Преобразуйте следующие сложноподчиненные предложения в простые, используя субъектный инфинитивный оборот. Предложения переведите.



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Преобразуйте следующие сложноподчиненные предложения в простые, используя субъектный инфинитивный оборот. Предложения переведите.



Образец: It is said that he is a good writer. He is said to be a good writer.

 

1. It was thought that he worked at this problem.

2. It is known that he is a good specialist in this field.

3. It is supposed that you are working now at our Institute.

4. It is reported that this system has two benefits.

5. It is certain that the output of our plant will increase in future.

6. It is not likely that he will return in a week.

7. It is expected that lasers are widely used in medical practice.

8. It was said that this problem had been discussed at the last conference.

 


Перевод глаголов,
характерных для оборота «Именительный падеж с инфинитивом»

 

to say to know to prove to report to suppose to expect to consider to find to assume to think to believe to seem is said, was said is known, was known is proved, was proved is reported, was reported is supposed, was supposed is expected, was expected is considered, was considered is found, was found is assumed, was assumed is thought, was thought is believed, was believed seems, seemed говорят, говорили известно доказано сообщают, сообщили предполагают, как предполагали полагают, ожидали считают, считали считают, считали полагают, полагали думают, думали (считают, считали) полагают, полагали кажется, казалось
to appear to prove to happen to turn out appears, appeared proves, proved happens, happened turns out, turned out оказывается, оказалось
to be likely to be unlikely to be sure to be certain is likely, was likely is unlikely, was unlikely is sure, was sure is certain, was certain вероятно маловероятно несомненно, безусловно несомненно

1. The engineers of that plant are said to have constructed new device. 2. This new device is expected to give a great increase of productivity in future. 3. The designers are assumed to take into account these phenomena. 4. This group appears to work much at this problem. 5. This method proves to be reasonable. 6. He is unlikely to come back in a week. 7. The experiment is sure to be made next month. 8. These tests are certain to give us better results. 9. This laboratory turns out to be working out new possible applications of lasers. reasonable – приемлемый; digital – цифровой

 

Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на перевод инфинитивных оборотов.

 

1. Most electronic computers are expected to perform over ten thousand operations every second.   2. A digital computer is supposed to produce information by some logic process.     3. The Obninsk power station is reported to have been working for some years. The designer expected the electronic computer to perform over ten thousand operations every second.   The engineer supposed the digital computer to produce information at a great speed and without mistakes.   The construction workers reported the Obninsk power station to have been put into operation.

 


Предложный инфинитивный оборот

 
 

 

 


Подлежащее   Сказуемое   Предложный оборот  
 
Предложный оборот   Подлежащее   Сказуемое   Остальные члены предложения
 
Everybody waited   for the new data of the experiment to be published.  
 
  Предложный оборот выполняет роль любого члена предложения и переводится придаточным предложением, вводимым союзами: что, чтобы, для того чтобы, подлежащим которого становится существительное или местоимение, стоящее перед инфинитивом, а сказуемым – инфинитив
 
Все ожидали, что   новые данные эксперимента будут опубликованы.  
                           

1. It was late for them to begin discussing this question. 2. The students waited for the meeting to start. 3. Nearly a month is required for the Moon to circle the Earth. 4. Four years are required for light to travel from the nearest star to the Earth. 5. The time necessary for the Sun to move a complete circle around the galactic centre is some 200 million years. 6. Eight minutes are required for light to travel from the Sun to the Earth. 7. If oxygen is present on Mars, its amount is too small for our instruments to detect. 8. The time required for the mass to come to rest can be calculated without difficulty. 9. Everybody waited for new data of the experiment to be published. 10. It was important for us to solve this problem. to circle – делать оборот; oxygen – кислород; to detect – обнаруживать; to utilize – применять, использовать; to surround – окружать; processing – обработка; data – данные

 



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