Historically important dates



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Historically important dates



1791 - Year of Isatay a birth

1801, 11 March – The Tsar’s Decree on resettle of the Kirghiz to Internal Orda

1801 – Year of Jangir’s birth

1803 – Year of makhambet’s birth

1812, 8 July – Isatai was appointed as sergeant-major

1812, 8 July – Bokey was proclaimed the Khan

1815, 12 May – Bokey died

1817, 2 November – Otemis Kulmaliuly died in goal

1818, autumn – 1819 autumn – Isatai was in prison in Saraichik

1824 – Isatai was in prison in Uralsk, then he was moved to the Orenburg Ordnance-house

1824, 26 June – Jaigir was proclaimed the Khan

1828 – Congress in Ulyaly

1829-1831 – Makhambet was in prison of the Kalmykov Fort

1833 – Karaulkozha Babadzhanov was appointed as a governor of the coast

1836, 2

March-5 April – The battle with Karaulkozha at Keili mola

1837, 15 November – War in Tastobe

1837, 26 November – Battle near Eleken mola

 

 

One who never saddled a horse,

For taking a field

One who didn’t press

A shaft of a keen spear

With a strong hand,

Who didn’t try to experience everything,

Without food and sleep,

Who hadn’t wore through a sweet-cloth

With saddle,

Though he saw but didn’t realize

That sweat runs in winter,

That heat can be cold,

That metal can serve as a pillow,

Who never knew his enemy by sight,

Who hadn’t realized

That his son was growing up estranged,

One who didn’t know a woman’s caress,

One who didn’t eat too much of fatty meat

After days of hunger and thirst,

One who wasn’t flung by meanness

And falsehood,

Who didn’t know love and battle,

All deprivation and sufferings,

Can be ever a hero or just a man?!

 

Makhambet Motherland. The Land of Strong Spirit People (It is dedicated to the 200th anniversary of Makhambet, a great poet, a brave fighter for freedom of Kazakh people). («Өлке» баспасы, 2003ж)

 

GRAMMAR

When I do/When I've done When and if

A. Study these examples:

A: What time will you phone me tomorrow?

B: I'll phone you when I get home from work.

'I'll phone you when I get home from work' is a sentence with two parts:

the main part: 'I'll phone you'

and the when-part: 'when I get home from work (tomorrow)'

The time in the sentence is future ('tomorrow') but we use a present tense (get) in the when part of the sentence.

We do not use will in the when-part of the sentence:

* We'll go out when it stops raining. (not 'when it will stop')

* When you are in London again, you must come and see us. (not 'when you will be')

* (said to a child) What do you want to be when you grow up? (not 'will grow')

The same thing happens after: while before after as soon as until or till

* I'm going to read a lot of books while I'm on holiday. (not 'while I will be')

* I'm going back home on Sunday. Before I go, I'd like to visit the museum.

* Wait here until (or till) I come back.

B. You can also use the present perfect (have done) after when/after/until/as soon as:

* Can I borrow that book when you've finished it?

* Don't say anything while Ian is here. Wait until he has gone.

It is often possible to use the present simple or the present perfect:

* I'll come as soon as I finish. or I'll come as soon as I've finished.

* You'll feel better after you have something to eat. or You'll feel better after you've had something to eat.

But do not use the present perfect if two things happen together. The present perfect shows that one thing will be complete before the other (so the two things do not happen together).

Compare:

* When I've phoned Kate, we can have dinner. (= First I'll phone Kate and after that we can have dinner.)

but * When I phone Kate this evening, I'll invite her to the party. (not 'when I've phoned') (In this example, the two things happen together.)

C. After if, we normally use the present simple (if I do/if I see etc.) for the future:

* It's raining hard. We'll get wet if we go out. (not 'if we will go')

* Hurry up! If we don't hurry, we'll be late.

Compare when and if:

We use when for things which are sure to happen:

* I'm going shopping this afternoon. (for sure) When I go shopping, I'll buy some food.

We use if (not 'when') for things that will possibly happen:

* I might go shopping this afternoon. (it's possible) If I go shopping, I'll buy some food.

* If it is raining this evening, I won't go out. (not 'when it is raining')

* Don't worry if I'm late tonight. (not 'when I'm late')

* If they don't come soon, I'm not going to wait. (not 'when they don't come')

 

EXERCISES

1. Complete these sentences using the verbs in brackets. All the sentences are about the future.

Use will/won't or the present simple (I see/he plays/it is etc.).

1. I'll phone (phone) you when I get (get) home from work.

2. I want to see Margaret before she --- (go) out.

3. We're going on holiday tomorrow. I --- (tell) you all about it when we --- (come) back.

4. Brian looks very different now. When you --- (see) him again, you --- (not/recognise) him.

5. We must do something soon before it --- (be) too late.

6. I don't want to go without you. I --- (wait) until you --- (be) ready.

7. Sue has applied for the job but she isn't very well qualified for it. I --- (be) surprised if she --- (get) it.

8. I'd like to play tennis tomorrow if the weather --- (be) nice.

9. I'm going out now. If anybody --- (phone) while I --- (be) out, can you take a message?

 

Make one sentence from two.

1. You will be in London again. You must come and see us then.

You must come and see us. when you are in London again.

2. I'll find somewhere to live. Then I'll give you my address.

I --- when ---

3. I'll do the shopping. Then I'll come straight back home.

--- after ---

4. It's going to start raining. Let's go home before that.

--- before ---

5. She must apologise to me first. I won't speak to her until then.

--- until ---

 

Read the situations and complete the sentences.

1. A friend of yours is going to visit London. You want to know where she is going to stay.

You ask: Where are you going to stay when _you are in London?_

2. A friend of yours is visiting you. She has to go soon but maybe there's time for a cup of tea.

You ask: Would you like a cup of tea before ---?

3. Your friend is reading the newspaper. You'd like it after her.

You ask: Can I have the newspaper when ---?

4. You want to sell your car. Jim is interested in buying it but he hasn't decided yet.

You ask: Can you let me know as soon as ---?

5. There are serious traffic problems in your town but they are building a new road.

You say: I think it will be better when ---.

 

4. Put in when or if.

1. Don't worry _if_ I'm late tonight.

2. Tom might phone while I'm out this evening. --- he does, can you take a message?

3. I'm going to Rome next week. --- I'm there, I hope to visit a friend of mine.

4. I think Jill will get the job. I'll be very surprised --- she doesn't get it.

5. I'm going shopping. --- you want anything, I can get it for you.

6. I'm going away for a few days. I'll phone you --- I get back.

7. I want you to come to the party but --- you don't want to come, that's all right.

8. We can cat at home or, --- you prefer, we can go to a restaurant.

 

1. Fill in the prepositions where necessary:

1. You need to make a plan of practicing it ... a regular basis.

2. Make your singing voice sound like one smooth line from top ... bottom.

3. Make a plan of practicing it ... a regular basis

 

What are the names of Kazakh Famous People:

1. He was a poet, the founder of the first national newspaper, translator, teacher and one of the organizers of the autonomous republic Alash-Orda. He had the positions of the deputy chairman of Kazakh revolutionary committee, the first national enlightenment commissar; he was also a member of Kazakh Central Executive Committee.

2. He became an ardent champion of friendship and brotherhood between the Russian and Kazakh cultures. He loved Pushkin, Lermontov, Krylov, Saltykov – Shedrin and Tolstoi, and after that memorable summer of 1886 when he opened embarked on his poetic career Abai started translating Krylov, Pushkin and Lermontov into Kazakh, acquainting countrymen for the first time with these great writers.

3. He's early education took place at a Russian language school in Orenburg. At any rate, his poetry was more closely tied to Kazakh culture and literary tradition. The major themes of his poetry were of two types: political criticism of Russia or the khan, or more general poetry devoted to themes about human existence and life.

4. He devoted his articles “Ancient Legends of Great Kyrgyz-Kaisats Horde”, “Zhungar Essays” and others to Kazakh oral folklore. Emphasizing the poetical and musical soul of people, Valikhanov tells us the legend according to which there is a magic bird that, when flying over the earth, provides people in the shade of its wings with the small part of its ingenuity.

Практикалық сабақ 15

Сабақтың тақырыбы: My Favourite Kazakh writer.

Сабақтың мазмұны:

1. My Favourite Kazakh writer.

2.Past Perfect Tense

My favourite Kazakh writer

My favorite Kazakh writer, Mukhtar Auezov, was born in 1897. He is a man of encyclopedic knowledge and erudition. Mukhtar Auezov is a significant person both in his life and creative activity. He wrote more than twenty plays and many magnificent stories. The top of his activity was the epopee about Abai. The first 20 years of Auezov’s life resemble the childhood, youth and young years of his favourite poet and spiritual teacher- Abai. Later in his famous work he described the same steppe, the same aul, the same social atmosphere.
With his works, Mukhtar Auezov raised the Kazakh literature up to the highest level. Many works of different genres belong to him.

His brilliant translations of world literary classics confirm his great talent. He published many interesting articles, made reports, composed textbooks and read lectures in colleges and universities. His professional researches became basis for some new branches in studying folklore, epos, history and linguistics of the Turks. He was elected as a professor of the Moscow State University.

His main work is closely connected with the image of the great son of the Kazakh people Abai. He devoted more than 15 years of his life to writing this book. This book was the most significant for him. As the writer said, the process of writing the novels about Abai turned into the most fascinating business of all his life. This book was called the original encyclopedia of many-sided features of the Kazakh people mode of life. It opened a vivid variety of culture and history of the ancient land and showed the riches of its customs and traditions to the whole world.

The works written by Mukhtar Auezov are still popular even now and are considered the original classics of the Kazakh literature. His name remained eternally in the memory of many people.

 

 

I. Find the most appropriate variant and finish the sentence.
1. The first 20 years of Auezov’s life ___________.
A. were very interesting and exiting
B. resemble the childhood, youth and young years of his favourite poet
C. were spent together with his favourite poet
2. His brilliant translations of world literary classics _________________.
A. made him cleverer
B. gave him a lot of fame and money
C. showed that he was talented
3. He was elected as ________________.
A. a professor of the Moscow State University
B. the president of Kazakh Writers’ Association
C. the best Kazakh writer
4. This book __________________ was the most significant for him.
A. which he wrote all his life
B. which he wrote more than 15 years
C. which he wrote about 15 years
5. His name remained eternally _______________.
A. in the history of many countries
B. in the memory of all his relatives
C. in the memory of many people

 

II. What is the meaning of the underlined words. Tick the correct answer.
1. He was a significant person both in his life and creative activity.
A. important or great especially in leading to important result.
B. enough for a particular purpose.
2. The first 20 years of Auezov’s life resemble the childhood, youth and young years. of his favourite poet and spiritual teacher – Abai.
A. describe the childhood.
B. reflect his life.
3. This book was called the original encyclopedia of many-sided features of the Kazakh people’s mode of life.
A. A thick book with many pages.
B. A book containing a large collection of information about many subjects.
4. His name remained eternally in the memory of many people.
A. People will remember his name forever.
B. He is famous for his name.

GRAMMAR



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