ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Ex.1. Make nouns from the following verbs.



Admit, advertise, announce, apologize, apply, appoint, approve, arrange, attend, celebrate, combine, continue, depart, describe, develop, disappoint, discover, divide, educate, elect, employ, enter, entertain, exist, explain, imagine, impress, introduce, invade, hesitate, marry, mix, operate, pass, perform, permit, possess, prefer, prepare, produce, protect, propose, punish, qualify, receive, recognize, refer, refuse, repeat, revise, satisfy, solve, suggest, translate, treat.

 

Ex.2. Complete the sentences using nouns formed from the verbs in brackets.

1. The … (discover) of America was made by Christopher Columbus in 1492. 2. I can’t tell the … (differ) between butter and margarine. 3. Helen takes after her mother in … (appear). 4. The staff of this hotel gives very good … (serve). 5. The … (enter) to the park is through the gate over there. 6. The American … (use) of this word is different from the British. 7. There is no … (choose). 8. You need more (practise) if you want to speak good English. 9. The police were awaiting for further … (develop). 10. The … (loose) of trust is always disappointing. 11. There is a … (sign) at the bottom of the letter. 12. I’ll be very thankful if you continue your … (investigate). 13. The police suspect him of being guilty but they have no … (prove). 14. I consider him a … (fail). 15. Be ready for the … (depart). 16. She has a very large … (know) of modern arts. 17. The government is due to make the … (announce) about its economic … (propose) soon. 18. The university expects a high standard of … (behave) from its students. 19. This is the city’s … (entertain) district.

Ex.3. Make nouns from the following adjectives.

Absent, beautiful, confident, convenient, cruel, curious, dark, elegant, equal, fluent, foolish, frequent, generous, ill, important, independent, happy, patient, perfect, present, real, sad, safe, stupid, shy, tidy, ugly, violent, vacant, weak, wicked, hate.

 

Ex.4. Complete the sentences using nouns from the adjectives in brackets.

1. … (poor) is one of the world’s greatest problems. 2. To admit you are wrong shows … (strong) of character. 3. The … (hot) became oppressive. 4. She has a … (vacant) for a computer operator. 5. … (necessary) is mother of invention. 6. The … (deep) of the water in the lake is more than 15 metres. 7. He is famous for his … (generous). 8. His … (ill) was caused by overwork. 9. He speaks French with great … (fluent). 10. Please, have a little … (patient). 11. We found the right way without any … (difficult). 12. The … (popular) of the programme has increased. 13. To bring up children to be well-adjusted human beings requires great … (wise). 14. He got a new job with more money and … (responsible).

 

Ex.5. Make adjectives from the following nouns and verbs in brackets.

Agriculture, alphabet, ambition, anger, comfort, courage, culture, democracy, fame, fashion, health, humour, hunger, luck, music, mystery, nerve, science, thirst, week, year, to advise, to agree, to change, to create, to cure, to decide, to enjoy, to protect, to respect, to value.

 

Ex.6. Complete the sentences using adjectives from the nouns and verbs in brackets.

1. The chair looks a bit … (danger). 2. English weather is rather … (change). 3. These shoes were extremely … (fashion) last year. 4. The country’s … (year) exports of rice are over two million tons. 5. She is a bit … (nerve). 6. He is not very ... (care). 7. I think people who help the old, sick and … (home) are the salt of the earth. 8. They are … (respect) and honest employees. 9. The jeans are cheep and … (practice). 10. Smoking is … (harm) for your health. 11. It is … (advise) to book the room in the hotel. 12. Firemen wear … (protect) clothes. 13. The two countries signed the agreement on trade and … (culture) cooperation. 14. My sister is a very … (create) girl. 15. Pack the glasses carefully. They are … (break). 16. It takes … (consider) patience to teach small children.

Ex.7. Change the meaning of the following words from positive into negative by using prefixes.

Curable, dependent, expensive, familiar, formal, friendly, grateful, honest, literate, logical, lucky, mature, popular, possible, punctual, respectful, responsible, usual, to agree, to appear, to approve, to believe, to like, to lock, to pack, to trust, ability, balance, belief, employment, experience, happiness, rest, similarity.

 

Ex.8. Put one of the prefixes in each space to make the word which follows opposite in meaning.

1. It’s the most … believable story I’ve ever heard. 2. I’m afraid this is a very … convenient arrangement. 3. The country became … dependent soon after World War II. 4. My parents … approve of early marriages. 5. Mike left the job because he was … able to deal with the work. 6. The man was … conscious after the accident. 7. It’s his first job and he is very … experienced. 8. Sailing in a boat during the storm is a very … pleasant adventure. 9. Staying in Paris was an … forgettable experience. 10. We still … agree on a number of points. 11. He is usually … patient and … friendly. 12. The weather is … usually warm this year.

 

Ex.9. Use the words given in capitals at the end of each line to form a word that fits in the space in the same line.

Architects responsible for the _____ of many skyscrapers believe that a tall building must always have a certain minimum _____ but that there is no limit to its absolute _____ . This means that the skyscrapers of the future are likely to be even higher. Engineers agree with this, but there is no _____ over the best shape for very high, slim buildings. The effects of wind _____ mean that cylindrical designs have enjoyed some _____ in recent years, and these are quite _____ to the eye. Would such high buildings of the future offer more than a _____ view? Some believe high towers could contain all the _____ for modern living. The _____ of these vertical villages would travel up and down between their home and work zones and would _____ need to journey to the ground level.   *** The site of the town of Winchester was a _____ place for a _____ , at the point where a river cut through the chalk of the _____ hillsides. A simple camp at St. Catherine’s Hill was the _____ known use of the site. It was the Romans who finally established the town and _____ it with a _____ wall for the _____ of their people and trade.   With the _____ of its first cathedral in the seventh century, the town became an important _____ centre. Later, King Alfred, who had a _____ struggle and pushed back the _____, moved his palace to Winchester. The town then experienced rapid _____ , and its _____ role in English history was underlined in 1066 when the conquering Normans, like Alfred, made Winchester their capital. *** We were received in a _____ , _____ furnished room.   I couldn’t make out his _____ . We were greatly surprised at his _____ to help us. It is your own _____ to check the bags. I won’t waste any of your _____ time. How much _____ experience do you have in working with computers? At last they found furniture at _____ prices. Many _____ are still _____ about the value of this research programme. Helen spoke so _____ that we could _____ hear her.   Bill says that _____ Latin or ancient _____ is a waste of time. The jury found him _____ of murder. There followed an _____ silence. The _____ of tonsils isn’t a very _____ operation nowadays. You’ll find English lessons _____ and _____ . You’ll work in groups and be taught how to use ____. Whether you stay or leave is a matter of _____ to me. _____ a second-hand car is a _____ business. CONSTRUCT   WIDE HIGH   AGREE   PRESS POPULAR, PLEASURE   WONDER REQUIRE INHABIT   RARE     NATURE SETTLE SOUTH EARLY   ROUND DEFENSE, PROTECT BUILD RELIGION SUCCESS INVADE DEVELOP, CENTRE   SPACE, COMFORT SIGN REFUSE RESPONSIBLE VALUE PRACTICE   REASON SCIENCE, SCEPTIC QUIET, HARD LEARN, GREECE GUILT COMFORTABLE REMOVE, COMPLICATE ACT, VARY EQUIP DIFFER BUY, RISK

PART II. EVALIATION OF LEARNERS’ SKILLS IN THE USE OF ENGLISH

1. Дифференцирующие тесты (Classified Tests)

Test 1

I. Use the correct tense-forms of the verbs in brackets.

1. They (have) their English class in the morning today, but normally they (have) it in the afternoon. 2. The police (look) for the criminal now. 3. I’m afraid we (not, reach) the station in time if we (walk) so slowly. 4. Please, wait! I (write) a letter to Harry at the moment. I think he (get) it in a few days. 5. There was little time left. So they (drive) at top speed.

II. Use the right article.

1. … man had … blue eyes, … fair hair and … long nose. He was dressed in … strange uniform. 2. When I was … child, I never ate … cheese. 3. Could you tell me … way to … Piccadilly Circus? 4. She always takes … bath before going to … bed. 5. Her parents have … small farm in … Yorkshire.





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