Read the dialogue and learn it by heart.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Read the dialogue and learn it by heart.



 

- Hi, Max! Where have you been? I haven’t seen you for ages.

- I went to the United States of America.

- To America? Great! Some people are luckier than others. Did you like it there?

- Yes, it was wonderful . Our group visited several big cities in the US.

- Were you in Washington?

- It goes without saying. The most interesting was Washington, D.C.

-What did you like there?

- There are a lot of sights in Washington.

The tallest and the most famous building in America is Capitol.

There are many    museums, monuments, galleries, theatres and other. Come to my place and I’ll show you some photos and an interesting film.

-With great pleasure.

 

5. Make the right choice:

 

1.What oceans wash this country?

a) the Pacific and the Atlantic ocean

b) the Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean

c) the Pacific and the Indian Ocean

 2.  What is the longest river in the USA?

a) the Colorado

b) the Mississipi         

c) the Saint Lawrence

3. What form of governments has the United States of America?

a) presidential republic

b) federal republic

c) parlimentary monarchy

4. A pumpkin is the symbol of which holiday?

a) Christmas

b) Thanksgiving Day

c) Halloween

5.Who was the first American President?

a) Bill Clinton

b) George Washington

c) Abraham Lincoln

6. What is the largest state in the USA?

a) Florida

b) Alaska

c) Texas

7. When do Americans celebrate Independence Day?

a) December 25

b) February 14

c) July 4

8. The American flag has:

a) thiteen stripes

b) thirty stripes

c) fifty stripes

9. The White House is the residence of the…

a) government

b) American President

c) national museum

10. The American flag is often called…

a) the White Eagle

b) Union Jack

c) the Stars and the Stripes


LESSON 10.       

 

TEXT                    The Environment

Think globally,

Act locally!!!

Ecology is a science about nature and about relations of man with it.

Practically, it is a science studying whether we, human beings, keep our common house, our planet Earth, in a good state and how we use the gifts it is giving us: water, air, land, plants, animals, and minerals.

Ecology is a science which studies the rela­tionship between all forms of life on our plan­et with its environment.

They are polluted with all kinds of techno­logical, agricultural, chemical, nuclear and other wastes. When air, land, or water be­comes dirty, we say it is polluted.

We know that polluted air, land, and water are harmful to plants, animals, and people.

Air pollution, smog, water pollution, de­struction of natural resources.

The ozone layer in the upper atmosphere protects the world from the sun's harmful rays. The chemical used widely in aerosol cans, refrigerators, and other products are de­stroying this precious layer.

If you throw a glass bottle on the ground it will litter the Earth forever. Never throw glass bottles on the ground. You damage the land.

Aluminium cans and plastic bottles last up to 500 years.

If you throw an aluminium can on the ground, it will still litter the Earth up to 500 years later.

Tin cans last 100 years.

We must not throw litter on the ground. We must always throw garbage in the garbage can. Litter is not only ugly, but it can be harmful to wild life. Small animals can get hurt on sharps cans or broken bottles.

Many people like to pick up wild flowers. But the problem is that they may all disap­pear.

Turn off the lights when you leave the room and turn off lights in the room that you really don't need. Turn off the TV or the ste­reo when you are not watching or listening The electric power station burn coal to pro­duce the energy that keeps your light on- That burning coal gives off gases that came the greenhouse effect and acid rain.

Yes, we shoud always turn off taps when we don't need water any more.

Most paper thrown away in the office just has printing on one side.

We can ask our parents to bring home some of this paper so you can use the blank side for drawing or writing.

Old newspapers should be reused because making newspaper from "old" paper requires less energy than making paper from trees.

Besides it takes 500.000 trees just to make the newspaper we reach every Monday.

 

Words and word combinations:

acid rains – кислотные дожди;

beneficial – полезный;

blank – чистый, пустой;

efficient – эффективный;

environment – окружающая среда;

environment protection – защита окружающей среды;

garbage – отбросы;

greenhouse effect – «парниковый эффект»;

litter – мусор;

nuclear waste – ядерные отходы;

on the brink of extinction – на грани исчезновения;

pollution – загрязнение;

species – вид, ряд;

 layer – слой;

destruction – разрушение, уничтожение;

precious – драгоценный;

to destroy – разрушать;

to damage – повреждать;

to hurt ( hurt , hurt ) – болеть, причинять боль;

to require – требовать;

rubbish – мусор, бытовые отходы;

extinct – вымерший;

nuclear – ядерный.

 

ASSIGNMENT

2. 1. Pronounce the following words and word combinations:

Ecology, science, Earth, human beings, environment, technological, chemical, nuclear, dirty, pollute, atmosphere, harmful, garbage, aluminium can, damage, litter,wastes.



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