ТОП 10 на сайтеПриготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Техника нижней прямой подачи мяча.
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Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Смысловое и механическое запоминание, их место и роль в усвоении знаний
Коммуникативные барьеры и пути их преодоления
Обработка изделий медицинского назначения многократного применения
Образцы текста публицистического стиля
Четыре типа изменения баланса
Задачи с ответами для Всероссийской олимпиады по праву
ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?
Влияние общества на человека
Приготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Практические работы по географии для 6 класса
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Изменения в неживой природе осенью
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Сольфеджио. Все правила по сольфеджио
Балочные системы. Определение реакций опор и моментов защемления
THE AIMS AND PRINCIPLES OF THE INTERNATIONAL
It is hard to imagine peaceful coexistence of nations without all-round scientific and engineering cooperation among the states. Moreover, there are fields which cannot be developed effectively on a national scale, such as environmental protection, space exploration, and development of nuclear and solar energy or the rational use of the ocean’s resources.
Scientific and technological cooperation between different countries has always rested on respect for sovereignty, equality and mutual advantage. International contacts in science and technology have been regarded as a means of speeding up socio-economic progress of all the countries. Universality, freedom and critical thinking constitute basic elements in the scientific process and form a common bond between all cultures. Accordingly, science can make a significant contribution to constructive dialogue between different cultures and thereby act as a powerful antidote to intolerance and to ideological and racial barriers. Moreover, the progress and application of scientific knowledge can offer effective means for solving many of the problems which face humanity, including those generated by the misuse of science.
Recognizing the important and distinctive potential of science to contribute to a better future for mankind, the world scientific community emphasizes its adherence to the following principles:
- respect for the diversity of cultures within societies and promotion of science as a distinctive and important contributor to bridging such diverse cultures and promoting peaceful coexistence in accord with the principles of freedom, autonomy and rationality;
- mutual cooperation, reflecting the recognition that the production and utilization of scientific and technological knowledge are decisive for the future welfare of humanity and that science, with its universality, is uniquely positioned to serve as a laboratory in which mankind can work together to achieve a better future in accord with the principles of responsibility, solidarity and respect for the rights of individuals and nations.
A great number of scientists from different countries, as well as from Belarus, are involved into the realization of different international projects sponsored by numerous international organizations and funds: UNESCO, WHO, WMO, CERN, ISO, ICSTI, JINR, IAEA, etc. The spheres of joint endeavour include nuclear energetics, space research, geology and geophysics of the world ocean, different branches of medical sciences, microelectronics, bioorganic chemistry, transport engineering, telecommunication equipment, information technologies, etc.
The active exchange of information at the international meetings, scientific congresses, conferences and symposia, experts and students exchange programmes facilitate establishing close relations between scientists, open new opportunities for coordination of joint efforts in solving the most urgent problems, accelerate dissemination of new knowledge and advanced technologies improving the life of humankind.
UNESCO is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that (19)__ in 1946 to promote international collaboration in education, science, and culture. Its permanent headquarters (20)__ in Paris, France.
UNESCO's initial emphasis (21)__ on rebuilding schools, libraries, and museums that (22)__ in Europe during World War II. Since then its activities (23)__ mainly facilitative, aimed at assisting, supporting, and complementing the national efforts of member states to eliminate illiteracy and to extend free education. UNESCO also (24)__ to encourage the free exchange of ideas and knowledge.
As many less-developed countries (25)__ the UN in the 1950s, UNESCO began to devote more resources to their problems, which included poverty, high rates of illiteracy, and underdevelopment.
Besides its support of educational and science programs, UNESCO (26)__ in efforts to protect the natural environment and humanity's common cultural heritage. For example, in 1972 it sponsored an international agreement to establish a World Heritage List of cultural sites and natural areas that (27)__ government protection. In the 1980s a controversial study by UNESCO’s International Commission for the Study of Communication Problems proposed a New World Information and Communication Order that (28)__ communication and freedom of information as basic human rights and seek to eliminate the gap in communications capabilities between developing and developed countries.
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