CONTINUOUS, PERFECT, PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSES




ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

CONTINUOUS, PERFECT, PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSES



(COMPARISON)

EXERCISES

1.Use Present Perfect (Continuous) or Past Perfect (Continuous).

1.I received a letter from Susan a few days ago. I (not to receive) letters from her since she left. 2.There are a lot of dirty dishes. We (not to wash up) since morning. 3.I telephoned her after I (to think over) her offer. 4.He gave up smoking after he (to smoke) for twenty years. 5.How long you (to be engaged) before you got married? 6.We (to be) here since ten o’clock. 7.At last he (to finish) his book. He (to write) it for ten years. 8.How long you (to wait for) when the bus finally came? 9.I came a minute late. The train just (to leave). 10.We (to finish) our test by that time. 11.You (to finish) your work? 12.I didn’t want to see the film because I (to see) it on TV. 13.We (to wait) for an hour but they never came. 14.Since what time he (to sleep)? 15.By the time he was twelve, he (to be able) to speak two foreign languages.

2.Use Present Perfect (Continuous) or Future Perfect (Continuous).

1.We (to be) here for a week and (not to meet) any interesting people yet. 2.How long you (to stay) here? – We (to be) here a week tomorrow. 3.As soon as I (to find out) any traces of him I shall let you know. 4.He (to pass) his exams only by the end of this week. 5.When we (to pass) all our exams, we’ll have a party. 6. They say that they (to bring) our tickets by that time. 7.Let’s talk about it when I (to see) the film myself. 8.I wonder if they (to complete) the repairs by the end of the season. 9.The plane from Paris (to arrive)? – No, but they will announce when it (to land). 10.I wonder if they (to clean) our apartment before the guests come? 11.By the end of the week the ship (to call at) three ports of the Mediterranean. 12.If it (not to stop) snowing by tomorrow morning we (not to reach) their place by the evening. 13.You will understand what married life is only after you (to live) together for a few years. 14.We’ll be happy if they (to receive) our telegram by the time we are there. 15.I’m not sure if they (to receive) our telegram by the time we are there.

3.Put the verbs in brackets in the Past Perfect or the Past Perfect Continuous Tense.

1.We (to drive) for three hours before we came to Coventry. 2.By the time the train arrived they (to wait) already for an hour and a half. 3.He knew where the Browns lived but he never (to be) there. 4.When I first met him he (to lecture) at Cambridge University for ten years. 5.It was in Bristol that I first met Peter Black. I was fifteen and I just (to come) back from school for the summer holidays. 6.Before Ann came to college she (to study) French for quite a while. 7.She realized that it was now completely dark and that she (to walk) for a long while. 8.She (to look) at him since they sat down; and he wondered what she (to think) about all the time.

4.Underline the right verb form.

1.I thought / was thinking you had / was having much courage.

2.He didn’t go / had not gone to the cinema yesterday, as he will take / is taking an exam tomorrow.

3.We are buying / are going to buy a new TV set.

4.How long did you live / have you lived here?

5.David finally sold / had sold his old car.

6.She is going / goes to post the letters she has written / wrote.

7.When you phoned / had phoned we had / were having lunch.

8.A month from now we are completing / will have completed our experiments.

9.He worked / had worked harder last year than he does / has done this year.

10.We stay / will stay in this resort as long as the weather keeps / will keep fine.

 

5.Choose the right answer.

1.He _____ the city he _____ before his marriage.

a. had remembered b. remembered c. remembered

had known had known know

2.It _____ only an hour since I ­_____ his place.

a. was b. was c. had been

left had left left

3.That evening I _____ a letter when I _____ dinner.

a. received b. received c. received

was having have been had am having

4.“Come in, Jane; we _____ you.”

a. are expecting b. expect c. have been expecting

5.He _____ writing the letters by seven o’clock.

a. had finished b. was finishing c. finished

6.We _____ this cottage long before the end of the spring.

a. have built b. are building c. have been building

7.She _____ from the chair in which she _____ .

a. rose b. rose c. rose

sat had been sitting was sitting

8.“Hurry up! Your parents _____ about you.”

a. are worrying b. will worry c. will be worrying

9.“I _____ you tomorrow if you still _____ help.”

a. will help b. am helping c. will help

need need will need

10.“I _____ hungry. I _____ anything since yesterday.”

a. am b. have been c. was

eat have eaten hadn’t eaten

TOPIC

Topical Vocabulary

1.Remember the following words and word combinations:

voyage quay to moor gangway deck to sail at a high speed rough pitch roll aft forward to breathe harbour to be/get sea-sick to splash sea gull to go ashore морська подорож причал пришвартовуватися трап палуба пливти на великій швидкості грубий, неспокійний кільова хитавиця бортова хитавиця в кормовій частині судна в носовій частині судна дихати порт, гавань страждати “морською хворобою” плескатися, хлюпатися морська чайка сходити на берег

2.Read and translate paying attention to the active words and word combinations.

TRAVELLING BY SEA

If you are on holiday and spend it by a sea, it’s a pleasure for you to go on a voyage. All you have to do is to book the tickets in advance. Of course, you want a separate cabin for your family, and you ask for a first class cabin with three berths to be reserved for your family. On the day of your departure all your family come to the quay because the ship you want to take is moored there. The passengers go up the gangway onto the deck; they try to find their cabins. Some cabins are aft, some are forward or amidship. After finding your cabin you are happy to settle down in it. But if you want to breathe the sea air and look at the busy traffic of the harbour, you may come out on deck. Soon the steamer leaves the port and goes out towards the open sea. It sails at a high speed, and if the sea is rough, the ship pitches and rolls. There is one thing you’ve got to bear in mind when you are on board the ship. Some people can’t stand travelling by sea because they get sea-sick. And if you have no problems with your health, you will enjoy travelling. You feel the deck of your steamer under your feet; you see the waves rising and falling; you feel fresh sea water drops flying and splashing in your face; you hear sea gulls crying out their song of joy and freedom. Thus if you are a romantic soul by nature you are sure to like it.

Very soon the shore fades from view. In some time the passengers are invited to dine in the restaurant. You enjoy your meals and a splendid view of the open sea.

By the evening the sea grows calmer and you enjoy looking at the beautiful sunset at sea. It is really worth seeing.

But in some time your ship reaches the place of destination and you are sorry to go ashore. You feel healthy and refreshed; the voyage was very useful and pleasant.

Finally, in a few weeks’ time you get tired of relaxation and become home-sick. It is not for nothing that they say “East or West – home is best”.

3.Answer the questions.

1.Is it a pleasure to go on a voyage?

2.Where do you come on the day of your departure?

3.Where are cabins situated?

4.What should be remembered when you are on board the ship?

5.Where can you dine?

4.Find the English equivalents to the following Ukrainian words and word combinations.

Відправитися у морську подорож; замовити квитки заздалегідь; окрема каюта; пришвартований до причалу; не витримувати подорожі морем; насолоджуватися подорожжю; відчувати палубу у себе під ногами; чути як співають чайки; романтична натура; зникнути з поля зору; варто побачити; досягти місця призначення; відпочинок; сумувати за домівкою.

5.Match the words with their definitions.

voyage cabin berth harbour gang-way deck sleeping-place in a train, ship, etc. any of the floors of a ship movable bridge from ship’s side to the land room in a ship for sleeping in journey by water, especially a long one in a ship place of shelter for ships

6.Fill in the gaps with a suitable word.

Liner cruise harbour deck cabin

Drop anchor at the pier

Max and his wife were taking ____ along the Black Sea coast on the “Karolina”. As we were spending the summer near Yalta we decided to meet them _____ . We arrived at the pier in time to see it entering _____ . Most of the passengers were _____ waving to those on the pier below. Everybody was impatiently waiting for the moment the ship would ____ .

The “Karolina” is a modern _____ . It has first-class _____ on the main deck. The second– and third-class cabins are below deck.

7.Speak about the advantages and disadvantages of travelling by sea.

 

 

READING

Text. A Sea Story

(after W. W. Jacobs)

1.Read and translate the text.

We asked our friend Captain Brown one evening to tell us something interesting about his voyages, and he told us the following story:

“It was fifteen years ago, when I was a mate on a ship which was going to New York. We were having a very good voyage. The captain came up to me one morning and said: “Last night I heard such a strange thing that I don’t know what to do about it. I couldn’t sleep and I heard a voice which said in my ear: ‘Sail north-north-west. Sail north-north-west.’ We must sail in that direction and find out.”

“I’m very sorry, captain”, I said, “but I think you had too much to eat last night and that’s why you couldn’t sleep”.

The captain was very angry.

“I didn’t eat much yesterday”, he said, “and I heard the strange voice three times, sir”.

The captain told the men to sail north-north-west. One of the men saw something black in the sea the next day. The captain looked through his glasses and said to me: “There is small boat there with a man in it. I was right last night, wasn’t I? We must save him”.

Soon we reached the small boat and saw that the man in it was fast asleep. He went on sleeping while we took him into our boat and sailed towards the ship. When the man was aboard the ship, he suddenly opened his eyes and cried out loudly, “Where am I? Where’s my boat?”

“Hullo!“ said the captain. “I am very pleased that we have been able to save you.”

“Did you order your men to take me out of my boat while I was asleep?” the man asked.

“Of course”, answered the happy captain. “Did you want to be drowned in your little boat?”

“Look here”, said the man, “My name’s Captain Wilson and I’m making a record voyage from New York to Liverpool in a small boat.”

2.Render the text as if you are Captain Brown.

3.Think of the end of the story.

TALKING POINTS

Read and act out.

At the Booking Office

L. When is the “Ukraina” due here on its way back to Odesa, please? I must be in Odesa not later than 23rd of this month.

BOOKING-CLERK (consulting time-table) The “Ukraina” is due here this day next week. It leaves at shortly after twelve on the same day. It will get you to Odesa on the 22nd at 9 p.m.

L. Can you let me have a cabin for two?

B-C I do not think I can manage it. And it’s hard to meet the demand. The season is at its height, you know.

L. Does that mean that I can book no passage on the “Ukraina” at all?

B-C Let me see. I am afraid I can’t give you anything but two berths in a third-class cabin.

L.(to wife) Are we going? It’s up to you, Ann. You have the last say.

L.’s WIFE It doesn’t matter at all, dear. We’ll enjoy it as much travelling third class. Let us book by all means. You know I’ve been looking forward to this voyage so much!

L.(to booking-clerk) How much will it be?

B-C It will be . . . all in all.

In the Cabin

L. (to wife) Quite comfortable, isn’t it?

ANN Oh, it’s just lovely!

L. Have you got the tickets, Ann?

ANN Yes, here they are. Who are we sharing the cabin with, I wonder?

L. It won’t be long before we find out. Well, what do we do now?

ANN I’ll start unpacking.

L. And finish about landing time? That’s where I do say NO. Let’s go up on deck.

I’ll just open the porthole. It’s a bit stuffy in here.


UNIT 6

Grammar:Modal Verbs (review) Topic:At the Customs Reading:Text. A Custom House Incident Talking Points

GRAMMAR

MODAL VERBS

Modal Verbs Meaning Examples
can / could 1)physical, mental ability; 2)doubt, astonishment, incredulity (interrogative and negative sentences) They can swim well. Can she have changed so much?
may / might 1)permission; 2)supposition implying uncertainty You may go. He may be still working.
must 1)obligation, duty, necessity; 2)supposition implying assurance You must know this rule. He must be there.
should ought to moral obligation, advisability, desirability He shouldn’t smoke so much. You ought to be more careful.
to be to 1)obligation resulting from a previous agreement, plan, schedule, time-table; 2)order, instruction The train is to arrive at 7 o’clock.   You are to go to sleep.

! can= to be able to

may= to be allowed to

must= to have to

EXERCISES

1.Determine the meaning of the modal verbs can, could, may, might.

1.Carol can speak three foreign languages. 2.If you don’t take your umbrella, you can get wet through. 3.Could you help me with my translation? 4.What can I do for you? 5.When Bob was a child he could play the piano wonderfully. 6.I can’t drink my tea, it’s too hot. 7.Can he still be at the office? 8.It can’t be true. 9.You may take a day off whenever you like. 10.May I have my test on Tuesday? 11.You may not enter the house unless you have a permission. 12.They might come but I’m not sure. 13.It may be still raining. 14.He might be sick. He ate far too much last night.

2.Complete the sentences with a form of can , could , be able to. Some of the sentences are negative.

a) Speak up! I ______ hear you!

b) _____ I borrow your dictionary?

c) I’d love _____ help you, but I can’t. I’m sorry.

d) I ______ get into my house last night because I’d lost my key.

e)Women _____ vote in England until 1922.

f)I’m learning Spanish because I want _____ speak to people when I’m in Mexico.

g)The doctor says I _____ walk again in two weeks’ time.

h)I asked the teacher if I _____ open the window, but she said I _____ because it would be too noisy.

i) I’m sorry, but I _____ come to your party next week.

3.Complete the sentences with a form of may, might, be allowed to.

1. …. I bring my sister to the party? 2. He asked if he …. bring his sister to the party. 3. After they had finished their homework, the children … watch TV. 4. He … join the sports section as soon as he is through with his medical examination. 5. Becky’s mother said that everybody … take part in the picnic . 6. He … go home if he likes. 7. As soon as the boy … leave the room, he smiled a happy smile and ran out to join his friends outside. 8.The doctor says I am much better. I … get up for a few hours every day.

4.Put the appropriate form of the verbs can, could, may, might.

1.… I use your pen? 2.You … read this book: you know the language well enough. 3. You … take this book: I don’t need it. 4. …. I help you? 5.I… not imagine her speaking in public: I knew that she was so shy. 6. Something was wrong with the car: he… not start it. 7.A fool … ask more questions than a wise man … answer. 8.He knew this period of history very well: he had read everything on the subjects he … find in the rich university library. 9. … tell me the nearest way to the city museum? 10. She asked me if she … use my telephone.

5.Answer the following questions with suitable suggestions, using may, mightand the words in brackets.

1)Terry: Why is John wearing sunglasses? It’s not sunny.

You: (have some problem with his eyes).He may have some problem with his eyes.

2)Jill :Why didn’t Jane come to the party last night?

You: (have a row with her boyfriend). She might have had a row with her boyfriend.

3)Sue: Why is Alan in such a bad mood today?

You: (sleep badly last night) ___________________________

4)Roy: Why is Shelley looking under the desk ?

You: (drop something) __________________________________

5)Jill: Where can I have put my bag?

You: (be under the bed) __________________________________

6)Zoe: Why hasn’t anybody said ‘ Happy Birthday’ to me?

You: (plan a surprise) __________________________________

7)Tim: Why does Henry look so miserable?

You: (have some bad news) ___________________________

8)Ella: Why isn’t Sophie in the office today?

You: (work at home) __________________________________

9)John: Why didn’t Rosemary come to the cinema last night?

You: (feel tired) __________________________________

6.Which sentence on the right goes with the sentence on the left?

M O D E L : I must have a drink of water. The doctor told me to.

I have to drink lots of water. I’m really thirsty.

1. a) I must do my homework tonight. I’m telling myself that

it’s important.

b) I have to do my homework tonight. This is why I can’t come

out with you. Sorry.

2. a) We must go to Paris some day. Another boring business

trip. Yawn!

b) We have to go to Paris next week. It would be really nice!

3. a) I must wear something nice to the It’s the rule.

disco.

b) Men have to wear a shirt and tie I want to look good.

to go into a posh.

4. a) You must register for next term It’s said on the

before Thursday. noticeboard.

b) You have to register for next term One student is talking to

before Thursday. another.

5. a) I must water the plants today. I haven’t done them for

ages.

b) You have to water this plant daily. It needs lots and lots of

water.

7.Underline the correct verb form.

M O D E L : We have a lot of work tomorrow. You mustn’t /

don’t have to be late.

1.You mustn’t / don’t have to tell Mary what I told you. It’s a secret.

2.The museum is free. You mustn’t / don’t have to pay to get in.

3.Children mustn’t / don’t have to tell lies. It’s very naughty.

4.Terry’s a millionaire. He mustn’t / doesn’t have to go to work.

5.I mustn’t / don’t have to do my washing. My mother does it for me.

6.We mustn’t / don’t have to rush. We’ve got plenty of time.

7.You mustn’t / don’t have to play with guns. They’re dangerous.

8.This is my favourite pen. You can borrow it, but you mustn’t / don’t have to lose it.

9.‘ Shall I come with you? ‘ ‘ You can if you want, but you mustn’t / don’t have to ‘.

8.Match the two halves of these sentences. Remember can, may, must.

1.You can’t have lived in Tunisia a) after all your hard work.

for ten years

2.You must know Tokyo is b) after touring the world for

expensive years.

3.You must have met some c) if you’ve lived there.

fascinating people

4.You can’t be tired d) without learning some Arabic.

5.You must be exhausted e) when you’ve just had a holiday.

6.You may find it difficult to f) during your trip to Africa.

settle down

9.Make the following sentences with the modal verb to be to.

M O D E L : What am I supposed to do if they come too early? -What am I to do if they come too early?

1.It was arranged that the youngest children would play on the beach. 2.We expect you to show the place to her. 3.I am expected to leave tomorrow at the latest. 4. Where am I supposed to be taken? 5.This is Dora. It is arranged that she will share the room with you. 6.And who will do the cooking? 7. It is expected that two more apartment houses will be built here. 8.It was arranged that the cup final would be played that afternoon. 9.Who will meet you at the station?

10.Give smb advice using shouldand the words given in brackets.

M O D E L: Her diction is not very good. (to read aloud) – She should read aloud.

1.The boy is a little pale. (to play out-of-doors) 2.I am afraid you will miss that train. (to take a taxi) 3.There is no one in. (to try the room next door) 4.I have a slight irritation in my throat. (to smoke less) 5.This child doesn’t want to eat soup. (not to give her sweets before dinner) 6.She makes a lot of spelling mistakes. (to copy passages out of a book) 7.The dog is afraid of him. (not to shout at the dog) 8.The students are unable to follow what I am saying. (not to speak so fast)

11.Translate into English.

1.Мені дозволяють користуватися його магнітофоном. 2.Він може забути про це. 3.Йому не дозволяють купатися в цій річці. 3.Я гадаю, мені не дозволять поїхати з тобою за місто. 4.Я гадаю, мені можна дивитися телевізор. 5.Тобі дозволять піти гуляти, коли ти зробиш уроки. 6.Не йди з дому, мама може прийти, а в неї немає ключа. 7.Вчора їй дозволили прийти додому об 11 годині. 8.Скоро може піти дощ. 9.Тобі дозволяли ходити на озеро, коли ти був маленький? 10.Коли мені дозволять їсти морозиво? 11.Я повинна наполегливо працювати над своєю англійською. 12.Ти повинен читати кожного дня. 13.Ви не повинні забувати про свої обов’язки. 14.Ви повинні бути обережні на вулиці. 15.Вона, напевне, вдома зараз. 16.Ви, напевне, дуже зголодніли. 17.Напевне, дуже важко вирішувати такі питання. 18.Я повинна відвідати сьогодні свого друга.

TOPIC

Topical Vocabulary

1.Remember the following words and word combinations:

customs (customs house) to prolong to declare to be liable to duty duty free a customs declaration form to smuggle smth into the country to smuggle smth out of the country a check-in-counter to pay duty on smth entrance visa exit visa to have one’s passport endorsed a permanent resident to extend visa to get in touch with (the Ukrainian Embassy) митниця продовжити декларувати підлягати оподаткуванню той, що не підлягає оподаткуванню бланк митної декларації провозити щось контрабандою   вивозити щось контрабандою   місце реєстрації платити мито на щось віза на в’їзд віза на виїзд поставити візу в паспорті   постійний житель продовжити візу зв’язатися (з українським посольством)

2.Read and translate paying attention to the active words and word combinations.

GOING THROUGH THE CUSTOMS

While travelling a tourist may find himself in different places where he must both observe certain rules and enjoy his rights. Let’s begin with the Custom’s house.

Landing formalities and customs regulations are about the same in all countries.

a) While still on board the plane the passenger is given an arrival card to fill in, he fills in (in block letters) his name in full, country of residence, permanent address, purpose and length of visit, and address in the country he is visiting.

b) After the passenger has disembarked, officials will examine (check) his passport and visa (to see if they are in order).

c) In some countries they will check the passenger’s certificate of vaccination.

d) When these formalities have been completed the passenger goes to the Customs for an examination of his luggage.

The passenger is required to fill in a customs declaration form. He must list all dutiable articles. (Personal belongings may be brought in duty-free). Here is a partial list of prohibited articles (items): firearms, drugs, in some countries- meat products, fresh fruit and vegetables.

The customs inspector may ask you to open your bags for inspection. After you are through with all customs formalities he will put a stamp on each piece of luggage.

3. Answer the questions.

1.What does the passenger fill in while he is still on board the plane?

2.What questions does he have to answer?

3.Does he state the purpose and length of his visit?

4.When do officials check the passenger’s passport and visa?

5.Where is the passenger’s luggage examined?

6.What does the passenger list in the customs declaration form?

7.What articles are usually brought in duty-free?

8.Which articles are dutiable in our country (in the country you have visited)?

4.Match the words with their definitions.

1) visa 2) to fill in 3) dutiable 4) passport 5) duty-free 6) certificate a) allowed to enter without the payment of customs duties; b) stamp or signature put on a passport to show that it has been examined and approved by the officials of a foreign country which the owner intends to visit; c) written or printed statement, that may be used as proof or evidence; d) to write one’s name and other particulars required; e) official document to be carried by a traveller abroad, certifying identity and citizenship; on which customs duties must be paid

5.Fill in the customs declaration.

CUSTOMS DECLARATION

Full name _______________________________________________

Citizenship ______________________________________________

Arriving form ____________________________________________

Country of destination ____________________________________

Purpose of visit __________________________________________

(business, tourism, private, etc.)

My luggage (including hand luggage) submitted for Customs inspection consists of ____ pieces.

Have you got weapons in your luggage or with you? ____________

What objects of art have you got in your luggage? _____________

How much of Ukrainian currency have you got? _______________

What other foreign currency have you got? ___________________

I am aware that, in addition to the objects listed in the Customs Declaration, I must submit for inspection: printed matter, manuscripts, films, sound recordings, graphics, etc. Plants, fruits, live animals and birds, as well as the foodstuffs of animal origin and slaughtered fowl.

I also declare that my luggage sent separately consists of ____ pieces.

Date ______________ Owner of luggage ____________

(signed)

6.Speak about customs regulations in your country.

READING.

Text. A Custom House Incident.

1.Read and translate using the dictionary.

Among the passengers travelling home by train from Florence there was a certain Miss Bradley. I only noticed her when passing down the corridor, because of her really remarkable plainness. She was rather a large, awkward woman of about thirty-five with a big, red nose, and large spectacles. Later on, when I went to the dining-car, Miss Bradley was already seated, and the attendant placed me opposite her.

I think we may have exchanged half a dozen words at dinner, when passing one another the sugar or the bread. But they were certainly all we exchanged, and after we left the dining-car, I did not see Miss Bradley again until we reached Calais Maritime. And then our acquaintance really began, and it began entirely on my initiative. There were plenty of porters, and I called one without difficulty from the window of the train. But as I got off, I saw Miss Bradley standing on the platform with two large very old suit-cases. The porters were passing her by.

I am quite sure that had she been an even slightly attractive woman, I should not have gone up to her, but she was so ugly, and looked so helpless, that I approached her, and said: “My porter has a barrow. Would you like him to put your cases on it too?” Miss Bradley turned and looked at me. “Oh – thank you. It is very kind of you.”

My porter, without great enthusiasm, added her luggage to mine; and in a few minutes we found ourselves on board the Channel ferry. Before the boat had been under way for ten minutes, I realized that Miss Bradley was a remarkable bore. Shyly and hesitantly she kept on talking about nothing, and made no remark worth taking notice of. I learned that she had been in Italy a fortnight, visiting her sister who was married to an Italian. She had never been out of England before. I did not looked forward to travelling to London with her for another four hours, so excusing myself I went along to the booking-office on board the boat and booked myself a seat on the Golden Arrow.

Miss Bradley was travelling by the ordinary boat train, so this would mean that we should part at Dover. At Dover I hired one of the crew to carry our luggage. Normally, passengers for the Golden Arrow are dealt with by the customs first, as the train leaves twenty minutes before the ordinary boat train. When the boy asked if we were going on the Golden Arrow, I hesitated and then said “yes”. It was too difficult to explain that one of us was and one of us wasn’t, and then it would get Miss Bradley through the customs quickly. As we went towards the Customs Hall, I explained carefully to her that my train left before hers, but that I would see her through the customs; the boy would then take the luggage to our trains, and she could sit comfortably in hers till it left. Miss Bradley said, “Oh, thank you very much.” The boy, of course, had put our suit-cases together on the counter, and Miss Bradley and I went and stood before them. In due course the customs examiner reached us, looked at the four suit-cases in that human x-ray manner which customs examiners must practise night and morning, and said, “This is all yours?”

I was not quite sure whether he was speaking to me, or me and Miss Bradley. So I replied, “Well-mine and this lady’s.” The examiner said, “But you’re together?”

“For the moment,” I said rather foolishly, smiling at Miss Bradley.

“Yes,” said the customs man patiently. “But are you travelling together? Is this your joint luggage?’

“Well, no. Not exactly. We’re just sharing a porter.”

I pointed my cases out. I had nothing to declare, and declared it. Without asking me to open them, the examiner chalked the cases and then, instead of moving to my left and dealing with Miss Bradley, moved to the right, and began x-raying somebody else’s luggage. The boy took my cases off the counter. I hesitated for a moment, but then decided it was no use waiting for Miss Bradley since we were about to part, so I said:

“Well, I’ll say good-bye now, and go and find my train. I expect the examiner’ll come back and do you next. The porter will stay and bring our luggage up to the trains when you’re through. Good-bye.”

Miss Bradley said, “Oh…good-bye and thank you so much.” We shook hands and I left.

I found my seat in the Golden Arrow and began to read. It must have been about twenty minutes later that I suddenly realized the train was due to leave in five minutes and that the porter had not yet brought my luggage. I was just going to look for him when he appeared, breathing heavily, with my suit-cases. I asked him rather what he had been doing.

“The lady is still there,” said the boy, “and will be for some time, I think. They are going through her things properly.”

“But why?”

“Well, they’d found forty watches when I came away, and that was only the start, so I thought maybe you wouldn’t want me to wait.”

I have often wondered whether, when Miss Bradley stood so helplessly on the platform at Calais, she had already chosen me as the person to come to her rescue, or whether she was just sure that somebody would.

Looking back, I think she must have chosen me. I am fairly sure of that though exactly how, I have never been clear. I am quite sure she never made the slightest effort to make my acquaintance.

2.Make up fifteen questions on the text.

3.Paraphrase the following sentences and parts of sentences from the text.

1. … because of her really remarkable plainness. 2.It (the acquaintance) began entirely on my initiative. 3.Miss Bradley was a remarkable bore … 4.She kept on talking and made no remark worth taking notice of. 5. .... I would see her through the customs. 6. …. normally passengers for the Golden Arrow are dealt with by the customs officer …will do you next. 9…. When you’re through. 10.I have never been clear … . 11. She never made the slightest effort to make my acquaintance.

4.Substitute words and word combinations from the text for the italicized parts.

1.I think we may have exchanged a few words at dinner, when passing one another the sugar or the bread. 2.There were quite enough porters on the platform. 3.I am quite sure that had she been even a little good-looking, I should not have gone up toher. 4.Before the boat had been sailing for ten minutes I realized that Miss Bradleywas a remarkably uninteresting person. 5.It would help Miss Bradley to pass through the customs quickly. 6.The customs examiner reached us, looked at the four suit-cases in that x-ray manner which customs examiners must train themselves to have night and morning and said, “This is all yours?” 7.”Yes”, said the customs man without getting angry. ”Does the luggage belong to you and this lady together?” “Not quite, we’ve just taken the same porter, that’s all”. 8.I had nothing dutiable and said so. 9.I suddenly realized that the train would leave in five minutes.

5.Give the situations in which the following words and word combinations are used (See Text).

A dozen, plenty of, slightly attractive, under way, ordinary, to get somebody through the customs, to practise, patiently, to share, to declare, to be due, the slightest effort.

6.Find English equivalents for the following (See Text).

Була така собі місс Бредлі; передавали один одному цукор і хліб; з моєї ініціативи; коли я зійшов; дуже люб’язно з вашого боку; ми опинилися на борту; ще чотири години; вибачившись, я пройшов до каси; ви їдете разом; не мало сенсу чекати місс Бредлі; а потім він огляне ваш багаж; коли ви пройдете огляд; це був лише початок; мені ніколи не було ясно.

TALKING POINTS

1.Read, learn and act.

At a Passport and Customs Desk

-Your passport, please. How long are you planning to stay in the country?

-Three weeks. Could I prolong my entrance visa in case of necessity?

-Sure. The receiving party will take care of it.

-Can you put your bags on the table, and your customs form, please.

-How much do they weigh?

-23 kilos. I’m sorry, but you’ll have to pay an excess luggage charge.

-Oh! It’s only three kilos overweight.

-Yes, sir…that’s 6 pounds…Thank you. Have you anything to declare?

-Pardon?

-Alcohol, cigarettes, fresh fruit, plants…?

-Oh, no.

-Open your suitcase, please. Any gifts?

-Only one bottle of vodka.

-All right. It’s duty free. As you probably know, it’s forbidden to bring in more than two bottles of alcohol and two blocks of cigarettes to England. And no limitations as to currency. Here’s your form.

-Thank you.

-Not at all. Next please.

Going Through the Customs

-Are these three cases all you have, sir?

-Yes. They’re all I have.

-Well, would you , please, read this notice carefully?

-Thank you.

-Do you understand the notice?

-No, not very well.

-What it means is this. You must declare anything you have with you which is new or which you got only recently. Also you must declare anything whether it’s new or not which is in your luggage and isn’t for your own use. Any presents, for example.

-I see. Yes, I have got some presents. I’ve got a bottle of whisky and some cigarettes.

-Would you show them to me, please.

-Yes, here they are.

-Oh, yes. Only half a bottle of whisky. You’re allowed that. Now, these boxes of cigarettes. That’s more than I can allow you free, sir. I’m afraid I’ll have to charge you some duty on those. I’ll tell you how much in a moment. But first let me see inside your cases.

2. Make up your own dialogues using the topical vocabulary.


UNIT 7

Grammar:Passive Voice Topic:At the Hotel Reading:Text A. A Letter Text B. A Bad Way to Begin a Marriage Talking Points

GRAMMAR

PASSIVE VOICE





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