Read the dialogues. Act and learn them by heart.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Read the dialogues. Act and learn them by heart.



 

1. Good morning, Mr. Brown.

2. Good morning, Mr. Ivanov.

3. Is it your first visit to Russia?

4. Yes. You are right.

5. How do you like it here?

6. It’s nice here. I like it very much.

 

                    ********** ********** ********

1. How long are you going to stay here?

2. A fortnight, I think.

3. Then you’ll have enough time to see the sights, won’t you? There are a lot of places of interest here.Would you like to begin tomorrow morning?

4. I’d love to.

 

                    ********** ********** ********

- Where is Russia situated?

- One part of it is in Europe and the other is in Asia. It’s a very big country. Its area is 17 million square kilometres.

- What oceans is Russia washed by?

- In the North it is washed by the Arctic Ocean, in the East by the Pacific.

- It is rich in natural resources, isn’t it?

- Yes, it is. It has deposits of coal, oil, gold, iron ore and etc.

- Good.

                    ********** ********** ********

Fill in the gaps with the words and word combinations:

1. Russia … ….. by twelve seas and three …. .

2. The Urals, the longest ….. chain, ….. Europe from Asia.

3. The ……. is the deepest lake in the world.

4. Our parliament …… … two chambers.

5. Our country is very rich in ….. resources.

6. The …... is a legislative organ of state …..

7. The flag has three horizontal …. : white, blue and red.

8. The symbol of the country is a ……. …… .

9. I’ll do my best to ….. life here.

10. The ….. was adopted in 1993.

 

Make up 4 types of questions (general, special, alternative, disjunctive):

1. The population of Russia is about 150 million people.

2. The Parliament consists of two chambers.

3. I am proud of my country.

4. In Volgograd we have rather mild winters.

5. The executive power belongs to the Government.

7. Answer the questions:

 

1. Is Russia one of the largest countries in the world?

2. Where is the Russian Federation situated?

3. What kind of climate is there in the country?

4. What do you know about the climate in Volgograd?

5. How many rivers are there in Russia?

6. What kind of mineral resources has Russia?

7. When was the Constitution adopted?

8. Who is at the head of our country?

9. How many branches does our Government consist of?

10. Whom was the hymn created by?

11. Is Russia a Presidential Republic?

12. What is the symbol of our country?

  

Retell  the text.

What is the role of the Russian language in the world today?

Fill in the right word or word combination from the box.

a means of communication  widespread       mother most frequently spoken     foreign official   native

      

1. Russian is the third……. language in the world.

2. Russian is used in the United Nations as one of the … languages.

3. The Russian languageis the….  tongue for about 140 million people.

4. Russian is also used as …. among the different nationalities of Russia.

5. The official view abroad is that Russian is the ….. language of Russia.

6. In fact, people of different nationalities use their ……. languages in political,  governmental and public affairs as the scientific and cultural spheres.

7. Russian is taught as a…… language in 100 countries.        


LESSON 3.

 

TEXT                     Moscow

Rome wasn’t built in a day.

Не сразу Москва строилась .

Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic, commercial and cultural centre. It was founded 8 centuries ago by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. Historians have accepted the year of 1147 as the start of Moscow's history. Gradually the city became more and more powerful. In the 16th century under Ivan the Terrible Moscow became the capital of the new united state. Though Peter the Great moved the capital to St. Petersburg in 1712, Moscow remained the heart of Russia. That is why it became the main target of Napoleon's attack. Three-quarters of the city was destroyed by fire during Napoleon's occupation, but by the mid-19th century Moscow had been completely restored. After the October revolution Moscow became the capital again.

Now Moscow is one of the largest cities in Europe. Its total area is about nine hundred square kilometres. The population of the city is over 9.5 million.

Moscow is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The heart of Moscow is Red Square. The Kremlin and St.Basil's Cathedral (Vasily Blazheny) are masterpieces of ancient Russian architecture. The main Kremlin tower, the Spasskaya Tower, has become the symbol of the country.

There are a lot of beautiful palaces, cathedrals, churches and monuments in Moscow. Now Moscow is being reconstructed and we all hope that in a few years the city will become even more beautiful.

There are more than 80 museums in Moscow. The largest museums are the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts and the State Tretyakov Gallery. We say the Tretyakov Gallery is a treasure-house of Russian art.

Several skyscrapers decorate Moscow, including Moscow University and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Moscow is famous for its theatres. The best-known of them is the Bolshoi Theatre. Drama theatres and studios are also very popular.

Moscow is a city of students. There are over 80 higher educational institutions in it, including several universities. One of the highest building in Moscow is the State Moscow University. It was founded in 1755 by the great scientist Mikhail Lomonosov.

There are a lot of big plants and factories in Moscow that produce cars, lorries, home electrical appliances and so on.

 A lot of tourists from different countries come to Moscow to see its beauty and to admire its cultural achievements.

 

Words and word combinations:

to move – переезжать, переселять;

to accept – допускать, признавать;

prince – князь;

target – цель, план;

to destroy – разрушать;

ancient – древний;

masterpiece – шедевр;

heart – сердце;

treasure-house – сокровищница;

to admire – восхищаться;

the Ministry of Foreign Affairs – Министерство иностранных дел;

skyscraper – небоскреб;

achievements – достижения;

to be famous for smth. – славиться чем-либо;

lorry – грузовик;

electrical appliances – электрические приборы.

 

ASSIGMENT

 

1. Pronounce the following words and word combinations:

 

Commercial, powerful, Ivan the Terrible, remained, masterpiece, cathedral, reconstruct, destroyed, ancient, population, economic, famous for, achievements, architecture.

 

2. Answer the following questions:

 

1. Moscow is the capital of Russia, isn’t it?

2. When was Moscow founded?

3. Who was founded Moscow?

4. What is Moscow famous for?

5. What is the heart of Moscow?

6. What are the places of interest in Moscow?

7. What are the world –famous theatres of Moscow?

8.  What are the most famous museums of Moscow?

9. Is Moscow an industrial center?

10.Do many guests and tourists visit our capital?

 

3. Complete the sentences:

 

1. Moscow is a capital of …….

2. Moscow is one of the largest ….

3. One of the highest building in Moscow is……

4. The population of Moscow is ……..

5.  There are a lot of beautiful places, ……., ……., ….. in Moscow.

6. Moscow was founded by……

7. There are a lot of big plants…..

8. A lot tourists from different countries…..

                                 



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