Jumble, piston, hood, core, wire, plug, combustion


1. the metal cover over the engine of a motor car (protective cover over the engine of a motor car).

2. piece or length of metal in the form of a thread.

3. a lot of different things mixed together in an untidy order, without any order.

4. chemical activity which uses oxygen to produce light and heat.

5. central or most important part of anything (of an engine).

6. a part of an engine consisting of a short solid piece of metal inside a tube, which moves up and down.

7. the part of a petrol engine that makes spark, which makes the petrol start burning.

Упр. 6. Выберите правильный перевод словосочетаний, где слово "ENGINE" является определяющим.

1.boxer engine a)четырехтактный двигатель
2.centrally mounted engine b) двигатель с высокими эксплуатационными характеристиками
3.crank engine c) двигатель с верхним расположением клапанов
4.flat engine d) двигатель с противолежащими (оппозитными) цилиндрами
5.flat twin engine e) кривошипно-шатунный двигатель
6.four-stroke engine f) двигатель без наддува
7.in-line engine g) двигатель, расположенный в середине базы
8.naturally aspirated engine h) двигатель с горизонтальнорасположенными цилиндрами
9.overhead valve engine i) двигатель с двумя горизонтально расположенными оппозитными цилиндрами
10. reciprocating engine j) поршневой двигатель с кривошипно-шатунным механизмом
11.supercharged engine k) однорядный двигатель
12. turbocharged engine l) газотурбинный двигатель
13.gas-turbine engine m) двигатель с турбонаддувом
14.high-performance engine n) двигатель с наддувом

Упр. 7. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на употребление многофункционального слова “one”.


1. The annual Geneva Motor Show is one of the best automotive delights of the year. 2. The automotive test platform gives engineers one platform for multiple tests. 3. One of the particular areas of research concerns the interaction between the tyre and the road surface. 4. One of the most important things for the driver to know is how to keep the speed. 5. Many sensors are interconnected and their output is used for more than one vehicle system. 6. Among possible sources of power for engines one has to consider the possibility of applying atomic energy.

Упр. 8. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на сложные предлоги.

1. The most famous act was the Red Flag Act of 1865, according to which the speed of the steam-driven vehicles was limited to 4 miles per hour and a man with a red flag had to walk in front of it. 2. In case of mechanical stabilization granular or cohesive materials are added to the subsoil. 3. Scania has achieved its position amongst European bus builders due to its safety, economy, quality and service. 4. In addition to quality assurance the company offers its customers extensive international aftersale service network. 5. Jaguar was forced to consider producing its own station wagon model because of main competitors.

Упр. 9. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на перевод сказуемого.

1. Dual-stage front airbags have been introduced on this model. 2. The basic specification level includes ABS braking and an emergency braking system. 3. The plant will be producing 1,000 cars a year. 4. Honda has also added a triple cone synchronizer between first and second gear. 5. The BMW X-5 off-road sports car, which appeared several years ago, has undergone its first comprehensive upgrade with a focus on improving performance and safety features. 6. Increased power has reduced the acceleration time and slightly increased the top speed. 7. The new Eclipse Sport Coupe will hit the market two weeks before the schedule. 8. New Eclipse cars have already appeared at motor shows and G8 version starts at $20,000.

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