Complete the spaces with is, are, or am.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Complete the spaces with is, are, or am.



a. Cars ______ expensive.

b. John ________ a student.

c. I _______ the best in the group.

d. My sister _______ a teacher.

e. The train _______ late again.

f. You _____ in class 11.

g. That computer ______ very slow.

h. It _______ cold today.

i. We ________ interested in shopping.

 

Use the prompts to write a sentence. Use short forms.

a. He \ angry. ________________

b. They \ happy. __________

c. It \ hot now. _______________

d. You \ intelligent. ____________

e. We \ unhappy today _______________

f. I \ a doctor. ______________

h. Michael \ young _______________________-

Практикалық сабақ 2

Сабақтың тақырыбы: Kazakhstan

Сабақтың мазмұны:

1. Kazakstan is my Motherland

2. The Present Simple Tense.

 

Kazakstan is my Motherland

I want to tell you about my homeland. My homeland is Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan is an independent Republic. It is situated in the Central Asia. Its population, is 17 million. All people of Kazakhstan have equal rights and duties. Astana is the capital of Kazakhstan. The territory of Kazakhstan is huge. It borders on China in the East and the Caspian Sea in the West, Russian in the North and the states of Asia in the South. The republic occupies the territory of more than 2 million square kilometers. Kazakhstan has 14 regions, 84 cities.

The earth of Kazakhstan is full of iron and gold, coal, nickel and raw materials. Also Kazakhstan is rich in mineral resources. These reserves formed a solid base for the development of heavy industry. The leading branch of agriculture is the production of wheat, sheep rising, and horse breeding. Kazakh - is the official language of the country, but Russian and other languages are spoken here too. Kazakhstan has hundreds of nationalities that's why all people speak their native language.

Great attention is paid to the development of culture and education the Kazakhstan University, the Opera and Ballet Theater named after Abai Kunanbayev are well known.
There are many big industrial centers in Kazakhstan such as Karaganda, Almaty, Semey, and Shymkent.

Kazakhstan is the place where space dreams and projects have come into reality. The name of Baikonur is known all over the world. We are proud of Kazakhstan and hope it will have a great future. Our president now is Nursultan Nazarbayev. The president is elected every seven years.

The climate is strongly continental. Kazakhstan has its own flag, anthem and national traditions and holidays. I think the most important holiday in our country is - Nayris. The Independence Day of Republic is on the 16th of December. I'm proud of my country.

Our country as a sovereign state has its own national flag, emblem and anthem.

 

Active vocabulary: homeland, independent, situated, rights, duties, huge, borders, iron, raw, mineral resources, reserves, solid heavy industry, leading branch, agriculture, wheat, sheep rising, horse breeding, dreams, proud, hope anthem, national traditions, proud.

 

Answer the questions.

1. When is the birthday of the state symbols?
2. What do know about the emblem of our country?
3. What does the Red Star symbolize?
4. How many parts do Tulpars horns consists of?
5. What do you know about the flag of our country?
6. What does the eagle symbolize?
7. What does the sun symbolize?
8. What do know about our anthem?

 

Test about Kazakhstan.

1.What is the capital of Kazakhstan?
f)Almaty g) Akmola h) Astana?
2.What is typical for Kazakhstan’s steppe?
n) tree o) saxaul p) pine-apple tree
3.Who is the head of the state?
m)President n) khan o) prime-minister
4.What is the population of Kazakhstan?
d)10 560 768 e) 16 870 000 f) 17 560 000
5.Where is Kazakhstan situated?
g) Europe h) Australia i) Central Asia
6. What is the climate of the state?
r) mild s) extremely continental t) continental
7. What is the national symbol of Kazakhstan?
w) the bald eagle x) the rose y) golden man
8. What is the area of Kazakhstan?
f) 1 546 000 square km g) 6 546 000 square km h) 2 753 000 square km
9. When is Nauryz celebrated?
d) in December e) in March f) in February
10. What lake is the Balkhash?
r) half fresh and half salty s) salty t) fresh
11. With what country doesn’t Kazakhstan share its border?
c) China d) Russia e) France
12. What is the largest city in Kazakhstan?
r) Astana s) Kokshetau t) Almaty
13. What is typical animal of Kazakhstan?
h) snow leopard i) lion j) tiger
14. When was Akmola renamed Astana?
d) in 1997 e) in 1998 f) 1999
15. What is the official language in Kazakhstan?
f) Russian g) English h) Kazakh
16. For what have Kazakhs used falcons?
d) meat e) hunting f) playing
17. When is the Independence Day celebrated?
a) on the 16th of Dec. b) on the 22th of March c) on the 9th of May
18. What is the language of international communication?
p) English q) Kazakh r) Russian
19. What colour is the state flag?
t) blue and yellow u) blue and white v) red and yellow
20. Where is Ahmed Yassaui mausoleum situated?
h) Almaty i) Turkestan j) Shymkent
21. When was Medeu built?
q) in 1994 r) in 1975 s) in 1972

 

Complete the sentences.
1. The Republic of Kazakhstan is________ in the Central Asia.
2. Its population is___________.
3. Kazakh is the ____________________ of the country.
4. Kazakhstan ___________ China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kirgizia.
5. There is a long border coast on the Caspian Sea in _________.
6. The river Irtysh is in _________, Illi is in __________, Syr-Darya is in _________, and Ural is in__________.
7. The flora and fauna__________on the climate of the area.
8. The climate of the country is ___________.
9. Rain usually _________ in spring and autumn.
10. In spring green grasses and flowers of different colours ________ flat lands and hills

1. The Republic of Kazakhstan is situated in the Central Asia.
2. Its population is about 16 million.
3. Kazakh is the official language of the country.
4. Kazakhstan borders China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kirgizia.
5. There is a long border coast on the Caspian Sea in the Southwest.
6. The river Irtysh is in the east, Illi is in the southwest, Syr-Darya is in the southwest, and Ural is in the northwest.
7. The flora and fauna depend on the climate of the area.
8. The climate of the country is strongly continental.
9. Rain usually falls in spring and autumn.
10. In spring green grasses and flowers of different colours cover flat lands and hills

Additional task:
1.The Republic of Kazakhstan situated…
…national flag and anthem.
2.There is a long border coast line…
b.… in the central Asia.
3. Kazakhstan has its own…
c. … of water in the country.
4. The four rivers are the main resources…
d. … the Caspian sea in the Southwest.
5. Kazakhstan borders…
e. …China, Russia, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Kirgizia.

 

GRAMMAR

PRESENT SIMPLE

Study these rules:

A. Study this example situation:

Alex is a bus driver, but now he is in bed asleep. So: He is not driving a bus. (He is asleep.) but He drives a bus. (He is a bus driver.)

Drive(s)/work(s)/do(es) etc. is the present simple:

I/we/you/they drive/work/do etc.

he/she/it drives/works/does etc.

B. We use the present simple to talk about things in general. We are not thinking only about now. We use it to say that something happens all the time or repeatedly, or that something is true in general. It is not important whether the action is happening at the time of speaking:

* Nurses took after patients in hospitals.

* I usually go away at weekends.

* The earth goes round the sun.

Remember that we say: he/she/it -s. Don't forget the s:

I work ... but He works ... They teach ... but My sister teaches ...

For spelling (-s or -es), see Appendix 6.

C. We use do/does to make questions and negative sentences:

do I/we/you/they work?/come?/do?

does he/she/it work?/come?/do?

I/we/you/they don't work/come/do

he/she/it doesn't work/come/do

* I come from Canada. Where do you come from?

* 'Would you like a cigarette?' 'No, thanks. I don't smoke.'

* What does this word mean? (not 'What means this word?')

* Rice doesn't grow in cold climates.

In the following examples do is also the main verb:

* 'What do you do?' (= What's your job?) 'I work in a shop.'

* He's so lazy. He doesn't do anything to help me. (not 'He doesn't anything')

D. We use the present simple when we say how often we do things:

* I get up at 8 o'clock every morning. (not 'I'm getting')

* How often do you go to the dentist? (not 'How often are you going?')

* Ann doesn't drink tea very often.

* In summer John usually plays tennis once or twice a week.

E. I promise/I apologise etc.

Sometimes we do things by saying something. For example, when you promise to do something, you can say 'I promise ...'; when you suggest something, you can say J suggest ...'. We use the present simple (promise/suggest etc.) in sentences like this:

* I promise I won't be late. (not 'I'm promising')

* 'What do you suggest I do?' 'I suggest that you ...'

In the same way we say: I apologise .../I advise .../I insist .../I agree ... /I refuse ... etc.

EXERCISES

Complete the centences using to be:

1. The concert … in the garden.

2. Tom's parents … teachers.

3. … your father a conductor?

4. No, he ... .

5. John … (not) a student, he … a DJ.

6. That book … (not) very interesting. Take this one.

7. The best seats … 10$.

8. The Bolshoy Theatre … in Russia.

9. I … hot. Open the widow please.

10. What … the weather like today?

 

Fill in the verbs into the gaps in Present Simple:

Where … you ( work)?

The English lessons … (begin) at 8 o'clock.

She … (study) in New York.

I usually … (get up) at 7 o'clock.

She … often (not go) to the libraryl.

When … they usually ( have) sessions?

What … 'string' ( mean)?

I … (love) playing around late at night during the summer.

She … (hate) writing!

What … you (like)? I … (not want) to play the piano.

He … (not agree) with you.

I … (think) he is a writer.

When … courses (begin) this semester?

Практикалық сабақ 3

Сабақтың тақырыбы: Kazakhstan

Сабақтың мазмұны:

1. The History of Astana

1. To be in Past Simple. The Past Simple (1)

Astana

Astana is the capital of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is the third largest city in the country with population over 800 000. In 1999 Astana was awarded a Prize of UNESCO “City of Peace”. Astana is the northernmost capital of Asia. The city is situated in the central Kazakhstan on the banks of the Ishim River. It is located in steppe and has an extreme continental climate – the summers here are hot, while winters are very dry and cold. Astana is the second coldest capital city in the world. The city was founded in 1830 and its first name was Akmolinsk, then in 1961 it was renamed Tselinograd. In 1992 the city’s name was changed to Akmola. Akmola became the capital of Kazakhstan in 1997 and in 1998 the city received its present name Astana. The economy of the city is based on trade, transport and construction. It is a special economic zone. Astana is an important centre for business and trade. The most important branches of industry are food processing industry, mechanical engineering and production of construction materials. The city is centre for culture, sport, healthcare and education. Astana is a beautiful modern city. The author of the Master Plan of Astana is the famous Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa. There are a lot of modern futuristic buildings, skyscrapers and monuments. “Baiterek” memorial is the symbol of Astana; it is also the geographical centre of all Eurasia.

There are a lot of beautiful parks and fountains in Astana, the most famous of which is “Tree of Life” fountain. In the city there are also some theatres and museums, concert halls and trading and entertainment centres. As Astana is the capital of the country there are government buildings and the residence of the president.

 

Active vocabulary: awarded, located, extreme, dry, founded, renamed, trade, branches, processing, mechanical engineering, production, construction, healthcare, education, modern futuristic buildings, skyscrapers, monuments, trading, entertainment, government, residence. .

 

THE HISTORY OF ASTANA

The history of Astana began in the year 1830. Astana was founded in 1830 on the bank of the Ishim River by Colonel Phyodor Kuzmich Shubin as a fortress.

In 1939 was formed Akmola region and Akmola became the center of this region.

In 1954 in Akmola region the development of virgin and unused lands began. In honour of this event the town of Akmola was renamed in Tselinograd in 1961.

In 1994 Tselinograd was renamed in Akmola again.

In 1997 by Decree of President of Kazakhstan Akmola became the capital of our country.

In 1998 Akmola was renamed un Astana.

(Before listening the teacher may practice some difficult words).

LOTO:

1830 – the foundation of Astana.
1939 – the formation of Akmola region
1954 – the beginning of the development of virgin and unused lands
1961 – Akmola was renamed in Tselinograd
1994 – Tselinograd was renamed in Akmola
1997 – the capital of Kazakhstan
1998 – Akmola was renamed in Astana

Answer the questions:

1. When was Astana founded?

2. When was Akmola region formed?

3. When did the development of virgin and unused lands begin?

4. When was Akmola renamed in Tselinograd?

5. When was Tselinograd renamed in Akmola again?

6. When did Akmola become the capital of Kazakhstan?

7. When was Akmola renamed in Astana?

 

GRAMMAR

THE PAST SIMPLE

to be - I was We were

He was You were

She was They were

It was

I

You

We

They practiced ( or irregular verb) at noon.

He

She

It practiced at noon.

I

You

We

They didn't practice at noon.

He

She

It didn't practice at noon.

Did I

You

We

They practice at noon?

Did He

She

It practice at noon?

 

Past simple (1)

 


The past of reqular verbs is formed usinq the endinq –ed.

I/You/We/They

Opened/lived/tried.

He/She/It

Spelling rules

Most verbs: add –ed wish—wished fill—filled

Verbs ending in –e: add –d. date – dated close – closed

Verbs ending in a consonant followed by –y:

change the –y to – ied. carry – carried study – studied

Verbs ending in a single vowel followed by a

single consonant: double the consonant and add –ed fit – fittedtap – tapped

 

Irregular verbs

Many common verbs have irregular past forms.

go—wenthave—had take—took

 

I/You/We/They

went to the cinema.

He/She/It

 

The verb to be has two past simple forms.

I/He/She/It was

At school yesterday

You/We/They were

 

See the List of irregular verbs on page 207.

We use the past simple to talk about finished states, events and actions in the past.

Last year we studied the lives of the ancient Greeks in History. Then in the summer we visitedAthens and saw the Acropolis. It was very interesting.

Neil Armstrong was the first man to land on the moon. On July 20,1969, he walked on the surface of the moon for two and a half hours.

 

EXERCISES

1 Read what Sharon says about a typical working day:

SHARON

I usually get up at 7 o'clock and have a big breakfast. I walk to work, which takes me about half an hour. I start work at 8.45. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o'clock. i'm always tired when I get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening. I don't usually go out. I go to bed at about 11 o'clock. I always sleep well.

Yesterday was a typical working day for Sharon. Write she did or didn't do yesterday.

1. She got up at 7 o'clock.

2. She --- a big breakfast.

3. She ---.

4. It --- to get to work.

5. --- at 8.45.

6. --- lunch.

7. --- at 5 o'clock.

8. --- tired when --- home.

9. --- a meal yesterday evening.

10. --- out yesterday evening.

11. --- at 11 o'clock.

12. --- well last night.

2. Put one of these verbs in each sentence:

buy catch cost drink fall hurt sell spend teach throw win write

1. Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.

2. 'How did you learn to drive?' 'My father --- me.'

3. We couldn't afford to keep our car, so we --- it.

4. I was very thirsty. I --- the water very quickly.

5. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He's much better than me, so he --- easily.

6. Don --- down the stairs this morning and --- his lag.

7. Jim --- the ball to Sue, who --- it.

8. Ann --- a lot of money yesterday. She --- a dress which --- l100.

 

 

Практикалық сабақ 4

Сабақтың тақырыбы: Kazakhstan

Сабақтың мазмұны:

1. Sightseeings of Astana

2. The Past Simple Tense (2)

Sightseeings of Astana

Astana is a wonderful eastern city and a center of cultural, state and social life of Kazakhstan. Year after year Astana becomes more popular and attractive for tourists, because here you can see not only historical and architectural sights, but also find numerous new entertainment centers and wonderful restaurants. New colorful trading districts and picturesque markets appear in Astana very quickly. This city has got many awards due to numerous religious monuments. In 1999 Astana got the status of “The city of the world”.

The central part of the city is called Water-Green Boulevard and is made for pedestrians only. The main facility and decoration here is a unique three-level bridge – a real masterpiece of modern architects. The lowest level of the bridge is used as a car parking. The central level is a place for offices, exhibition halls, shops and restaurants. The third level is a pedestrian street decorated with wonderful street lamps, sculptures and decorative trees.

Among modern buildings the one that is definitely worth visiting is Duman entertainment center. Its territory contains endless attractions, a cinema, a casino, a bowling, several trading halls, restaurants and a hotel. Here you can even visit an oceanarium, which attracts hundreds of visitors every day! During the excursion in this magnificent place you will be able to get acquainted with underwater life and see one of the most breathtaking activities – shark feeding.

If you’re into visiting religious sights, then don’t neglect Beit Rachel – Habbad Lyubavich synagogue and the central mosque Nur-Astana. Both buildings are quite unusual according to architectural traditions of East and their inner decoration is also wonderful.



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