ТОП 10:

Викладач англійської мови та літератури



Бабенко Надія Андріївна,

Викладач англійської мови та літератури

ГПОУ «Донецький педагогічний коледж»

Тексти для домашнього читання англійською мовою для учнів початкової школи

Цю невелику книгу для дітей молодшого шкільного віку англійською мовою присвячую своїм батькам, а саме:

матері Бабенко Ганні Михайлівні та батькові Бабенко Андрію Олександровичу в знак подяки за Любов та Тепло, що завжди панували в родині, а також за Велику Підтримку та Віру в мене під час довгих та непростих років навчання.

Крім того, бажаю присвятити цю книжку своїй колезі, моєму наставникові за часи роботи протягом 25 років, людині з великої літери, методисту та професіоналу

Непомнящій Ларисі Євгенівні.


Text 1

Read and translate the text.

Baby Elephant

Long, long ago there lived Baby Elephant in Africa. Elephants had no trunks then, and this Baby Elephant had a little black nose. He was a very funny Baby Elephant and wanted to know everything, and he asked so many questions that all his family and friends were angry with him. All the animals had no time to talk to him.

One morning Baby Elephant wanted to know what the Crocodile had for dinner. So he went to his tall aunt the Giraffe and said, «Dear aunt, what does the Crocodile have for dinner?»

But his tall aunt the Giraffe said, «Go away! I have no time to talk to you!» and she hit him.

Baby Elephant was very unhappy. But he went to his uncle the Monkey and said, «Dear uncle, what does the Crocodile have for dinner?»

The Monkey was eating a banana. He got very angry and cried, «Go away! I have no time to talk to you.» And he hit him too.

Baby Elephant was very, very unhappy, and he didn’t know what to do. Suddenly he saw his friend the Kolokolo Bird. She was sitting on a tree. Baby Elephant said, «Dear Bird, what does the Crocodile have for dinner?».

The Kolokolo Bird was very clever, and she said, «If you want to know that, you must go to the big grey-green Limpopo River and ask the Crocodile».

«Thank you very much», - said Baby Elephant. Then he said goodbye to his family and friends and went to the big grey-green Limpopo River. He walked and walked for a long time. At last he came to the Limpopo River. There he met a big Snake and asked him, «Does the Crocodile live in this river?».

The Snake said, «If you want to see the Crocodile, there he is». Baby Elephant saw the big Crocodile. He was in the green water of the Limpopo River. Baby Elephant said, «Good morning, Sir. Are you the Crocodile?».

The Crocodile opened one of his little eyes and said, «Good morning. Yes, I am the Crocodile, and what do you want?». «Please, tell me what you have for dinner!», - said the Baby Elephant. «Come here! I can show you».

So Baby Elephant came up to the Crocodile. Then the Crocodile opened his big mouth with many teeth in it and caught Baby Elephant by his little nose and said, «I think I’ll have a Baby Elephant for dinner today». And he began to pull Baby Elephant into the water. Baby Elephant did not like this, and he cried, «Let me go! Don’t eat me!».

Then the Big Snake came down from the tree very quickly and cried, «My little friend, you must pull too».

So Baby Elephant began to pull too, but the Crocodile was stronger. He pulled and pulled, and pulled, and Baby Elephant’s little nose began to get longer… and longer… The Big Snake said, «My little friend, let us pull together or the Crocodile will have you for dinner». So the Snake pulled, and Baby Elephant pulled too, and The Crocodile pulled. They pulled for a very long time, and Baby Elephant’s nose got longer and longer.

At last the Crocodile let go, and Baby Elephant fell down. He was very unhappy because his funny little nose was a big long trunk, and began to cry.

«Don’t cry, don’t cry!» said the Snake. «Your trunk isn’t so bad. It’s very nice!». But Baby Elephant cried and cried.

Suddenly a fly sat down on his head, and Baby Elephant killed the fly with trunk. «You see how nice your trunk is», - said the Snake. «You could not do that with a little nose».

Then Baby Elephant picked some grass with his trunk and put it in his mouth.

Baby Elephant began to like his new trunk. He thanked the Snake and said, «Now it’s time to go home. Goodbye, dear Snake». So Baby Elephant went home. On his way he sang merrily. When he was hungry, he picked bananas from the tall trees and ate them. When he came home, his family laughed at his long trunk and said, «You are so funny with your new nose!». But when he hit all his family with his new trunk, they didn’t laugh after that. All his brothers and sisters ran to the big grey-grey Limpopo River to get new noses from the Crocodile.

Then they came back with big trunks too. And from that day all the elephants have long trunks.

 

Tasks to the text:

I.Translate into Ukrainian:

· 1. Baby Elephant________________________________________

· 2. funny_______________________________________________

· 3. angry_______________________________________________

· 4. a tall giraffe__________________________________________

· 5. a trunk______________________________________________

· 6. to hit Baby Elephant___________________________________

· 7. a little black nose____________________ _________________

· 8. to know everything____________________________________

· 9. to ask many questions__________________________________

· 10. to be angry with_____________________________________

· 11. to have smth. for dinner_______________________________

· 12. go away ___________________________________________

· 13. unhappy ___________________________________________

· 14. suddenly ___________________________________________

· 15. to sit on a tree _______________________________________

· 16. to be clever _________________________________________

· 17. to pull _____________________________________________

· 18. to sing merrily ______________________________________

· 19. to say good -bye to smb._______________________________

· 20. to laugh at _________________________________________

· 21. to be funny _________________________________________

· 22. on one’s home ______________________________________

· 23. to eat a banana ______________________________________

· 24. to pick some grass ___________________________________

· 25. to walk in the forest __________________________________

· 26. to walk for a long time ________________________________

· 27. the Snake _________________________________________

· 28. to come back ______________________________________

· 29. quickly ___________________________________________

· 30. a fly _____________________________________________

II.Fill in the gaps with the missing letters:

A_rica, d_nner, b_by, t_lk, t_me, kn_w, w_nt, elep_ants, an_mals, cro_odil_, t__th, sn_k_, n_se, sud_enl_, tr_nk.

III.Unscramble these words:

onlg ____________________ rtnuk _______________________

edra ____________________ rdbi_________________________

fciaar ___________________ elphaent_____________________

saken ___________________ seon ________________________

mkeyno _________________ ylf__________________________

IV.Match the opposites:

silly happy

unhappy clever

young big

kind angry

little old

V.Complete the table with infinitives, past forms and Ukrainian variants of the verbs:

to have    
  knew  
to hit    
  ate  
    бачити
to sit    
  said  
  picked  
  began  

VI. Match the phrases in English with the appropriate phrases in Ukrainian:

To open eyes Схопити слона за маленький ніс
What do you want? Відкрити очі
What have you got for dinner? Тягнути слона у воду
to open a big mouth with many teeth Чого ти хочеш?
to pull Baby Elephant into the river Відкрити рот з безліччю зубів
to catch the Elephant by his little nose Щоу тебе на обід?
Let me go! Відпусти мене!

VII.Decide if these statements are true (T) or false (F):

  1. It was a Baby Elephant.
  2. Baby Elephant lived in Australia.
  3. He had a long trunk.
  4. One morning the Baby Elephant saw a tall aunt Giraffe.
  5. The Giraffe didn’t want to talk to Baby Elephant.
  6. Baby Elephant was happy after meeting the Monkey.
  7. The Crocodile was unhappy to meet a Baby Elephant.
  8. The Crocodile began to pull Baby Elephant into the water.
  9. Baby Elephant went home.
  10. From that day all the elephants have long trunks.

VIII.Unscramble these sentences:

1. was / the / strong / Crocodile. ________________________________

2. up / Baby Elephant / to / came / the / Crocodile. __________________________________________________________

3. began / water / so / Crocodile / pull / into / the / to / Baby Elephant / his/ the / nose / came._________________________________________ __________________________________________________________

4. me / eat / don’t. ___________________________________________

5. unhappy / was / he / very.___________________________________

6. saw / the / Crocodile / big / Elephant Baby. __________________________________________________________

7. saw / the / water / green / he / the / River / Limpopo / of. __________________________________________________________

8. Crocodile / you / the / are? __________________________________

9. went / Baby Elephant / so / home. ____________________________

10. way / on / sang / merrily / his / he.____________________________

11. family / laughed / at / long / his / trunk / his. __________________________________________________________

12. killed / fly / the / his / trunk / Baby Elephant / with. __________________________________________________________

13. the / bird / Kolokolo / clever / was / very. __________________________________________________________

14. banana / eating / was / Monkey / the / a. _______________________

15. morning / one / wanted / what / Crocodile / the / was / for / dinner / Baby Elephant / to know / eating. __________________________________________________________

IX. Make up questions to these sentences:

1. Baby Elephant went to the uncle Monkey. (Where?)______________________________________________

2. The Monkey was eating a banana. (What?)_______________________________________________

3. The Kolokolo Bird was very clever. (Was?)________________________________________________

4. He walked for a long time. (Did?)________________________________________________

5. The Giraffe hit the Baby Elephant. (What?)_______________________________________________

6. Baby Elephant saw the big Crocodile. (Whom?)______________________________________________

7. He was in the green water of the Limpopo River.(Where?)_________________________________________

8. So the Snake pulled and Baby Elephant pulled too, and the Crocodile pulled. (What?)_______________________________________________

9. He thanked the Snake. (Did?)________________________________________________

Text 2

Pancake Day

 

As far as everyone knows, English people have got a lot of nice traditions and holidays. One of them is called Pancake Day. It is usually in March. On this day Englishmen eat a plenty of tasty pancakes! They have pancakes not only at home, but at school as well. But they not only eat pancakes, they run with them.

This holyday takes place in most of English places every year. These races are run by housewives. There are special rules about pancake races: housewives must wear aprons, hats or scarves on their heads. They must run about 415 yards (410 metres).

A bell rings twice before the race. With the first bell the women must make their pancakes. With the second bell they start running with a pancake in a frying-pan. While running the race, they must toss the pancakes three times and catch it back on a frying-pan. If the pancake falls down, the runner must pick it up and toss it again.

The other members of the families watch the runners and cheer: «Run, Mum, run, run quickly!».

Tasks to the text:

I. Translate into Ukrainian:

· 1. a pancake____________________________________________

· 2. a frying-pan__________________________________________

· 3. to run ______________________________________________

· 4. people ______________________________________________

· 6. holydays ____________________________________________

· 7. tasty _______________________________________________

· 8. place_______________________________________________

· 9. bell________________________________________________

· 10. catch______________________________________________

· 11. to fall down_________________________________________

· 12. to pick up__________________________________________

· 13. cheer______________________________________________

· 14. a housewife_________________________________________

· 15. an apron____________________________________________

· 16. a hat_______________________________________________

· 17. a scarf_____________________________________________

II. Unscramble these words:

ady___________________ ronap______________________

ytats__________________ napecka____________________

aet___________________ oplepe______________________

omhe_________________ nur_________________________

III.Decide if these statements are true (T) or false (F):

  1. Pancake Day is in May.
  2. English people eat a lot of pancakes this day.
  3. They dance with pancake.
  4. Only men take part in races.
  5. Racers must run about 410 metres.
  6. A bell rings twice before the race.
  7. With the first bell the women mustn’t make their pancakes.
  8. With the second bell they don’t start running with a pancake in a frying-pan.
  9. If the pancake falls down, the runner may pick it up and toss it again.
  10. The other members of the families watch the runners and cheer their mothers.

IV.Make up questions to these sentences:

1. Pancake Day is usually in March. (When?)______________________________________________

2. Women run with pancakes. (What?)_______________________________________________

3. Pancake races take place every year.

(How often?)___________________________________________

4. There are special rules about pancake race. (Are?)________________________________________________

5. They do not eat pancakes, they run with them. (Do?)_________________________________________________

6. A bell rings twice before the race.

(How many?)__________________________________________

7. With the first bell the women must make their pancake. (What?)______________________________________________

8. While running the race, they must toss the pancake three times and catch it back on the frying-pan. (What?)_______________________________________________

9. If the pancake falls down, the runner must pick it up and toss it again. (What?)_______________________________________________

10. The other members of the families watch the runners and cheer to their mothers.

(Do?)__________________________________________________

 

V.Fill in this table:

Present Past Ukrainian variant
take    
  wore  
    спіймати
run    
  fell  
  had  
eat    

VI.Unscramble these sentences:

1. rings / twice / it / race / before / the. _____________________________________________________

2. are / these / by / races / run / housewives. _____________________________________________________

3. must / aprons / wear / the / housewives. _____________________________________________________

4. starts / with / bell / second / the / they / running. _____________________________________________________

5. holiday / takes / in / England / place / year / every / this. _____________________________________________________

6. run / must / 415 / they / yards / about. _____________________________________________________

7. have / not / pancakes / home / at / they / only / but / as / well / school / at. _____________________________________________________

8. rules / there / are / about / special / races / pancake. _____________________________________________________

9. if / falls / pancake / down / the / the / runner / up / picks / tosses / and / again / it. _____________________________________________________

10. other / the / of / the / members / families / watch / runners / the / cheer / and / mothers / their / up. _____________________________________________________

Text 3

Read and translate the text.

Blue Jeans

 

Levi Strauss came to America from Germany. In 1850 he arrived in San Francisco. It is a large city in the United States of America. It is situated in California. There were many people in California in those days because they wanted to find gold and become rich. They worked a lot looking for gold and spent much time in the water of the rivers. They needed strong trousers. That time was called «gold fever».

Levi Strauss had a lot of strong material. He hoped people could build tents with it. So he decided to make special trousers of this material. They were strong and people like them. In one day, Strauss sold all the trousers he had. But they had no colour and became dirty very easily. So, Strauss decided to colour them blue. Now people all over the world wear blue jeans. They think they are good for work and travel, they are practical. Now California has the largest population in the USA. About 20 million people live there. It is because of that «gold fever» of the 1850s. Those people, who didn’t find gold, stayed in California as well and became farmers.

Tasks to the text:

I. Translate into Ukrainian:

· 1. a large city___________________________________________

· 2. gold________________________________________________

· 3. trousers_____________________________________________

· 4. strong material_______________________________________

· 5. to colour____________________________________________

· 6. jeans_______________________________________________

· 7.a tent_______________________________________________

· 8. to be situated in ______________________________________

· 9. to find gold__________________________________________

· 10. to become rich______________________________________

· 11. to need strong trousers________________________________

· 12. to become dirty______________________________________

· 13. the largest population_________________________________

· 14. “gold fever”_________________________________________

· 15. to become farmers___________________________________

II.Fill in the gaps with the missing letters:

Am_ri_a, G_rm_ny, S_nFran_is_o, m_n_y, p_opl_, f_nd, w_t_r, sp_ci_l, tr_use_s, ar_iv_d, m_t_r_al, lo_g_st, st_y_d.

III.Match the countries with the capitals:

Germany London

The USA Washington, D.C.

France Paris

Ukraine Berlin

The UK Kyiv

IV.Match two forms of the verbs. (Present and Past):

Present Past
Come found
Are came
Find was
Spend spent

V.Match the opposites:

strong dislike

clean easy

like weak

hard dirty

good bad

 

Text 4

A Laconic Answer

 

The Lacons lived in the part of Southern Greece which was called Laconia. The people who lived there were very brave. They loved their Motherland and defended it from all the enemies. Their life was very simple. They tried to follow the laws of their country and never spoke long. «The shorter the better» was their rule. «Never use more words than you need», was another rule. And nowadays as you probably know a very short answer is often called a laconic answer, because the Lacons usually gave short answers.

In Northern Greece there was a land called Macedonia. King Philip ruled there. He was not very clever and he was not very brave, but he wanted to become king of all Greece. So, he collected a great army and soon he became master of all Greece. Only Laconia was not conquered. Then king Philip wrote a letter and sent it to the brave Lacons. The letter said: «If I win the battle with your army, I will become your king and ruin your great city».

A few days later an answer was brought back to him. King Philip found only one word in it. The word was very short, and that was «If».

Tasks to the text:

I. Translate into Ukrainian:

· 1. lived_______________________________________________

· 2. part________________________________________________

· 3. called______________________________________________

· 4. brave______________________________________________

· 5. loved______________________________________________

· 6. simple______________________________________________

· 7. to follow____________________________________________

· 8. use________________________________________________

· 9. words______________________________________________

· 11. probably___________________________________________

· 12.short_______________________________________________

· 13.answer_____________________________________________

· 14.a laconic answer______________________________________

· 15.gave_______________________________________________

· 16.rulled______________________________________________

· 17.Greece_____________________________________________

· 18.to become a king_____________________________________

· 19.Macedonia__________________________________________

· 20.the enemies_________________________________________

II. Write past forms of the verbs:

Present Past Present Past
to live   to know  
to call   to follow  
to love   to bring  
to use   to write  
to give   to win  
to be   to send  
to defend   to collect  
to try   to ruin  

III. Match the phrases in English with the appropriate phrases in Ukrainian:

Southern Greece хоробрий

Motherland коротка відповідь

Brave ПівденнаГреція

to defend from enemies простий

simple Батьківщина

a law захищати від ворогів

a short answer закон

IV. Fill in the gaps with the missing letters:

L_c_nia, l_v_, l_ng, l_c_nic, v_ry, sh_rt, br_v_, p_rt, so_th_rn, d_f_nd, m_re, wo_ds, r_le, n_w_day_.

V. Unscramble these words:

rpta________________ snouhter____________ dfeedn_____________ reom_______________

eden_______________ mreo_______________

rleu________________ sdorw______________

wla________________ tsrho_______________

VI. Choose a correct variant:

1. The Lacons lived in …

__ a) Northern Greece;

__ b) Western Europe;

__ c) Southern Greece.

2. The people of that country were …

__ a) brave;

__ b) weak;

__ c) angry.

3. Their life was …

__ a) hard;

__ b) excited;

__ c) simple.

4. The Lacons never … long.

__ a) read;

__ b) spoke;

__ c) sang.

5. “Never use more … than you need!”

__ a) poems;

__ b) songs;

__ c) words.

 

IX. Answer the questions.

1. Can you call yourself a laconic person or not? _____________________________________________________

2. Do you know laconic people in your surrounding? _____________________________________________________

3. What’s your attitude to King Philip? _____________________________________________________

4. Do you like the law “the shorter the better” or not? _____________________________________________________

5. Is it easy or hard to talk to laconic people? _____________________________________________________

6. What is the moral of this story? _____________________________________________________

 

Text 5

Text 6

The Fox and the Crane

 

The Fox and the Crane were very good friends. «Your long legs and bill are very nice,» said the Fox.

«Thank you, Mr. Fox», - said the Crane.

«I like your coat very much. It’s beautiful, red and thick.» The Fox was glad, and he said, «Come and have dinner with me now, Mrs. Crane».

«Thank you», - said the Crane and went to the Fox’s house.

The dinner was very good – for the Fox. He liked soup, and there was good soup for dinner. But the soup was in two big plates. The Crane had very little soup because her bill was very long and thin.

«Did you like my dinner? Did the soup taste good?» asked the Fox and laughed. The Crane wanted to teach the Fox a lesson, and she said, «Dear Mr. Fox, come and have supper with me today».

«All right!», - said the Fox.

When the Fox came to the Crane’s house, he was hungry. The Crane brought two tall jars with little fish. The Crane had fish for supper. The Fox liked fish, but they were in the tall jars.

«Have some fish. Little fish taste very good»,- said the Crane.

The Fox looked at the fish with hungry eyes, but he could not take them.

«Did you like the supper? Did the fish taste good, Mr. Fox?», - asked the Crane after supper.

The Fox went home hungry and angry.

Tasks to the text:

Text 7

Honesty is the Best Policy

 

There was an old woodcutter. He went to the wood to cut trees every day. He was a very poor man. He lived in a village near the wood. His house was the oldest and the smallest in the village.

One day the old woodcutter dropped his axe in the river. He sat down on the ground near the water and cried, «My axe! What shall I do? How shall I work for living?» There was a noise and the god, Mercury by name, dived out of the water. He listened to the man’s problem and wanted to help him. Mercury dived into the water and in a few minutes he had an axe.

«Is this your axe, old man?» he asked the woodcutter. The woodcutter looked in Mercury’s hands. It was a golden axe.

«No, it is not mine», - said the woodcutter.

Mercury dived into the river again and some time later got a silver axe.

«Is this your axe, old man?», - he asked.

«No, it is not mine», - said the poor man.

Mercury jumped into the river again and brought an old dirty wooden axe.

«Is this yours?», - he asked.

«Yes, that’s mine! Thank you very much!» the woodcutter was very happy.

Mercury was so surprised with the man’s honest heart, that he presented him the golden and the silver axes. The woodcutter ran away home to tell his friends about it.

At home the old woodcutter met his friend Bill.

«Hello, Bill!», - he said to his friend.

Bill was a woodcutter, too. Bill saw those axes and asked, «Who gave you them?»

«Mercury, who lives in the river. I dropped my axe in the water and started crying. At that moment Mercury dived out of the water and then gave me these beautiful axes.»

«Oh, I see,» said Bill.

Bill wanted to have such axes too. So he went to the river, dropped his wooden axe into the water and waited. Mercury jumped out of the water and Bill cried: «Please, help me! My axe is in the water.»

«All right, I’ll help you», - said Mercury.

In a few minutes he dived out of the water with a golden axe.

«Is this your axe?», - he asked Bill.

«Oh, yes! Yes! That is mine!», - cried happy Bill.

«No, it isn’t yours», - said Mercury. «You are not honest with me. You are bad and lazy. I don’t want to help you.» Mercury jumped into the water and didn’t come out again. And Bill had nothing to do but to go home without any axe.

Tasks to the text:

I. Translate into Ukrainian:

· 1. a wood______________________________________________

· 2. a woodcutter_________________________________________

· 3. to drop into the river___________________________________

· 4. an axe______________________________________________

· 5.to dive out of the water_________________________________

· 6. a golden axe_________________________________________

· 7. a silver axe__________________________________________

· 8. a dirty wooden axe____________________________________

· 9. surprised____________________________________________

· 10.to live in the river_____________________________________

· 11.to jumped out of the water______________________________

· 12.to be honest_________________________________________

· 13.to go home__________________________________________

· 14.to dive into the river__________________________________

II. Fill in the missing letters:

w_od, c_t, p_or, m_n, a_e, w_ter, tr_e, w_odc_t_e_, gr_u_d, no_se, pr_bl_m, m_n_tes, g_ld_n, s_ lv_r, _ga_n, r_ve_, l_zy.

III. Unscramble these words:

owod_________________ mcuyrer__________________

ropd__________________ mutseni__________________

rvire__________________ gdenlo___________________

orop__________________ sverli____________________

esino_________________ lyza_____________________

xea___________________ neiso____________________

enim__________________ grdnuo___________________

pmlelor________________ kas_____________________

Text 8

Lazy Jim

 

There was a boy whose name was Jim. He lived with his mother in a little house. They were very poor. His mother worked much, but Jim didn’t like to work. Jim was lazy. He sat under a tree in hot weather and stayed in bed when it was cold.

One Monday morning his mother said, «Help him in the field. He will pay you».

«All right. I’ll go there tomorrow», - answered Jim.

On Tuesday Jim went to Mr. Green. He worked all the day, and in the evening Mr. Green gave him a penny. But on his way home Jim dropped the penny and could not find it.

«Oh, Jim! Why didn’t you put the penny in your pocket?» He went to help Mr. Green on Wednesday, too. In the evening Mr. Green gave him a jar of milk. Jim put it in his large pocket. But when he came home, there was no milk in the jar.

«Oh, Jim! Why didn’t you carry the jar of milk on your head?»

On Friday Mr. Green gave him a large cat. Jim took the cat and wanted to carry it in his hands. But on his way home the cat ran away from Jim.

«Oh, Jim!», - said his mother. «Why didn’t you take a string and pull the cat home?»

«I’ll do it tomorrow, Mother,» said Jim. On Saturday Jim worked much, and Mr. Green gave him a large piece of meat. Jim took a string out of his pocket and pulled the meat after him. A hungry dog ate the meat.

«Oh, Jim! Why didn’t you carry it in your hands?», - asked his mother.

Because it was large and heavy, Mother.”

«Then why didn’t you carry it on your back?»

On Monday next week Jim worked very well. So Mr. Green gave him a donkey. Jim put the donkey on his back and walked home.

There was a beautiful girl in the village. She didn’t laugh and couldn’t speak. Her father asked all the doctors to help the girl, but they could not. The doctors said, «The girl must laugh. Then she will speak.»

The girl and her father lived in a large and beautiful house.

When Jim was in front of their house, the girl looked out of the window and saw the boy with the donkey on his back. It was funny. And the girl laughed. She looked at Jim and continued laughing for some time. And a bit later she could speak. Her father was very happy. He ran after Jim, stopped him and said: «My dear boy, I am a happy man now because my girl can speak. Thank you.»

He gave Jim a lot of money. Jim’s mother was happy too. They weren’t poor any more.

 

Tasks to the text:

I. Translate into Ukrainian:

· 1. a little house_________________________________________

· 2. poor man___________________________________________

· 3. a lazy boy___________________________________________

· 4. to work in the field____________________________________

· 5. a penny____________________________________________

· 6. a pocket____________________________________________

· 7.to stay in bed_________________________________________

· 8. in the evening_______________________________________

· 9. a jar of milk_________________________________________

· 10.a large pocket_______________________________________

· 11.a beautiful girl_______________________________________

· 12.a donkey___________________________________________

· 13.back______________________________________________

· 14.laugh______________________________________________

· 15.speak______________________________________________

· 16.continue____________________________________________

· 17.butter______________________________________________

· 18.a piece of meat______________________________________

· 19.a hungry dog________________________________________

· 20.to carry a donkey on the back___________________________

II. Fill in the missing letters:

N_me, p_or, m_ther, w_rk, b_d, h_lp, m_rning, h_u_e, pl_y, l_rg_, c_t, h_nds, b_au_iful, vil_age, fun_y, h_p_y.

III. Unscramble these words:

opor__________________ lifed_____________________

ylap___________________ kiml_____________________

ihra___________________ sihtr_____________________

rja____________________ nepny____________________

imj____________________ tbuert____________________

VIII. Answer the questions.

1. What did Mr. Green give Jim on Friday?

________________________________________________________

2. Why didn’t Jim bring the cat home?

________________________________________________________

3. Did Jim carry the meat in his hands?

________________________________________________________

4. Where did Jim put the donkey?

________________________________________________________

5. Who was Jim with the donkey on his back?

________________________________________________________

Text 9

Text 10

Read and translate the text.

The Potter and the Painter

 

Many years ago there lived two friends, a potter and a painter. They had little money for their job. Everything was OK between them till the painter, a very good worker, got a lot of money for a beautiful portrait he painted. The potter, a bad and lazy worker, didn’t like that. At first he asked the painter to give him some money. But the painter wanted the money for his big family. In the end the potter thought of a very bad thing. «Well», - he said to himself, «I must teach my friends, the painter, a good lesson.»

That night the potter slept very badly or didn’t sleep at all. He thought what a good lesson he could teach the painter. Early in the morning he went to the king. He said, «My king, I know that you want a white elephant. I am going to tell you how you can get one.» The king was happy to hear the potter’s words. And the potter went on telling his story. «My friend, the painter, knows how to turn any color into white. Tell him to come here and make your grey elephant white.»

The king called his men and they ran to him. He told them to go and bring the painter. When the painter came to the palace, the king said to him, «I heard that you know how to change the colour of anything into white. I want you to make my grey elephant white. And remember, if you want to live you must do it, and do it well.»

When the painter heard the king’s words he understood everything.

«And may I ask you, my king, who told you this story?», - said the painter.

«I am not going to answer your questions, and you must not ask me anything», - cried the king.

The painter thought, «My last day came because I can’t change the color of the elephant». The painter wanted to tell the king this, but suddenly he saw the potter’s laughing face behind the people’s backs.

«So that is your little game, my dear friend», - he thought. «But before my head falls off my neck I must teach you a lesson».

«All right, my king”, - the painter turned to the king. «I can change your elephant’s colour. But when I change the colour of anything I put it into water for a long time. And I have no pot for your elephant. It must be a very large pot».

«Potter», - the king turned to the bad man, - «you heard the painter’s words, didn’t you? Go and make a pot for him, a very large pot that can hold my elephant.»

«What have I done?», - the potter thought. «That’s the end of me!» So he went to his workshop and began to make a large pot for the elephant. But who can make a pot like that? Of course, not our potter!

The pot fell to pieces the first time when the people carried it. It fell to pieces the second time when the workers put it, red hot, into cold water. And it fell to pieces the third time when the elephant put its foot on it. The painter watched it and laughed to himself. For months and months the potter worked in his workshop. During all those months he woke up early in the morning and worked till late at night. At night he didn’t sleep well but thought about the pot and often cried.

«What a mistake I made!», - he repeated to himself. But one fine day the elephant ran away to the woods. What a happy day for the potter! The painter taught the potter a good lesson, didn’t he? And the potter never did bad things like that again to the end of his days.

Tasks to the text:

I. Translate into Ukrainian:

· 1.potter_____________________________________________

· 2.painter____________________________________________

· 3.a portrait__________________________________________

· 4.to sleep badly_______________________________________

· 5.an elephant_________________________________________

· 6.a head_____________________________________________

· 7.a neck_____________________________________________

· 8.a workshop________________________________________

· 9.a pot______________________________________________

· 10.to fall off_________________________________________

· 11.to fall to pieces____________________________________

· 12.to laugh__________________________________________

· 13.to run away_______________________________________

· 14.to put a foot on the pot______________________________

· 15.friends___________________________________________

· 16.money___________________________________________

· 17.to teach smb. a lesson_______________________________

· 18.to understood everything_____________________________

· 19.to make a large pot_________________________________

· 20.at night__________________________________________

· 21.to wake up early in the morning_______________________

· 22.to paint a picture___________________________________

· 23.to talk to the king___________________________________

· 24.to make a pot______________________________________

· 25.to put the elephant into the pot________________________

II. Match the opposites:

little bad

good hard-working

lazy big

kind angry

small large

VI. Unscramble these words.

rpineta__________________ rptotari____________________

ylaz____________________ ingk______________________

afec____________________ porett_____________________

pertain__________________ ptaiort_____________________

hade____________________ nghti______________________

Text 11

The Tree of life

In 1250 there lived a rich man in a town called Rivergate. He had two sons and a daughter. Philippa, the daughter, was the eldest. The name of the first son was Francis, and the youngest son was called Jack. He liked to go for walks and watch the animals in the woods and listen to the birds.

One day, Philippa and Francis went hunting. Jack followed them. When Philippa and Francis had a rest, they saw an anthill.

Philippa: «Let’s burn the anthill».

Jack: «No, don’t do that!»

Francis: «Get out of our way».

Jack: «No, stop it! Throw the sticks away!»

Philippa: «Jack is an idiot. He loves stupid ants.»

Some time later, Philippa and Francis went hunting again. They rode into the woods on their beautiful horses. Jack wanted to go with them, but he didn’t have a horse. So he took one of his father’s donkeys.

When Philippa and Francis came to a big river, they saw a beautiful bird. It was a kingfisher*. They wanted to shoot it. At that moment, Jack came on his donkey. He shouted, and the bird flew away.

One day, the rich man called his children. He was very ill.

Jack: «What can we do?»

Doctor: «Well, there is one thing».

Rich man: «What is it?»

Doctor: «The only thing that can save you is an apple from the tree of life».

Philippa: «Where can we find the tree of life?»

Doctor: «Nobody knows».

Rich man: «Philippa and Francis, please go out into the world and look for the tree of life».

The next day, Philippa and Francis left the palace to look for the tree of life.

Jack: «Please take me with you».

Philippa: «No, you are stupid, and you don’t have a horse».

Jack: «Please, please, take me with you. I can take the donkey and I can carry your things».

Philippa: «Oh, all right. But don’t ask stupid questions all the time».

After many days, the three young people met an old woman. They asked her about the tree of life. The old woman said, “The tree of life is in the king’s garden. He lives in the golden castle on the mountain.”

Philippa and Francis quickly rode away.

Jack thanked the old woman and gave her some food. The old woman said, “Don’t take the short path to the castle, take the long path. And don’t forget the word, rainbow.

Philippa and Francis took the short path. It was difficult to climb. Their horses fell and the brother and sister hurt their legs.

Jack took the long path. The path was easy and his donkey went quickly.

After three hours, Jack arrived at the castle. He met the king and his beautiful daughter.

Jack: « Can I please have an apple from the tree of life for my father?»

King: «What is the matter with your father?»

Jack: «He is very ill».

King: « Do three things for me and you can have one apple».

Jack: «Three things? What are thy?»

King: «A few weeks ago, the princess lost her ring in the pond. Now she is very sad. She liked the ring so much. Find it for her. This is the first thing you must do».

Jack went to the pond. It was very big and deep. Where was the ring? He didn’t know what to do. Suddenly he heard a bird. It was the kingfisher! The kingfisher dived into the water and found the ring. Jack ran into the hall and gave the ring to the princess.

King: «Well done! Now the second thing». The princess broke her necklace in the garden yesterday. All three hundred pearls fell into the grass. She was very sad. Find them all for her.

Jack didn’t know what to do. It was very difficult to find the pearls in the grass. Then suddenly there were lots of ants! They carried every single pearl to Jack. He ran into the hall and gave all three hundred pearls to the princess.

King: «Now the third and last thing. What is my daughter’s name?»

Jack: « Is it Mirabelle?»

King: «No, it isn’t».

Jack: «Is it Sunshine?»

King: «No, it isn’t».

Jack didn’t know what to do. Then he remembered the old woman.

Jack: «Is it Rainbow?»

King: «Yes, it is».

The king gave Jack an apple from the tree of life. “Your father will be better soon,” he said.

When Jack rode down path he met Philippa and Francis. “Help us!” they cried. “We can’t stand up.”

Jack helped his brother and sister get onto their horses. Then they all rode home.

Rich man: «Thank you, Philippa and Francis».

Francis: «Father, Jack found the apple for you».

Rich man: «Jack?»

Philippa: «Yes, he’s not stupid after all».

Rich man: «Thank you, Jack».

 

Tasks to the text:

I. Translate into Ukrainian:

· 1. a daughter__________________________________________

· 2. a son_______________________________________________

· 3. a wood_____________________________________________

· 4. to listen to birds______________________________________

· 5.to ride a horse________________________________________

· 6. a beautiful bird_______________________________________

· 7. a donkey____________________________________________

· 8. to shout_____________________________________________

· 9. a big river___________________________________________

· 10.to shoot_____________________________________________

· 11.an apple____________________________________________

· 12.a rich man___________________________________________

· 13.to look for___________________________________________

· 14.to be ill_____________________________________________

· 15. to leave the palace____________________________________

· 16.to carry things_______________________________________

· 17.to ask questions_____________________________________

· 18.a path_____________________________________________

· 19.a golden castle______________________________________

· 20.an old woman_______________________________________

· 21.a garden___________________________________________

· 22.to climb a path______________________________________

· 23.to fall down________________________________________

· 24.to hurt the legs______________________________________

· 25.a king_____________________________________________

· 26.a princess__________________________________________

· 27.a ring_____________________________________________

· 28.a pond_____________________________________________

· 29.to dive_____________________________________________

· 30.to run into the hall____________________________________

· 31.a deep pond_________________________________________

· 32.to hear_____________________________________________

· 33.sad________________________________________________

· 34.a necklace___________________________________________

· 35.grass_______________________________________________

· 36.a pearl________________________________________ _____

· 37.an anthill___________________________________________

· 38.to burn_____________________________________________

· 39.a stick______________________________________________

· 40.to go hunting________________________________________

Text 12

The Coffee Story

Kaldi was tired, but he couldn’t sleep. His goats were active and very noisy. «Why can’t they sleep?», - Kaldi thought. He couldn’t understand the problem so he watched the animals carefully. They were eating some green plants with little red fruit on them. The shepherd wanted to taste the fruit. He ate the soft part of each fruit and the hard things in the centre. After a minute he began to feel energetic. He was not tired any more and didn’t want to sleep.

Those hard things were coffee beans, and Kaldi discovered them in Ethiopia more than 1,000 years ago. At least, that’s the traditional story. Perhaps, it is true, perhaps not. Nobody knows. But we know that coffee grew first in Ethiopia, and we know that somebody discovered it there more than 1,000 years ago.

After that, Arab travellers took coffee plants to Egypt and other Arab countries. Arab farmers began to grow coffee plants. People learnt to make a drink from the beans, and they called it qahwa. For 400 years, only the Arabs know about qahwa.

The people in Turkey learnt about it. Soon after that, western Europeans began to drink it, and in 1652 the first coffee shop in London opened.

Now farmers grow coffee in many parts of the world. Some famous coffee-growing countries are Brazil, Colombia, Indonesia and, of course, Ethiopia. Coffee is one of the world’s favourite drinks, thanks to Kaldi and his goats.

Tasks to the text:

Text 13

Text 14

The Ant and the Cricket

It is summertime. The sun is hot. Let’s go out to play. The weather is nice. The sky is blue. It’s a beautiful day.

Here’s a cricket, in the field. He sings and jumps and plays. He sings songs all day long. He loves the summer days.

There’s an ant! She is very small. She is finding food to eat. She works all the summer, all day long, and never has a treat.

«Mrs. Ant, please stop now. Don’t find food today. The summer is long, and we can play. Find food another day».

«Mr. Cricket, I can’t stop now. Winter is coming soon. You must find food, or you’ll be hungry, from October until June».

«Mrs. Ant, why do it now? The summer is so long. Find your food another day, but now let’s sing a song!»

The ant finds food. The cricket plays, and now it is September. The wind is cool. The rain is wet and soon it is December.

It’s cold now. Cold with snow. The ant is in her home. She is warm and happy. She has food and she is not alone.

It is cold outside. The cricket is hungry. He has no lunch or sweet. «Why did I play all summer long and now I have nothing to eat?»

The ant in her house, sees the cricket outside, and gives him some of the food.

«Thank you, my friend. You saved my life. I learnt an important thing. Next summer I’ll work hard and find lots of food. Then, in winter we will sing.»

 

Tasks to the text:

Жук и муравей

В летнюю пору Муравей, ползая по полям, собирал зерна и колосья, накапливая себе корм на зиму. А Жук, увидев его, подивился его трудолюбию и тому, что он работает в ту пору, когда остальные твари, избавившись от трудов, живут беззаботно. Тот промолчал тогда. Когда же пришла зима, и дожди размыли навоз, голодный Жук пришел к Муравью и попросил еды. А тот ему сказал: «О, Жук! Если б ты тогда потрудился, когда я работал, - а ты смеялся надо мной, - не пришлось бы тебе теперь нуждаться в корме».

 

Коник-стрибунець та Мураха

В чистім полі, на роздоллі,

Коник, славний стрибунець,

І танцює, і співає -

Пречудовий молодець!

У траву! - в пшеницю! - в жито! -

Досхочу розкошував,

І цілісінькеє літо

Не вгаваючи співав.

А довкола всі працюють,

Вся Мурахова сім'я.

Стрибунецьі з них сміється:

- Не люблю роботи я!

Розгулявся на всі боки -

Все байдуже, все дарма!..

Коли гульк! — до них у гості

Суне лютая зима!..

Скочив коник до Мураха,

Стиха слізоньку обтер:

— Бачиш, он зима біліє...

Що я їстиму тепер?

— Ти спізнився, небораче, —

Відказав Мурах йому, —

Хто любив життя ледаче —

Непереливки тому.

Проспівав ти літо гоже —

Вдача вже твоя така.

А тепер танцюй, небоже,

На морозі гопака!

 

Стрекоза и Муравей

Попрыгунья Стрекоза

Лето красное пропела;

Оглянуться не успела,

Как зима катит в глаза.

Помертвело чисто поле;

Нет уж дней тех светлых боле,

Как под каждым ей листком

Был готов и стол, и дом.

Все прошло: с зимой холодной

Нужда, голод настает;

Стрекоза уж не поет:

И кому же в ум пойдет

На желудок петь голодный!

Злой тоской удручена,

К Муравью ползет она:

«Не оставь меня, кум милый!

Дай ты мне собраться с силой

И до вешних только дней

Прокорми и обогрей!» —

«Кумушка, мне странно это:

Да работала ль ты в лето?» —

Говорит ей Муравей.

«До того ль, голубчик, было?

В мягких муравах у нас

Песни, резвость всякий час,

Так, что голову вскружило». —

«А, так ты...» — «Я без души

Лето целое все пела». —

«Ты все пела? это дело:

Так поди же, попляши!»

Text 15

The Talkative Tortoise

A long time in India, there was the young king and wise man who was the king’s friend. This king was a good man but talked too much. In fact, sometimes the king could not stop talking.

The wise man thought, «I must help the king to be less talkative. But how?»

Not far away, there was a lake. A tortoise ad two birds lived near the lake, and they were all good friends. One day, the bird said to the tortoise, «We are going to a beautiful mountain tomorrow. Would you like to come with us?»

The tortoise answered, «How can I go with you? I can’t fly.» «We can take you», - the birds said. «Hold a stick in your mouth, and we’ll carry the stick between us.» «Thank you. You’re very kind», - said the excited tortoise.

«Bite on the stick, and don’t talk. If you open your mouth, you’ll fall», - the birds said.

The next day, the king and the wise man saw two birds in the sky. «Look!», - said the king. “Those birds are carrying something! What is it?”

The tortoise heard this and wanted to say «I am a tortoise! I’m flying!» he opened his mouth to say it and fell to the ground. «It’s a dead tortoise!», - said the king. «Why did it fall from the sky?»

The wise man answered, «This talkative tortoise couldn’t hold onto the stick because he couldn’t keep his mouth shut. Great king, this shows us how bad it is to talk too much.» The king said, «I understand you, my friend», - and after that he became a wiser and less talkative king.

Tasks to the text:

Text 16

Read and translate the text.

A Slave







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