ТОП 10 на сайтеПриготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
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Приготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
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Exercise 27 Complete each conversation with modal verbs and expressions from the given below
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can can’t may must should not allowed do you mind if
JEAN-PlERRE:__________ I eatmy lunch here while I get on the Internet?
lab assistant: Sorry, but I do. Look at the sign. You __________ bring food here.
emil: Wow! Those guys next door sure are making a lot of noise!
tory: Well, they __________ play music now. It's 8:00 A.M.
emil: I know. __________ I borrow your earplugs? I have to study for my English test.
carmen: __________we ride our bikes here?
donovan: __________I bring my dog next semester? My roommate doesn't mind.
counselor: ______. But some of the other dorms allow pets.
gabrielle: __________I use my cell phone in here?
librarian: ___________ .Cell phones __________ be switched off here.
Exercise 28 Kate and her roommate Ann are planning a party. Use modal verbs or “do you mind if” to ask for permission. Answer the questions
1 Ann's friend Nick is in town. She wants him to come to the party.
Ann:__________ if Nick comes to the party?
Kate: Not at all. I'd love to meet him.
2Kate wants to borrow her roommate's black sweater.
Kate: I have nothing to wear. __________ .
Ann: __________ I'm planning to wear it myself!
3Ann's sister is coming from out of town. Ann wants her to stay in their room.
Kate: __________ She can sleep on the couch.
4Kate and Ann would like to have the party in the dormitory lounge. Heather asks her dormitory counselor for permission.
counselor: __________It's available next Friday.
5Kate and Ann would like to hang decorations from the ceiling of the lounge.
counselor: __________Fire regulations won't allow it.
6Kate and Ann want to party until midnight.
counselor: __________ Quiet hours start at 11:00 on Friday.
7Ann wants to play some of her friend Erica's CDs at the party.
erica: __________ Which ones should I bring?
8It's Friday night. A student wants to study in the lounge.
Kate: __________ We're having a party. Want to join us?
Exercise 29 Complete each sentence with one of the expressions from the list in a suitable form. Use the verb given. There may be more than one possible answer
(not) be allowed to can can't had better had to didn't have to have to don't have to should should have shouldn't have
a She spent all yesterday listening to music because she (go) __________ to school.
b Sorry, I'd like to help you, but I (give) __________ students advice while they are actually taking the examination.
c I know it's a long time in the future, but the airline is very busy in the summer, so I think you (buy) __________ your ticket now.
d Now it's raining, and we're going to get wet. We (bring) __________ an umbrella with us.
e Sorry, but I can't stop and talk any longer. I (be) __________ at the station by half past two.
fExcuse me, but have you read the notice? You (not bring) __________ dogs into the supermarket.
g We're going the wrong way, I think. You (not turn) __________ left at those traffic lights back there.
h Sorry Fm late. I (buy) __________ some food for lunch, and so I missed the train.
Exercise 30 Which do you think is better – must or should?
(Must is used for orders and for strong suggestions, advice and opinions. Should is used for less strong suggestions, advice and opinions. Orders and instructions can be made more polite by using should)
1 You know, I think you __________ take a holiday.
2 Tell Mark he __________ tidy his room at once.
3 Visitors are reminded that they __________ keep their bags with them.
4 I’m sorry, but you __________ go. We don’t want you here.
5 I really __________ go on a diet. I’ll start today.
6 I suppose I __________ write to Aunt Rachel one of these days.
7 You absolutely __________ check the tyres before you take the car out today.
8 All officers __________ report to the Commanding Officer by midday.
9 You __________ have your hair cut at least once a week.
10 I think men __________ wear jackets and ties in restaurants.
Exercise 31 Put in must or have/has (got) to
(Must usually expresses the feeling and wishes of the speaker (hearer). Have (got) to often expresses obligations that come from somewhere else)
1 I’m tired. I __________ go to bed early.
2 John __________ go to school on Saturdays.
3 We __________ get another dog soon.
4 This is a great book. I __________ read it.
5 A soldier __________ obey orders.
6 We __________ go to London for a meeting.
7 I think we __________ pay in advance.
8 You really __________ visit us soon.
9 I __________ try to spend more time at home.
10 You __________ go through Carlisle on the way to Glasgow.
Exercise 32 Complete the sentences, using must not or do not have to
(We use must not in prohibitions (negative orders). We use do not have to, do not need to or need not to say that something is unnecessary)
1 Campers __________ play music after 10 p.m.
2 Students __________ ask permission to stay out after midnight.
3 Bicycles __________ be parked in the front courtyard.
4 Residents __________ hang washing out of the windows.
5 British subjects __________ get visas to travel in Western Europe.
6 Passengers __________ lean out of the windows.
7 You __________ pay for your tickets now.
8 It’s rained a lot, so we __________ water the garden.
9 You __________ disturb your sister while she’s working.
10 You __________ knock before you come into my room.
Exercise 33 Put in can or can’t if possible; if not, use will be able to.
(We can use can if we are deciding now what to do in the future. In other cases, we have to use will be able to)
1 I __________ pick it up tonight, if that’s convenient.
2 I think I __________ speak English quite well in a few months.
3 “We need some more oil”. “OK, I __________ let you have some this week”.
4 Dr Parker __________ see you at twelve on Tuesday.
5 She __________ walk again in a few weeks.
6 Do you think one day people __________ travel to the stars?
7 This week’s no good, but I __________ bring the car in next week.
8 In a few years, computers __________ think better than we do.
9 She __________ give you a lesson this evening.
10 I’m free at the weekend, so the kids __________ come around.
11 I’ll post your letter, but I don’t think the postman __________ read the address.
12 I __________ do your job with no trouble at all.
13 We’re busy this week, but we __________ repair it by next Thursday.
Exercise 34 Choose the best form. (Sometimes both may be possible)
1 We __________ win, but I think there’s much chance. (may, can)
2 I __________ ask you to help me later. (may, can)
3 That __________ be her daughter – they’re nearly the same age. (can’t, mustn’t)
4 We __________ decide to go camping again at Easter. (can, may)
5 There __________ be enough room for everybody on the bus – we’ll have to wait and see. (may not, can’t)
6 You __________ get in without a ticket – not a chance. (may not, can’t)
7 You absolutely __________ go and see Liz. (should, must)
8 I think you __________ try to relax more. (should, must)
9 You __________ pass a special exam to be a teacher. (must, have to)
10 In this country, boys __________ do military service. (must not, don’t have to)
11 I __________ see you at eight tomorrow. (can, will be able to)
12 One day, everybody __________ say what they like. (can, will be able to)
13 When I was younger I __________ sing quite well. (could, was able to)
14 At what age __________you get a driving licence? (can, may)
15 I promise I __________ smoking. (stop, will stop)
16 I don’t know why she’s not here. She __________ have got my message. (may not, can’t)
17 He’s not answering the phone. He __________ have got home yet. (may not, can’t)
18 When I was eighteen we __________ two years in the army. (had to do, must have done)
19 See __________ very quietly – I didn’t hear her go. (had to leave, must have left)
Exercise 35 Complete these sentences with needn’t, using a verb from the box
1 You __________ – my haircut’s not as funny as all that.
2 You __________ up yet, because there’s no school today.
3 He __________ everything down. Just the name and phone number will do.
4 She __________ and see me if she doesn’t want to; I don’t mind.
5 You __________ about me. I’m fine.
6 You __________ I care about you, because I don’t.
7 Tell him he __________ the bell; he can just walk straight in.
8 I’d like to see her today, but it __________ very long.
9 Just come when you like, any time. You __________ first.
10 You __________ to explain. I’m not interested.
Exercise 36 Put each verb in brackets into the most suitable tense form
a If you (see) __________ Julie, would you tell her that I (phone) __________ her as soon as I can.
b If I (earn) __________ more money, I (buy) __________some new clothes, but my boss refuses to give me a rise.
c If the train (not be) __________ late, I (expect) __________ to be home by 8.30.
d If all the people in this country (stand) __________ in a line, the line (reach) __________ from here to New York and back.
e They've cut off the electricity again! If you (pay) __________ the bill on time, this (not happen) __________ so often!
f It's quite safe really. And if anything (go) __________ wrong, this red light (come on) __________.
Exercise 37 In each sentence, choose the correct variant of the italicized part
a If I have a party/If I had a party, I'll invite you both.
b If I know the answer/If I knew the answer, I’d tell you.
c Don't touch the alarm button, or I’d shoot/I'll shoot.
d If you don't want/If you didn't want to put on weight, you shouldn't eat so many sweets.
e If I have a car/If I had a car, I’d give you a lift.
f It won't be/It wouldn't be the same, if you don't come.
g If you send it/if you sent it express, it would arrive sooner.
h If I told you/If I tell you I was in love with you, would you promise not to laugh?
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