamas (to be) _____ too short. 9. Your advice (to have) ______ helped me greatly. 10. How many pieces of furniture (to be) _____ there in your living room? 11. In England postmen (to wear) _____ a uniform. 12. Mice (to be) ______ also domestic animals. 13. Paper (to be) _____ very expensive today. 14. Your hair (to need) ______ cutting. 15. There (to be) _____a lot of different fruits at the greengrocer's.

 

Exercise 5. Translate into English:

 

1. Это явление еще неизвестно. _________________________________________________
2. Он перепробо­вал много разных работ и в конце концов стал акте­ром. ______________
_____________________________________________________________________________3. У нее красивые длинные волосы. _____________________________________________
4. У них на ферме гуси, утки, овцы и козы, а еще есть пруд, где много рыбы. Я поймал две рыбки. ___________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________5. Часы на стене по­казывают полночь. ___________________________________________
6. За ним гналась полиция. ____________________________________________________
7. Ко­гда он пришел домой, семья ужинала. _______________________________________
8. На улице было мало прохожих. _______________________________________________
9. Женщины и дети выехали из города. _________________________________________
10. Я ищу работу. ________________________________________________________
11. Народы разных стран стремятся к миру. _____________________________________
12. 10 рублей — небольшая сумма денег. __________________________________________

 



POSSESSIVE CASE OF THE NOUNS.

Exercise 1. Use nouns in the possessive case instead of the prepositional phrases:

 

1. the title of the book ___________________________________________

2. the economy of the country _____________________________________

3. the decision of the government __________________________________

4. the work of the next week ______________________________________

5. the holiday of three weeks ______________________________________

6. the wedding of Tom and Jane ___________________________________

7. the works of K. Marx __________________________________________

8. the toys of my children ________________________________________

9. the bedroom of my sisters ______________________________________

10. the house of my brother- in-law ________________________________

11. the hobby of my wife _________________________________________

12. the car of the Millers _________________________________________

13. the photo of her boyfriend _____________________________________

14. the newspaper of last Saturday _________________________________

15. the umbrella of Professor Jones _________________________________.



Exercise 2. Complete the sentences using nouns in the possessive case:

 

1. My aunt is my ____________ sister. 2. My cousin Jane is my _____________ daughter. 3. My mother has a sister, her son is my _____________ nephew. 4. My_____________ father is my father-in-law. 5. My father has a brother, his daughter is my ______________ niece. 6. My _____________ parents are my grandparents. 7. My ______________ children are my grandchildren.

 

Exercise 3. Translate into English using nouns in the possessive case:

 

1. Это в двух часах езды от нашего дома. ________________________________________
2. Где сего­дняшняя газета? ____________________________________________________
3. В Москве есть несколько детских театров. _____________________________________
4. Это дом Картеров? _________________________________________________________
5. Мы пошли в соседский сад за яблоками. _______________________________________
6. Спальня мальчиков наверху. ________________________________________________
7. Он друг моего брата. _______________________________________________________
8. Это детская игра. ___________________________________________________________
9. Семья миссис Росс живет на юге Англии. _______________________________________

 

ARTICLES

Exercise 1. Use articles where necessary:

 

1. ... London is ... capital of ... Great Britain , ... full name of which is ... United Kingdom of ... Great Britain and ... Northern Ireland. 2. ... Volga is ... fabulous river. 3. They used to spend their summer holidays on ... Black Sea coast in ... Crimea. 4. Many European adventurers crossed ... Atlantic Ocean in ... search of ... riches on ... American continent prior to ... Columbus. 5. ... Gorki Street was renamed into ... Tverskaya Street. 6. ... Red Square and ... Kremlin are ... heart of ... capital. 7. ... London was founded in ... 1st century ВС by ... Julius Caesar. 8. ... St. Petersburg was founded on ... banks of ... Neva by Peter ... Great. 9. ... Johnsons are our next-door neighbours. 10. ... Canada is situated in ... northern part of... North America. 11. Beyond lay... Smoky Mountains. 12. We left for ... East on the following morning. 13. We came to ... Ohio River after that. 14. They passed many coal mines on ... way. 15. We crossed ... historic Delaware River at... Trenton. 16. He arrived in ... New York on ... very rainy day. 17. The Mannings went through ... Blue Ridge Mountains on their trip. 18. She spent several hours at... Bronx Zoo on ... Monday. 19. They took ... wonderful boat ride around ... Manhattan on ... last day of their visit. 20. ... Dr. Rebecca Richards is our dentist. 21. ... Lions donated ... money for ... new park. 22. You could buy ... Picasso for £300 in those days. 23. I'm reading ... Agatha Christie at ... moment. 24. ... Lady Diana's wedding dress was very beautiful. 25. ... Sir Michael has made it very clear. 26. ... Ryan gave ... Sunday Tribune to his father.

 

Exercise 2. Use articles where necessary:

A.

1. ... room 25 is on ... 3d floor. 2. ... lecture begins at ... 9 o'clock in ... morning. 3. ... 5 o'clock tea is ... tradition in England. 4. Open ... textbook on ... page 20 and look at ... picture at ... top of... page. 5. ... February is ... shortest month of ... year. 6. He read ... story from ... beginning to ... end. 7. ... new year begins on ... 1st of ... January. 8. She is in ... 10th year at ... school and her brother is ... 3d year student at ... university. 9. ... number 10, Downing Street is ... residence of... British Prime Minister.

B.

1. ... fish is more useful than ... meat. 2. Don't drink ... milk, it is very cold. 3. ... water in ... river is quite warm this summer. 4. Can you bake ... bread? 5. ... bread isn't enough for ... three of us. 6.I take ... coffee with ... sugar. 7. ... English like to drink ... tea with ... milk. 8. ... man can't live without ... air. 9. There was ... smell of ... spring in ... air. 10. You married her not for ... love but for ... money.

C.

1. ... primitive man was ... slave to ... nature. 2. I want you to tell ... truth. 3. Can I see ... picture, ... one he gave you ... minute ago. 4. It cost her... hundred and... fifty pounds. 5. ... lecture lasts ... hour and ... half. 6. We called them once, then ... second and ... third time and thought we had dialed ... wrong number. 7. There are ... few points I'd like to clear up. 8. ... number of ... 1st year students has significantly increased this year. 9. He decided to spend ... few pounds he had on ... books. 10. There's ... little juice in the bottle, you can drink it. 11. "Well, is ... wrong side ... left side or is... wrong side ... right side? Because I got out on ... right side, so how can it be wrong?" asked Michael. 12. ... hour passed, ... second hour passed. 13. Mr. Kelada was chatty. He discussed ... plays, ... pictures, ... politics.

D.

1. What... fine day! 2. What is ... date today? 3. What ... day is it today? 4. What ... beautiful weather we are having today! 5. What ... warm welcome they showed. 6. Look, what ... lovely present I've received. 7. What's ... news?

 

Exercise 3. Use articles where necessary:

 

Do you know that

1. ... London stands on ... Thames;

2. ... population of ... Britain is ... 57 million;

3. ... Romans came to ... Britain in ... first century ВС;

4. ... Labour Party is in ... power in ... UK now;

5. ... Queen Elizabeth ... Second became ... British monarch on ... 6 February, 1952;

6. ... Queen Mother is one of ... most popular members of ... Royal family;

7. ... English is not ... only language spoken in ... Great Britain;

8. ... national flag of ... UK is ... Union Jack;

9. ... Caledonia, ... Cambria and ... Hibernia were ... Roman names for ... Scotland, Wales and Ireland respectively;

10. ... English eat ... dinner at ... 6 or 7 o'clock in ... evening.

 

Exercise 4. Read the texts. Use articles where necessary:

A.

Nobody in ... village would go near ... crossroads after ... midnight. Everybody said ... place was haunted. ... people said there was ... white figure of ... horrible one-eyed woman with ... big black cat. One night Tom and Nick were in ... village pub having ... drink. They were talking about ... ghost at ... crossroads. Tom said he didn't believe in ... ghosts and could go to ... crossroads after... midnight by himself.

So ... two men agreed to meet at ... midnight at ... crossroads. Tom wanted to play ... trick on Nick. He came to ... place earlier. He covered his face with... flour, sat down on ... big stone and waited.

It was ... very dark night. As ... village clock struck twelve, Tom saw Nick coming down ... road. When Nick came near ... stone and saw ... white figure of Tom, he ran off down ... road screaming, "I've seen ... ghost!"

... next day Tom went down to ... Nick's house. Nick was in ... kitchen. He had locked all... doors and ... windows. He had ... shotgun on ... table. He had not slept ... whole night.

When Tom asked him what ... matter was, Nick said he had seen ... ghost. Tom laughed and said that ... figure on ... stone was he. Now Nick decided to play ... trick on Tom. He said that he had recognized Tom but there was ... one-eyed woman with ... big black cat right behind ... stone. Tom went white. (After Chris Culchaw. "The Ghost at the Crossroads ")

B.

Chaplin entertained me. He was by ... profession ... mining engineer and perhaps it was characteristic of him that he had settled in ... place where his professional ... attainments were of no possible ... value. It was however generally reported that he was ... extremely clever mining engineer. He was ... small man, neither fat nor thin, with ... black hair, scanty on the crown, turning grey, and ... small, untidy moustache; his face partly from ... sun and partly from ... liquor, was very red. He was but ... figurehead, for ... hotel, though so grandly named but ... frame building of two stories, was managed by his wife, ... tall, gaunt Australian of five-and-forty, with ... imposing presence and ... determined air, ... little man, excitable and often tipsy, was terrified of her and... stranger soon heard of ... domestic quarrels in which she used her fist and her foot in order to keep him in ... subjection. (After S. Maugham. "The Pool")

"THERE + ТО BE"

Exercise 1. Agree with the following statements using "there is/are":





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