Exercise 12. Choose the correct forms of the verbs and identify the types of conditionals. Translate the sentences.



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Exercise 12. Choose the correct forms of the verbs and identify the types of conditionals. Translate the sentences.



1. If I were a millionaire, I … all the year round.

a) will travel;

b) traveled;

c) would travel.

2. If I … more about presses, I wouldn’t have made such a mistake.

a) had known;

b) knew;

c) know.

3. If the water … to 100 C, it boils.

a) will be heated;

b) would be heated;

c) is heated.

 

4. I …the same, if I had been you.

a) will do;

b) do;

c) would have done.

5. The movement … ineffective, had it not found an army in the recently developed class of industrial workmen.

a) had remained;

b) would have remained;

c) remained.

6. Japan's large population … self-supporting for so long, had soil and climate not been favorable.

a) couldn’t have been;

b) can be;

c) couldn’t be.

7. If the driver … the ignition, the engine would work properly.

a) examined;

b) had examined;

c) examine.

8. Metal parts … in operation, if they are not X-rayed for defects.

a) failed;

b) fail;

c) will fail.

9. In case it had not been so difficult for women to get higher education in old Russia, there … more outstanding women-scientists in the country.

a) will have been;

b) had been;

c) would have been.

10. If I were you, I … approaching the rolling mill when I first saw it.

a) may be afraid of;

b) might be afraid of;

c) might have been afraid of.

Exercise 13. Rewrite the following sentences using inversion:

Model: If Mr Johnson were here, I would speak to him.

…Were Mr Johnson here, I would speak to him.

1. If you see smoke, activate the alarm.

2. If he had done the experiment carefully, he wouldn’t have blown up the lab.

3. If I were there, I would give them my considerations about the capacity of that machine.

4. If they had checked the safety of nuclear reactor beforehand, the serious accident wouldn’t have followed.

5. If you smell smoke, call the fire brigade.

6. I wouldn’t have had to repair the engine, if you had fixed it yourself.

7. If the temperature were raised, the evaporation would be accelerated.

8. The fatigue occurs, if a mechanical part is subjected to a repeated or cyclic stress, such as vibration.

9. If the gas workers had detected the leak, there wouldn’t have been an explosion.

10. If I were you, I would check the results twice.

 

Exercise 14. Translate the quotations.

1. Acting is all about honesty. If you can fake that, you have got it made. George Burns

2. If people aren't going to talk about your product, then it is not good enough. Jeffrey Kalmikoff

3. There was no human problem which could not be solved if people simply did as I advised. Gore Vidal

4. If two men agree on everything, you may be sure that one of them is doing the thinking. Lyndon B. Johnson

5. If you can find something everyone agrees on, it’s wrong. Mo Udall

6. The best and safest thing is to keep a balance in your life, acknowledge the great powers around us and in us. If you can do that, and live that way, you are really a wise man. Euripides

7. If computers get too powerful, we can organize them into a committee - that will do them in. Bradley's Bromide

8. If the automobile had followed the same development cycle as the computer, a Rolls-Royce would today cost $100, get a million miles per gallon, and explode once a year, killing everyone inside. Robert X. Cringely

9. The Internet is like alcohol in some sense. It accentuates what you would do anyway. If you want to be a loner, you can be more alone. If you want to connect, it makes it easier to connect.Esther Dyson

10. We would accomplish many more things if we did not think of them as impossible. Chretien Malesherbes

Exercise 15. Translate the following sentences into Russian paying attention to the form “but for”.

1. But for the rain, our trip would be successful.

2. But for him, all the data obtained wouldn’t be published at once.

3. But for our suggestion, the project wouldn’t have been discussed in details.

4. He wouldn’t have been so jealous but for my scientific achievements.

5. But for his laziness, he could read English books in the original.

6. But for her dogged persistence, we would have tried to get rid of her.

7. Users couldn’t activate a peripheral device but for the specific drivers.

8. But for the feedback principle, automatic-control mechanisms wouldn’t have an ability to correct themselves.

9. Friction wouldn’t have been reduced but for lubrication.

10. But for the work of J.Maxwell, the field of Electronics wouldn’t have given rise to in the late 19th century.

 

Exercise 16. Make up sentences using the following elements.

1. But for you,…

2. But for her skills,…

3. But for his being angry with me,…

4. But for his wiliness to help,…

5. But for your interference,…

6. But for the temperature decrease,…

7. But for the external forces,…

8. But for the permanent deformation,…

9. But for numerical control of machine tools,…

10. But for the safety engineers,…

Exercise 17. Rewrite the sentences according to the model.

Model: I wish I lived alone – I don’t live alone.

I couldn’t help you yesterday. – I wish I could have helped you yesterday.

1. We wish we had refused to go there with them.2. I don’t know what kind of steels can be forged and welded.3. I wish I worked not far from here.4. I wish I had known that before the exam.5. In industry engineers work not only with machines. 6. I wish we could have been on an excursion to a machine-building plant.7. I am looking for the billets for connecting rods.8. I wish I mentioned a few words about significance of reliability for space rocket engineering.9. Scientists reasoned that a nucleus could be split.10. This student will describe the techniques involved in metal processing but he won’t say anything about heat treatment.


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