ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

IV. Insert possessive, personal or reflexive pronouns.



1. Vitaly Klichko is a famous Ukrainian boxer. World Boxing Committee decided to confer title of honourable World Champion in super-heavy weight to … .

2. Ruslana is a popular Ukrainian singer. … became the winner of the International Contest “Eurovision 2004”. … took place in Istambul, Turkey.

3. Mykhaylo Voronin, a fashionable Ukrainian designer, created the largest smoking of the size 500 by … .

4. Vasyl Virastyuk has drawn a chain from 5 trams with total weight of 101.5 tones. … was drawing … for the length of 17.9 m during 59.62 sec!

5. Yana Klochkova is a Ukrainian swimmer. … has won five Olympic medals. 4 gold medals and a silver one. … silver medal came in the 800 meter freestyle at the 2000 Summer Olympics.

6. Olesya Stefanko represented Ukraine in the 2011 Miss Universe pageant, where … was the 1st runner up. … became Ukraine’s highest placement in … history. Olesya was born in Kolomyia (village Kovalivka) Ivano-Frankivsk region.

Grammar Exercises

Taras Shevchenko is known to be a unique phenomenon in the history of Ukraine. ↓ ↓ The Subjective Infinitive Complex His father is said to work as an electric engineer. Lesya Ukrainka’s deep poetry is supposed to have been resulted from her tragic life. The poet was heard to declaim his poetry. The sportsman was allowed to take part in the competition. Sergii Korolyov’s contributionto practical astronautics development turned out to have become a contribution of the universe importance. Shalimov is likely to be the first Ukrainian transplantologist.  

 

I. Translate the following sentences. Pay attention to theSubjective Infinitive Complex.

1. Olexander Shalimov is known to be a prominent Ukrainian surgeon.

2. Her poems are said to have become the masterpieces of the Ukrainian literature.

3. Mykola Lysenko is believed to have created the Ukrainian classical music.

4. The student was allowed to prepare a report about famous Ukrainian sportsmen for the next seminar.

5. This playwright seems to have been written by Ivan Karpenko-Karyi.

6. Olexander Dovzhenko is sure to have laid foundation for Ukrainian cinematography.

7. You are certainly to like this book.

 

II. Transform the following complex sentences into simple ones using theSubjective Infinitive Complex.

1. It is known that Taras Shevchenko is a poet, painter and philosopher.

2. It turned out that this famous electric engineer had developed the first X-ray machine.

3. It is supposed that he will head the operation.

4. It is said that Koroliov is the father of practical austronautics.

5. It is expected that further development of cybernetics will be continued by young scientists.

6. It is observed that students are listening to the professor with great interest.

7. It didn’t seem that the results of investigation had become successful.

8. It is probable that Ukrainian scientists and scholars can boast of their achievements.

 

III. Translate into English using theInfinitiveor theInfinitive Complexes.

1. Кажуть, що його дослідження в галузі трансплантології відомі у всьому світі.

2. Історики вважають, що Ярослав Мудрий зіграв велику роль в історії Київської Русі.

3. Я знайшов цікаву інформацію про творчість Лесі Українки, яку я використаю у своїй доповіді.

4. Він вирішив відвідати музей Івана Франка.

5. Виявилося, що він ніколи не бачив фільмів Олександра Довженка.

6. Студент був незадоволений, що відповів не на всі запитання професора.

7. Шалімов, безсумнівно, є одним із засновників української хірургічної школи.

8. Українці сподіваються, що вклад наших вчених у розвиток світової космонавтики не буде забутий.


Lesson 7

Holidays in Ukraine

Text:Holidays in Ukraine

Grammar: Review

 

Active Vocabulary

 

custom eve expectation carol dish sermon sweetheart struggle to congratulate Easter resurrection salvation to pray eternal heaven holy spirit trinity testament calamus tomb firework reunion ['kAstqm] [Jv] ["ekspek'teIS(q)n] ['kxrql] [dIS] ['sE:mqn] ['swJthRt] ['strAg(q)l] [kqn'grxtjVleIt] ['Jstq] ["rezq'rekS(q)n] [sxl'veIS(q)n] [preI] [I'tE:n(q)l] ['hev(q)n] ['hqVlI] ['spIrIt] ['trInItI] ['testqmqnt] ['kxlqmqs] [tHm] ['faIqwE:k] [rJ'jHnIqn] звичай переддень очікування різдвяна пісня страва проповідь кохана людина боротьба вітати Пасха воскресіння спасіння молитися вічний небеса святий дух трійця завіт аїр могила феєрверк воз’єднання

 

Read the text and answer the questions.

Holidays in Ukraine

Each country has its own customs, traditions, holidays, and important days in its history. Talking of holidays in Ukraine we can’t but tell about everybody’s favourite New Year Holiday. People think that at night on New Year eve the old year with all its troubles leave us forever and the new year with all our hopes and expectations knocks at our doors. People decorate the Christmas tree, have New Year parties and prepare presents for their relatives and friends.

On the eve of the 7th of January Ukrainians start celebrating Christmas. It’s the day of Jesus Christ’s birthday and it is widely celebrated all over Ukraine. People sing carols, cook a traditional Ukrainian Christmas dish named “kutya” which all the family eats together. Then people go to church to listen to the Christmas sermon.

Not long ago Ukrainians began celebrating a new holiday, St. Valentine’s Day, on the 14th of February. It’s the day of love, when we give special cards and presents to our sweethearts. This traditional holiday came into Ukraine from the English-speaking countries.

The 8th of March is Women’s Day. This date was introduced in 1910 by the 2nd International Conference of women-socialists at the proposal of Clara Tsetkin as a day of the international solidarity of women in their struggle for economic, political and social equality. Nowadays this date has lost its political meaning and became just the day when we congratulate and thank our women for everything they do for us at home and at work, say our good wishes, give them flowers and presents.

Easter Day comes according to the lunar calendar. It’s the Day of Jesus Christ’s Resurrection. People celebrate this Holiday because He died on the cross for our salvation. They go to churches to listen to sermons, gather at homes to pray and thank Jesus Christ for our salvation from eternal death into eternal life with Him in Heaven.

50 days after Easter we celebrate Holy Trinity (or “Green Sunday”). This holiday is dedicated to the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles on the fiftieth day after the Resurrection of Christ. This event gave rise to Christianity. The meaning of the Holy Trinity is thus: God the Father laid the basis for the church in the Old Testament, the Son brought its meaning into words, and the Spirit acts within it. On this holiday people decorate their houses with calamus and green branches.

On the 1st of May we celebrate the holiday of spring, nature awakening and beauty.

On the 9th of May we celebrate the Victory Day. People go to the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier who died at war defending our country from fascists, put flowers to the monuments, and in the evening everybody goes to see the holiday salute.

On the 28th of June 1996 the Constitution of Independent Ukraine was adopted. We celebrate this day as the Constitution Day.

On August the 24th we celebrate the Day of Independence of Ukraine, which was proclaimed in 1991 on the decision of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. Fireworks and various concerts and musical events are common throughout the country.

We also like our holidays because we always have our family reunion on these days.

 

1. What do people believe in at night on New Year eve?

2. When do Ukrainian people celebrate Christmas?

3. How is Christmas celebrated in Ukraine?

4. What holiday is the day of love?

5. What is the history of Women’s Day?

6. How do we celebrate Easter Day?

7. What is Holy Trinity dedicated to?

8. What is the tradition of the Victory Day celebration?

9. When do Ukrainian people celebrate the Constitution Day?

10. What is the major state holiday in Ukraine?

 





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