What Happened While the Train Was in the Tunnel?



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

What Happened While the Train Was in the Tunnel?



In the compartment of a train travelling through the countryside, there were four people — a young girl, an old lady, an army officer and a young cockney. Suddenly the train went into a tunnel: for half a minute the carriage was in complete darkness and in the darkness came the sound of a large kiss followed almost immediately by a loud slap.

When the train emerged and it was light again, everybody saw the officer with a bleeding nose and a swollen eye. The old lady thought that the young girl hit the officer for stealing a kiss.

The young girl thought it was strange that the officer kissed the old lady and not her. The poor officer thought that the cockney kissed the girl and the girl hit him. And the cockney laughed silently at the trick he had played. «I’m a clever chap,» he thought to himself. «I kissed the back of my hand, hit the officer in the face and nobody said a word».

 

Задание 3. Найдите предложения, не соответствующие содержанию прослушанного текста:

1. Which of the following is not true?

a) Both the kiss and the slap were in complete darkness.

b) As soon as the train left the tunnel there was a kiss and then a slap.

c) The kiss was followed by the slap.

d) The slap followed the kiss.

2. What actually happened in the tunnel?

a) The young lady hit the officer because he dared to kiss her.

b) The officer kissed the old lady and she hit him.

c) The cockney kissed the girl and the girl hit the officer.

d) The cockney kissed the back of his hand and hit the officer in the face.

3. Why did the cockney hit the officer?

a) He hated officers.

b) He wanted to kill the officer.

c) Не accidentally hit the officer.

d) He wanted to play a joke.

4. How did the four passengers react to what happened in the tunnel?

a) Everybody except the cockney was at a loss — they didn't really know what had happened.

b) Nobody noticed it.

c) There was a scandal as soon as the train emerged out of the tunnel.

d) Everybody liked the situation.

5. Who was surprised at the thought that the officer kissed the old lady?

a) The cockney.

b) The old lady.

c) The young lady.

d) Everybody.

 

The Dialogues

Задание 1. Прослушайте диалоги. Воспроизведите их в парах:

In the plane

Stewardess:–May I have your seat number? It’s given in your boarding pass.

Passenger: – Here you are.

Stewardess: – This way, please. Your seat is over there third row on the right, next to the porthole. You may put your hat and raincoat on the rack.

Stewardess: (to passengers) Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seatbelts and refrain from smoking.

(Some hours later)

Stewardess: – How are you? Quite comfortable? Enjoying the flight?

Passenger: – Yes, thanks. When do we get to London?

Stewardess: – We should touch down shortly after 3, very soon.

 

At the booking office

- I want a ticket to Moscow, please. Which train must I take?

- If I were you, I should take the 9 a.m. train.

- Do I have to change anywhere?

- No, no change, it’s a through train.

- Thank you. A ticket to Moscow, please.

- Here it is.

 

Задание 2. Запомните следующие фразы:

1. What’s it? В чём дело?

2. I’m a stranger here Я здесь приезжий

3. I’m completely lost Я совсем заблудился

4. Can you direct me to…? Вы можете указать мне дорогу к…

5. How can I get to… ? Как мне добраться до …

6. Could I get there by bus? Могу я доехать (добраться) туда на

автобусе?

7. You’d better ask a policeman Лучше спрoсите полицейского

8. You’d better take… Вам лучше сесть на …

9. Keep straight on Продолжайте идти прямо

10. Go straight along this road Идите прямо по этой дороге

11. Go past (the church) Идите мимо (церкви)

12. Take this road Идите по этой дороге

13. Take the next turning Сверните на следующем повороте

14. Take this bus Садитесь на этот автобус

15. Go straight across the square Идите прямо через площадь

16. Turn (to the) right (left) Сверните направо (налево)

17. Get on Садитесь (в транспорт)

18. Get off Выходите

19. Fares, please! Платите за проезд!

20. Do you think I’ll make it? Вы думаете, я успею?

21. How long will it take? Сколько это займёт времени?

22. It’ll take you some (10) minutes На это уйдёт окoло (10) минут

23. It’s within walking distance Туда можно дойти пешком

24. You don’t have to change Вам не надо пересаживаться

 

Задание 3. Прослушайте следующие диалоги. Воспроизведите их в парах.

 

In the street

Foreigner: – Excuse me…

Londoner: – Yes, what’s it?

F.: – I’m a stranger here and I’m completely lost. Could you please tell me the way to the Paddington Railway Station?

L.: – I’m going in that direction myself. So I might show you the way.

F.: – Oh, don’t bother… Just explain me the nearest way there, please.

L.: – Well, then you must go down this street, and turn right at the second corner.

F.: – Can I see the station from there?

L.: – Yes, you can. It’s that large three-storied building right across the square.

F.:Thank you so much. I’m sure I’ll find it now.

 

Asking the way

Foreigner: – Could you tell me the way to the Paddington Station, please? The underground station, I mean.

Passer-by: – Yes, certainly. Go straight along this road, past the traffic lights and the church…

F.: – Yes.

P.: – And then turn to the right, and keep straight on until you come to more traffic lights…

F.: – Yes.

P.:– Turn left there, and you’ll see the station a little way along on the right hand side of the road.

F.: – I see. I go straight along this road, past the church and the traffic lights.

P.: – Yes.

F.: – And then I turn to the right, I think you said?

P.: – Yes, that’s it. And after that you take the next turning to the left.

F.: – Is it very far?

P.: – No, not really. It’s about a ten minutes’ walk from here.

F.: – Oh, dear. Could I get there by bus?

P.: – Yes, but in this case you must go back a little way. Keep on this side of the road until you come to the bus stop. All the buses from there pass the station.

F.: – Thank you very much.

 

Задание 4. Составьте диалоги на английском языке по следующим ситуациям:

— Извинившись, обратитесь к прохожему. Скажите, что вы приезжий, спросите, как проехать к Гайд-парку.

— Извинившись, спросите у прохожего, можно ли доехать автобусом до вокзала Виктория.

— Извинившись, спросите у прохожего, сколько займёт времени доехать автобусом до Трафальгарской площади.

— Извинившись, попросите прохожего указать вам ближайший путь до станции метро.

 

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

 

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.

2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.

3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.

4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте графологическую структуру к теме).

5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.

6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

 

 

Тема 5. Еда

MEALS

Задание 1.Слушайте и запоминайте следующие слова и словосочетания:

1. jam варенье; джем

2. honey мед

3. ham ветчина, окорок

4. sausage колбаса

5. fried eggs яичница

6. porridge (овсяная) каша

7. scrambled eggs омлет, яичница-болтунья

8. break перерыв

9. canteen столовая

10. roast жареный

11. cutlets отбивная котлета

12. abundant обильный

13. dessert десерт

14. beet свёкла

15. mushroom гриб

16. meat мясо

17. vegetables овощи

18. pork свинина

19. veal телятина

20. chop небольшой кусок мяса, отбивная

(котлета)

21. chicken цыплёнок

22. meal приём пищи; еда

23. sugar сахар

24. boiled вареный

25. fried жареный

26. marmalade джем, конфитюр; повидло

27. instead of вместо

28. juice сок

29. biscuit сухое печенье

30. poultry домашняя птица

31. carrot морковь

32. bean боб; фасоль

33. pudding пудинг, запеканка

34. cream сливки

35. cabbage капуста

ЗАДАНИЕ 2.Прочитайте и переведите текст. Повторяйте за диктором в паузу:

 

MEALS

People in different countries have different ideas about what is good to eat and what is the best diet for them. So, we live in a country where breakfast is a very rich meal. We have not only a roll with butter, jam or honey, but ham or sausage and fried eggs or porridge for breakfast.

In the morning I have my typical breakfast. It may be a cup of tea with some sandwiches or scrambled eggs with milk.

Lunch is not very popular in our country but when we have some breaks at the University called “windows” we have lunch in our University canteen. We may take fried fish, roast meat, cutlets, beefsteak with potatoes and different salads. For dessert we may take compote, tea with lemon, ice-cream or fruit.

The main and the most abundant meal of the day is dinner, but as we are students it’s better to call it supper. A full typical dinner consists of soup, a main course and a dessert. My favourite soups are: red beet and mushroom soups. For the main course I usually have some meat or fish, potatoes and vegetables. The most typical meat is a pork or veal chop or chicken. Some other dishes are different kinds of salads.

As for the British, there are four meals a day in an English home: breakfast, lunch, tea, and dinner.

Breakfast is the first meal of the day. It is at about 8 o'clock in the morning, and consists of porridge with milk and salt or sugar, eggs – boiled or fried, bread and butter with marmalade or jam. Some people like to drink tea, but others prefer coffee. Instead of porridge they may have fruit juice, or they may prefer biscuits.

The usual time for lunch is 1 o'clock. This meal starts with soup or fruit juice. Then they have some meat or poultry with potatoes, carrots and beans. Then a pudding comes. Instead of the pudding they may prefer cheese and biscuits. Last of all is coffee – black or white. Some prefer juice or lemonade.

Tea is the third meal of the day. It is between 4 or 5 o'clock, the so-called 5 o'clock tea. On the table there is tea, milk or cream, sugar, bread and butter, cakes and jam. Friends and visitors are often present at tea.

Dinner is the fourth meal of the day. The usual time is about 7 o'clock, and all the members of the family sit down together. Dinner usually consists of soup, fish or meat with vegetables – potatoes, green beans, carrot and cabbage, sweet pudding, fruit salad, ice-cream or cheese and biscuits. Then after a talk they have black or white coffee.

This is the order of meals among English families. But the greater part of the people in the towns and nearly all country-people have dinner in the middle of the day instead of lunch. They have tea a little later – between 5 and 6 o'clock, and then in the evening, before going to bed, they have supper.

Exercises

Задание 1.Выберите правильный ответ в правой колонке:

1. What do we call a meal-time? 1. One of the several parts of a meal.

2. What do we call a sandwich? 2. Breakfast, lunch, dinner, supper

3. What do we call a course? 3. Two pieces of buttered bread with

something between them.

4. What do we call meals? 4. Usual time for taking a meal.

5. What do you say if you want to have 5. I am hungry as a hunter.

another cup of tea?

6. What do you say when you are very 6. Pass me the salt, please.

hungry?

7. What do you say if there is not enough 7. May I ask you for another cup of

salt in the soup? tea?

Задание 2.Закончите следующие предложения:

1. Students may have dinner at … .

2. Dinner consists of … .

3. For dessert we may have … .

4. I'm hungry as … .

5. The salt is too far from me, … .

6. May I ask you for…?

 

Задание 3.Начните следующие вопросы с вопросительных слов “why”, “where”, “when”, “who”, “what”, так чтобы они соответствовали предложенному ответу:

1. … do you have dinner? – I have dinner in the canteen. 2. … do you usually have dinner? – I usually have dinner at two o'clock. 3. … do you usually have for dinner? – I usually have chipped potatoes and a cup of coffee. 4. … do you do after dinner? – I go to the reading hall. 5. … do you have dinner in the canteen? – I have no time to go home. 6. … can you have dinner at home? – I can have dinner at home on Sundays. 7. … is coming to the canteen? – I am.

Задание 4.Ответьте на следующие вопросы:

1. When do you have breakfast?

2. What do you have for breakfast?

3. When do you have dinner?

4. Where do you have dinner?

5. What do you usually have for dinner?

6. What kind of soup do you prefer?

7. What do you usually have for the main course?

8. What do you like to have for dessert?

9. What kind of vegetables do you like?

10. Do the English keep to their meal times?

11. How many meals a day do the English usually have?

12. What are these meals?

13. What is the usual English breakfast?

14. At what time do the English have lunch?

15. What do they usually have for lunch?

16. Where do they have their lunch?

17. At what time do the English have dinner?

18. What do they usually have for dinner?

 

Текст для аудирования

Задание 1.Прослушайте следующие слова, запомните их:

1. get to know узнавать, знакомиться

2. restaurant ресторан

3. occasion случай, событие

4. wedding свадьба

5. anniversary годовщина; юбилей; празднование

6. customer клиент

7. relaxed atmosphere непринужденная обстановка

8. eating out еда вне дома

9. feeling of London ощущение Лондона

10. the Ritz «Риц» (название ресторана)

11. to be in fashion быть в моде

 

Задание 2.Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание:

BRITISH RESTAURANTS

When a man and a woman want to get to know each other better, they often go out to a restaurant together. After all, it's easier to talk in a quiet atmosphere with soft music, wine and good food. Most British families go to restaurants only on special occasions, like birthdays or wedding anniversaries. The restaurants' best customers are business people, who meet in them to talk business in a relaxed atmosphere away from the telephone. They can eat what they like because the company pays the bill.

For visitors to London, eating out can be fun. But if you want that special feeling of London, go to the Ritz in Piccadilly for tea any afternoon at about half past four. And you'll see that the prices are very high. Then you can try England's favourite food – fish and chips. Take it away and eat where you like — in the park, on the bus or while you walk down the street.

British restaurants have not always been famous for their good food. Too often, they offered only fried food and chips with everything. But now healthy food is in fashion.

 

Задание 3.Ответьте на вопросы:

1. Where do the British men and women go when they want to get to know each other better?

2. When do British families go to a restaurant?

3. Why do businessmen prefer to go to restaurants?

4. Do the businessmen pay the bill?

5. Are the British restaurants famous for their food?

6. What do they often offer a customer?

7. What can you tell about the Ritz?

8. What is the Englishmen's favourite food and where can you eat it?

9. Is healthy food in fashion now?

 

Задание 4.Воспроизведите текст на английском языке.

Dialogues

Задание 1.Прослушайте диалоги. Воспроизведите следующие диалоги в парах:

AT DINNER

Mother: Glad to see you, Pete. We are going to have dinner. Will you join us?

Pete: Thank you, very much. I'm not hungry as I've had a late breakfast.

Mother: What did you have for breakfast?

Pete: Boiled eggs, a cheese sandwich and a cup of tea.

Mother: Dinner is ready. Take your seat, please. For the first course I'll give you cabbage soup.

Pete: Oh, it is to my taste.

Mother: Help yourself, Pete. Do you want a piece of ham? I think it is tender today. Here is a very nice piece.

Pete: Oh, it is so delicious. Thank you very much, Mother. I think I'll help you to wash up the dishes.

 

AT A RESTAURANT

Nick: Is this table free, waiter?

Waiter: Yes, sir. The menu, please.

Nick: Well, Mary, are you hungry?

Mary: I'm not very hungry. I think I'll have some meat with vegetables and something for a sweet.

Waiter: What do you wish, sir?

Nick: Please, give us roast beef, salad, mushrooms, two coffees and ice-cream.

Waiter: Will you have anything to drink?

Mary: Mineral water and a bottle of wine, please.

Nick: What have we to pay, waiter?

Waiter: Here is the bill.

Nick: Thank you very much.

Задание 2.Составьте предложения, пользуясь образцами:

1) A. : - I want some coffee, please.

B. : - I haven't got any coffee. Would you like some tea instead?

: - Yes, please. I'll have some tea.

Используйте слова: tea, milk, lemonade, beer.

 

2) A. : - Shall I bring you some tea now?

B. : - No, bring me some coffee instead.

Используйте слова: orange juice, cornflakes, wheat flakes, bacon and eggs, sausages and eggs.

 

3) A. : - I want some bananas, please.

B. : - I haven't got any bananas. Would you like some apples instead?

: - Yes, please. I'll have some apples.

Используйте слова: plums, oranges, pears, apricots, peaches.

Задание 3.Составьте диалог, используя следующие слова и выражения:

a menu, what would you like to start with?, will you have …, the main course, let me see…, to hate, I'd rather, for a change I'll start with … and have …, to have the same, what will you have to follow?, can I have the bill?

 

Задание 4.Выучите следующие пословицы:

1. Hungry as a hunter. – Голодный как волк.

2. The fat is in the fire. – Дело уже сделано.

3. The nearer the bone, the sweeter the flesh. – Чем ближе к кости, тем слаще мясо.

4. As the tree, so the fruit. – Яблоко от яблони недалеко падает.

 

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.

2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.

3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.

4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте графологическую структуру к теме).

5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.

6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

Тема 6. Великобритания

GREAT BRITAIN

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за диктором.

1. The United Kingdom of Great Соединенное Королевство

Britain and Northern Ireland Великобритании и Северной

Ирландии

2. the British Isles Британские острова

3. Wales Уэльс

4. Scotland Шотландия

5. Edinburgh Эдинбург

6. Cardiff Кардифф

7. Belfast Белфаст

8. the Strait of Dover Па-де-Кале

9. the English Channel Английский канал (принятое в Великобритании название

пролива Ла-Манш)

10. to separate разделять

11. 11. coast побережье

12. the Atlantic Ocean Атлантический океан

13. the Irish Sea Ирландское море

14. surface поверхность

15. the Highlands Северо-шотландское нагорье

16. valley долина

17. the Lowlands Шотландская низменность

18. mountainous гористый

19. plain равнина

20. the Severn р. Северн

21. the Thames р. Темза

22. the Gulf Stream Гольфстрим

23. mild мягкий, умеренный

24. suburb пригород

25. highly developed высокоразвитый

26. producer производитель

27. exporter экспортер

28. machinery машинное оборудование

29. aircraft самолеты

30. navigation судоходство

31. chief главный, основной

32. shipbuilding кораблестроение

33. coal уголь

34. oil нефть

35. wheat пшеница

36. oats овес (обыкновенно pl.)

37. raw materials сырье

38. wool шерсть

39. monarchy монархия

40. law закон

41. the head of the state глава государства

42. queen королева

43. to reign царствовать

44. to rule править

45. chamber палата

46. the Labour Рarty лейбористская партия

47. the Conservative Рarty консервативная партия

48. the Liberal Рarty либеральная партия

Задание 2.. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

GREAT BRITAIN

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles. It consists of four countries: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast.

The North Sea, the Strait of Dover and the English Channel separate Great Britain from the continent. The western coast of Great Britain is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea.

The surface of the British Isles varies very much. The north of Scotland is mountainous and is called the Highlands. The south has beautiful valleys and plains and is called the Lowlands. There are numerous lakes in Scotland. The north and west of England are mountainous, but all the rest is a vast plain. Mountains are not very high.

There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain, but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river; the Thames is the deepest, busiest, and most important one.

The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf Streаm influence the climate of the British Isles. It is mild the whole year round. It is not too hot in summer or too cold in winter. It often rains in England. Snow falls only in the North and West of the country.

The U.K. is one of the world's smaller countries. Its population is nearly 60 million people. The population lives mostly in towns and cities and their suburbs.

The U.K. is a highly developed industrial country. It is known as one of the world's largest producers and exporters of machinery, electronics, textile, aircraft and navigation equipment. One of the chief industries of the country is shipbuilding. The main industrial centers are Sheffield, Birmingham and Manchester. The U.K. has some mineral resources. Coal and oil resources are the most important of them.

Agriculture is an important sector in economy of the country. The British people grow wheat, fruit, vegetables, and oats. The U.K. buys more goods than sells. It has to import food products and raw materials from many countries of the world. Scotland is famous for its wool industry.

The U.K. is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the head of the state is the Queen. In practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties.

There are many universities, colleges, libraries, museums and theatres in the country. The most famous universities are Cambridge University, Oxford University, Glasgow University.

London is the capital of Great Britain. Its population is over 10 million.

Exercises

 

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:

1. The U.K. is an island state, isn’t it? Where is it situated?

2. What countries does the U.K. consist of? What are their capitals?

3. What channel separates the British Isles from the European continent?

4. The surface of the British Isles varies very much, doesn’t it?

5. What is the north of Scotland called?

6. What is the south of Scotland called?

7. Are there a lot of long and deep rivers in Great Britain?

8. Why is the climate of the British Isles mild?

9. Is the U.K. a large country?

10. What is the U.K.’s population?

11. The U.K. is a highly developed industrial country. What does it produce and export?

12. The U.K. is a constitutional monarchy. What does it mean?

13. What are the main political parties in Great Britain?

14. What chambers does the English Parliament consist of?

 

Задание 2. Закончите предложения логически, найдя окончание в правом столбце. Переведите на русский язык.

1 The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated … 2 Great Britain consists of four countries: … 3 The surface of Great Britain … 4 The north of Scotland is mountainous and … 5 The Severn is … 6 The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf Stream … 7 The Queen reigns, but … 8 One of the chief industries of the country … …varies very much. …influence the climate of the British Isles. …is called the Highlands. …the longest river. …on the British Isles. …is shipbuilding. …does not rule. …England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.

 

Задание 3. Составьте общий и специальный вопросы к предложениям. Переведите их на русский язык:

1. There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain. 2. The rivers are long. 3. The mountains are not high in Great Britain. 4. Great Britain is very densely populated. 5. It imports a lot of food-stuffs: meat, butter, tea. 6. Great Britain exports motor-cars, aircraft, electrotechnical apparatus and chemicals. 7. Ship-building and motor industry is highly developed. 8. Sheffield is famous for steel and metal goods. 9. Scotland is situated in the north of the country. 10. The British Parliament consists of two chambers.

 

Задание 4. Заполните пропуски необходимыми по смыслу словами. Переведите их на русский язык:

1. The British Isles … … two large islands. 2. The United Kingdom consists of four countries: …, …, …, and … . 3. The North Sea, the Strait of Dover and the English Channel … Great Britain from the … . 4. The surface of the British Isles … very much. 5. The south has beautiful … and … and is called … . 6. There are numerous … in Scotland. 7. The north and west of England are … . 8. The climate is … the whole year round. 9. Its … is over 60 million. 10. One of the chief industries of the country is … .

 

Текст на аудирование

 

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их значение:

1. numerous многочисленный

2. firm фирма

3. governmental правительственный

4. association ассоциация

5. to crown короновать

6. crown корона

7. more … than больше, чем

8. king король

9. queen королева

10. the seat of the British Parliament заседание Британского

парламента

11. rich (richer, the richest) богатый

12. wealth богатство

13. luxury роскошь

 

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

LONDON

London is the capital of Great Britain. Its population is over 10 million. It is one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world.

Traditionally it is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End.

The heart of London is the City, its financial and business center. Numerous banks, offices and firms are situated there.

Westminster is the historic, the governmental part of London. It has more historic associations than any other building in Britain. Nearly all English kings and queens have been crowned here.

Across the road from Westminster Abbey is Westminster Palace, or the Houses of Parliament, the Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known as «Big Ben».

Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen.

The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. It is the symbol of wealth and luxury. The best hotels, shops, restaurants, clubs are situated there.

Trafalgar Square is the geographical center of London.

The East End is the poorest district of London. There are many factories, workshops and docks there. The streets are narrow, the houses are poor. It is a densely populated district where working-class families live.

London is the center of Britain's cultural life. There are many museums and art galleries in London.

Задание 3. Изложите содержание текста на русском языке.

 

Задание 4. Ответьте на вопросы по тексту:

1. What is the capital of Great Britain?

2. Into what parts is it divided?

3. What is the City?

4. What is Westminster Abbey famous for?

5. What is Buckingham Palace famous for?

6. What part of London is a symbol of wealth and luxury?

7. What is the poorest district of London?

8. Is London the center of Britain’s cultural life?

 

Задание 5. Вставьте нужные слова вместо пропусков:

1. London is … .

2. It's one of the … and most … cities in the world.

3. Traditionally it is divided into several parts: …, …, … and … .

4. The … of London is the City.

5. Westminster is the …, the … part of London.

6. Buckingham Palace is the official … of the Queen.

7. The West End is the … and the most … part of London.

8. It's the symbol of … and … .

9. The East End is the … district of London.

 

Задание 6. Перескажите текст на английском языке.

 

The Dialogue

Задание 1. Прослушайте диалог. Повторяйте его за диктором:

 

A VISIT TO LONDON

A.– Have you been to London?

B.– Certainly. First of all it is the capital of England. It is a great port on the Thames.

A.– What is London like?

B.– It's a great political, business, industrial and cultural center. London is one of the largest cities of the world with the population of over 10 million people.

A.– Tell me more about London, please.

B.– With pleasure. London consists of several parts: the City, the West End and the East End.

A. – What are they like?

B.– The City is a business part of London. The East End is the poorest part of London. Docks, factories, poor houses are there. The West End is the part where rich people live.

A.– What's your impression of the sights of London?

B.– There are many places of interest in London: the Houses of Parliament, first of all, with Big Ben, St. Paul’s Cathedral, Westminster Bridge, and the British Museum. In general, I was impressed by all historical buildings, museums, parks and art galleries.

A.– What else will you advise me to see in London?

B.– Trafalgar Square and Hyde Park. Hyde Park is the largest park in London. There is a famous Speaker's Corner there.

A.– Have you seen the Queen's Palace?

B.– Certainly. Buckingham Palace is the residence of the Queen of Great Britain.

A.– Thank you very much for your information.

B.– Not at all. I wish you a pleasant trip to England.

 

Задание 2. Воспроизведите диалог в парах.

 

Задание 3. Спросите своего друга:

1) хочет ли он поехать в Англию, Лондон; 2) был ли ваш друг в Лондоне, Англии; 3) какие достопримечательности он советует своему другу посмотреть; 4) знает ли он что-нибудь об Англии, Лондоне; 5) на каких островах расположена Англия; 6) что влияет на климат Британских островов; 7) каков политический строй Великобритании; 8) посоветуйте своему другу посетить Великобританию и Лондон.

 

ЗАДАНИЯ ДЛЯ САМОСТОЯТЕЛЬНОЙ РАБОТЫ

 

1. Выполните лабораторную работу по теме в лингафонном кабинете.

2. Выучите новые слова и выражения по теме.

3. Переведите тексты темы на русский язык.

4. Составьте план пересказа темы на русском языке (используйте графологическую структуру к теме).

5. Подготовьте пересказ и диалог по теме на английском языке.

6. Подготовьтесь к участию в беседе по ситуационным задачам к теме.

 

 

Тема 7. Магазин. Покупки

SHOPS AND SHOPPING

Задание 1. Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания. Повторяйте их за диктором:

1. shopping посещение магазина с целью

покупки

2. supermarket супермаркет

3. department отдел

4. department store универсальный магазин

5. baker’s булочная

6. butcher’s мясной магазин

7. chemist’s аптека

8. fishmonger’s рыбный магазин

9. grocer’s бакалея

10. greengrocer’s овощной магазин

11. dairy молочный магазин

12. pet shop зоомагазин

13. counter прилавок

14. brand марка (одежды, продукта)

15. customer покупатель

16. cheap дешевый

17. expensive дорогой

18. clothes одежда

19. cash-desk касса

20. purchase покупка

21. present подарок

22. retail розничная продажа, в розницу

23. taste вкус

24. sour cream сметана

25. grapes виноград

26. berry ягода

27. tangerine мандарин

28. pineapple ананас

29. banana банан

30. plum слива

31. pear груша

32. peach персик

33. grapefruit грейпфрут

34. watermelon арбуз

35. carrot морковь

36. cucumber огурец

37. ring бублик

38. rusk сухарь

39. bun булочка с изюмом

40. curds творог

41. ham окорок, ветчина

42. pork свинина

43. veal телятина

44. mutton баранина

45. smoked fish копчёная рыба

 

Задание 2. Запомните значение следующих словосочетаний и выражений:

1. to go shopping on weekdays идти делать покупки среди недели

2. to do the shopping at weekends делать покупки в выходные

3. for the whole week на целую неделю

4. to have a choice иметь выбор

5. with a good taste с хорошим вкусом

6. to feel grown-up чувствовать себя взрослым человеком

7. to be at one’s disposal быть в чьем-то распоряжении

Задание 3. . Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание.

 

SHOPPING

Shopping takes much time in everybody’s life. It means going to some place to buy things. For some people it is a hobby. They go shopping in their free time. Some people go shopping on weekdays to buy food.

My family and I do the shopping at weekends. My family is not very big, but my parents work hard and they have no time to go to buy things during a week. On Sunday we usually go to a large supermarket and buy food for the whole week. I don’t like going there, because there are usually many people.

The supermarket has a lot of departments: a food department, a grocer’s, a butcher’s, a fishmonger’s, and even a chemist’s department. Sometimes my mother goes to the cosmetics department while my father and my brother go to the pet shop, which is situated there. My father likes to do the shopping in the butcher’s and in the fishmonger’s. The meat counters look very attractive. Chicken, ham, pork, bacon, beef, veal and mutton are at your disposal there. You will find a variety of sausages in this section, too.

In the fishmonger’s a special counter handles frozen and fresh fish; smoked and dry fish is also offered to the customers. Besides, the counter is full of sea products, quite exotic and unseen before.

There is a wide network of department stores and specialized shops in every town or city. Some of them are expensive, others are cheap and you have a choice. I don’t understand those people who go to some specialized shops to buy things of a certain brand. Such things are rather expensive.

I prefer going to a department store to buy things. A department store has many departments: ready-made clothes, shoes, sports goods, toys, linen, etc. You can buy everything you like there. The things for sale are on the counters so they can be easily seen.

In the women’s clothing department you can find dresses, costumes, blouses, skirts, coats and many other things.

In the men’s clothing department you can choose suits, trousers, overcoats, ties, shirts, socks, etc.

I prefer doing the shopping alone when I need clothes or books. My favorite bookshop is in the centre of our town. I can spend hours there looking at different books and choosing the most interesting ones to read. I like to go shopping when I need to buy present for my family or friends. Sometimes my friend helps me to choose a present. She is a very nice girl with a good taste and she knows what things are good.

I also like to buy fruit and vegetables. They smell good and you feel as if you are in an exotic country. The section where fruit and vegetables are for sale is called a greengrocery. It always attracts a lot of customers because irrespective of the season the counters are full of fresh fruit and vegetables grown in Russia or brought from other countries. When you enter a greengrocery you feel you would eat everything they sell: grapes, berries, tangerines, oranges, pineapples, bananas, plums, pears, peaches, grapefruits, watermelons, carrot, cucumbers, etc.

Sometimes I have to go to the baker’s to buy bread, buns, rolls, rings, rusks, pies and to a dairy shop to buy cheese, curds, milk or sour cream.

The method of shopping may vary. It may be a self-service shop where the customer goes from counter to counter, selects and puts into a basket everything what he wishes to buy. At the cash-desk he pays money for purchases. It is not a self-service shop where the shop assistant helps the customer in finding what he wants.

Exercises

Задание 1. Ответьте на следующие вопросы к тексту:

1. What does shopping mean?

2. When does your family go shopping?

3. Do you like to do shopping?

4. When do you do shopping?

5. What shops do you usually go to if you need anything?

6. What can we buy in the supermarket?

7. What department do you prefer to visit?

8. Where do we go to buy fish? (fruit, meat, bread)

9. Where one can buy clothes?

10. Do you prefer to buy presents alone?

11. What methods of shopping do you know?

Задание 2. Выразите свое мнение, отвечая на следующие вопросы:

Используйте фразы: I think…, To my mind…, In my opinion…, I consider… .

1. Are apples, pears, oranges and other fruit sold by the kilo, the dozen or by tons in our country?

2. What do you prefer: fat pork, chicken, beef mutton or turkey?

3. What do you usually buy for: breakfast, dinner, supper, a birthday party?

4. What are the advantages of selling foods ready-packed or ready-bottled?

5. Do you like exotic foodstuffs? Where can you buy them?

6. Is the price for foodstuffs at the supermarket higher than that in small shops or in the market?

Задание 3. Переведите следующие словосочетания на английский язык:

Покупать вещь; делать покупку; выходные дни; нет времени для того, чтобы ходить покупать вещи; покупать продукты на целую неделю; бакалея; мясной отдел; рыбный отдел; дорогой; дешевый; специализированный магазин; конкретная марка; одежда; виноград; мандарины; сливы; груши; персики; арбуз; ананас; магазин самообслуживания; прилавок; покупка; продавец; касса.

 

Задание 4. Закончите следующие предложения, используя информацию, содержащуюся в тексте.

1. On Sunday we usually go to a large supermarket…

2. The supermarket has a lot of departments…

3. There is a wide network of …

4. I don’t understand those people …

5. The things for sale are …

6. I can spend hours there …

7. When you enter a greengrocery…

8. It may be a self-service shop …

9. It is not a self-service shop …

Задание 5. Найдите в тексте синонимы следующих слов и словосочетаний:

1. to buy something

2. goods

3. the days when we work

4. products

5. crowd

6. to be not cheap

7. a check out counter

8. a section of the shop

 

Задание 6. Выберите ответы, соответствующие следующим вопросам:

1. What is shopping?

a) This is an academic discipline, studying where, how and why people do shopping.

b) This is an all-new business in which salespeople phone up familiar people and read them a prepared script promising some free goods if they buy a certain product or service.

c) It means going to some place to buy things.

2. What are sections?

a) They are shops where everything is permanently on sale.

b) These are the parts of supermarket where people can choose and buy certain things or products.

c) These are popular supplies of sporting equipment for yuppies.

3. What can catalogues provide?

a) They provide hours of reading pleasure.

b) They open up a world of possibilities.

c) They not only provide hours of reading pleasure, but open up a world of possibilities, moreover, you can buy everything you want.

Задание 7. Задайте к следующим предложениям вопросы, начиная их с указанных вопросительных слов:

1. They go shopping in their free time.

Who…

When…

2. They have no time to go to buy things during a week.

Who…

What…

When…

3. My father likes to do the shopping in the butcher’s and in the fishmonger’s.

Who…

What…

Where…

4. I prefer going to the department store to buy things.

Who…

Where…

What…

5. You will find a variety of goods in this section.

What…

Where…

 

Задание 8. Составьте предложения, используя следующие слова и словосочетания:

To do the shopping, for sale, to be sold, a lot of departments, supermarket, to be expensive, to have a choice, specialized shops, to buy things, favorite, to choose, a wide network, to like to buy, a certain brand, the counter, self-service.

Задание 9. Закончите предложения переводом слов, данных в скобках.

1. Sugar, salt and matches are sold (в бакалее). 2. Bread is sold (в булочной). 3. We buy meat (в мясном магазине). 4. We go to (в кондитерскую) for cakes, pies and sweets and (в рыбный магазин) for fish. 5. In a dairy shop you can buy (сыр, творог, молоко, сметану). 6. Fruit and vegetables are sold in the (овощной магазин). 7. (Универмаг) has many specialized sections.

 

Задание 10. Составьте на английском языке ситуации посещения магазина, используя следующие слова и словосочетания:

a) Self-service shop, a shop-assistant, a shop window, to serve the customer, a basket, a counter, a cashier, to cost, to give back the change;

b) A blouse, to fit, to suit, a fitting room, to try on, to be of the latest fashion and style;

c) A bookshop, to book for, is on sale, to be sold out, to recommend, a newspaper stale, to be lucky.

Задание 11. Переведите на английский язык:

1. Я куплю баранину, если она не очень жирная, немного ветчины и сосисок.

2. В рыбном отделе можно купить свежую и замороженную рыбу, там также продаются рыбные консервы.

3. Где можно купить ягоды? – В том же отделе, где продаются овощи и фрукты.

4. По дороге домой мне нужно зайти в универсам и купить пачку индийского чая, кофе и буханку белого и черного хлеба.

5. В этом универсаме продаются экзотические фрукты и овощи. Вы найдете их в шестом ряду.

6. Мне нужно зайти в сувенирный отдел и купить подарок на день рождения брату.

7. Я советую вам взять этот костюм; он модный и вам очень подходит.

8. Очень удобно делать покупки в универмаге: там большой выбор товаров широкого потребления.

9. Если вы хотите купить дорогую вещь, вы можете приобрести её в кредит.

 

Текст на аудирование

Задание 1. Повторяйте за диктором слова и словосочетания. Запомните их значения:

1. majority большинство

2. to distinguish отмечать

3. to afford позволять себе

4. site площадка, место

5. cub детёныш

Задание 2. Прослушайте текст. Постарайтесь понять его содержание:

 

TEXT

Most of London’s big department stores are in Oxford Street and Regent Street. They are always crowded, but at sale times, in January and July, there are so many people that it is difficult to move and it is usually safer to go in the direction of the majority.

These days, it is often difficult to distinguish the goods in the large store from those in another. If you are looking for something “different” it is certainly worth going to New Covent Garden. This used to be England’s biggest fruit and vegetable market, but a few years ago, the market was moved to a new site on the other side of the River Thames. The old market, now called “New Covent Garden”, was restored and converted into a shopping centre. There are now more than forty shops of many different kinds and there are several places to eat and drink. The opening hours are different from most other shops: they open at 10 a.m. and close at 8 p.m. As well as shopping, there is entertainment with lunch-time theatre groups and classical, jazz, folk and pop music.

Kensington and Knightsbridge is an exclusive area of London. There you can find the department store that is the symbol of expensive and high-class living – Harroads. People say you can buy anything in Harroads, including wild animals – they even have a zoo, which will sell you lion cubs as well as more common pets such as dogs, cats or parrots.

 

Задание 3. Расскажите, что вы поняли, прослушав текст.

 

Задание 4. Озаглавьте текст, задайте вопросы к тексту.

Задание 5. Заполните пропуски в предложениях, используя слова и выражения, данные в скобках:

(in Oxford Street and Regent Street, New Covent Garden, a shopping centre, to eat and drink, Kensington and Knightsbridge).

1. The old market, now called “New Covent Garden”, was restored and converted into… .

2. … is an exclusive area of London.

3. Most of London’s big department stores are … .

4. If you are looking for something “different” it is certainly worth going to … .

5. There are now more than forty shops of many different kinds, and there are several places … .

6. The opening hours are different from most other shops; they open … .

The Dialogues

Задание 1. Прослушайте и запомните следующие слова и словосочетания:

1. the price цена

2. trousers брюки

3. frock дамское или детское платье

4. shirt рубашка (мужская)

5. shoes обувь

6. gloves перчатки

7. to match сочетать, подбирать под …,

соответствовать

8. skirt юбка

9. scarf шарф

10. coat пиджак, куртка, пальто

11. suit костюм

12. purse кошелек

13. dress платье

14. leather кожа

15. May I help you? Могу я Вам помочь?

16. to be looking for искать

17. dozen дюжина

18. aisle проход (ряд)

19. cart тележка

20. suitcase чемодан

21. to cost стоить

22. cashier кассир

23. cash register кассовый аппарат

24. consumer goods потребительские товары

25. How much is it? Сколько это стоит?

26. How much does it cost? Сколько это стоит?

Задание 2. Прослушайте диалоги. Воспроизведите их в парах.



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