Спряжение глаголов в группе «INDEFINITE»



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Спряжение глаголов в группе «INDEFINITE»



  Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
Present I He She It We You They work, write   works, writes     work, write Do   Does     Do I he she it we you they     work? write? I He She It We You They do   does     do     not work not write
Past I He She It We You They   worked, wrote   Did I he she it we you they   work? write? I He She It We You They   did not     work write
Future I He She It We You They shall   will   shall   will   work write Shall   Will   Shall   Will I he she it we you they   work? write? I He She It We You They shall   will   shall   will   not     work write
                           

 


1. I study English at the Institute. Do you study English at the Institute? – Yes, I do (No, I don't). I do not study French at the Institute.

2. He works at the plant. Does he go there on foot? No, he does not. (Yes, he does). He goes there by bus.

3. His mother teaches at school. Does she teach English? No, she doesnot. (Yes, she does). She does not teach English.

4. They test a new device. Do you test a new device? Yes, I do. (No, I don't). I do not test a new device.

 

1. I studied English at school last year. Did you study English at school last year? Yes, I did. (No I didn't). I did not study English.

2. He worked at a plant two years ago. Did he work as an engineer? Yes, he did. (No, he didn't). He did not work as an engineer.

3. His mother taught at school last year. Did she teach English? Yes, she did. (No, she didn't). She did not teach English, she taught physics.

4. We tested a new device last week. Did you test a new device last week? Yes, we did. (No, we didn't).

 

1. I shall study Englishat the Institute. Will you study Englishtoo? Yes, I shall. (No, I shan't). I shall not study French.

2. He will work at this plant. Will he work as an engineer? No, he won't. (Yes, he will). He will not work as an engineer.

3. His mother will teach at school. Will his mother teach at school? Yes, she will. (No, she won’t). She will not teach at school.

4. We shall test a new device tomorrow. Will you test a new device tomorrow? Yes, we shall. (No, we shan't).

 


Употребеление и перевод времен группы «INDEFINITE»

 

  Present   Инфинитив без «to» 3-е лицо единственного числа + - s В ы р а ж а е т : Действие, обычно повторяющееся в настоящем. Every year this plant produces new machines. Каждый год этот завод выпускаетновые машины.   Действие, совершившееся в прошлом. Last year he designed a new device. В прошлом годуон сконструировалновоеустройство.     Действие, которое совершится в будущем. I shall finish my work tomorrow. Я закончу свою работу завтра.
 
Indefinite   Past   Инфинитив без «to» +- ed
 
    Future   shall + инфинитив без «to» will
 

 


1. Ohm gave us a fundamental law of electricity. 2. Does this student translate English articles with a dictionary? Yes, he uses English-Russian dictionary. 3. The teacher asked students to bring dictionaries for the next time. 4. Do you know who has written the following lines: "Mankind will not remain on Earth forever"? These were Tsiolkovsky's words. 5. He did not work hard during the term, so he failed the exams. 6. We shall go home as soon as our lessons are over. 7. Yesterday we had three lectures. 8. In the first year the students have a lot of important subjects at the college. 9. I do not usually go to the University by bus. law – закон; remain – оставаться; forever – навсегда; to fail – проваливать(ся); as soon as – как только; to be over – оканчивать.'

 

 

Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, во времена группы Indefinite (Present, Past, Future). Предложения переведите.

 

1. This young engineer (to work) at a laboratory organized last year. 2. Attendance at all lectures, seminars and practical sessions (to be) compulsary for all students. 3. Specialization (to begin) in two years. 4. Our University (to have) well-equipped laboratories and workshops. 5. My brother (to graduate) from the Polytechnic four years ago. 6. Our students (to carry) out independent research under the supervision of highly qualified professors and associate professors. 7. Knowing the culture (to be) as important as knowing the language. 8. The academic year in England (to have) three terms. 9. ... your friend (to enter) the Penza University next year? 10. Last year I (not to study) at the University.

 



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