ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

THE INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTIONS .



THE COMPLEX OBJECT.

 

Subject + Predicate + Noun (Pronoun) + (to) Infinitive

 

9.TRANSLATE, PAYING ATTENTION TO THE DIFFERENT USE OF THE COMPLEX OBJECT:

A) 1. Everybody expected her to marry Nick. 2. I would like themto come as soon as possible. 3. I expect you to join us. 4. I don’t wantyou to be in this company. 5. We would like you to visit us. 6. I hateyou to play the piano. 7. My mother wants me to study better. 8. We expect them to arrive on Friday. 9. They think him to be a good specialist. 10. I believe you to be wrong.

B) 1. I saw them kissing. 2. We noticed her come. 3. They heard him playing the guitar. 4. Nobody noticed him make the mistake. 5. I saw them get into the car and go away. 6. She watched him leave the room. 7. I heard somebody open the door. 8. I saw her ring somebody up. 9. She felt somebody touch her hand. 10. I didn’t hear Helen say these words.

C) 1. Soon they made him talk. 2. Who made you cry? 3. The teacher let him come in. 4. Let them go there. 5. His words made melaugh. 6. Nothing can make them wait. 7. I don’t want to make youfeel uncomfortable. 8. The sound of her voice made him be happy. 9. Don’t let her eat so much ice-cream. 10. Let them tell everything.

 

10. OPEN THE BRACKETS USING THE COMPLEX OBJECT :

A) 1. Do you want (they, stay) at the hotel or with us? 2. I’d like (the professor, look) through my report. 3. Do you want (I, show) you the city? 4. We expect (he, arrange) everything by the time we come. 5. I want (she, tell) me the news. 6. I would like (they, fix) my computer. 7. We want (she, introduce) us to the president. 8. He expected (she, invite) him to the party. 9. We considered (he, be) an honest person. 10. I suspect (he, help) her.

B) 1. I saw (they, argue). 2. We notice (he, drive) away. 3. I heard (the door, open). 4. I heard (the woman, address) to the shop assistant. 5. He didn’t see (she, pass) by. 6. We watched (somebody, go) the garden. 7. I saw (he, cross) the street. 8. She saw (the man, run) to her. 9. She felt (somebody, come) up to her. 10. We often hear (Nick, sing) in the bathroom.

C) 1. Let (she, go) away. 2. Don’t let (children, eat) much sweets. 3. You make (I, be) upset. 4. Don’t make (he, tell) lies. 5. Don’t make (we, get) up so early. 6. Let (they, go) for a walk. 7. Let (Kate, take) part in the conference. 8. Mother made (I, wash) dishes. 9. The teacher let (we, rewrite) the test. 10. Never let (anybody, hurt) you.

 

11. PUT “to” IN THE BLANKS, WHERE NECESSARY:

1. We expect everybody…join us and…have fun. 2. You can’t make me…do such things. 3. It would be foolish…let the child…have his way. 4. We heard the postman…come up the front door and then we saw him…slip an envelope into the box. 5. I felt something…burn in the kitchen. 6. When we got home, we found a cat…sleeping on the table. 7. Don’t let it…trouble you. 8. She watched me …open the safe. 9. I told her…bring in the tea. 10. I’d love you …see my little daughter. 11. I saw John…arrive to the house. 12. Do you feel the bridge…shake? 13. I want you…make a speech. 14. The teacher made me…speak first. 15. Can you hear a baby…crying? 16. Everybody heard the bomb…explode. 17. We saw Dave and Helen…have dinner in the restaurant. 18. I can feel something…crawl up my leg! It must be an insect. 19. We listened to the old men…telling his story from beginning to end. 20. I don’t want you…get bad marks.

 

12. COMBINE THE SENTENCES USING THE COMPLEX OBJECT:

Example : I didn’t see him. He entered the house.

I didn’t see him enter the house.

A) 1. He saw him. She burst into tears. 2. I felt her hand. It was shaking. 3. He hasn’t heard us. We called his name. 4. She heard the footsteps. They were dying away. 5. I felt something hard. It hurt my leg. 6. She noticed the expression of his face. It changed suddenly. 7. He heard her. She was playing the piano. 8. He did it. They saw it. 9. She said that. Everybody heard it. 10. The car disappeared in the tunnel. The policeman saw it. 11. The burglar got into the house. The neighbours noticed it. 12. She felt her heart. It stopped beating. 13. They didn’t notice us. We passed by. 14. They haven’t seen the accident. It occurred at the corner. 15. We heard him many times. He told this story.

B) 1. Bill apologized. His father told him. 2. He is an expert in his sphere. They think so. 3. You will become my friend one day. I expect so. 4. We shall go to the party together. We’d like that. 5. Mary is the best girl in the world. Tom believes it. 6. It is a misunderstanding. I believe that. 7. You must tell me the truth. I want it. 8. She wants the dictionary back. Bring it tomorrow. 9. She will arrive next Friday. We expect her. 10. Don’t leave so early. I don’t want it. 11. He is a kind man. Everybody knows it. 12. It’s a good advice. I believe it. 13. You mustn’t talk such things. I don’t like it. 14. He was at home. I think so. 15. She is afraid it may happen again. She doesn’t want it.

C) 1. The poet read some more of his poetry. The public made him do it. 2. You will go to the party. We will let you. 3. Your kids often watch horror films. You shouldn’t let that. 4. You must rewrite the test. I’ll make you do it. 5. She eats too much. Don’t let her do it. 6. I came in. The teacher let me. 7. I have to clean about the house. My mother makes me. 8. She is going to cry in a moment. Don’t make her do this. 9. Your son often tells bad words. You shouldn’t let this. 10. I redid my report. The boss made me.

 

13. CHANGE COMPLEX SENTENCES INTO SENTENCES WITH THE COMPLEX OBJECT:

Example : I think that he is a good friend.

I think him to be a good friend.

1. I didn’t expect that she would forget about my birthday. 2. She saw how children were playing in the park. 3. Do you know that he went abroad two days ago? 4. I like to watch how she dances. 5. She couldn’t believe that he had been saved. 6. He expects that everybody will be ready to do this work. 7. I don’t like when children are late for dinner. 8. You mustn’t let it when your children stay up till late. 9. Don’t consider that he is a hero, he is an ordinary man. 10. I’ve heard how he was arguing with his wife. 11. I believe that you are wrong. 12. I suppose that he is about 40. 13. I knew that he was a clever man.14. The doctor said that she was out of danger. 15. They thought he was a seaman. 16. He doesn’t want to apologize and you should made him. 17. She likes to watch how the sun sets. 18. I’ve heard how she was crying. 19. I suspect that they have taken my money. 20. I hate when people shout at each other. 21. We expect that he will solve this problem soon. 22. I thought that she was your sister. 23. Everybody saw how he was leaving the hall. 24. We expect that she will catch an evening train. 25. I find that this book is very dull.

14. TRANSLATE FROM RUSSIAN INTO ENGLISH :

А)1. Я полагаю, что он аспирант. 2. Мне не нравится, что вы курите здесь. 3. Он знал, что она хороший учитель. 4. Мы ожидали, что вы прочитаете еще одну лекцию. 5. Она не ожидала, что кто-то встретит ее. 6. Я не хочу, чтобы кто-то знал о нашем приезде. 7. Я считаю, что этот совет не правильный. 8. Он не хотел, чтобы она ездила в Турцию. 9. Мы ждем, что она зайдет сегодня. 10. Мы не хотели, чтобы она беспокоилась об этом. 11. Я полагаю, это правильное решение. 12. Мы ожидали, что этот фильм им понравится. 13. Никто не ожидал, что она все расскажет. 14. Он хотел, чтобы его все запомнили. 15. Я думала, что он достанет билет.

B) 1. Я никогда не слышал как он говорит по-французски. 2. Она услышала, что кто-то звал ее. 3. Я видел, как Вася переходил улицу. 4. Он слышал, как я обещал прийти. 5. Я почувствовала, что кто-то коснулся моего плеча. 6. Она заметила как один из них вышел. 7. Я слышал как кто-то плакал в комнате. 8. Он видел, что студенты ждут его. 9. Я видел, как он взял деньги. 10. Я слышал, как соседи ругались. 11. Я не вижу, что вы делаете домашнюю. 12. Я не слышала, как они пришли. 13. Я заметил, что он торопится. 14. Он наблюдал, как кто-то шел через сад. 15. Все услышали, как кто-то закричал на улице.

C) 1. Пусть он все расскажет. 2. Заставь его выучить все слова. 3. Пусть дети пойдут погуляют. 4. Разрешите войти. 5. Дождь заставил нас вернуться домой. 6. Не заставляйте ее так много работать. 7. Пусть она сама решит, что делать. 8. Не вынуждайте меня сердиться. 9. Дай мне знать, когда все будет готово. 10. Пусть она позвонит завтра. 11. Не заставляя меня вставать так рано. 12. Родители заставили его исправиться. 13. Разрешите мне принять участие в конференции. 14. Я не заставлял тебя делать это. 15. Не разрешайте им есть сладкое.

D) 1. Мы знали, что вы настоящий специалист. 2. Никто не ожидал, что он станет физиком. 3. Она слышала, как кто-то поднимался по лестнице. 4. Они заставили меня принять решение. 5. Я часто слышала, как они спорят. 6. Я видел, как они вместе гуляли. 7. Он не ждал, что я так быстро уйду. 8. Что заставило вас придти так поздно? 9. Я не хотел, чтобы он делал эту работу. 10. Я не люблю, когда они ругаются. 11. Пусть она расскажет нам об этом. 12. Я бы хотел, чтобы вы меня подождали. 13. Это заставило его отказаться от поездки. 14. Мы ожидаем, что вы пригласите нас. 15. Я не думал, что этот студент ответит на все вопросы.

THE COMPLEX SUBJECT.

15. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES WHERE THE COMPLEX SUBJECT IS USED WITH :

A) THE VERBS to see / hear / notice / think / consider / believe / expect / suppose / know / say / report / announce IN THE PASSIVE:

1. He was thought to be an honest man. 2. Moscow is known to be on of the largest cities in the world. 3. The performance is expected to be a great success. 4. He is supposed to have finished the translation. 5. He is known to be working at a new project. 6. She is known to be a talented mathematician. 7. She is supposed to be engaged to him. 8. He is believed to be a great scientist. 9. He is thought to live in Moscow. 10. This experiment is said to have been completed. 11. She is said to have written a good article. 12. The expedition is thought to have reached the Nile. 13. The state of his health is considered to be normal. 14. This fruit is known to be grown in Africa. 15. The student is known to have been studying English for three years.

B) THE VERBS to seem / appear / prove / turn out /happen IN THEACTIVE:

1. Many tourists appeared to know English. 2. This task turned out to be very difficult. 3. Everybody seems to like him. 4. The boy seemed to be sleeping. 5. The student appear to this subject well. 6. he didn’t prove to be a good student. 7. He happened to know her cousin. 8. I happened to be there. 9. She doesn’t seem to know the rule. 10. They seem to be tired. 11. he seems to have been translating something for two hours. 12. She seemed to be speaking to herself. 13. She appeared to be a good teacher. 14. Nobody appears to have mentioned his name. 15. Her house turned out to be in the center of the city.

C) THE WORD GROUPS to be likely / unlikely / certain / sure :

1. She is unlikely to improve the situation. 2. The article is likely to be published in August. 3. These books are sure to be useful. 4. This problem is sure to be decided soon. 5. They are likely to have accepted her offer. 6. Ann is sure to come tomorrow. 7. This woman is sure to be very ill. 8. He is certain to agree with you. 9. She is unlikely to explain her behavior. 10. Jane is sure to return soon. 11. He is certain to call me in the evening. 12. The question is likely to be discussed today. 13. They are sure to bring all necessary books. 14. I am likely to miss the train. He is unlikely to have hidden my things.

 

16.CHANGE THE COMPLEX SENTENCES INTO SENTENCES WITH THE COMPLEX SUBJECT:

Example : It is said that she has gone away.

She is said to have gone away.

A) 1. It is said that the actors have arrived. 2. It is supposed that the experiment was completed last week. 3. It is expected that they have been working for a month. 4. It is considered that he is the best student in the group. 5. It is believed that the situation will change. 6. It is reported that she is returning on Monday. 7. It is thought that she has written a good report. 8. It is believed that he is making new experiments. 9. It is supposed that she is a woman of forty. 10. It is known that he wants to leave the city. 11. It is heard, that she is a famous actress. 12. It is announced that everybody has agreed to come. 13. It is supposed that children are at school. 14. It is known that this article is written by an expert. 15. It is expected that everybody will get a 5.

B) 1. It seemed that he understood the question. 2. It appeared that Tom was talking to her. 3. It doesn’t seem that you understand the problem. 4. It happened that he was at the conference. 5. It seems that you don’t believe me. 6. It happened that she was at home. 7. It turned out that the work was not easy. 8. It appears that they know everything. 9. It turned out that the weather forecast was correct. 10. It seemed that he didn’t recognize me. 11. It seemed that she was speaking to herself. 12. It happened that his parent had come. 13. It turned out that he lived far away. 14. It proves that he is a good person. 15. It seems that you are sleeping.

C) 1. It is sure that he will come. 2. It is unlikely that they will get married. 3. Certainly, she will get a 5. 4. It is likely that they are here. 5. I am sure that I have been here before. 6. It is unlikely that he will agree. 7. It is sure that he will help you. 8. Certainly, they have seen us there. 9. It is unlikely that he noticed me. 10. It is certain that he is a real friend. 11. It is likely that she is an actress. 12. It is sure that he lives here. 13. Certainly, he is a rich man. 14. Surely, he studies with us. 15. I am sure that I have never seen that person ever before.

 

17. TRANSLATE THE WORDS IN BRACKETS :

1. He is thought (был) a very good student. 2. They are expected (пришлют) a reply today. 3. The new instrument is supposed (поможет) scientists solve many problems. 4. The results of the experiments are believed (были) very good. 5. She is known (интересовалась) in the subject. 6. He seemed (пришел) in time for the lecture. 7. She proved (закончила) her article last month. 8. It seems (шел дождь) all the day. 9. They turned out (жили) there. 10. He happened (встречал) her several times. 11. You are sure (получишь) a good mark. 12. They are unlikely (сдадут) the exam. 13. She is certain (посетит) you. 14. I am likely (сделаю) everything in time. 15. The goods are unlikely ( будут доставлены).

 

18. TRANSLATE FROM RUSSIAN INTO ENGLISH:

A) 1. Говорят, что он закончил новый роман. 2. Предполагается, что это открытие очень важно. 3. Считается, что он лучший специалист. 4. Сообщают, что погибло 10 человек. 5. Известно, что он крупный математик. 6. Ожидается, что договор будет подписан. 7. Сообщают, что экспедиция уже вернулась. 8. Не ожидали, что снег выпадет в ноябре. 9. Говорят, что он в Москве. 10. Предполагалось, что мы встретимся в 7. 11. Считается, что сейчас хорошая погода для урожая. 12. Известно, что Китай - очень населенная страна. 13. Думали, что это он сделал. 14. Ожидают, что самолет прибудет вечером. 15. Видно было, как они скрылись.

B) 1. Кажется, он много знает. 2. Оказалось, что он большой специалист. 3. Оказалось, что он прав. 4. Кажется, дождь начинается. 5. Оказалось, что они живут рядом. 6. Он, кажется, очень добрый человек. 7. Она оказалась одной из самых способных. 8. Кажется, кто-то идет. 9. Они, оказывается, уже были здесь. 10. Оказалось, что все получили пятерки.

C)1 . Вероятно, эту проблему будут обсуждать. 2. Наверное, мы встретим их там. 3. Он непременно получит премию. 4. Этот вопрос вряд ли будет интересен. 5. Похоже, она не придет. 6. Я точно увижу тебя завтра. 7. Товары, вероятно, будут доставлены в срок. 8. Маловероятно, что они закончат свою работу. 9. Вряд ли он примет участие в конференции. 10. Он, по-видимому, устал. 11. Я, скорее всего, буду дома в это время. 12. Этот опыт, наверное, будет успешным. 13. Я точно ничего не видел. 14. Скорее всего этот дом был построен недавно. 15. Ему наверняка понравится новая работа.

D) 1. Говорят, что экспедиция собрала интересный материал. 2. Вряд ли он сделал это. 3. Полагают, что это изобретение может помочь нам. 4. Она оказалась опытным преподавателем. 5. Я случайно встретил ее на улице. 6. Он, кажется, уехал на юг. 7. Как сообщают, конференция будет завтра. 8. Как известно, это вещество поглощает световые лучи. 9. Она, наверное, не любит музыку. 10. Предполагается, что в нашем городе построят новый дом. 11. Ожидается, что в этом году зима наступит рано. 12. Студенты, наверное, получили стипендию. 13. Все, казалось, были удивлены. 14. Известно, что у нее другое мнение.

 

19. RESTORE THE SENTENCES, USING THE INFINITIVE, THE COMPLEX SUBJECT OR THE COMPLEX OBJECT :

1. went / study / French 2. saw / doing 3. want / him / send 4. is said/ seen 5. likely / get / a 6. made / her / learn 7. heard / them / sing 8. let / me / to 9. turned out / be 10. feel/ something / come 11. hard / speak / Chinese 12. dinner / easy / cook 13. glad / see / her 14. happy / be / invited 15. seem / feel / bad 16. seems / raining 17. pleased / be / met 18. our / duty / defend 19. don’t want / seen / in 20. difficult / solve / problem 21. animals / found / here/ are 22. sorry / have / been 23. sure / to / meet 24. are thought / the best 25. they /were / expected

 

20.CORRECT THE MISTAKES IF ANY :

1.It’s useless discuss this problem. 2. I’m glad to have met by him. 3. I was sorry to say that. 4. It’s wonderful to love and be loved. 5. He stayed there for see her. 6. Walk in the garden was pleasant. 7. I had no time to visit you. 8. She was first who to come. 9. Give me some water for to drink. 10. To read a lot is to know much. 11. He is hard understand. 12. These words are to learn. 13. I will be glad to go to Paris. 14. He wants to be left alone. 15. Hard to study at the Technological Academy.16. She made me to repeat the story. 17. Let the children watching the cartoons. 18. He said to live here. 19. She turned out be smart. 20. They want their plan to be accepted. 22. I saw you to take my things. 23. The conference is reported to start 10 minutes ago. 24. I have never heard he say such things. 25. He unlikely to come today.

 

21. COMPLETE, USING THE INFINITIVE OR THE INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTIONS :

1. He was glad……2. It’s easy………… 3. To study well……… 4. She is interesting……… 5. I got up early……6. It seemed……… . 7. I don’t want……. 8. They were pleased…… 9. The product to be tested………. 10. Our duty is………11. They made us……. . 12. The teacher lets……13. The experiment is reported……14. She is likely………. . 15. We watched them……16. I often see you….. 17. He proved…….. 18. They are sure……. 19. He was thought….. 20. You seem ……. .

 

22. CHOOSE THE CORRECT VARIANT :

1. She wanted…to me.

a) introduce b) to introduce c) to be introduced d) introduced

2. There is nothing….about.

a) trouble b) to trouble c) be troubled d) to be trouble

3. I’ll try …what I can.

a) to do b) do c) to be done d) to have done

4. This theme is….. .

a) remember b) to remember c) to study d) to be remembered

5. She turned out…..clever.

a) to be b) to being c) be d) was

6. They let us…..go.

a) - b) to c) to have d) be

7. They ….said to have seen that.

a) is b) was c) - d) were

8. These words are difficult …. .

a) to learn b) learn c) to be learned d) forget

9. It seemed …..all the day.

a) rain b) to rain c) to be raining d) to have been raining

10. Give me a day…. .

a) think b) to think c) for think d) for to think

11. I was happy….by them.

a) to help b) to be helped c) to see d) be seen

12. He is said….for 20 years.

a) to have been smoking b) to smoke c) was smoking d) smoking

13. Some people were reported….in the accident.

a) to kill b) have killed c) to have been killed d) to be killed

14. We knew him…. A good sportsmen.

a) to be b) to have been c) being d) was

15. She let us not…. back.

a) to come b) coming c) come d) to be

16. I was sorry …that.

a) to have done b) to do c) did d) to done

17. ….well is to get good marks.

a) study b) to study c) studied d) to have studied

18. She went to America ….money.

a) to earn b) to be earned c) earn d) for to earn

19. She is difficult…listen to.

a) - b) to c) be d) to have

20. …. Hard to study well.

a) It is b) I am c) - d) At the University

23. TRANSLATE, PAYING ATTENTION TO THE INFINITIVE AND INFINITIVE CONSTRUCTIONS :

1. Плохая погода заставила нас вернуться домой. 2. Его статья точно будет напечатана. 3. Эта книга, несомненно, вам понравится. 4. Мы ожидали, когда прибудет такси. 5. Сообщили, что результаты экзамена уже готовы. 6. Он оказался плохим человеком. 7. Он поехал туда, чтобы все проверить. 8. Никто не слышал, как она вошла. 9. Чемодан был слишком тяжелым, чтобы нести его. 10. Он не ожидал, что его спросят об этом. 11. Я видел, что он злится и решил поговорить с ним. 12. Наша обязанность - хорошо учиться. 13. Кто разрешил вам уйти? 14. Эксперименты, которые будут здесь проводиться, имеют большое значение. 15. Преподаватель посоветовал нам больше читать. 16. Он не хотел жить дома. 17. Я думаю, что он хороший инженер. 18. Трудно сдать этот экзамен. 19. Мы слышали, как кто-то вошел в дом. 20. Мы не ожидали, что он опоздает. 21. Позвольте мне помочь вам. 22. Я готовился всю ночь, чтобы сдать экзамен. 23. Мне нечего сказать. 24. Вот статья, которую вы должны прочитать. 25. Не давайте ему разговаривать с другими. 26. Не разрешайте детям задерживаться. 27. Проблема слишком трудная, чтобы решить ее. 28. Преподаватель любит, чтобы студенты записывали его лекции. 29. Я случайно встретил его на выставке. Говорят, он недавно вернулся. 30. Известно, что Россия – одно из самых крупных государств. 31. Наверное, он устал. 32. Считается, что они сделали важное открытие. 33. Поезд ожидается к среде. 34. Они не видели как я взял деньги. 35. Я слышал, как его имя было упомянуто. 36. Она любит, чтобы ей делали комплименты. 37. Он хочет, чтобы его сын стал инженером. 38. Пусть они перепишут эту работу. 39. Мы хотим, чтобы нас проинформировали. 40. Он будет счастлив повидаться с вами. 41. Мы рады, что нас встретили. 42. Ты слишком большая, чтобы играть в куклы. 43. Извините, что я опоздал. 44. С ним трудно разговаривать. 45. Эту тему легко запомнить. 46. Она ничего не рассказала. Чтобы ее не наказали. 47. Его хобби – коллекционирование марок. 48. Ее мечта – стать актрисой. 49. У меня нет времени разговаривать с тобой. 50. Ошибаться легко, гораздо труднее понять свою ошибку.

THE GERUND.

  ACTIVE PASSIVE
PRESENT writing being written
PERFECT having written having been written

1. TRANSLATE FROM ENGLISH, PAYING ATTENTION TO:

A) PRESENT GERUND ACTIVE :

1. Have you finished eating? 2. I like swimming. 3. The child doesn’t like washing. 4. You must begin working hard. 5. He often went hunting. 6. He gave up smoking last year. 7. Seeing is believing. 8. She regrets leaving so soon. 9. Let’s go fishing. 10. They suddenly stopped talking. 11. He could work all day not feeling tired. 12. His car needs repairing. 13. Have you ever thought of getting married? 14. I don’t enjoy writing letters. 15. I had difficulty in finding place to live.

B) PRESENT GERUND PASSIVE :

1. I heard of the bridge being built. 2. I dislike being disturbed after dinner. 3. The flowers grew fast being watered well. 4. She has heard of their being invited. 5. Young teachers hate being taken for students. 6. I dislike being suddenly awakened. 7. I know of the group being tested now. 8. He showed good results being taught well. 9. I like being paid compliments. 10. He hates being spoken about.

C) PERFECT GERUND ACTIVE:

1. I remember having asked you about it. 2. They knew of his having returned from Moscow. 3. She thought of my having lost the money. 4. His having done it so well astonished everybody. 5. Mother dislikes my having chosen this profession. 6. My father liked my having given up smoking. 7. His having decided to leave the city was strange. 8. I remembered having seen this film before. 9. Their having helped us saved our time. 10. Her having got the money solved the problem.

D) PERFECT GERUND PASSIVE:

1. I remember having been asked about it. 2. I was upset not having been invited to the party. 3. She was furious having been awakened so early. 4. He was happy having been helped to finish the work in time. 5. He opposed having been sent abroad. 6. I didn’t know of her having been elected as a president of the company. 7. They remembered his having been awarded for bravery. 8. His having been given the money solved the problem. 9. Having been assisted in the work, she was very pleased. 10. I knew of my having been appointed a manager.

 

2. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES, PAING ATTENTION TO THE FUNCTION OF THE GERUND:

A) subject:

1. Travelling makes our life more interesting. 2. Seeing is believing. 3. Reading is very important in our life. 4. Smoking is forbidden here. 5. Waiting can sometimes be very annoying.

B) direct object:

1. I enjoy listening to music. 2. He prefers watching TV to reading. 3. I don’t like visiting the doctor. 4. I remember her laughing at my jokes. 5. She likes cooking something special.

C) object with preposition:

1. He is fond of fishing. 2. Who is responsible for cleaning the classroom? 3. I’m tired of doing the same work again and again. 4. Thank you for coming here. 5. I’m not good at translating from Russian into English.

D) attribute:

1. I saw no other way of doing it. 2. I have much interest of working at this company. 3. He didn’t like the idea of stealing the money. 4. I understand the importance of being ready for the test. 5. She has a lot of experience in translating scientific literature.

E) adverbial modifier:

1. Call me before leaving. 2. On seeing him she laughed. 3. She left without saying a word. 4. Give me the dictionary after finishing your translation. 5. Instead of helping me, he went to the disco.

F) predicative:

1. She went on translating the text. 2. We started learning English grammar. 3. It has just stopped raining. 4. He continued working without any brake. 5. He finished speaking and sat down.

 

3. TRANSLATE, PAYING ATTENTION TO THE FUNCTION OF THE GERUND:

A) subject:

1. Ходьба полезна. 2. Учеба дает нам знание. 3. Путешествия делают нашу жизнь интереснее. 4. Плаванье помогает укрепить здоровье. 5. Чрезмерное употребление пива вредит вашему здоровью.

B) direct object:

1. Я люблю слушать музыку. 2. Он предпочитает пить кофе по утрам. 3. Я помню, как она приехала. 4. Комнату надо убрать. 5. Ей доставляет удовольствие есть на ночь.

C) object with preposition:

1. Он удивился тому, что его спросили об этом. 2. Я горжусь тем, что выиграл соревнования. 3. На это стоит посмотреть. 4. Я благодарен вам за помощь. 5. Мне было трудно найти ее дом.

D) attribute:

1. Не было никакого шанса победить. 2. У него не было намерений остаться. 3. У меня нет опыта в строительстве. 4. Существуют различные способы решения этой проблемы. 5. У меня не было возможности встретить ее.

E) adverbial modifier:

1. Он ушел, не оборачиваясь. 2. Услышав эту новость, она позвонила нам. 3. Он лег спать не закончив работу. 4. Мы устали, гуляя по городу весь день. 5. Вернувшись домой, я поужинал. 6. Он обидел нас, солгав. 7. Вы ничего не узнаете, не увидев его. 8. Перед уходом она сказала, что вернется через час. 9. Установив этот факт, он удостоверился, что был прав. 10. Она ответила, не поднимая головы.

F) predicative:

1. Мы закончили работать. 2. Они продолжают изучать герундий. 3. Он стал хорошо учиться. 4. Она продолжает работать на фабрике. 5. Дождь кончился.

 

4.MATCH THE PARTS OF SENTENCES IN A AND B COLUMNS:

1. It’s difficult to keep them a) coming from the house

2. The police caught him b) giving up playing cards

3. Will you please stop c) thinking about the problem

4. I can hear someone d) working all the time

5. They left us e) having dinner

6. I could smell smoke f) changing TV channels

7. The searchers found the boy g) sheltering in the barn

8. He stopped h) opening the safe

9.He didn’t want to lose more money i) shouting in the distance

10. Oh, sorry. Please go on j) smoking on my advice

 

5. SUPPLY GERUND FORMS FOR THE WORDS IN BRACKETS AND TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES :

1. We regret (trouble) you. 2. It’s no good (sit and do) nothing. 3. There’s no use (cry) over the spilt milk. 4. I don’t mind ( test) by you.. 5. I am surprised at (see) you. 6. The length of life of any mechanism depends on it (keep) in order. 7. The functioning of this device depends on it (clean) well. 8. She opposed (send) abroad. 9. I remember (do) the task before. 10. Stop (argue) and start (work). 11. On (see) her boyfriend she was happy. 12. Life seems worth (fight) for. 13. She is looking forward to (have) holidays. 14. He sat down without (speak). 15. (walk) is very useful. 16. I don’t like (remind) him about it. 17. He is busy (prepare) for the exam. 18. His legs were tired of (climb) for days. 19. He is thinking of (leave) his parents. 20. Grammar is the art of (speak), (read) and (write).

 

6.OPEN THE BRACKETS USING THE GERUNDIAL COMPLEX:

Example: I remember he (call) on me.

I remember his calling on me.

1. We could excuse he (forget) his promise. 2. I hate she (return) in the dark. 3. They ignored we (criticize) them. 4. My sister (work) in the mill helps us a lot. 5. The dim light prevented we (see) anything at all. 6. He objected to me (appoint) to this post. 7. She (be) so well prepared pleased the teacher.8. She (sing) that song so well astonished everybody. 9. They (help) us saved much time. 10. Did you hear of John (send) to Moscow? 11. Thank you for you (answer) my letter. 12. I dislike my parents (interfere) in my affairs. 13. You (come) has done him good. 14. Excuse me (ask), but can you repeat it again? 15. I don’t object to other people (be) here. 16. I understand you (want) to leave. 17. Would you mind me (smoke)? 18. We enjoyed the band (play) very much. 19. We very much appreciate you (help) us. 20. I said something about my clock (be) slow.

 

7. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES, PAYING ATTENTION TO THE GERUNDIAL COMPLEX:

1. Вы не против того, чтобы я курил здесь? 2. Я не возражал, чтобы они приехали сюда. 3. Я слышал о том, что он назначен директором завода. 4. Преподаватель настаивает на том, чтобы студенты переписали контрольную. 5. Я против того, чтобы они уходили так рано. 6. Мы ценим вашу помощь. 7. Я жалею, что его перевели на другой завод. 8. Это происшествие помешало нам придти вовремя. 9. То, что она получила деньги, порадовало его. 10. Я расстроилась из-за того, что получила двойку.

 

8. OPEN THE BRACKETS ACCORDING TO THE MODEL :

Model: His hair is very long. It needs cutting.

1 This clothes is quite clean, it doesn’t need (wash) yet. 2. The grass in the garden is very dry, it wants (water). 3. The baby is crying, I think he needs (feed). 4. The house is old and it needs (repairing). 5. The windows are dirty, they need (clean). 6. I haven’t been to the hairdresser’s for a long time and my hair wants (cut). 7. The famous man didn’t need (introduce) himself. 8. Her shoes have a hole in them and they need (mend). 9. The floor is covered with dust, it needs (sweep). 10. My room needs (tidy), the flowers want (water) and the furniture want (dust).

 

9. FILL IN THE BLANKS WITH PROPOSITIONS:

A) in, to, on, for, of,at, from IF NECESSARY:

1. I hated the idea…your going there. 2. Excuse me …coming without knocking. 3. He insisted…accompanying them. 4. I’m tired…working all the time. 5. She will look forward…seeing you. 6. I’m afraid I won’t succeed…getting this job. 7. Windows need….cleaning. 8. She can’t bear…lying in the sun. 9. There is happiness…being alive. 10. He is interested…developing the project. 11. She was clever…finding things. 12. He showed no intention…leaving. 13. There is no point…staying. 14. How can I prevent her… going there? 15. Who is responsible…locking the classroom? 16. I was thinking all the time…seeing her. 17. He wasn’t used…driving big cars. 18. Everything depends…being on the spot. 19. I thanked him…lending me his car. 20. He insisted…their coming in time.

B) after ,before, on, without, by, instead of, besides, in spite of, because of:

1. They ran five miles…stopping. 2. …going to bed she locked the door. 3. He went to his office…being ill. 4. You won’t get anything…doing nothing. 5. I will do this…consulting with my doctor. 6. …coming home he had a big supper. 7. You can correct your constitution…doing morning exercises. 8. He passed by….noticing us. 9. He couldn’t go there…being busy. 10. She was listening to music…helping me about the house. 11. ….working in this company, he works at the University as a teacher. 12. She left…saying a word. 13. Call me…leaving. 14. …finishing the translation, he went to the office. 15. They didn’t pass their exams…missing a lot of classes.

 

10. REPLACE BY GERUNDIAL PHRASES:

A) THE ITALICISED PARTS OF THE SENTENCES :

Example: He said all this and even didn’t smile.

He said all this without even smiling.

1. We suspected that the boy was lying. 2. It is necessary to clean the carpet. 3. She didn’t want to do anything. 4. I don’t like the idea that I should do it. 5. He won’t deny that he was there. 6. Nobody doubted that he was honest. 7. I don’t remember that I promised you to help. 8. I can’t imagine that he would agree with this offer. 9. The witness reported that he had seen the back car. 10. The teacher suggested that I should try my examination again.

B) THE PARTS IN BOLD TYPE:

1. When she entered the room, he left it and even didn’t say good-bye. 2. He felt much better after he had been operated on. 3. He was not only a teacher, but he was also a writer. 4. That I was on the spot was a bit luck for her. 5. While he was going home he met his friend. 6. Before we came to the Academy, the lesson had already started. 7. You won’t get a good mark if you don’t study properly.8. We overslept, because we hadn’t set the alarm-clock. 9. Nobody can live if he doesn’t have any believe. 10. Phone me before you leave.

 

11. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES USING THE MODELS :

A) mind/fancy/can’t stand/can’t help/look forward to/feel like doing

1. Терпеть не могу рано вставать. 2. Не могу не смеяться над тобой. 3. С нетерпением жду каникул. 4. Представь, что она за ним замужем. 5. Она сейчас расплачется. 6. Вы не возражаете, если я сяду за ваш столик?

B) to be busy / worth/ no use/ no good doing

1. Этот фильм стоит посмотреть. 2. Бесполезно сидеть сложа руки. 3. Я занята – пишу роман. 4. Не стоит ждать его. 5. Туда стоит сходить.

C) used to do / to be used to doing

1. Раньше я часто ходил в кино. 2. Я привыкла есть по ночам. 3. Раньше он курил, но больше не курит. 4. Мы не привыкли делать так много домашней работы. 5. Она когда-то работала на этой фабрике.

D) there is no telling / knowing

1. Неизвестно, придет ли он. 2. Невозможно сказать, какие будут оценки. 3. Не знаю, будет ли дождь. 4. Не могу сказать, что одолжу тебе денег. 5. Неизвестно, поеду ли я в Америку.

 

12. OPEN THE BRACKETS USING THE GERUND OR THE INFINITIVE:

A) 1. I began (fee) dizzy. 2. She began (cry). 3. It starter (rain). 4. It is starting (snow). 5. He stopped (smoke) on doctor’s advice. 6. He stopped (smoke), because he hasn’t had a cigarette since yesterday. 7. How long will you continue (work)? 8. He continued (live) with his parents after his marriage. 9. I like (cook) my meals. 10. I like (cook). 11. I hate (trouble) you. 12. She hates (eat) alone. 13. He remembered (post) the letter. 14. I remember (post) your letter. 15. Don’t forget (call) me tomorrow. 16. I forgot (call) you the day before. 17. I regret (say) that you were mistaken then. 18. I regret (say) that you are wrong. 19. Don’t be late. Try (get) home early. 20. Try (knock) at the back door if nobody hears you at the front door. 21. I prefer (walk) to (cycle). 22. I prefer (wait) here now.

B) 1.They denied (steal) the money. 2. I don’t enjoy (drive) very much. 3. I don’t want (go) out tonight. I’m tired. 4. I can’t afford (go) out tonight. I haven’t got enough money. 5. Has it stopped (rain) yet? 6. Can you remind me (buy) some coffee when we go out? 7. Why do you keep (ask) me questions? 8. I refuse (answer) any more questions. 9. The boy admitted (break) the window. 10. His father promised (pay) for the window to be repaired. 11. I forgot (shut) the window and the thief got into the house. 12. We enjoyed (meet) you. I hope (see) you again soon. 13. Julia is beginning (get) better after her illness. 14. Please, remember (lock) the door when you go out. 15. We regret ( inform) you that we are unable to offer you the job. 16. I can’t go on (work) here any more. I want a different job. 17. He can remember (be) in hospital when he was four. 18. They decided (get) married. 19. He intends (sell) his car. 20. I was busy when the telephone rang. I didn’t answer it, I went on (type).

C) 1. It’s nice to be with other people but sometimes I enjoy (be) alone. 2. I would like (come) to your wedding but I’m afraid I can’t. 3. Caroline doesn’t like (wear) hats. 4. I need a new job. I can’t stand (work) here any longer. 5. Would you like (sit) down? 6. Do you mind (wait) a little longer? 7. Please leave me alone. I’m trying (concentrate). 8. I need a change. I need (go) away for a while. 9. She tried (ask) him for money but he refused. 10. Can you help me (get) the dinner ready? 11. I tried (keep) my eyes open but I couldn’t. 12. You don’t need (go) away yet, do you? 13. Whenever I see him, I can’t help (smile). 14. The batteries in the radio need (change). 15. I wouldn’t like (be) a teacher. 16. I like (get) up early. 17. I am used (drive) my own car. 18. He used (walk) to work. 19. I prefer (drink) tea rather than coffee. 20. He prefers (walk) to (go) by bus.

 

13. COMPLETE, USING THE GERUND:

1.My doctor advised me to give up……. . 2. By….., the students improved their chances of….. . 3. After…., he left without…. . 4. I hate…. . 5. I can’t stand….. . 6. We enjoy……. . 7. Pen is for…… . 8. in spite of…., she succeeded in…. . 9. I had no intention of….. . 10. he was accused of….. .11. This film is worth….. 12. Fancy her….! 13. On….the truth, he got very angry. 14. She can’t help….. . 15. I look forward …… 16. He stopped…… .17. Who is responsible for…. ? 18. Forgive me for…. .19. I feel like…. . 20. We regret…… .

 

14. COMPLETE THE FOLLOWING TRANSLATING THE WORDS IN BRACKETS. INSERT PREPOSITIONS IF NECESSARY:

1. There are a lot of ways of(сделать это). 2. What is your idea of (обсудить этот вопрос сейчас). 3. Do you have the opportunity of (посетить выставку). 4. The film is worth (посмотреть). 5. I don’t like (напоминать ему об этом). 6. It’s no use (плакать). 7. Do you remember (что они уже рассказывали нам об этом). 8. He is busy ( подготовка к докладу). 9. There was no other way of (предупредить его). 10. They prided themselves (что первыми изобрели этот прибор). 11. They accused him (в том, что он предал своих друзей). 12. I don’t remember ( что видел его). 13. Excuse me (что я вошел не постучав). 14. I can’t stand (ждать). 15. She insisted on (чтобы ей показали все). 16. She was not fond of (задавать много вопросов). 17. She denied (что обещала зайти). 18.(то, что она получила деньги) helped us a lot. 19. Forgive me (за опоздание). 20. You can improve your constitution (делая гимнастику).

 

15. FIND THE SENTENCES WHERE “-ing” FORM IS a) A GERUNG , b) A VERBAL NOUN :

1. You should think before speaking. 2. After finding the new word in the dictionary, I wrote it down and went on reading. 3. He spent much time on the copying of his literature lectures. 4. What do you mean by saying that? 5. The students found the reading of English newspaper difficult. 6. Instead of going home after lessons, the girls went for a walk. 7. Chalk is used for writing on the blackboard. 8. She praised herself on being in time. 9. The child stopped crying and quieted down to hard thinking. 10. I stopped knocking at the door and began waiting for my father to come. 11. Working in the garden is very good for people’s health. 12. The cleaning of the room was done by the girls. 13. We sat by the river side listening to the running of the water. 14. The old clock kept ticking, as if counting the seconds left before the coming of daylight. 15. The whirring and banging of the lift kept her awake most of the night.

 

16. TRANSLATE FROM ENGLISH INTO RUSSIAN:

1. There are two ways of getting sugar: from beet and from sugarcane.

2. The problem of producing the chemical is the old equipment. 3. This method of testing is the best of all known. 4. In the process of the equipment being tested defective items were replaced. 5. When the metal being put into certain liquids it produces gases. 6. This scale is also used for determining the angle of elevation. 7. This device is widely used in welding. 8. He was proud of his having finished all the experiments. 9. A new process of getting high quality fast food products has been recently patented. 10. While being tested the racing car’s new suspension proved to be better that the old one. 11. He couldn’t afford living at such an expensive hotel. 12. After having repaired the motor we started. 13. You will gain nothing by telling lies. 14. This process of mounting the equipment proved to be very ineffective, so the manager objected to its being applied. 15. The severe cold prevented the explorer from penetrating into that region. 16. These circles were totally opposed our intervening in the conflict. 17. The season of fishing is short in this area. 18. There is no knowing what may happen. 19. There is not a slightest chance of being elected. 20. This method of testing requires very careful machining. 21. In the process of assembling the car tuning of the engine was made. 22. This is achieved by cutting the cylinder in two. 23. We learned of his having been awarded. 24. He succeeded in discovering the source of this phenomenon. 25. This alloy has the advantage of being rust-proof. 26. This device should be capable of being rapidly moved. 27. The process of annealing has been greatly improved lately. 28. This car should be capable of being driven at the speed of 260 km per hour.

 

17. RESTORE THE SENTENCES:

1. thank / coming 2. I / stopped / because 3. he / can’t stand 4. there / no way/ of 5. her / being / helped 6. reading / useful 7. he / without / saying 8. insists / going 9. remember / having 10. his / being invited 11. it / no use 12. likes / listening 13. I / good / doing 14. they / denied 15. on / seeing / her 16. after / finishing 17. my friends’/ having got 18. hate / interrupted 19. mind / smoking? 20. look / forward / the

 

18. CORRECT THE MISTAKES IF ANY:

1. He succeeded of translating the difficult text. 2. I don’t feel like to see him. 3. Don’t forget locking the door before you leave. 4. I hate be interrupted. 5. Repair cars is his business. 6. He having come here solved our problems. 7. Jane Eyre was fond of reading. 8. The Big Apple is really worth to visit. 9. She entered the room not knocking. 10. He came without invited. 11. I couldn’t laughing. 12. We regret his being removed to another plant. 13. I remember have being asked about it. 14. She is busy with working at a new project. 15. I am looking forward seeing you again. 16. I used to visiting the museums. 17. His being known English helped him a lot. 18. I heard of the new house built. 19. He stopped to eat much sweet on his doctor’s advice. 20. Your boots want mending.

 

19. TRANSLATE FROM RUSSIAN INTO ENGLISH:

1. Перестаньте разговаривать. 2. Вы не против того, чтобы открыть окно? 3. Я не могла не согласиться с ним. 4. Простите меня, что я опоздал. 5. Я получаю удовольствие от здоровой пищи. 6. Его обвинили в том, что он продал государственные секреты. 7. Спасибо, что прислали мне такие цветы. 8. Ей удалось сделать очень хороший перевод. 9. Он боялся, что его посадят в тюрьму. 10. Она настаивала на том, что не виновна. 11. Я боюсь простудиться. 12. Увидев клоуна, зрители рассмеялись. 13. Эту книгу стоит прочитать. 14. Я не одобряю того, что вы пропускаете занятия. 15. Мне не хочется идти на прогулку сейчас. 16. Мне стыдно, что я сделал так много ошибок. 17. Шторм помешал пароходу прибыть вовремя. 18. Нет никакой возможности найти его адрес. 19. Он вошел в комнату, не постучав. 20. Я не люблю, когда меня провожают на вокзал. 21. Я слышал, что ваш сын получил приз. 22. Сон на открытом воздухе очень полезен. 23. Нет смысла делать перерыв. 24. Секретарь занята перепечаткой писем. 25. Переходить реку в этом месте очень опасно. 26. Я помню, что видела его раньше. 27. У меня нет причин не любить ее. 28. После сдачи экзаменов я поеду к родителям. 29. Простите, что напоминаю об этом. 30. Какова цель вашего приезда сюда?

 

20. CHOOSE THE CORRECT VARIANT:

1. There is nothing…about

a) been troubled b) to be troubling c) to trouble d) troubling

2. When I was a child, summers…longer and warmer.

a) used to be b) will be c) would be d) are used to being

3. I regret…you that the plane id delayed.

a) to inform b) informing c) inform d) being informed

4. Remember…your umbrella when you go out.

a) to take b) taking c) take d) to taking

5. He was running and then stopped….

a) to smoke b) smoke c) smoking d) for smoke

6. I‘ll try…what I can.

a) do b) to do c) doing d) being done

7. I t was such a funny story that I couldn’t help….

a) to laugh b) to laughing c) laughing d) laugh

8. This canned food is not worth…..

a) to eat b) eating c) for eat d) eat

9. She doesn’t like….about behind her back.

a) speak b) speaking c) being spoken d) to being spoken

10. He gave up….

a) being smoked b) smoking c) the smoking d) to smoke

11. He is proud of….the first prize.

a) having won b) winning c) being won d) having wined

12. Do this exercise without…any mistakes.

a) making b) to make c) being made d) having made

13. It’s no good…angry at once.

a) get b) getting c) to get d) being get

14. I don’t remember…this lady before.

a) having seen b) seeing c) to have seen d) saw

15. He denied…the man before.

a) seeing b) having seen c) being seen d) to see

16. We didn’t like the idea of…. Her.

a) inviting ) being invited c) having been invited d) to invite

17. My father hates…when he is working in his study.

a) having been disturbed b) disturbing c) being disturbed d) disturb

18. I’m not used…get up so early.

a) get b) to get c) getting d) to getting

19. Look, it is starting…

a) rain b) to rain c) raining d) to training

20. How do you do? Pleased…you.

a) meet b) meeting c) to meet d) to meeting

 

 

THE PARTICIPLE

  ACTIVE PASSIVE
Present Participle (Participle I) Asking being asked
Past Participle (Participle II) -------------- asked
Perfect Participle having asked having been asked

 

1. TRANSLATE THE FOLLOWING. PAY ATTENTION TO THE PARTICIPLES USED AS AN ATTRIBUTE:

A) PRESENT PARTICIPLE ACTIVE:

1) a smiling girl, playing children, a writing boy, a falling tree, a laughing boy, a sleeping man, a walking couple, reading audience, a running sportsman, a developing country, a crying child, a burning house, a painting girl, a singing woman.

2) the man calling me, the article describing the battle, a girl sitting next to me, a man buying the hat, a boy listening to music, a woman dancing with Tom, a cat sitting in my arms, a dog barking at people, parents shouting at their child.

B) PAST PARTICIPLE:

1) a broken cup, a translated text, an unanswered letter, an opened window, a closed door, an occupied room, a written letter, a fallen tree, a discussed problem, produced goods, a cooked dinner, a surprised man, lighted windows, a developed country, a done job.

2) a girl invited to the party, the letter sent yesterday, a house built nearby, books taken from the library, breakfast eaten in the morning, an article read last week, a text translated by me, an offer suggested at the meeting, a test written at the last lesson, some bread bought today.

 

2. TRANSLATE THE SENTENCES, PAYING ATTENTION TO THE PARTICIPLES USED AS AN ADVERBIAL MODIFIER:

A) PRESENT PARTICIPLE ACTIVE:

1. Doing homework, he listened to the music. 2. Coming home, I saw Vasya. 3. Having breakfast, he read a newspaper. 4. Returning from the club, I met Fedya. 5. While studying at the Institute, I read a lot of books. 6. Being in town he came to see me. 7. Moving forward I touched her hand. 8. Running, he stopped a taxi. 9. She went into the room, leaving the door open. 10. Looking out of the window I saw mother. 11. Entering the room, she turned on the light. 12. Working at his desk, he listened to a new CD. 13. Standing at the bus stop, I met Petya. 14. Going on the bus he read a book. 15. He waited for her sitting on the bench.

B) PERFECT PARTICIPLE ACTIVE:

1. Having finished my work, I went home. 2. Having written the letter, he posted it. 3. having spoken to a teacher we translated the text. 4. Having had his dinner he rang me up. 5. Having finished reading the book he took it to the library. 6. Having spoken to the manager, he made a decision. 7. Having returned home, I went to bed. 8. Having done homework, we went to the disco. 9. Having spent all money they came back home. 10. I was happy having met Helen.

 

3. TRANSLATE, PAYING ATTENTION TO THE PARTICIPLES:

1. a) A letter sent from Moscow today will be in Voronezh tomorrow.

b) He saw some people in the post office sending telegrams.

c) When sending the telegram, she forgot to write her name.

d) Having sent letter, she went home.

2. a) The questions put to the lecturer were very important.

b) The girl putting the book on the shelf is a new librarian.

c) Putting the eggs into the basket, she broke one of them.

d) Having put the keys into my bag, I left home.

3. a) A word spoken in time may have very important results.

b) The students speaking good English must help their groupmates.

c) The speaking doll interested the child very much.

d) Having spoken to Nick, I learned many interesting things.

4. a) A fish taken out of the water can’t live.

b) A person taking sunbath must be very careful.

c) Taking a dictionary, he began translating the text.

d) Having taken books from the library, I got ready for the test.

5. a) A line seen through this crystal looks double.

b) A teacher seeing a mistake in a student’s dictation corrects it.

c) Having seen my relatives, I felt very happy.

d) Seeing clouds of smoke over the house, she began to cry.

4. CHOOSE THE PROPER FORM OF THE PARTICIPLE:

1. We listen to the girls singing / sung Russian folk songs.

2. The floor washing / washed by Helen looked very clean.

3. Who is that boy doing / done the homework?

4. The house surrounded / surrounded by trees looks nice.

5. Everything writing / written here is quite right.

6. Read the translating / translated sentences again.

7. Do you know the girl played / playing in the garden?

8. Going / gone along the street, I met Mary.

9. The losing / lost book was found at last.

10. Taking/ taken the girl by hand, she led her across the street.

 

5. OPEN THE BRACKETS USING PRESENT OR PERFECT PARTICIPLE:





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