Report on sales trip – South Korea

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Report on sales trip – South Korea

Last December I visited (visit) our major customers from big department stores in South Korea. On 5th December I __________ (meet) Mrs Kyoung Ai Lee in Seoul. We _________ (send) her 200 brochures in June. On 6th December I _________ (make) a presentation to Mrs Lee’s sales staff on our products and _________ (advise) them how to display them. The following day I ___________ (go) to Seoul, and our agent _________ (introduce) me to Mrs Ha, the chief buyer of a new department store in the capital. She _______ (ask) me to send her 500 brochures. I __________ (give) her some samples of our products. I _________ (fly) back to head office in Paris on the 9th.



Exercise 104. Complete the text. Use the past tense of the verbs from the box.

leave study offer work enjoy live become go meet


I studied1 computing at MIT from 1995 to 1998. During the summer vacations I ________2 for an export company. After graduating, I travelled in Australia and China for a year. While travelling I _______3 the managing director of a computer company. He _________4 me a job in London. I started in computer sales and __________5 the sales manager for my department. I _________6 in London for three years. Then I _________7 my job and _________8 to India. I _________9 my job, but I prefer travelling.

Exercise 105. Read the text and analyze the use of the past simple.


Yesterday I saw an accident. It took place not far from my house. The van crashed into the car. It all happened very quickly. The car came straight out of the side road and the van went into the back of it. The van driver didn't have a chance. It was the car driver's fault as he didn't look to his right and the car didn't stop in time. I called the police and they arrived very quickly.


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Answer the following questions:

Yes/No questions Did you see an accident yesterday? Did it take place far from your house?
Wh – questions Why didn't the car stop? Where did the accident take place? Where did the car come out of?
Subject questions What crashed into the car? Who called the police? Whose van crashed into the car?
Alternative questions Did the van go into the back or front of the car? Did you call the police or leave the place without doing it?
Tag questions It all happened very quickly, didn't it? The car driver didn't look to his right, did he?
Indirect questions I wonder why the van driver didn't have a chance to stop? I'd like to know if the police arrived quickly?

Exercise 106. Complete the short answers to the questions.


1. Was Philip on time? No,he wasn't.
2. Did you and Barbara go to the staff party? No, ___________.
3. Did the sales reps get all the information they need?   _________ did.
4. Were Sue and Tom in the same team? _________ weren’t.
5. Does Sue work in the research team? No, ____________.
6. Was the training course useful? Yes, ____________.
7. Were the participants satisfied? Yes, ____________.
8. Can you meet this deadline? Yes, ____________.



Exercise 107. Bryan Mitchell left his company. His manager wrote a report for the new company. Complete the report. Use was (+)/ wasn't (-) or did (+) / didn't (-).

To: A Kupai, Human Resources Manager

From: S Chan, IT Manager Dean Consultants Ltd

Re: Bryan Mitchell, IT technician

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When did Mr Mitchell start at the company?

He started in 2000 in the IT department in Budapest.


What job did the candidate hold?

He was1 (+) an IT technician.


Was he a good employee?

He _________2 (+) ambitious and creative. He ___________3 (+) usually punctual, but he __________4(-) good in a team. Sometimes he ________5 (-) get on with his colleagues.

Did he do a good job?

He ____________6 (+) hard-working and reliable. He always met deadlines. But he __________7 (-) like his job, and he _________8 (-) happy.

When did he leave? Why?

In 2007. He __________9 (-) like Budapest and wanted to work in Berlin.


Exercise 108. Complete the questions about Bryan Mitchell. Use words from the box.

Which Why Was How long Did Where


1. Where was the IT office? In Budapest
2. ……… did Mr Mitchell work there? 3 years
3. ……….he like his job? No, he didn't.
4. ……… he punctual? Yes, he was.
5. …… . did he leave? He didn't like his job.
6. ……… city did he want to work in? Berlin



Exercise 109. Complete the conversation. Put in the past simple.

Clarie: You (have) a nice weekend in Paris?

Mark: Yes, thanks. It (be) good. We (look) around and then we (see) a show. We (not try) to do too much.

Clarie: What sights you (see)?

Mark: We (have) a look round the Louvre. I (not/know) there was so much in there.

Clarie: And what show you (go) to?

Mark: Oh, a musical. I forget the name. I (not like) it.

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Clarie: Oh, dear. And Sarah (enjoy) it?

Mark: No, not really. But we (enjoy) the weekend. Sarah (do) some shopping, too, but I (not want) to go shopping.



Exercise 110. Completethe spaces with the past simple of one of these verbs in the following text.


launch produce build retire stay
create be become leave have


A Tradition of Biscuit Making Pierre Cosse _________(1) the BN company in Nantes in the west of France in 1896. The company ________ (2) its first big success in 1922, when it produced the ‘Cosse Croute’. This _______ (3) the first low-priced family biscuit on the market. Until then, biscuit were always a luxury item. Eleven years later, the company ________ (4) its ‘chocolate sandwich cookie’. During the Second World War, the company ________ (5) open, and for a time it ________ (6) biscuits for school-children and bread for French prisoners of war in Germany. Four new products were introduced between the years 1950 and 1956. In 1962, with the growing demand, the company _______(7) a new factory to increase its production. Six years later, BN ________ (8) a subsidiary of the American food company General Mills. The family’s involvement continued after General Mills bought BN. The last member of the Cosse family, Lionel Cosse, ________(9) the company in 1990, when he _________ (10) as Chairman.


Exercise 111. Roberto Muller is interviewed about his life and career. Write the questions using the words below.


When Where What How Why was were did you your leave your last company? join your present company? find your present job? first job? study? born?

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a. ?

In Rio. My parents were Brazilian.

b. ?

At Harvard.

c. ?

Business Administration.

d. ?

I worked as a telephone salesman for six months.

That was in 1982, when I left university

e. ?

Four years ago.

f. ?

I answered an advertisement in the newspaper.

g. ?

Because I didn’t like my boss.

h. ?

Because the job was extremely interesting.

Exercise 112. Do you really enjoy life? Answer the following questions. If you are not satisfied with it maybe it’s high time to change something in your life?

When did you last... ? yesterday a week ago a month ago a long time ago
1. see your parents 2. phone your best friend 3. visit a museum 4. go to the theatre 5. read a good book 6. learn something new 7. fall in love 8. fly in your dreams 9. buy yourself something new 10. watch a good programme on TV        


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11. go to a party 12. feel satisfied with your study/job 13. do some exercises 14. have a really good holiday 15. meet an interesting person 16. make an important decision 17. change your image 18. try to find the meaning of life 19. get absolutely drunk 20. go to church 21. have fun 22. feel absolutely happy        



Exercise 113. Put the verbs in brackets into the present or past simple.

1. His sister (to study) English every day. 2. She (to study) English two hours ago. 3. You (to come) home at six o'clock yesterday? - No, I ____ Yesterday I (to come) home from school at half past eight. I (to be) very tired. I (to have) dinner with my family. After dinner I (to be) very thirsty. I (to drink) two cups of tea. Then I (to rest). 4. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock every day. 5. I (to go) to bed at ten o'clock yesterday. 6. My brother (to wash) his face every morning. 7. Yesterday he (to wash) his face at a quarter past seven. 8. I (not to have) history lessons every day. 9. We (not to rest) yesterday. 10. My brother (not to drink) coffee yesterday. 11. My mother always (to take) a bus to get to work, but yesterday she (not to take) a bus. Yesterday she (to walk) to her office. 12. You (to talk) to the members of your family every day? - Yes, I ____ But yesterday I (not to talk) to them: I (to be) very busy yesterday. 13. Your sister (to go) to school every day? - Yes, she ____ 14. Mary (to like) writing stories. 15. Last week she (to write) a funny story about her pet. 16. You (to tell) your mother the truth about the money? 17. You (to wear) your polka-dot dress to work? - Yes, I _____. I (to wear) it yesterday. 18. We (to like) to go to the beach. We (to enjoy) swimming in the ocean last weekend.


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Exercise 114. Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect or past simple.

1. Last night I (to feel) tired and (to go) to bed very early. 2. Where you (to spend) your holidays? 3. You ever (to spend) your holidays in the Crimea? 4. While travelling in the Crimea I (to meet) your friend. 5. I never (to visit) that place. 6. He (to visit) that place last year. 7. I just (to get) a letter from Tom. 8. You (to take) any photographs while travelling in the south? 9. He (to be) abroad five years ago. 10. You (to be) in the Caucasus last year? 11. They (to leave) England when he (to be) still a child. 12. He (not yet to come) back. 13. He (to go) already? 14. When you (to see) him last? 15. I (not to see) him for ages. 16. His health (to improve) greatly since I (to see) him last. 17. You (to pass) your driving test yet? - Yes, I (to pass) it in May, but I (not to buy) a car yet. 18. He already (to move). He (to find) a nice flat before Christmas and he (to be) there for two years.



Exercise 115. Put the verbs in brackets into the present perfect, present continuous, present simple or past simple.

1. What you (to do) here at such a late hour? You (to write) your composition? - No, I (to write) it already. I (to work) at my report. - And when you (to write) your composition? - I (to finish) it two days ago. 2. I say, Tom, let's have dinner. - No, thank you, I already (to have) dinner. 3. What the weather (to be) like? It still (to rain)? - No, it (to stop) raining. 4. Please give me a pencil, I (to lose) mine. 5. I (not to meet) Peter since Monday. 6. Nina just (to finish) work. 7. Where Sergei (to be)? - He (to go) home. He (to leave) the room a minute ago. 8. What you (to read) now? - I (to read) "Jane Eyre" by Charlotte Bronte. 9. They (to read) "Ivanhoe" by Walter Scott a month ago. What about you? You (to read) "Ivanhoe"? 10. My watch (to stop). There (to be) something wrong with it. 11. You (to see) Jack today? - Yes, I (to see) him at the institute. 12. You (to hear) the new symphony by M.? - Yes, I ____ . - When you (to hear) it? - I (to hear) it last Sunday. 13. You (to change) so much. Anything (to happen)?



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Exercise 116. Read the sentences and analyze the use of the past continuous.

1. It was snowing when we went out. 2. It was night. The stars were sparkling. 3. - What were you reading on holidays? - I wasn't reading anything, I was enjoying my time. 4. They were constantly leaving their teacups unwashed! 5. After an hour's sleep I was feeling much better. 6. The aliens were being kind to us. 7. While Grandma was making tea in the kitchen, her grandson ate the last piece of cake. 8. Jess was always hanging on the phone! 9. It was December. Christmas was coming. 10. Chuck was having a shower at ten o’clock in the evening. 11. The phone always rang when I was cooking supper.



Exercise 117. Put the verbs in brackets into the past continuous.

1. When I arrived, Tom (lie) on the sofa and (speak) over the phone.

2. The police caught Dan when he (rob) a shop.

3. He couldn't speak because he (die) of laugh.

4. - What you (do) between one and two? I phoned you several times.

-I (play) the piano and heard nothing.

5. When I got up that morning, the sun (shine) brightly and the birds (sing).

6. When you rang me yesterday, I (have) a bath.

7. Somebody stole the money from Dad's pocket while he (sleep).

8. I (sit) by the window when I heard the noise.

9. It (rain) cats and dogs as I (walk) towards their house.

10. Just as Tom (cross) the street, a car came round the corner.

11. I glanced at Mary who (still / shiver) from the cold.

12. At six o'clock I (wait) for Jennie at the station.

13. On coming up to the house I saw a man who (try) to unlock the door by force.

14. The student (reply) to the question when the headmistress came in.



Exercise 118. Put the verbs in brackets into the past continuous.


  1. This morning was really beautiful. The sun (shine), the birds (sing)

and everyone in the street (smile) and (say) hello to each other.

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2. Mrs Patrik looked beautiful last night. She (wear) a lovely evening dress.

3. When we arrived, she (make) some coffee.

4. While I (have) a bath the telephone rang.

5. While we (walk) in the park it began to rain.

6. The wind (blow) and the rain (beat) down. John (stand) at the bus stop shivering. He (try) to imagine being at home sitting by a warm fire. Finally he saw the lights of the bus which (approach) from the distance.

7. At 3 o'clock yesterday a geometry lesson (go) on. The teacher (draw) diagrams on the blackboard but I (look) through the window and heard nothing. I (think) about the coming New Year's party.

8. She promised not to report me to the police but ten minutes later I saw that she (talk) with a policeman and from the expression on his face I understood that she (tell) him about me.

9. The dentist's waiting room was full of people. Some (read) magazines, others just (turn) over the pages. A woman (knit), a child (play) with a toy car. Everybody (wait) for the nurse to say "Next, please".

10.I lit the fire at 6.00 and it (burn) brightly when Jane came in.

11.- The house next to yours was full of policemen and police dogs yesterday. - What they (do)? - I heard that they (look) for drugs.

12."What you (do) between 9.00 and 10.00 yesterday?" asked the detective. "I (clean) my house", said Mrs Jones. "I always clean my house at this time".



Exercise 119. Here is a page from Mr Cook's diary:

8.00 collect the car from the garage 7.30 the organ concert at the Cathedral
10.30 meet the manager 10.00 walk the dog
2.00 lunch with Peter 11.00 drive Mother home
4.30-5.30 visit the dentist    


Write sentences saying what he was doing at these times:

1. At 8 o'clock he was collecting his car from the garage.

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2. At 10.45 he ___________________________________

3. At 2.20 ______________________________________

4. At 5 o'clock ___________________________________

5. At 8 o'clock ___________________________________

6. At 10.05 ______________________________________

7. At 11.10 ______________________________________



Exercise 120. Answer the questions using when and the verb of the subordinate clause in the past continuous tense.

Model: When did she meet Helen? (walk along the street)

She met Helen when she was walking along the street.


1. When did you catch that cold? (skate on a frosty day) ____________

2. When did he write those nice poems? (have a holiday) ___________

3. When did she learn the language? (live in England) _____________

4. When did she hear that song? (listen to a concert on the radio) _____

5. When did you buy that book? (read up for my exams) ____________

6. When did the boy hurt himself? (ride the bicycle) _______________

7. When did Philip lose his camera? (walk about the city) ___________

8. When did he ring you up? (have supper) ______________________



Exercise 121. Put the verbs in brackets into the present continuous or past continuous.


1. I (to write) an English exercise now. 2. I (to write) an English exercise at this time yesterday. 3. My little sister (to sleep) now. 4 My little sister (to sleep) at this time yesterday. 5. My friends (not to do) their homework now. They (to play) volleyball. 6. My friends (not to do) their homework at seven o'clock yesterday. They (to play) volleyball. 7. She (to read) the whole evening yesterday. 8. She (not to read) now. 9. Now she (to go) to school. 10. What you (to do) now? - I (to drink) tea. 11. You (to drink) tea at this time yesterday? - No, I (not to drink) tea at this time yesterday I (to eat) a banana. 12. My sister is fond of reading. She (to read) the whole evening yesterday, and now she (to read) again. 13. Look! My cat (to play) with a ball. 14. When I went out into the garden, the sun (to shine) and birds (to sing) in the trees. 15. You (to eat) ice cream now? 16. You (to eat) ice cream when I rang you up yesterday? 17. What your father (to do) Практические упражнения

now? 18. What your father (to do) from eight till nine yesterday? 19. Why (to cry) now? 20. Why she (to cry) when I saw yesterday?



Exercise 122. Choose the proper tense form: the past simple or the past continuous.


1. While he rode/was riding in the forest he lost/was losing his way.

2. When I arrived/was arriving the party was in full swing. Paul danced/was dancing with Mary, and Pat and Peter drank/were drinking champagne.

3. When I finished/was finishing the ironing, I cooked/was cooking dinner.

4. How fast did they travel/were they travelling when their car had/was having a puncture.

5. A police car passed/was passing us on the motorway when we did/were doing 80 miles per hour.

6. I took/was taking a photograph of him while he ate/was eating an ice-cream.

7. I'm sorry I woke/was waking you. What were you dreaming/did you dream about?

8. What did you do/were you doing when I phoned/was phoning you last night? There was no reply.

9. Two burglars broke into the house while we watched/were watching television.

10. I found my lost key when I looked for/was looking for my passport.

11. I was having/had a beautiful dream when the alarm clock rang.

12. When I woke up, it snowed/was snowing. I remembered that Sam was coming/came for lunch and got up quickly.

13. It was a fine day when we left/were leaving the house that day. A light snow fell/was falling and a light wind was blowing/blew from the south-west. We were pleased that it wasn't raining/didn't rain.

14. We were driving/drove down the hill when a strange object appeared/was appearing in the sky.



Exercise 123. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or past continuous.

  1. I (to play) computer games yesterday. 2. I (to play) computer games

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at five o'clock yesterday. He (to play) computer games from two till three yesterday. 4. We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday. 5. My brother (not to play) tennis yesterday. He (to play) tennis the day before yesterday. 6. My sister (not to play) the piano at four 'clock yesterday. She (to play) the piano the whole evening. 7. When I came into the kitchen, mother tо cook). 8. She (to cook) the whole day yesterday. . 9. We (to wash) the floor in our flat yesterday. 10. We (to wash) the floor in our flat from three till four yesterday. 11. You (to do) your homework yesterday? 12. You (to do) your homework from eight till ten yesterday? 13. Why she (to sleep) at seven 'clock yesterday? 14. He (to sit) at the table the whole evening yesterday. 15. What Nick (to do) when you came to his place? 16. What you (to do) when I rang you up? 17. I (not to sleep) at nine o'clock yesterday. 18. What he (to do) yesterday? - He (to read) a book. 19. What he (to do) the whole evening yesterday? - He (to read) a book. 20. She (to sleep) when you came home?



Exercise 124. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or past continuous.

1. When I (to come) home, my little sister (to sleep). 2. When Nick (to come) home, his brother (to play) with his toys. 3. When mother (to come) home, I (to do) my homework. 4. When father (to come) home, Pete (to sleep). 5. When mother (to come) home, the children (to play) on the carpet. 6. When I (to get) up, my mother and father (to drink) tea. 7. When I (to come) to my friend's place, he (to watch) TV. 8. When I (to see) my friends, they (to play) football. 9. When I (to open) the door, the cat (to sit) on the table. 10. When Kate (to open) the door, the children (to dance) round the firtree. 11. When Tom (to cross) the street, he (to fall). 12. When I (to go) to school, I (to meet) my friend. 13. When we (to go) to the cinema, we (to meet) grandmother. 14. When grandmother (to go) home, she (to see) many children in the yard. 15. When Henry (to walk) about in the forest, he (to find) a bear cub. 16. When we (to walk) about in the forest, we (to see) a hare. 17. When I (to wash) the floor, I (to find) my old toy under the sofa. 18. When granny (to read) a book on the sofa, she (to fall) asleep. 19. When I (to play) in the yard, I suddenly (to see) my old friend. 20. When Nick (to run) about in the yard, he (to fall).



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Exercise 125. Rewrite the sentences which use the wrong past tense.

1. Hiltex were immediately filing a patent for their new machine as they were worried that their competitors would copy them.

Hiltex immediately filed a patent for their new machine as they were worried that their competitors would copy them.

2. Z40, the new drug developed by Pharmatek, marked a turning point in the treatment of cancer.

3. Their competitors failed to see the gap in the market and so missed a great opportunity.

4. The agency was not believing that the machine would save so much time.

5. Zirkon already made good profits when it introduced its new digital camera in 2000.

6. The story goes that he was having the idea for the electric shoebrush while he was washing up.

7. I was planning to visit the International Inventors’ Fair but I did not have time.

Exercise 126. Put the verbs in brackets into the present simple, past simple, present continuous, past continuous.

1. Where you (to be) yesterday? - I (to be) at home the whole day. - How strange. I (to ring) you up at two o'clock, but nobody (to answer). - Oh, I (to be) in the garden. I (to read) your book and (not to hear) the telephone. 2. What you (to do) at five o'clock yesterday? - I (to work) in the library. - I (to be) there, too, but I (not to see) you. 3. Nina (to celebrate) her birthday yesterday. Her room looked beautiful, there (to be) many flowers in it. When I (to come) in, somebody (to play) the piano, two or three pairs (to dance). 4. Listen! Somebody (to play) the piano. 5. I (to like) music very much. 6. When I (to look) out of the window, it (to rain) heavily and people (to hurry) along the streets. 7. What you (to do) at seven o'clock yesterday? - I (to have) supper. 8. When I (to come) home yesterday, I (to see) that all my family (to sit) round the table. Father (to read) a letter from my uncle, who (to live) in Kiev. 9. Yesterday I (to work) at my English from five till seven. 10. It (to rain) the whole day yesterday. 11. Where your sister (to be) now? - She (to be) in her room. She (to do) her homework.

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Exercise 127. Complete the sentences using the past perfect.


1. We told her that he (to buy a TV-set). 2. The man at the station said that the train (to leave already). 3. Mary told me that she (not to get a letter from her son yet). She said that she (not to hear from him for some weeks). 4. He understood that he (to get off at the wrong station). 5. He said that his parents (always to live in the country). 6. I didn't know that she (to change her address). 7. He didn't remember how it all (to happen). 8. We were sure that she (to tell the truth). 9. I saw that the child (to catch a cold). 10. She hoped that I (to pay for the tickets already). 11. When he woke up next morning and looked out of the window he understood that it (to rain heavily during the night). 12. When we came back, the telegram (to arrive already). 13. When I got to the station the train ... (already to leave).

14. The rain (already to stop) when we started. 15. When I finished school my elder sister (to be a teacher for two years). 16. We (to make all the arrangements already) when we learned that he wouldn't come. 17. I knew her immediately because my brother (to describe her to me very well).

18. The militiaman stopped her because she (to cross the street in the wrong place). 19. I was not hungry because I to have lunch just an hour before). 20. Nobody knew when he came in because he (to enter the house through the back door). 21. I thought he knew English well because he (to live in England for some years). 22. It happened to him because he (always to be too sure of himself). 23. As soon as they (to take a decision) they could discuss less important questions. 24. After we (to make a fire) it became warm. 25. When I (to throw out all the old newspapers and magazines), I could arrange my new books nicely on the shelf. 26. After he (to pay the money for the plane tickets) he had very little left in his pockets. 27.I met her soon after I (to learn the news). 28. When he (to finish his work) he went to bed. 29. By three o'clock yesterday he (already, arrange) everything for the trip. 30. Nobody (finish) their course-papers by the appointed time. 31. The authorities (settle) all the transport problems by the end of the last year. 32. The letter still (not arrive) by the end of the week.

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Exercise 128. Use the past perfect tense.


Model: Why didn't you listen to that play on the radio?

a) Because I had heard it before.

b) I didn't listen to that play on the radio, because I had heard it before.


1. Why didn't you see Fred when you came to Moscow? (leave)

2. Why didn't Kate want to go to the cinema? (see the film)

3. Why didn't you tell him my new address? (forget)

4. Why didn't Jeff hear about Kate's examination? (pass)

5. Why did Fred come home so soon from his holiday? (spend all the money)

6. Why couldn't you get into your flat at once? (lose the key)

7. What did you learn about Bob? (get married)

8. What did she read in the newspaper about the expedition? (return)

9. What did he learn about Helen from the letter he received? (be ill for a month)



Exercise 129. Make sentences using the words in brackets.


Model: His hair was wet. (He/just/have/a shower) He had just had a shower.


1. There was nobody at the platform, (the train/just/leave) _______________________________________________________

2. We didn't find anybody at home, (everybody/already/go out) _______________________________________________________

3. The children were playing in the garden, (they/just/come/from school) _______________________________________________________

4. Bob wasn't at home when I arrived, (he/arrange/to meet/some friends/at the club) _______________________________________________________

5.I couldn't recognize the child after all that time. (I/not/see/her/for seven years) _______________________________________________________

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Exercise 130. Join the sentences according to the model.

Model: Helen finished the work. Then she went out. - Helen went out after she had finished her work.


1. Mother did all the homework. Then she sat down. 2. The bell rang. Then the pupils entered the classroom. 3. Sally spent all the money in her purse. Then she left the shop. 4. The clock struck nine. Then Jack woke up. 5. Andrew saved some money. Then he got married. 6. He lost all his money. Then he stopped playing cards. 7. I asked him three times for the money. Then he paid me. 8. He read the newspaper from beginning to end. Then he went to bed. 9. The sun set. The farmers stopped working. 10. We answered all the questions. Then we left the examination room. 11. Little Mary said "Please". Then I gave her a bar of chocolate.



Exercise 131. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or past perfect.

Model:We didn't have (not, to have) anything to eat because we had eaten (to eat) all the food the day before.

1. She___________________ (to say) she ______________ (to get) an excellent mark the previous day.

2. My sister ______________ (to look) through the book before she _____________ (to give) it to me.

3. The ground ______________ (to be) under water because it (not, to stop) raining for seven days.

4. She suddenly __________ (to remember) that she ___________ (not, to phone) her brother.

5. Yesterday evening I _____________ (not, to have) a headache because I __________ (to take) some medicine.

6. When we ____________ (to come) back to the camp, the Sun ___________ (to rise).

7. He ____________ (to say) that he _____________ (never, to feel) safe in his life.

8. They ___________ (to be) happy after they _____________ (to fight) off all the attacks.

9. After my cousins ____________ (to drink) all apple juice, they
_____________ (to leave) my place.

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Exercise 132.Answer the questions.

1. What have you done today?

2. What haven't you done today?

3. What didn't you do yesterday?

4. What did you do yesterday morning?

5. What haven't you done recently?

6. What have you done recently?

7. What have you done a lot recently?

8. Have you ever eaten fruit soup?

9. Have you ever swum in the ocean?

10.Have you ever seen a talking elephant?

11. What had you done by six o'clock yesterday evening?

12. What did you do yesterday?

13.When did you go to bed yesterday?

14.What had you done before you went to bed yesterday?

15.When did you last go to the cinema?

16.Had you finished your dinner before your mother came home?

17.Did your mother go out yesterday?

18. Had your mother left home by the time you got up yesterday?

19. Did you wash up yesterday?

20.Had you washed up by the time your mother returned form work?


Exercise 133. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple or past perfect.

1. Tom (to return) from the cinema at five o'clock. 2. Tom (to return) from the cinema by five o'clock. 3. I (to finish) my homework at seven o'clock. 4. I (to finish) my homework by seven o'clock. 5. He (to think) that he (to lose) the money. 6. Ann (to tell) me that she (to see) an interesting film. 7. When I (to come) home, mother already (to cook) dinner. 8. When father (to return) from work, we already (to do) our homework. 9. When the teacher (to enter) the classroom, the pupils already (to open) their books. 10. Kate (to give) me the book which she (to buy) the day before. 11. Nick (to show) the teacher the picture which he (to draw). 12. The boy (to give) the goats the grass which he (to bring) from the field. 13. Mother (to see) that Nick (not to wash) his hands. 14. The teacher (to understand) that Lena (not to do) her homework. 15. I (to know) that my friend (not yet to come). 16. When I (to wake) up yesterday, father already (to go) to work.

Практические упражнения


17. Nick (to think) that his father (not yet to come) home. 18. Mary (to tell) us that she (to cook) a good dinner. 19. Yesterday I (to find) the book which I (to lose) in summer. 20. When we (to come) to the station, the train already (to leave).



Exercise 134. Choose either the past perfect or the past simple.

1. I (wake up) early and got out of bed.

A woke up

В had woken up

2. I got out of bed an hour later I (wake up).

A woke up

В had woken up

3. We were late. The meeting (start) an hour before.

A started

В had started

4. She was the most delightful person I (ever /meet).

A ever met

В had ever met

5. That morning she (dress), (phone) somebody, and went out.

A dressed A phoned

В had dressed В had phoned

6. That morning she went out after she (phone) somebody.

A phoned

В had phoned

7. He was tired because he (work) hard in the garden all day.

A worked

B had worked

8. The sun (set), it (get) dark, and we went home.

A set, got

В had set, got

9. The Hills were in a hurry, but they (take) a taxi and managed to arrive exactly on time.

A took

В had taken

10. The Hills managed to arrive exactly on time because they (take) a taxi.

A took

Практические упражнения


В had taken

11. He said he (break) the lamp post.

A broke

В had broken

12. We asked Peter to come with us, but he refused. He (already/promise) to play football with his friends.

A already promised

В had already promised

13. I saw a nice kitten when I (open) the basket.

A opened

В had opened

14. After I (write) all my letters, I went to the kitchen to make coffee.

A wrote

В had written

15. She (hardly / finish) speaking over the phone when the telephone rang again.

A hardly finished

В had hardly finished


Exercise 135. Choose either the past perfect or the present perfect.

1. Aunt Polly punished Tom Sawyer because he ______ naughty.

A has been

В had been

2. Why are you looking so unhappy?- I ______ my purse.

A have lost

В had lost

3. Sam was upset because Judy ___________

A hasn't come

В hadn't come

4. Mother asked the children if they ________ some biscuits for tea.

A has bought

В had bought

5. I _______ some photos to be developed. Are they ready?

A has left

В had left

6. Tell Tommy about these wonderful islands. He _____ about them.

A has never heard

Практические упражнения


В had never heard

7. I'm so happy to see you again. I... you since I left Berks.

A haven't seen

В hadn't seen

8. She said she... him since she left Berks.

A hasn't seen

В hadn't seen



Exercise 136. Put the verbs in brackets into the past simple, past continuous or past perfect.


1. By eight o'clock yesterday I (to do) my homework and at eight I (to play) the piano. 2. By six o'clock father (to come) home and at six he (to have) dinner. 3. By nine o'clock yesterday grandmother (to wash) the dishes and at nine she (to watch) TV. 4. When I (to meet) Tom, he (to eat) an ice cream which he (to buy) at the corner of the street. 5. When father (to come) home, we (to cook) the mushrooms which we (to gather) in the wood. 6. When I (to see) Ann, she (to sort) the flowers which she (to pick) in the field. 7. When I (to come) home yesterday, I (to see) that my little brother (to break) my pen and (to play) with its pieces. 8. When I (to open) the door of the classroom, I (to see) that the teacher already (to come) and the pupils (to write) a dictation. 9. When I (to come) home, my sister (to read) a book which she (to bring) from the library. 10. When mother (to come) home, the children (to eat) the soup which she (to cook) in the morning. 11. When I (to ring) up Mike, he still (to learn) the poem which he (to be­gin) learning at school. 12. When I (to look) out of the window, the children (to play) with a ball which Pete (to bring) from home. 13. By ten o'clock the children (to settle) comfortably on the sofa and at ten they (to watch) a film on TV.

Практические упражнения


Exercise 137. Read the sentences and analyze the tenses.

1. We were tired as we had been walking for more than an hour. It was time to rest a little. 2. The boy had been reading the task in physics for a long time but still he didn't understand it. 3. Mrs. Jackson was one of the best teachers at the school. She had been teaching for twenty years. 4. Dora was writing a letter to her boyfriend. She had been writing it since she got home from class. 5. My eyes were getting tired. I had been reading for two hours. I decided to make a break. 6. Mr. Robbins liked his job. He had been working at the company for fifteen years. 7. She put aside the sweater which she had been knitting. 8. The secretary closed the file which she had just been looking through. 9. They had been driving all night when finally they saw the lights of a big city. 10. When I entered the flat, I saw that everything was in a mess. Somebody had been searching the rooms.



Exercise 138. Read the story and analyze the tenses.


When Sally Compton got a promotion last week, nobody was surprised. She had been working overtime every day for several months. She had been studying new accounting and auditing standards in the evenings. She had been reading on accounting and auditing after work. She had been taking extra work home. Sally really deserved to get a promotion. Now she is an internal auditor of our company. She is delighted and satisfied.

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