ТОП 10:

Making, accepting and refusing requests



A. Could you turn the music down, please?

B. Sure. / OK. / Of course. / Right. / I’m afraid…

 

TEST

1. Which of these sports do you think is the most dangerous? Put them in order 1-8. The firstis the most dangerous.

rugby, mountain climbing, freestyle, sky diving, parkour, windsurfing, street racing, golf

2. Extreme sports are dangerous, but they are becoming more and more popular with teenagers. Do you thinkextreme sports should be banned? Discuss the issue with your partner. Use:

I think, … . As I see it, … . To my mind, … . I don’t see why ... .

 


UNIT 6. MY FUTURE PROFESSION

Grammar:Phrasal verbs, if-clauses

Vocabulary

applied a – прикладной

artificial intelligence – искусственный интеллект

comprise v – охватывать

control v – управлять

creation n – создание

design v – конструировать, проектировать

development – развитие, разработка

engineering n – техника; машиностроение

interrelated a – взаимосвязанный

level n – уровень

marine engineering – судовое машиностроение

mechanical engineering – машиностроение

naval engineering – кораблестроение

operate v – эксплуатировать, работать

opportunity n – возможность, удобный случай

possibility n – возможность

process v – обрабатывать

rely on – полагаться на

responsibility n – ответственность

take on – взять на себя

trend n – тенденция

 

6. 1 Make a list of subjects you study this term and talk about them.

6.2 Tell the group about your parents’ professions. What do they do now? Do you remember what you were going to be in your childhood? Make use of the necessary words from theword bankbelow. Begin like that: My father /mother is … by profession … ; or Both of my parents are … .

Model: As for my parents, my father is an officer by profession. Now he is a pensioner. My mom is a housewife. And as far as I remember, at the age of 10 I wanted to be an astronaut.

Word bank: doctor, baker, painter, builder, engineer, (naval)officer , architect, marine engineer, photographer, pilot, shop assistant, cook etc.

6.3Study the collocations of words connected with work.

I'd love to do that kind of work. It's not easy to get / find work round these parts.  
What do you do for a living? It's difficult to make a living as a freelance writer.  
I've been offered a job in Paris. She is not prepared to take on that job.

 

6.4 Read the letter of application and match the paragraphs 1-4 to the headings A-D.

You are looking for a part-time job. You saw an ad asking for a part-time sales assistant and you want to apply for the job. Write your letter.

 

A. Age/Qualifications C. Reason for writing

B. Availability D. Experience/Personality

Dear Sir/Madam,

1. I would like to apply for the position of Part-time Sales Assistant which I saw advertised in the Guardian.

2. I am a seventeen-year-old student. I have ten GCSEs including Maths and English. At the moment I am studying for my A Levels.

3. I have no actual work experience. However, l would enjoy working with the public. I am responsible and hardworking so l think l am suitable for the post.

4. I hope you will consider me for the position. I am able to attend an interview at any time.

Yours faithfully,

Deborah Riley

Deborah Riley

6.5 Match the English and Russian words and word combinations.

1. in general a) иметь дело с, работать с
2. to deal with b) глубокие знания
3. profound knowledge c) сложные задачи
4. complex problems d) в основном
5. meet requirements e) отвечать требованиям

6.6 Read and translate the text. Answer the questions: What functional duties do engineers have to do? What requirements should an engineer meet?

WHAT IS ENGINEERING

In general, engineering is a science that deals with design, construction and operation of structures, machines, engines and other devices. An engineer is a person who has higher technical education. An engineer should have profound knowledge in his branch and a basic knowledge in some other fields as engineering problems are complex and interrelated. The word “engineering” has a lot of meanings and can be translated into Russian in many ways.

6.7 Match the English and Russian words and word combinations.

1. machinery of all types a) изготавливать продукцию, изделия
2. is divided into b) конструирование механизмов
3. field c) станки
4. machine-tools d) отрасль, сфера (исследования, применения)
5. machine design e) все типы механизмов
6. to make products f) подразделяется на

6.8 Read the text and answer the questions. What do mechanical engineers do? In what spheres should mechanical engineers have profound knowledge?

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Engineers in this field design, build, test and operate machinery of all types. The field is divided into:

1) machine-tools, mechanisms, materials, hydraulics and pneumatics;

2) work and energy, heating, ventilation and air conditioning.

A mechanical engineer must be trained in mechanics and hydraulics, metallurgy and machine design. A mechanical engineer designs not only the machines that make products but the products themselves.

6.9 Read and translate the text. Answer the questions: What do engineers design and supervise? What requirements should newly built ships meet? Why should naval architects have profound knowledge of higher mathematics?

repair ремонтировать
construction of ships   строительство судов
stability   остойчивость
strength   прочность
floatability   плавучесть
reliability   надежность
determine   определять
shape   форма, обводы судна
hull structure   конструкция корпуса
ship hull   корпус судна
welding   сварка
intended for them   предназначенный для них
principal dimensions   главные размерения, размеры

Naval ENGINEERING

Naval architects are engineers who design and supervise the construction of ships and ship repair. Ships must be designed to meet certain requirements such as stability, strength, floatability, reliability and many others in order to perform the type of work intended for them. Naval architects determine the shape and principal dimensions of the ship. They also carry out research work and develop calculating methods of strength and optimal parameters of the ship structure, noise reduction of the ship hull and machinery. Naval architects must be familiar with the variety of techniques in modern shipbuilding. They develop basic technologies; supervise welding operations and installation of equipment.

6.10 Match the English and Russian words and word combinations.

1) supervise a) проводить исследовательскую работу
2) to carry out research work b) основные технологии
3) calculating methods c) наблюдать, контролировать
4) optimal parameters d) методы вычислений
5) noise reduction e) уменьшение шума
6) variety of techniques f) сварочные работы
7) basic technologies g) оптимальные величины
8) welding operations h) установка оборудования
9) installation of equipment i) разнообразие, множество методов, приемов

6.11 Study the words and word combinations on the text.

ship power plant судовая силовая установка
steam turbine паровая турбина
gas turbine газовая турбина
diesel engine дизельный двигатель
nuclear power plant ядерная энергетическая установка
ship internal combustion engine судовой двигатель внутреннего сгорания
steam generator парогенератор
mounting монтаж, сборка, установка
control управление, контроль
fuel consumption расход топлива

6.12 Read and translate the text.

Marine ENGINEERING

Marine engineering is a special branch of mechanical engineering. Engineers in this field work at designing, mounting and control of ship power plants of all types (steam and gas turbines, diesel engines, nuclear and electrical power plants). They also design and investigate different types of ship engines and machinery such as ship internal combustion engines, steam generators etc., as well as technological processes of their building, mounting and operation.

Marine engineers work at designing and producing systems of power plants and information measuring complexes. Marine automation is the automatic control of shipboard systems and processes. Automatic control of a ship power plant and engine room equipment has great advantages. It increases safety of a ship power plant, reduces fuel consumption and personnel, and achieves high efficiency of the plant operation.

6.13 Match the English and Russian words and word combinations.

1. special branch a) информационно-измерительные комплексы
2. mounting and control b) оборудование машинного отделения
3. investigate c) работа судовой силовой установки
4. ship engines and machinery d) специальное направление
5. information measuring complexes e) судовые двигатели и оборудование
6. shipboard systems f) высокая производительность
7. engine room equipment g) установка и управление (контроль)
8. great advantages h) безопасность
9. safety i) изучать, исследовать
10. high efficiency j) бортовые системы
11. plant operation k) большие преимущества

 

6.14Phrasal verbs.Match the phrasal verbs on the left to their meanings on the right.







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