ТОП 10:

II. Изучающее чтение. Направлено на формирование ОК-7



 

Задание 1. Изучите новые слова


pericardium – перикард

apex – верхушка

interspace – промежуток

chamber – камера (cердца)

septum – перегородка

atrium – предсердие

ventricle – желудочек

valve – клапан

artery – артерия

vein- вена

capillary -капилляр

general system – большой круг кровообращения

inner – внутренний

hollow – полый

costal – реберный

fibrous – волокнистый, фиброзный

vascular – сосудистый

systemic – системный

pulmonary – легочный

portal – воротный, портальный

to include – включать, заключать

to separate – отделять

to carry – нести;

to compose – составлять, образовывать


 

Задание 2. Прочтите и переведите следующие слова и словосочетания:

1) chamber: the heart consists of two separate chambers; the right atrium and the right ventricle are in the right chamber;

2) thick: a thick wall; thick ice; the walls of the left atrium are thick; the left ventricle has thick walls;

3) pulmonary: pulmonary artery; pulmonary circulation; pulmonary disease; pulmonary function; pulmonary valve;

4) dilate: dilated; to be dilated; the vessels dilate; the heart dilates and contracts;

 

Задание 3. Прочтите, переведите текст.

The Heart and the Vascular System

The heart is an inner hollow muscular organ placed within the chest and included in the pericardium. The base of the heart is against the third rib. Its apex is against the interspace between the fifth and the sixth costal cartilages. The weight of the heart is about 300 grams (g) in the male and about 220 g in the female.

The heart consists of two chambers divided by the septum. Each of the chambers has two connected parts: the atrium and the ventricle. The atrioventricular valves separate the atria from the ventricles.

The right atrium is larger than the left one, but the walls of the left atrium are thicker. The left ventricle is longer and more conical and its walls are three times thicker than in the right one.

The muscular structure of the heart consists of fibrous bands of the atria and the fibrous bands of the ventricles. The vascular system consists of three groups of vessels – arteries, veins and capillaries. The vessels carrying blood to and from the tissues of the body compose the general system. They are called the systemic vessels. The pulmonary system is formed by the vessels carrying blood to and from the lungs. The portal system is formed by the veins passing to the liver.

 

III. Работа над грамматикой. Passive Voice

 

Задание 1. Прочтите информацию на стр 150-151 учебника 1. (Simple Passive)

Задание 2. Переведите предложения, укажите видо-временную форму сказуемого:

1) These laboratory works are done by me.

2) Anatomy is taught in practical class.

3) The lecture in Biology is delivered on Monday.

4) They are taught Anatomy.

5) He was told some interesting news.

6) The lecture will be attended by all the students of our group.

 

Задание 3. Составьте вопросительную и отрицательную форму предложений предыдущего задания.

Занятие 11

Этапы занятия:

I. Работа над лексикой:

Задание 1. Ответьте на вопросы:

1) What is the heart?

2) Where are the base and the apex situated?

3) What is the weight of the heart?

4) What main parts does the heart consist of?

5) Is there any difference between the atria or between the ventricles?

6) What fibrous bands form the muscular structure of the heart?

7) Does the vascular system consist of three groups of vessels? What are they?

Задание 2. Расскажите о строении сердечно-сосудистой системы, используя лексическую и смысловую опору:

The heart is …

The weight of the heart is…

The heart consists of…

The right atrium is larger…

The muscular structure of the heart consists of…

The vascular system consists of…

 

II. Изучающее чтение.

Задание 1. Изучить новые слова.


Lung - легкое

cavity - полость

mediastinum – средостение

pleura – плевра

border – граница, край

surface – поверхность

diaphragm – диафрагма

lobe – доля

coagulation – свертывание (крови)

coat - оболочка

layer – слой; листок (плевры)

parenchyma – паренхима (вещество легких)

to locate – располагать

to separate - отделять

to cover – покрывать

to extend – простираться, расширяться

respiratory – дыхательный

lateral – боковой

convex - выпуклый

external – наружный

serous – серозный

visceral – внутренний

subserous – подсерозный


The lungs

The lungs are the main organs of the respiratory system located in the lateral cavities of the chest. The lungs are separated from each other by the mediastinum. They are covered with the pleura. Each lung has the base, apex, two borders and three surfaces. The lung has the apex extending upward 3-4 centimetres (cm) above the level of the first rib. The base of the lungs is located in the convex surface of the diaphragm.

In the adults the weight of the lungs is about 1,350 g. The right lung consists of 3 lobes. It is about 15% heavier than the left one consisting only of two lobes. The vital capacity of the lungs is 3.5 litres.

The lungs take part in the production of physiologically active substances, in the regulation of blood coagulation and the metabolism.

The structure of the lung consists of an external serous coat, the visceral layer of the pleura, a subserous elastic tissue and the parenchyma or proper substance of the lungs.

III. Работа над грамматикой

Задание 1.Выполните упр 1 на стр 151

Задание 2.Прочтите информацию на стр 152

Задание 3.Выполните упр 2-3 на стр 152-153

Занятие 12

Этапы занятия:

I. Работа над лексикой.Дополните предложения, используя активную лексику из текста The lungs

1. The lungs are …

2. They are located….

3. The lungs are separated….

4. They are covered with….

5. The right lung consists of …. lobes. The left lung…

6. The lungs take part in …

7. The structure of the lung consists of…

 

II. Ознакомительное чтение.

 

Задание 1. Изучите Vocabulary на стр 63-64

Задание 2. Прочтите текст «How animals breathe» на стр 63

Задание 3. Выполните упр 1,2, 5, 7







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