ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Ex.1. Form adverbs from the adjectives.



Easy, dramatic, horrible, careful, comfortable, cosy, serious, true, rare, polite, responsible, logical, free, lonely, weekly, fantastic, possible, late, silly, angry, whole, interesting, good, high, bad, public, heavy, hard.

 

Ex.2. Make all the necessary changes.

Pattern A: Mike is a slow walker (walk). – Mike walks slowly.

1. Mike is a quick thinker (think). 2. He is a bad swimmer (swim). 3. Leonov was a wonderful actor (act). 4. Kate isn’t a good volleyball player (play). 5. We are perfect dancers (dance). 6. They are not attentive listeners (listen). 7. It is heavy rain (rain). 8. Your brother is an excellent speaker (speak). 9. Fred isn’t a careful driver (drive).

Pattern B: That’s a fast train (go). – That train goes fast.

1. Your cousin is a hard student (study). 2. Jane is a fast runner (run). 3. She is in the near neighbourhood (live). 4. You are a late comer (come). 5. I’m not an early riser (rise). 6. They aren’t friendly with us (treat). 7. The plane is very high (fly). 8. This is a daily paper (come out). 9. Your answer isn’t right (answer). 10. These are monthly journals (come out).

Pattern C: The soup is good (taste). – The soup tastes good.

1. The meat is bad (smell). 2. It’s wrong (look). 3. The painting isn’t good (seem). 4. Sue is happy (become). 5. Everything is successful (look). 6. The flower is pleasant (smell). 7. Tom isn’t tired (feel). 8. Ben’s idea is interesting (sound). 9. We are hungry (get). 10. This coffee is unusual (taste). 11. This music is nice (sound). 12. The food is bad (smell).

 

Ex.3. Choose the right word.

1. The sun shines … . There is a … fire in the garden. (bright; brightly) 2. We attend classes … . He has … working hours. (regular; regularly) 3. Do you … want to go there? She has a lot of … friends. (real; really) 4. This is an … exercise. I can translate this article … . (easy; easily) 5. These volumes contain the … works by Pushkin. I am … satisfied. (complete; completely) 6. Give me a … answer. This shows the difference … . (clear; clearly) 7. Alice dances … too. They have got a … little garden. (pretty; prettily) 8. What … weather we are having today! It was a … long war. (terrible; terribly) 9. Robert ran off … . That’s a … reply. (quick; quickly) 10. She always speaks to him … . That was an … remark. (angry; angrily) 11. We had a … talk on Monday. The days passed … . (pleasant; pleasantly) 12. The girls speak German … . (fluent; fluently) 13. We don’t like to drink … tea. (bitter; bitterly) 14. The floor looks … . (clean; cleanly) 15. The plane landed … on the runway. (safe; safely) 16. When the wind started to blow I grew … . (anxious; anxiously) 17. Most of the students did … on their tests. (good; well) 18. The contract offer sounded … to me, so I accepted the job. (fair; fairly)

 

Ex.4. Choose the correct adverb.

1. I saw a plane … in the sky. The idea seems … impossible. (high; highly) 2. We have heard very little of him … . He usually comes home … after classes on Tuesday. (late; lately) 3. I can … understand what he is saying. You must work … at your spelling. (hard; hardly) 4. We were … late. The café was … . (near; nearly) 5. Computers are … used nowadays. (wide; widely) 6. Students can enter the museum … on Sunday. (free; freely) 7. I like sitting … the fire. (near, nearly) 8. They arrived too … to catch the train. (late, lately) 9. To find the water they had to dig … . (deep; deeply) 10. Tom was the … to come. (last; lastly)

 

Ex.5. Give the comparative and superlative forms.

Slowly; much; lonely; safely; far; early; well; little; near; fast; truly; comically; badly; high; silly; loudly; happily; friendly; hard; dangerously.

Ex.6. Rewrite these sentences using the words in brackets. Make changes in the degrees of comparison.

1. I like to get up early in summer. (of all) 2. We are going to stay here long. (than you) 3. She can do it quickly. (as I can) 4. Mary attends the theatre regularly. (much; than we do) 5. Anthony looked at us angrily. (than yesterday) 6. Nina sings well. (in the group) 7. We stayed far from the camp. (of all) 8. He cooks badly. (than me) 9. The Woods furnished the room beautifully (in the neighbourhood) 10. Ralf works patiently on the report. (as George) 11. You speak little. (of us) 12. They live near the bookstore. (than we do) 13. His car runs fast. (of all the race cars). 14. He visits his parents frequently. (as she does)

 

Ex.7. Complete the sentences with the following adverbs: absolutely, extremely, unusually, badly, widely, highly, newly, well.

1. This house is … designed. 2. It’s … believed that he will win the match. 3. The car is … damaged. 4. The salad is … delicious. 5. Great Britain is a … industrialized country. 6. He is a … known person in our town. 7. It’s a … restored church. 8. It’s an … interesting point of view.

 

Ex.8. Match the parts of the sentences.

1. The higher we flew, A. the earlier you’ll arrive.

2. The more you study, B. the better you will feel.

3. The less he slept, C. the worse Edna felt.

4. The sooner you take the medicine, D. the more irritable he became.

5. The sooner you start, E. the smarter you’ll become.

6. The faster he rowed the boat, F. the farther away he got.

Ex.9. Use the correct form of the adverbs in brackets.

1. It is becoming (hard) and (hard) to find a job. 2. Can you stand a bit (far) away from the camera? 3. We have to walk (fast) than this if we want to catch the train. 4. This word is (widely) used in spoken English than in written. 5. Could you speak a bit (distinctly), please? 6. The Earth goes round the Sun (quickly) than Jupiter. 7. If you want to pass your exams, you should do your homework (regularly). 8. David plays the violin much (well) this year. 9. She always arrives at work much (early) than anyone else. 10. The children are behaving far (badly) than they normally do. 11. Of all animals in the world, which one lives (long)?

 

Ex.10. Use the right form of the adjectives or adverbs in brackets.

Dear Mary,

Thanks for letting me stay in your villa in Spain last month. It was (good) holiday I have ever had. It was (much) fun than last year in France. I think Spanish people are (friendly) than French, and I could communicate (easily) in Spanish, although I still find it (difficult) than German. The weather was much (warm) than in England, where we’ve had (bad) summer in over 10 years.

Ex.11. Do the multiple choice test.

1. The boys feel … than the girls about loosing the game.

A. bad B. badly C. worse

2. Bill describes his journey … .

A. colourful B. colourfully C. more colourful

3. Tom works … than Mike.

A. more slowly B. as slowly C. the most slowly

4. He knows London … as his sister does.

A. well B. as well C. better

5. John plays the guitar … .

A. more professionally B. the most professional

C. professionally

6. She dances much … than her partner.

A. artistically B. more artistically C. the most artistically

7. You read … of all.

A. little B. less C. the least

8. Joe doesn’t look … today.

A. happily B. more happily C. happy

9. Peter works … on the project.

A. hard B. hardly C. more hardly

10. He feels … today.

A. well B. badly C. good

11. I don’t like milk … .

A. too B. also C. either

12. She hasn’t written the letter … .

A. yet B. already C. lately

13. Where … did you go last summer?

A. too B. also C. else

14. I can … recognize him.

A. hard B. hardly C. easy

15. I want to see them so … .

A. much B. many C. more

16. She threw the ball … and we couldn’t find it.

A. anywhere B. somewhere C. nowhere

17. Where did you spend the holidays? – … .

A. Nowhere B. Somewhere C. Anywhere

18. Do you go … on Saturday evenings?

A. anywhere B. elsewhere C. somewhere

19. We cannot see our dog … .

A. anywhere B. nowhere C. somewhere

20. Tom … prefers going in for sports.

A. too B. either C. also

 

Ex.12. Translate into English.

1. Я люблю приключения больше, чем фильмы ужасов. 2. Он всегда разговаривает громко. 3. Она рисует хуже, чем в прошлом году. 4. Чем раньше вы получите визу, тем быстрее отправитесь в США. 5. Анна читает по-английски очень медленно. 6. Начальник приходит на работу позже своего секретаря. 7. Он знает Лондон так же хорошо, как и Джон. 8. Опасно заплывать так далеко! 9. Ты знаешь достаточно много слов, чтобы перевести этот текст без словаря. 10. Кто еще хочет пойти в театр с нами? 11. Она очень любит фрукты. 12. Он едет слишком быстро. 13. Я едва знакома с Браунами. 14. Великобритания – высокоразвитая страна. 15. Бетси живет дальше, чем я. 16. Я никогда ничего не забываю. 17. Смотри! Высоко в небе летит бумажный змей. 18. Он упорно занимается английским языком. 19. Она всегда отвечает блестяще на экзаменах. 20. К сожалению, Лора играет на пианино плохо. 21. Том обычно пишет тесты лучше всех из нас.

ПРИЛАГАТЕЛЬНЫЕ ИЛИ НАРЕЧИЯ

ADJECTIVES VS ADVERBS

 

1. I’m getting on … with the local people here.

A. nice B. good C. well

2. He is much … than his brother.

A. higher B. taller C. more

3. I must stay in bed. I feel … .

A. badly B. well C. bad

4. Sally looks … . She has won the championship.

A. happily B. happy C. luckily

5. George speaks … English.

A. good B. well C. nicely

6. They laughed … .

A. lucky B. happy C. happily

7. No wonder she’s won the scholarship. She has worked so … .

A. hardlyB.hard C. hardy

8. Helen was … to pass her term exams.

A. successful B. successfully C. luckily

9. Robert thinks the exercises were rather … .

A. light B. easy C. easily

10. Paul is pretty … at tennis, isn’t he?

A. well B. best C. good

11. Ships do not travel …, but … you can relax.

A. fast; at least B. fast; at all C. fast; at last

12. I wanted to go somewhere abroad, but in the end I went nowhere … .

A. at least B. at all C. at last

13. I’m … in buying new furniture for my bedroom.

A. interesting B. interest C. interested

14. Let’s stay inside. It’s … raining.

A. already B. yet C. still

15. We haven’t heard from Ben … .

A. late B. lately C. latest

16. This car uses so much petrol, you can … run it.

A. hardly B. hard C. nearly

17. Her mother will be angry if she stays out … .

A. late B. lately C. latest

18. Have you heard the … news?

A. late B. lately C. latest

 

19. Let me help you. The bag is too … for you to carry.

A. heavy B. difficult C. hard

20. The idea was … to the new manager.

A. interested B. interest C. interesting

21. The Urals are not as … as the Alps.

A. tall B. long C. high

22. She works … a guide in a tourist agency.

A. as B. like C. as if

23. This white dress looks … a wedding dress.

A. as B. like C. as well

24. This is a nice material. It feels … silk.

A. as B. like C. exactly

25. I don’t know him well … .

A. also B. too C. either

26. Jane is a sensible girl. She is shy, … .

A. also B. too C. either

27. Linda is … polite to the customers.

A. so B. such C. too

28. Fred is … a good companion.

A. so B. such C. very

29. The floor looks … .

A. cleanly B. clean C. clearly

30. Everyone thinks … of his teaching.

A. highly B. high C. higher

31. Those people are really dancing … .

A. bad B. worse C. badly

32. I always feel …. whenever I eat a cake.

A. full B. fully C. happily

33. This coffee smells … .

A. well B. badly C. good

34. She always arrives at work much … than anyone else.

A. early B. as early as C. earlier

35. Sally sings … of all.

A. beautifully B. the most beautiful C. the most beautifully

36. Mary is … than her sister.

A. well-educated B. better-educated C. more well-educated

37. He finds names … to remember than faces.

A. easily B. more easily C. easier

38. We moved … we could.

A. as quietly as B. as quiet as C. quietly

e customers.ncy. ted B..ry if she stays out .nt nowhere .ИМЯ ЧИСЛИТЕЛЬНОЕ

THE NUMERAL

Именем числительным называется часть речи, которая обозначает количество или порядок предметов при счете. Имена числительные делятся на количественные (Cardinal Numerals) и порядковые (Ordinal Numerals).

Количественные числительные обозначают количество предметов и отвечают на вопрос how many? (one, twenty-three). Порядковые числительные обозначают порядок предметов и отвечают на вопрос which? (the first, the twenty-third).

Количественные числительные

1 – 12 13 – 19 20 – 90 100 и далее
one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve   thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen     twenty twenty-one twenty-two thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety     1,000 1,001   1,250     2,000 2,569     3,000 1,000,000 1,000,000,000 a/one hundred a/one hundred and one a/one hundred and two two hundred three hundred a/one thousand a/one thousand and one a/one thousand two hundred and fifty two thousand two thousand five hundred and sixty-nine three thousand a/one million a/one billion
               

Числительные от 13 до 19 образуются от соответствующих числительных первого десятка посредством суффикса -teen: four - fourteen. При этом числительные three, five видоизменяются: three – thirteen, five – fifteen. Числительные, обозначающие десятки, образуются от соответствующих числительных первого десятка посредством суффикса -ty: six – sixty. При этом числительные two,three, four, five видоизменяются: two – twenty, three – thirty, four – forty, five – fifty. Между десятками и единицами ставится дефис: thirty-eight. Числительные hundred, thousand, million не принимают окончания множественного числа -s, когда перед ними стоят числительные two, three и т.д.: three hundred, twelve thousand, fifty million. Числительные hundred, thousand, million могут принимать окончание -s, когда они выражают неопределенное количество сотен, тысяч, миллионов. В этом случае они переходят в разряд существительных и после них употребляются существительные с предлогом of: hundreds of teachers, thousands of students.

В составных числительных перед десятками (если их нет, то перед единицами) ставится союз and: 305 – three hundred and five; 2,075 – two thousand and seventy-five; 1,248,369 – one million two hundred and forty-eight thousand three hundred and sixty-nine.

При обозначении количественных числительных цифрами каждые три разряда (справа налево) отделяются запятой: 5,720,000.

Существительное, следующее за числительным, употребляется без предлога: fifteen students, three thousand workers.

Каждая цифра номера телефона называется отдельно: 65–74–09 (six five seven four 0 nine). Цифра 0 читается [ou]. Если первые две или последние две цифры одинаковы, то употребляется слово double: 44–56–98 (double four five six nine eight).

Порядковые числительные

1-й – 12-й 13-й – 19-й 20-й – 90-й 100-й и далее
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th first second third fourth fifth sixth seventh eighth ninth tenth eleventh twelfth 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th   thirteenth fourteenth fifteenth sixteenth seventeenth eighteenth nineteenth   20th 21st   22nd   30th 40th 50th 60th 70th 80th 90th     twentieth twenty-first twenty-second thirtieth fortieth fiftieth sixtieth seventieth eightieth ninetieth     100th 101st   132nd   200th 203rd   300th 1,000th 4,001st   hundredth hundred and first hundred and thirty-second two hundredth two hundred and third three hundredth thousandth four thousand and first
               

Порядковые числительные, за исключением первых трех (first, second, third), образуются от соответствующих количественных числительных посредством суффикса -th: fourth; seventeenth. При этом в числительных five и twelve буквы ve меняются на f: fifth; twelfth. К числительному eight прибавляется только буква h: eighth; в числительном nine опускается буква e: ninth; в числительных, обозначающих десятки, конечная -y меняется на -ie: twentieth.

При образовании составных порядковых числительных только последний разряд выражается порядковым числительным, а предшествующие разряды обозначаются количественными числительными: twenty-first, one hundred and twenty-first.

Порядковые числительные, как правило, употребляются с определенным артиклем the, но возможно также употребление с неопределенным артиклем a/an в значении «еще один»: I’d like to eat a third apple.

При обозначении номеров глав, параграфов, страниц и т.д. порядковые числительные часто заменяются количественными числительными, следующими за существительными: the first chapter = chapter one; the fifth part = part five; the twenty-fourth lesson = lesson twenty-four.

Количественные числительные употребляются также при обозначении номеров домов, квартир, автобусов, рейсов, размеров одежды и обуви: The English class will take place in Room 42. She lives in Apartment 67. Take tram 4. She wears size thirty-eight shoes.

Хронологические даты

В английском языке годы обозначаются количественными числительными: 2000 – twenty hundred или two thousand; 2005 – two thousand five или twenty hundred five или twenty hundred 0 [ou] five, 2011 – twenty eleven.

Слово year после обозначения года цифрами не ставится, но может употребляться до него: the year 1998 – the year nineteen ninety-eight.

Даты обозначаются порядковыми числительными: October 25th, 1989; 25th October, 1989; October 25, 1989 – The twenty-fifth of October nineteen eighty-nine или October the twenty-fifth nineteen eighty-nine

Дробные числительные

В простых дробях числитель выражается количественным числительным, а знаменатель – порядковым: 1/3 one third. Если числитель больше единицы, знаменатель принимает окончание множественного числа -s: 2/3 two thirds. Существительное, следующее за дробью, ставится в единственном числе: 3/4 kilometre three quarters of a kilometre. Существительное, к которому относится смешанное число, употребляется во множественном числе: 2 1/2 kilometres two and a half kilometres.

В десятичных дробях целое число отделяется от дроби точкой: 2.7 two point seven; 0.3 nought point three; 14.07 one four point nought seven. Проценты обозначаются следующим образом: 25% twenty-five per cent; 0.2% nought point two per cent.

 

Grammar Practice

 





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