ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Дополни письмо нужными формами глагола to be (am / is / are).



Hello!

My name ______ Brian. I ______ ten years old. I ______ from Canada.

I have got a sister. Her name _____ Kathy. She _____ twelve. Kathy _____ a very nice girl.

I have got a mother and a father. My mother ______ beautiful. Her name ______ Samantha. My father ______ very clever. His name ______ Robert.

I love my family so much! They ______ the best family ever!

Bye, Brian

Важно запомнить – глагол to be является самостоятельным, т.е. он сам может образовать все типы предложений – утвердительное (+), вопросительное (?) и отрицательное (-). Для образования вопросительной формы, мы ставим формы глагола to be (am, is, are) в начало предложения перед подлежащим: He is a pupil. -> Is he a pupil? Отрицательная форма глагола to be образуется при помощи отрицательной частицы not, которая следует после сказуемого: He is a pupil. -> He is not a pupil. В ходе разговора мы обычно используем краткие формы: I’m not / isn’t / aren’t.

 

Определи тип предложения. Дополни предложение знаком препинания.

The dog is brave . ( + ) Is she from Russia ?( ? ) I am not from Africa . ( - ) Is the frog ugly ( ) My brother is a student ( ) I am a student too ( ) Is your sister a doctor ( ) Your mother is a teacher ( ) Is your mother fine ( ) His father is not a vet ( ) This is a big white cat ( ) Is it your cat ( ) Are we happy ( ) My sisters are teachers ( ) Are you OK ( ) Where is Ann from ( ) What colour is the ball ( ) Are his sisters students ( ) This big dog is not clever ( ) Is the giraffe big ( ) They are not friends ( )

Образуй вопросительную форму.

It is a giraffe. _ Is it a giraffe? _________ She is my teacher. _______________________ He is Mark. _______________________ They are good engineers. _______________________ It is a piano. _______________________ Sam is a brave pilot. _______________________ My dad is tall. _______________________ It is a classroom. _______________________ You are sad. ______________________ I am a great pupil. ______________________ We are cold. ______________________ You are great dancers. ______________________

11. Выбери правильный вариант ответа.

Is / Areit yellow? Am / Is it a fat rat? Are / Am they kind? Am / Are I clever? Are / Is you fine today? Am / Are you architects? Is / Amhe a caring son? Are / Amthey hardworking? Am / Is she sad? Are / Am we friendly? Is / Are they pencils? Is / Am her daughter pretty? Are / IsBen and Sam ready? Am / Are his cousins young? Is / Amyour brother big? Are / Amthese mice hungry? Is / Are Sam and you here? Are / Am you and I sisters?

Заполни пропуски формами глагола to be (am / is / are).

The apple _____ sweet. Your mother _____ a teacher. _____ your mother fine? His father ____ not a farmer. _____ her brother a doctor? _____ your family fine? _____ the fox red? This bear _____ white. I _____ not from Africa. He _____ not brave. The boy _____ strong. _____ your sister clever? The mouse _____ not brave. My mother _____ fine. His sister _____ a pupil. His sisters _____ pupils. They _____ clowns. Sally _____ my sister. You _____ from Russia. This snake _____ big. What _____ his name? How old _____ your sister? How old _____ her granny? Where _____ he from? Where _____ you from? Where _____ his son from? How _____ your family? What colour _____ the ball? What colour _____ your cat? What colour ____ your dogs?

13. Составь предложения, поставив слова в правильном порядке. Обрати внимание на порядок слов. Укажи тип предложения(+ / ? / -), выдели основу(подл-ее, сказуемое).

puppy / her / brown / is . ___________________________________ brave / his / is / dog / not. ___________________________________ not / sisters / his / pupils / are . ___________________________________ friend / is / Ann / her ? ___________________________________ a worker / is / brother / my / not . ___________________________________ daughter / his / a doctor / not / is . ___________________________________ from / Tom / are / and / not / Bob / Africa . ___________________________________ the table / not / my / on / are / books . ___________________________________ and / sister / Jane / her / students / are . ___________________________________ what/ is / ball / the / colour ? ___________________________________ toys / in / are / their / the box . ___________________________________ pens / your / colour / are / what ? ___________________________________ cat / my / and / are / dog / hungry . ___________________________________ old / are / Tom / how / Jack / and ? ___________________________________ friends / Jill / are / Jane / and ? ___________________________________ tigers / the / are / strong ? ___________________________________ the chair / under / not / dog / my / is . ___________________________________ brother / my / I / and/ pupils / are . ___________________________________

 

Вопрос, который мы задаём ко всему предложению, называется – общий. Общий вопрос начинается с самостоятельного (сильного) глагола, к примеру, глагола to be. Интонация в общем вопросе идёт вверх! На общий вопрос следует отвечать кратко (да / нет). В кратких ответах существительные заменяются личными местоимениями, после которых следуют самостоятельные глаголы. Kate is a pupil. -> Is Kate a pupil? – Yes, she is. She is a pupil. / No, she isn’t. She is a student. Запомни! В кратком утвердительном ответе, начинающемся с “Yes”, используется полная форма глагола to be.

 

14. Допиши краткий ответ, обращая внимание на глагол, с которого начинается вопрос. Не забудь про частицу not в отрицательном ответе. Существительные замени личными местоимениями!

Is he a pupil? - Yes, _____________. Is he a teacher? - No, _____________. Is Ann a doctor? — No, _____________. Is Ann a teacher? — Yes, _____________. Is Bob from Africa? — Yes, _____________. Is Tom from America? — No, ____________. Are they fine? — Yes, _____________. Are they hungry? — No, _____________. Are you a pupil? - Yes, _____________. Are you a driver? — No, _____________. Are they doctors? — No, _____________. Are they students? — Yes, _____________. Is she your sister? — No, _____________. Is it America? — Yes, _____________. Is it Africa? - No, _____________. Is Kate his friend? — No, _____________. Is Bill her brother? — Yes, _____________. Are you her friend? — Yes, _____________. Is the dog white? - Yes, _____________. Are the cats black? - No, _____________.

 

15. Сопоставь вопросы с ответами.

1. Am I clever? 2. Is she beautiful? 3. Are you a good dancer? 4. Is your puppy happy? 5. Are giraffes tall? 6. Are we ready? 7. Is he a good doctor? 8. Are you great pupils? 9. Is Yelena Yurievna a builder? 10. Are they fine? a. Yes, she is. b. No, you aren’t. c. Yes, you are. d. Yes, he is. e. Yes, they are. f. Yes, I am. g. Yes, we are. h. No, it isn’t. i. No, she isn’t. j. Yes, they are. 1 - __c__ 2 - _____ 3 - _____ 4 - _____ 5 - _____ 6 - _____ 7 - _____ 8 - _____ 9 - _____ 10 - _____

 

Запиши предложения, используя краткие формы. Существительные замени соответствующими личными местоимениями.

I am a clever pupil. _______________________ John is from Canada. _______________________ Ann is not twelve. She is ten. _______________________ Sam and I are great today! _______________________ I am not at school. _______________________ You are not angry. _______________________ It is a funny film on TV. _______________________ We are not lazy pupils. _______________________ You are so hungry! _______________________ Tim and Rosa are friends. _______________________ Russia is a big country. ______________________ Mr. Parker is a businessman. ______________________ My friends are very brave! ______________________ Spot is a huge black dog. ______________________ The sun is a bright star! ______________________

 

Заполни таблицу.

+ ? -
His parents are very tall.    
Are you a kind teacher?  
  The box is not empty.
  These boys are not dirty.
Is his cat sleepy?  
We are so happy today.    
I am friendly.    
  Am I ready?  
    Bob and I are not sad.

 

18. Дай краткие ответы на общие вопросы.

Are you American? - ___________________ Is he a hard-working engineer? - __________ Am I a good child, Mum? - _______________ Are her sisters funny? - ________________ Are we beautiful? - ____________________ Is Mrs. Davidson kind? - ________________ Is this cake tasty? - ___________________ Nick, Chris! Are you OK? - _______________

 





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