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ITEM 32.2. DEGREES OF COMPARISON (REVIEW)



Exercise 1. Complete the sentences. Use a comparative.

 

1. It's too noisy here. Can we go somewhere ……?

2. I was surprised we got here so quickly. I expected the journey to take ……

3. You're talking very loudly. Can you speak a bit ……?

4. You hardly ever phone me. Why don't you phone me ……?

5. You're standing too near the camera. Can you move a bit ……away?

6. You were a bit depressed yesterday but you look…… today.

7. This coffee is very weak. I like it a bit ……

8. The hotel was surprisingly big. I expected it to be ……

9. The weather is too cold in this country. I'd like to live somewhere ……

10. My job is a bit boring sometimes. I'd like to do something ……

11. I was surprised how easy it was to use the computer. I thought it would be ......

 

Exercise 2 Read the situations and complete the sentences. Use a comparative form.

 

1. Yesterday the temperature was nine degrees. Today it's only six degrees.

2. The journey takes four hours by car and five hours by train.

3. Dave and I went for a run. I ran ten kilometres. Dave stopped after eight kilometres.

4. Chris and Joe both did badly in the exam. Chris got 20% but Joe only got 15%.

5. I expected my friends to arrive at about 4 o'clock. In fact they arrived at 2.30.

6. You can go by bus or by train. The buses run every 30 minutes. The trains run every hour.

7. We were very busy at work today. We're not usually as busy as that.

 

Exercise 3 Complete the sentences. Each time use the comparative form of one of the words in the list. Use than where necessary :

big, crowded , early, high, important, interested, peaceful, reliable, serious, simple, thin

1. In some parts of the country, prices are…… in others.

2. I'd like to have а more …… car. The one I've got keeps breaking down.

3. Unfortunately her illness was ……we thought at first.

4. You look …… Have you lost weight?

5. I want a ……flat. We don't have enough space here.

6. He doesn't study very hard. He's ……in having a good time.

7. Health and happiness are ……money.

8. The instructions were very complicated. They could have been ……

9. There were a lot of people on the bus. It was …… usual.

10. I like living in the countryside. It's …… living in a town.

11. You'll find your way around the town …… if you have a good map.

12. I was feeling tired last night, so I went to bed …… usual.

 

Exercise 4 Use the words in brackets to complete the sentences. Use much / a bit etc. + a comparative form. Use than where necessary.

 

1 Her illness was ……we thought at first. (much / serious)

2 This bag is too small. I need something……(much / big)

3 I'm afraid the problem is……it seems. (much / complicated)

4 You looked depressed this morning but you look ……now. (a bit / happy)

5 I enjoyed our visit to the museum. It was……I expected. (far / interesting)

6 You're driving too fast. Could you drive……? ( a bit / slowly)

7 It's……to learn a foreign language in the country where it is spoken. (a lot / easy).

8 I thought she was younger than me but in fact she's…… (slightly / old)

Exercise 5 Complete the sentences using any/no + a comparative. Use than where necessary.

 

1 I'm fed up with waiting. I'm not waiting ......

2 I'm sorry I'm a bit late but I couldn't get here......

3 This shop isn't expensive. The prices are……anywhere else.

4 I must stop for a rest. I can't walk......

5 The traffic isn't particularly bad today. It's……usual.

 

Exercise 6 Complete the sentences using the structure ...and....

1 It's becoming ……to find a job. (hard)

2 That hole in your pullover is getting……(big)

3 My bags seemed to get……as I carried them. (heavy)

4 As I waited for my interview, I became……(nervous)

5 As the day went on, the weather got……(bad)

6 Travelling is becoming……(expensive)

7 Since she has been in Britain, her English has got……(good)

8 As the conversation went on, he became……(talkative)

Exercise 7 Complete the sentences using as...as.

 

1 I'm quite tall but you are taller. I'm not as tall as you.

2 My salary is high but yours is higher. My salary isn't......

3 You know a bit about cars but I know more. You don't......

4 It's still cold but it was colder yesterday. It isn't......

5 I still feel a bit tired but I felt a lot more tired yesterday. I don't......

6 They've lived here for quite a long time but we've lived here longer. They haven't......

7 I was a bit nervous before the interview but usually I'm a lot more nervous. I wasn't......

 

Exercise 8 Use the comparative or …as …. to rewrite these sentences so that they have the same meaning.

 

1 Jack is younger than he looks. Jack isn't ……

2 I didn't spend as much money as you. You spent more money than me.

3 The station was nearer than I thought. The station wasn't ……

4 The meal didn't cost as much as I expected. The meal

5 I go out less than I used to. I don't……

6 Her hair isn't as long as it used to be. She used to ......

7 I know them better than you do. You don't ……

8 There were fewer people at this meeting than at the last one. There weren't……

Exercise 9 Complete the sentences with than... or as... .

 

1 I can't reach as high as you. You are taller ……me.

2 He doesn't know much. I know more……

3 I don't work particularly hard. Most people work as hard ……

4 We were very surprised. Nobody was more surprised ……

5 She's not a very good player. I'm a better player ......

6 They've been very lucky. I wish we were as lucky……

UNIT 33. SUPERLATIVE

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences. Use a superlative.

 

1. This building is very old. It's …… building in the town.

2. It was a very happy day. It was……of my life.

3. It's a very good film. It's……I've ever seen.

4. She's a very popular singer. She's……in the country.

5. It was a very bad mistake. It was……I've ever made.

6. It's a very pretty village. It's……I've ever seen.

7. It was a very cold day. It was……of the year.

8. He's a very boring person. He's……I've ever met.

 

Exercise 2. Write sentences. Use a superlative

 

1. Moscow / city/ large/ Russia

2. mountain/ the world/ Everest/ high

3. beautiful/ the Red Square/ square/ Moscow

4. short/ winter/ February/ month

5. country/ Brazil/ large/ South America

6. long/ river/ Africa/ Nile

7. large/ solar system/ Jupiter/ planet/

 

Exercise 3 Complete the sentences. Use a superlative (-est or most...) + a preposition.

 

1. It's a very nice room. It is the nicest room in the hotel.

2. It's a very cheap restaurant. It's……the town.

3. It was a very happy day. It was……my life.

4. She's a very intelligent student. She……the class.

5. It's a very valuable painting. I ……the gallery.

6. Spring is a very busy time for me. It……the year.

 

Exercise 4. In the following sentences use one of + a superlative + a preposition.

 

1. It's a very nice room. It is one of the nicest roomsin the hotel.

2. He's a very rich man. He's one……the world.

3. It's a very old castle. It……Britain.

4. She's a very good player. She……the team.

5. It was a very bad experience. It……my life.

6. He's a very dangerous criminal. He……the country.

 

Exercise 5 Complete the sentences. Use a superlative (-est or most...) or a comparative (-er or more...).

 

1. We stayed at ……the .cheapest. hotel in the town. (cheap)

2. Our hotel was ……cheaper…… than all the others in the town. (cheap)

3. The United States is very large but Canada is……(large)

4. What's……river in the world? (long)

5. He was a bit depressed yesterday but he looks……today. (happy)

6. It was an awful day. It was……day of my life. (bad)

7. What is……sport in your country? (popular)

8. Everest is……mountain in the world. It is……than any other mountain. (high)

9. We had a great holiday. It was one of the……holidays we've ever had. (enjoyable)

10. I prefer this chair to the other one. It's……(comfortable)

11. What's……way of getting from here to the station? (quick)

12. Mr and Mrs Brown have got three daughters…… is 14 years old. (old)

 

Exercise 6 What do you say in these situations? Use a superlative + ...ever... . Use the words given in brackets (in the correct form).

 

1. You've just been to the cinema. The film was extremely boring. You tell your friend: (boring/film/see). That's the most boring film I've ever seen.

2. Your friend has just told you a joke, which you think is very funny. You say: (funny/joke/hear). That’s……

3. You're drinking coffee with a friend. It's really good coffee. You say: (good/coffee/taste) This……

4. You are talking to a friend about Mary. Mary is very patient. You tell your friend about her: (patient/person/meet) She ……

5. You have just run ten kilometres. You've never run further than this. You say to your friend: (far/run) That ……

6. You decided to give up your job. Now you think this was a bad mistake. You say to your friend: (bad/mistake/make) It……

7. Your friend meets a lot of people, some of them famous. You ask your friend:
(famous/person/meet?) Who……

UNIT 34. BELONINGS

Exercise 1. Are these sentences OK? Correct the sentences where necessary.

 

1. I stayed at the house of my sister.

2. Do you like the colour of this coat?

3. Do you know the phone number of Bill?

4. The job of my brother is very interesting.

5. Write your name at the top of the page.

6. For me the morning is the best part of the day.

7. The favourite colour of Paula is blue.

8. When is the birthday of your mother?

9. The house of my parents isn't very big.

10. The walls of this house are very thin.

11. The car stopped at the end of the street.

12. Are you going to the party of Silvia next week?

13. The manager of the hotel is on holiday at the moment

14. What is the name of this village?

 

Exercise 2. Read the information. Write sentences about the people in the family.

Mary and Brian are married. They have a son, James, and a daughter, Ann. Ann is married to Paul. Ann and Paul have a son, Nick.

 

1. Brian/husband

2. Ann/mother

3. Mary/wife

4. James/brother

5. Ann/wife

6. Mary/grandmother

7. James /brother

8. Julia/sister

9. Paul/husband

10. Paul/father

11. Daniel/nephew

12. James/uncle

 

Exercise 3. Join the two (or three) nouns. Sometimes you have to use -'s or -s'; and sometimes you have to use ...of... .

 

1. the owner/that car

2. the mother / Ann ……

3. the jacket / that man

4. the new manager/the company

5. the top / the page

6. the result / the football match

7. the daughter / Charles

8. the garden / our neighbours

9. the cause / the problem

10. the ground floor / the building

11. the newspaper / yesterday

12. the children / Don and Mary

13. the birthday / my father

14. the economic policy / the government

15. the name / this street

16. the husband / Catherine

17. the toys/the child

18. the husband / the woman-talking to Mary

19. the car / the parents / Mike

20. the wedding / the friend / Helen

 

Exercise 4. What is another way of saying these things? Use -'s.

 

1. a hat for a woman

2. a school for girls

3. a name for a boy

4. a nest for a bird

5. clothes for children

6. a magazine for women

Exercise 5. Read each sentence and write a new sentence beginning with the underlined words.

 

1. The meeting tomorrow has been cancelled.

2. The storm last week caused a lot of damage.

3. The only cinema in the town has closed down.

4. Exports from Britain to the United States have fallen recently.

5. Tourism is the main industry in the region.

UNIT 35 PREPOSITONS

Exercise 1.Write at/on/in.

  1. on 6 June
  2. in the evening
  3. …… half past two
  4. …… Wednesday
  5. …… 1987
  6. …… September
  1. ……24 September
  2. …… Thursday
  3. …… 11.45
  4. ……Christmas Day
  5. …… Christmas
  6. …… the morning
  1. ……Friday morning
  2. ……Saturday night
  3. ……night
  4. ……the end of the day
  5. ……the weekend
  6. ……winter
 

 

Exercise 2.Write at/on/in.

 

1. Goodbye! See you …… Friday.

2. Where were you …… 28 February?

3. I got up …… 8 o'clock this morning.

4. I like getting up early …… the morning.

5. My sister got married …… May.

6. Diane and I first met …… 1979.

7. Did you go out …… Tuesday?

8. Did you go out …… Tuesday evening?

9. Do you often go out …… the evening?

10. Let's meet …… 7.30 tomorrow evening.

11. I often go away …… the weekend.

12. I'm starting my new job …… 3 July.

13. We often go to the beach …… summer.

14. George isn't here …… the moment.

15. Julia's birthday is …… January.

16. Do you work …… Saturdays?

17. The company started …… 1969.

18. I like to look at the stars …… night.

19. I'll send you the money …… the end of the month.

 

Exercise 3.Write sentences with in....

 

1. It's 17.25 now. The train leaves at 17.30. The train leaves in five minutes.

2. It's Monday today. I'll phone you on Thursday. I'll …… days.

3. Today is 14 June. My exam is on 28 June. My ……

4. It's 3 o'clock now. Tom will be here at 3.30. Tom ……

Exercise 4.Write at/on/in if necessary. Sometimes there is no preposition.

 

1. I'm leaving on Friday.

2. I'm leaving - next Friday. (no preposition)

3. I always feel tired …… the evening.

4. Will you be at home …… this evening?

5. We went to France …… last summer.

6. Laura was born …… 1975.

7. What are you doing …… the weekend?

8. I phone Robert …… every Sunday.

9. Shall we play tennis…… next Sunday?

10. I can't go to the party ……Sunday.

11. I'm going out. I'll be back …… an hour.

12. I don't often go out …… night.

Exercise 5.Complete the sentences. Each time use at, on or in + one of the following:

the evening , the moment, Sundays, about 20 minutes, 1492 , 21 July 1969, the Middle Ages, 1492, the 1920s, 11 seconds, Christmas, the same time, night

1. Columbus made his first voyage from Europe to America in 1492.

2. In Britain most people do not work......

3. If the sky is clear, you can see the stars......

4. After working hard during the day, I like to relax......

5. The first man walked on the moon......

6. It's difficult to listen if everyone is speaking ......

7. Jazz became popular in the United States ......

8. I'm just going out to the shop. I'll be back......

9. (on the phone) 'Can I speak to Clare?' 'I'm afraid she's not here ......

10. In Britain people send each other cards......

11. Many of Europe's great cathedrals were built......

12. Bob is a very fast runner. He can run 100 metres......

 

Exercise 6. Put in at, on or in where necessary. Leave an empty space (-) if no preposition is necessary.

 

1. a I'll see you on Friday.

b I'll see you - next Friday. (no preposition)

2. a What are you doing……Saturday?

b What are you doing……the weekend?

3. a They often go out……the evenings.

b They often go out……Sunday evenings.

4. a Do you work……Wednesdays?

b Do you work……every Wednesday?

5. a We usually have a holiday…… the summer.

b We often have a short holiday …… Christmas.

6. a Pauline got married……1991.

b Pauline got married …… 18 May 1991.

с Chris is getting married …… this year.

 

Exercise 7. Put in at, on or in.

 

1. Mozart was born in Salzburg …… 1756.

2. I haven't seen Kate for a few days. I last saw her …… Tuesday.

3. The price of electricity is going up …… October.

4. I've been invited to a wedding …… 14 February.

5. Hurry up! We've got to go …… five minutes.

6. I'm busy just now but I'll be with you …… a moment.

7. Jenny's brother is an engineer but he's out of work …… the moment.

8. There are usually a lot of parties …… New Year's Eve.

9. I hope the weather will be nice …… the weekend.

10. …Saturday night I went to bed…… 11 o'clock.

11. I don't like traveling……night.

12. We travelled overnight to Paris and arrived……5 o'clock …… the morning.

13. The course begins……7 January and ends sometime ……April.

14. It was quite a short book and easy to read. I read it …… a day.

15. I might not be at home…… Tuesday morning but I'll probably be there …… the afternoon.

16. My car is being repaired at the garage. It will be ready …… two hours.

17. The telephone and the doorbell rang …… the same time.

18. Mary and Henry always go out for a meal …… their wedding anniversary.

19. Henry is 63. He'll be retiring from his job …… two years' time.

 

Exercise 8. Put in to/at/in/into where necessary. If no preposition is necessary leave an empty space (-).

 

1. Three people were taken to hospital after the accident.

2. I met Caroline on my way -- home (no preposition)

3. We left our luggage……the station and went to find something to eat.

4. Shall we take a taxi……the station or shall we walk?

5. I must go……the bank today to change some money.

6. The river Rhine flows……the North Sea.

7. I'm tired. As soon as I get……home, I'm going……bed.

8. 'Have you got your camera?' 'No, I left it …… home.'

9. Marcel is French. He has just returned France after two years……Brazil.

10. Are you going……Linda's party next week?

11. Carl was born……Chicago but his family moved……New York when he was three. He still lives……New York.

12. Have you ever been……China?

13. I had lost my key but I managed to climb …… the house through a window.

14. We got stuck in a traffic jam on our way …… the airport.

15. We had lunch……the airport while we were waiting for our plane.

16. Welcome……the hotel. We hope you enjoy your stay here.

17. What do you say to someone visiting your town or country? Welcome ……!

Exercise 9. Have you been to these places? If so, how many times? Choose three of the places and write a sentence using been to.

Athens Australia Ireland London Paris Rome Sweden the United States

 

1. (example answers) I've never been to Australia. / I've been toAustralia three times.

2. …

3. ……

4. ……

Exercise 10. Put in to/at/in where necessary. If no preposition is necessary leave an empty space (-).

 

1. What time does this train get to London?

2. What time does this train arrive……London?

3. What time did you get……home last night?

4. What time do you usually arrive……work in the morning?

5. When we got……the cinema, there was a long queue outside.

6. I arrived……home feeling very tired.

 

Exercise 11. Write sentences using got into / out of / on / off.

 

1. You were walking home. A friend passed you in her car. She saw you, stopped and offered you a lift. She opened the door. What did you do? I got into the car.

2. You were waiting for the bus. At last your bus came. The doors opened. What did you do then? I ……

3. You drove home in your car. You arrived at your house and parked the car. What did you do then? ……

4. You were travelling by train to Manchester. When the train got to Manchester, what did you do? ……

5. You needed a taxi. After a few minutes a taxi stopped for you. You opened the door. What did you do then?......

6. You were travelling by air. At the end of your flight the plane landed at the airport and stopped. The doors were opened, you took your bag and stood up. What did you do then? ……

UNIT 36 VERBS+PREPOSITIONS

Exercise 1. Put in to/on/for where necessary.

 

1. I'm going to France next week.

2. Rachel often goes -- sailing.

3. Sue went……Mexico last year.

4. Would you like to go……the cinema this evening?

5. Jack goes……jogging every morning.

6. I'm going out……a walk. Do you want to come?

7. I'm tired because I went to a party last night and went ……bed very late.

8. Martin is going holiday……Italy next week.

9. The weather was warm and the river was clean, so we went…… a swim.

10. There will be no buses next week because the bus drivers are going …… strike.

11. I need some stamps, so I'm going ……the post office.

12. It's late. I must go……home now.

13. Would you like to go……a tour of the city?

14. Shall we go out……a meal this evening?

15. My parents are going……a cruise this summer.

 

Exercise 2. Use the words to finish these sentences. Use to/on/for if necessary.


Home a walk shopping Portugal holiday riding the bank sleep skiing


 


1. The sea looks nice. Let's go for a swim.

2. 'Is Ann at home?' 'No, she's gone……to get some money'.

3. I'm going……now. I have to buy some presents.

4. I was very tired last night. I sat down in an armchair and went……

5. I wasn't enjoying the party, so I went……early.

6. We live near the mountains. In winter we go……every weekend.

7. Richard has got a horse. He often goes……

8. The weather is nice. Shall we go……in the park?

9. A: Are you going ……soon?

B: Yes, next month. We're going……

 

Exercise 3. Complete the sentences with a preposition (to/for etc.).

 

1. She's looking ather watch.

2. He's listening…… the radio.

3. They're waiting ……a taxi.

4. Paul is talking …...Jane.

5. They're looking …... a picture.

6. Sue is looking ……Tom.

 


Exercise 4. Complete the sentences with a preposition (to/for/about etc.) if necessary.

 

1. Thank you very much for your help.

2. This is not my umbrella. It belongs …… a friend of mine.

3. (on the phone) Can I speak Mr Davis, please?

4. (on the phone) Thank you …… phoning. Goodbye.

5. What happened …… Mary last night? Why didn't she come to the party?

6. We're thinking …… going to Australia next year.

7. We asked the waiter ……coffee but he brought us tea.

8. 'Do you like reading books?' 'It depends ……the book.'

9. John was talking but nobody was listening …… what he was saying.

10. We waited Karen until 2 o'clock but she didn't come.

11. 'Are you writing a letter?' 'Yes, I'm writing …….Diane.'

12. Don't forget to phone ……your mother this evening.

13. He's alone all day. He never talks …… anybody.

14. 'How much does it cost to stay at this hotel?' 'It depends …… the type of room.’

15. Catherine is thinking ……changing her job.

 

Exercise 5. Complete these sentences. Use at/for/after.


1. I looked …… the newspaper but I didn't read it carefully.

2. When you are ill, you need somebody to look …… you.

3. Excuse me, I'm looking …… Hill Street. Can you tell me where it is?

4. Goodbye! Have a nice holiday and look …… yourself.

5. I'm going to take a photograph of you. Please look …… the camera and smile.

6. Barry is looking …… a job. He wants to work in a hotel.

 

Exercise 6. Answer these questions with It depends ……

Do you want to go out with us? Do you like eating in restaurants? Do you enjoy watching TV? Can you do something for me? Are you going away this weekend? Can you lend me some money?   It depends where you're going. It depends on the restaurant. It depends …… It …… …… ……

Exercise 7. Complete the sentences. Choose one of the following verbs (in the correct form) + the correct preposition:

explain invite laugh listen point glance speak throw throw write

1. I look stupid with this haircut. Everybody will laugh at me.

2. I don't understand what this means. Can you explain it to me?

3. I……my watch to see what the time was.

4. We've been……the party but unfortunately we can't go.

5. Please……me! I've got something important to tell you.

6. Don't……stones……the birds! It's cruel.

7. If you don't want to eat that sandwich,……it……the birds. They'll eat it.

8. Sally and Kevin had an argument and now they're not……one another.

9. I……Joanna last week but she hasn't replied to my letter yet.

10. Be careful with those scissors! Don't……them……me!

 

Exercise 8. Put into or at where necessary.

 

1. They only invited a few people to their wedding.

2. Look……these flowers. Aren't they pretty?

3. Please don't shout……me! Be nice to me!

4. I saw Sue as I was cycling along the road. I shouted …… her but she didn't hear me.

5. Don't listen……what he says. He doesn't know what he's talking about.

6. Can I speak……you for a moment? There's something I want to ask you.

7. Do you think I could have a look…… your newspaper, please?

8. I'm a bit lonely. I need somebody to talk ......

9. She was so angry she threw a chair……me.

10. The woman sitting opposite me on the train kept staring ……me.

 

Exercise 9. You ask somebody to explain some things that you don't understand. Write sentences using explain (something) to me or explain to me (how/what... etc.).

 

1. (I don't understand this word.) Can you explain this word to me?

2. (I don't understand what you mean.) Can you explain to me what you mean?

3. (I don't understand this question.) Can you explain......

4. (I don't understand the system.) Can......

5. (I don't understand how this machine works.) ......

6. (I don't understand what your problem is.) ......

 

Exercise 10. Put in to where necessary. If the sentence is already complete, leave an empty space (-).

 

1. I know who she is but I've never spoken to her.

2. George won't be able to help you, so there's no point in asking - him.

3. I like to listen……the radio while I'm having breakfast.

4. We'd better phone……the restaurant to reserve a table.

5. I apologized……Bridget for the misunderstanding.

6. Don't forget to write……me while you're away.

7. I thanked……everybody for all the help they had given me.

8. I explained……everybody what they had to do.

9. Mike described……me how the accident happened.

10. I'd like to ask……you some questions.

Exercise 11. Translate into English

 

1. Я спросил у своего коллеги, где те важные документы, которые мы должны перевести.

2. Им надо идти на вокзал прямо сейчас.

3. Дети не пойдут в кино, даже если родители разрешат им.

4. Я подошел к двери и постучал, но никто не ответил мне.

5. Нам необходимо пойти туда, даже если никому не хочется.

6. Она сказала мне уходить прочь, и я пошел домой…

7. Наше решение полностью зависит от твоего поведения.

8. От чего это зависит?

9. Я не сомневаюсь в его честности - я думаю, он приличный человек.

10. Нам сказали следовать за мужчиной в красной шляпе.

11. О Господи, как это могло случиться с тобой!

12. Я могу помочь этим людям найти дорогу.

13. Присоединяйтесь к нашей группе, когда пожелаете.

14. Дети постоянно смеются над этим неуклюжим мальчиком.

15. Когда она меня узнала, то повернула голову и улыбнулась мне еще раз.

16. Выключи, пожалуйста, радио – я не хочу слушать эту ужасную музыку.

17. Уже пора идти – мы не можем больше их ждать.

18. Ты выглядишь почти как твой отец.

19. - Посмотри на эту картину – разве она не бесподобна.

- Я извиняюсь, но не вижу ничего необычного.

20. Когда моя сестра уезжает за границу, мне приходится присматривать за ее ребенком.

21. Дорогой мистер Х, я с нетерпением ожидаю вашего ответа (официальный язык).

22. Вечером мне нужно встретиться с этим человеком, чтобы отдать все необходимые бумаги.

23. Мы будем очень скучать по вашим детям.

24. Все сложности от того, что вы не обратили внимания на наше предупреждение.

25. Он сказал мне, что никогда больше не приедет к нам. (с двумя глаголами)

26. На ней было одето роскошное красное платье, и я конечно же сразу влюбился.

27. Покажи моим друзьям наш город.

Покажи наш город моим друзьям.

Покажи его моим друзьям.

Покажи наш город им.

UNIT 37 VERB+VERB

ITEM 37.1 VERB+ING AND VERB+TO

Exercise 1 Put the verb in the right form, to... or -ing.

 

1. I enjoy dancing. (dance).

2. What do you want to do (do) tonight.

3. Goodbye! I hope……(see) you again soon.

4. I learnt……(swim) when I was five years old.

5. Have you finished……(clean) the kitchen?

6. I'm tired. I want……(go) to bed.

7. Do you enjoy……(visit) other countries?

8. The weather was nice, so I suggested ……(go) for a walk by the river.

9. Where's Bill? He promised …… (be) here on time.

10. I'm not in a hurry. I don't mind …… (wait).

11. What have you decided ……(do)?

12. George was very angry and refused …… (speak) to me.

13. Where's Ann? I need …… (ask) her something.

14. I was very upset and started …… (cry).

15. I'm trying …… (work). Please stop …… (talk).

 

Exercise 2 Complete the sentences using to... or -ing. Use one of these verbs:

go help live lose rain read see send take wait walk watch

1. I like London but I wouldn't like to live there.

2. I like taking (OR to take)photographs when I'm on holiday.

3. Linda has a lot of books. She enjoys……

4. I'm surprised that you're here. I didn't expect …… you.

5. Don't forget……us a postcard when you're on holiday.

6. 'Shall we get a taxi to the cinema?' 'If you like, but it isn't far. I don't mind

7. This ring is very beautiful. I'd hate …… it.

8. Julia had a lot to do, so I offered……her.

9. What shall we do this afternoon? Would you like ……to the beach?

10. When I'm tired in the evenings, I like …… television.

11. 'Shall we go now?' 'No, I'd prefer …….a few minutes.'

12. I'm not going out until it stops……

 

Exercise 3. Complete the answers to the questions.

 

Do you usually get up early ? Do you ever go to museums? Do you often write letters? Have you ever been to New York? Do you often travel by train? Shall we eat at home or go to a restaurant? Yes, I like getting (OR to get) up early. Yes, I love…… No, I don't like…… No, but I'd love……one day. Yes, I enjoy…… I don't mind ……a restaurant but I'd prefer…… home.

 

Exercise 4 Complete these sentences. Write about yourself. Use to... or -ing.

 

1. I enjoy……

2. I don't like ……

3. If it's a nice day tomorrow, I'd like ……

4. When I'm on holiday, I like ……

5. I don't min ……but……

6. I wouldn't like……

 

Exercise 5. Complete each sentence with one of these verbs:

answer apply be be listen make see try use wash work write

 

1. He tried to avoid answering my question.

2. Could you please stop……so much noise?

3. I enjoy……to music.

4. I considered……for the job but in the end I decided against it.

5. Have you finished……your hair yet?

6. If you walk into the road without looking, you risk……knocked down.

7. Jim is 65 but he isn't going to retire yet. He wants to carry on……

8. I don't mind you……the phone as long as you pay for all your calls.

9. Hello! Fancy……you here! What a surprise!

10. I've put off……the letter so many times. I really must do it today.

11. What a stupid thing to do! Can you imagine anybody……so stupid?

12. Sarah gave up……to find a job in this country and decided to go abroad.

 

Exercise 6. Complete the sentences so that they mean the same as the first sentence. Use -ing.

 

1. I can do what I want and you can't stop me. You can't stop me doing what I want.

2. It's not a good idea to travel during the rush hour.

It's better to avoid ……

3. Shall we go away tomorrow instead of today?

Shall we postpone …… until ……?

4. The driver of the car said it was true that he didn't have a licence.

The driver of the car admitted ……

5. Could you turn the radio down, please?

Would you mind ……?

6. Please don't interrupt me all the time.

Would you mind ……?

 

Exercise 7. Use your own ideas to complete these sentences. Use -ing.

 

1. She's a very interesting person. I always enjoy talking to her.

2. I'm not feeling very well. I don't fancy ......

3. I'm afraid there aren't any chairs. I hope you don't mind ......

4. It was a lovely day, so I suggested ......

5. It was very funny. I couldn't stop......

6. My car isn't very reliable. It keeps ......

 

Exercise 8. Complete each sentence with a suitable verb.

 

1. Don't forget to post the letter I gave you.

2. There was a lot of traffic but we managed……to the airport in time.

3. Jill has decided not a car.

4. We've got a new computer in our office. I haven't learnt it yet.

5. I wonder where Sue is. She promised not late.

6. We were all too afraid to speak. Nobody dared anything.

 

Exercise 9. Put the verb into the correct form, to... or -ing.

 

1. When I'm tired, I enjoy watching television. It's relaxing, (watch)

2. It was a nice day, so we decided……for a walk. (go)

3. It's a nice day. Does anyone fancy……for a walk? (go)

4. I'm not in a hurry. I don't mind……(wait)

5. They don't have much money. They can't afford……out very often. (go)

6. I wish that dog would stop……It's driving me mad. (bark)

7. Our neighbour threatened……the police if we didn't stop the noise. (call)

8. We were hungry, so I suggested……dinner early. (have)

9. Hurry up! I don't want to risk……the train. (miss)

10. I'm still looking for a job but I hope……something soon. (find)

 

Exercise 10. Make a new sentence using the verb in brackets.

He has lost weight. Tom is worried about something. You know a lot of people. My English is getting better. That car has broken down. David forgets things. They have solved the problem. (seem) (appear) (seem) (seem) (appear) (tend) (claim) He seems to have lost weight. Tom appears …… You …… …… …… …… ……

 

Exercise 11. Complete each sentence using what/how/whether + one of these verbs:

do get go ride say use

1. Do you know how to get to John's house?

2. Can you show me……this washing machine?

3. Would you know……if there was a fire in the building?

4. You'll never forget……a bicycle once you have learned.

5. I was really astonished. I didn't know……

6. I've been invited to the party but I don't know……or not.

ITEM 37.2. VERB+PREPOSITION+ING

Exercise 1. Complete each sentence using only one word.

 

1. Our neighbours apologised for making so much noise.

2. I feel lazy. I don't feel like……any work.

3. I wanted to go out alone but Joe insisted on……with me.

4. I'm fed up with my job. I'm thinking of……something else.

5. We have decided against……a new car because we can't really afford it.

6. I hope you write to me soon. I'm looking forward …… from you.

7. The weather was extremely bad and this prevented us from…… out.

8. The man who has been arrested is suspected of……a false passport.

9. I think you should apologise to Sue for……so rude to her.

10. Some parents don't approve of their children……a lot of television.

11. I'm sorry I can't come to your party but thank you very much for…… me.

Exercise 2. Complete the sentences using a preposition + one of the following verbs (in the correct form):

cause escape go help interrupt live play solve spend walk

1. Do you feel like going out this evening?

2. It took us a long time but we finally succeeded……the problem.

3. I've always dreamed……in a small house by the sea.

4. The driver of the other car accused me……the accident.

5. There was a fence around the lawn to stop people……on the grass.

6. Forgive me……you but may I ask you something?

7. Where are you thinking……your holiday this year?

8. The guards weren't able to prevent the prisoner……

9. I wanted to cook the meal by myself but Dave insisted……me.

10. I'm sorry we've had to cancel our game of tennis tomorrow.

11. I was really looking forward……

ADDITIONAL MATERIAL

UNIT 38 BE USED/ GET USED TO DOING SMTH

Exercise 1. Read the situations and complete the sentences. Use (be/get) used to as in the example.

 

1. Jane is American. She came to Britain and at first she found driving on the left difficult.

When she arrived in Britain, she wasn't used to driving on the left, but she soon got used to it. Now she has no problems. She is used to driving on the left.

2. Juan is Spanish and came to live in England. In Spain he always had dinner late in the evening, but in England dinner was at 6 o'clock. This was very early for him.

When Juan first came to England, he……dinner so early, but after some time he……it. Now he finds it quite normal.

He……at six o'clock.

3. Julia is a nurse. A year ago she started working nights. At first she found it hard.

At first Julia didn't like it. She……nights and it took her a few months to……it. Now, after a year, she's quite happy.

She……nights.

 

Exercise 2. What do you say in these situations? Use I'm (not) used to... .

 

1. You live alone. You don't mind this. You have always lived alone.

FRIEND: Do you get a bit lonely sometimes? YOU: No, I'm used to living alone.

2. You sleep on the floor. You don't mind this. You have always slept on the floor.

friend: Wouldn't you prefer to sleep in a bed?

YOU: No, I……

3. You have to work hard. This is not a problem for you. You have always worked hard.

friend: You have to work very hard in your job, don't you?

YOU: Yes, but I don't mind that. I…...

4. You normally go to bed early. Last night you went to bed very late (for you) and as a result
you are very tired this morning.

friend: You look tired this morning.

YOU: Yes,……

 

Exercise 3. Read the situation and complete the sentences using used to.

 

1. Some friends of yours have just moved into a flat on a busy street. It is very noisy. They'll have to get used to the noise.

2. Jack once went to the Middle East. It was very difficult for him at first because of the heat.
He wasn't……

3. Sue moved from a big house to a much smaller one. She found it strange at first.

She had to……in a much smaller house.

4. The children at school had a new teacher. She was different from the teacher before her but this wasn't a problem for the children. The children soon ……

5. Somebody from Britain is thinking of going to live in your country. Warn him/her!

You would have to……

Exercise 4. Complete the sentences using only one word each time.

 

1. Jane had to get used to driving on the left.

2. We used to live in a small village but now we live in London.

3. Tom used to a lot of coffee. Now he prefers tea.

4. I feel very full after that meal. I'm not used to ……so much.

5. I wouldn't like to share an office. I'm used to ……my own office.

6. I used to……a car but I sold it a few months ago.

7. When we were children, we used to…… swimming every day.

8. There used to……a cinema here but it was knocked down a few years ago.

9. I'm the boss here! I'm not used to …… told what to do.

UNIT 39 I'D PREFER... OR I'D RATHER...

Exercise 1. Which do you prefer? Write sentences using 'I prefer (something) to (something else)'. Put the verb into the correct form where necessary.

 

1. (drive / travel by train) I prefer driving to travelling by train.

2. (tennis /football) I prefer……

3. (phone people / write letters) I……to……

4. (go to the cinema / watch films on TV) ……

 

Now rewrite sentences 3 and 4 using the structure 'I prefer (to do something)......'.

 

5. (1) ...... I prefer to drive rather than travel by train..

6. (3) I prefer to……

7. (4) ……

Exercise 2. Write sentences using I'd prefer... or I'd rather... + one of the following:

eat at home get a taxi go alone go for a swim listen to some music stand think about it for a while wait a few minutes wait till later

1. Shall we walk home? 2. Do you want to eat now? 3. Shall we watch TV? 4. What about a game of tennis? 5. Shall we leave now? 6. Do you want to go to a restaurant? 7. I think we should decide now? 8. Would you like to sit down? 9. Do you want me to come with you? (prefer) I'd prefer to get a. taxi. (rather) I’d rather wait till later. (prefer) (rather) (rather) (prefer) (rather) (rather) (prefer)

Now write sentences using than and rather than.

 

10. (get a taxi / walk home) I'd prefer to get a taxi rather than walk home.

11. (go for a swim / play tennis) I'd rather……

12. (wait a few minutes / leave now) I'd rather……

13. (eat at home / go to a restaurant) I'd prefer……

14. (think about it for a while / decide now) I'd rather……

Exercise 3. Complete the sentences using would you rather I....

 

1. Are you going to cook the dinner or would you rather I cooked it?

2. Are you going to tell Ann what happened or would you rather……?

3. Are you going to do the shopping or……?

4. Are you going to answer the phone or……?

 

Exercise 4. Use your own ideas to complete these sentences.

 

1. 'Shall I tell Ann the news?' 'No, I'd rather she didn't know.'

2. Do you want me to go now or would you rather I …here?

3. Do you want to go out this evening or would you rather.…..at home?

4. This is a private letter addressed to me. I'd rather you.…..read it.

5. It's quite a nice house but I'd rather it a bit bigger.

6. 'Do you mind if I turn on the radio?' 'I'd rather you … I'm trying to study.'

UNIT 40 USED TO DO

Exercise 1. Karen works very hard and has very little free time. A few years ago, things were different.

 

1. Do you do any sport?   2. Do you go out in the evenings? 3. Do you play a musical instrument? 4. Do you like reading? 5. Do you travel much? 1. Yes, I go swimming every day and I play volleyball. 2. Yes, most evenings. 3. Yes, the guitar. 4. Yes, I read a lot. 5. Yes, I go away two or three times a year.

 

Write sentences about Karen with used to...

 

1. She used to go swimming every day.

2. She……

3. …

4. ……

5. ……

6. ……

 

Exercise 2. Complete these sentences. Use used to or the present simple (I play / he lives etc.).

 

1. I used to play tennis. I stopped playing a few years ago.

2. Do you do any sport?' 'Yes, I play basketball.

3. 'Have you got a car?' 'No, I……one but I sold it.'

4. George……a waiter. Now he's the manager of a hotel.

5. 'Do you go to work by car?' 'Sometimes but most days I.. by train.'

6. When I was a child, I never……meat, but I eat it now.

7. Mary loves watching TV. She……TV every evening.

8. We……near the airport but we moved to the city centre a few years ago.

9. Normally I start work at 7 o'clock, so I……up very early.

10. What games……you ……when you were a child?

 

Exercise 3. Complete these sentences with use(d) to... + a suitable verb.

 

1. Dennis gave up smoking two years ago. He used to smoke 40 cigarettes a day.

2. Liz……a motorbike, but last year she sold it and bought a car.

3. We came to live in Manchester a few years ago. We……in Nottingham.

4. I rarely eat ice cream now but I……it when I was a child.

5. Jim……my best friend but we aren't friends any longer.

6. It only takes me about 40 minutes to get to work since the new road was opened. It ……more than an hour.

7. There……a hotel opposite the station but it closed a long time ago.

8. When you lived in London,……to the theatre very often?

 

Exercise 4. Brian changed his lifestyle. He stopped doing some things and started doing other things:

 

He stopped   studying hard going to bed early running three miles every morning
He started   smoking going out in the evening spending a lot of money

 

Exercise 5. Write sentences about Brian with used to and didn't use to.

 

1. He used to study hard.

2. He didn't use to smoke.

3. ……

4. ……

5. ……

6. ……

UNIT 41 EVERY OR ALL

Exercise 1. Complete the sentences. Use every + one of these words:

day room student time word

1. Every student in the class passed the exam.

2. My job is very boring..….is the same.

3. Kate is a very good tennis player. When we play, she wins......

4. .....in the hotel has a private bathroom.

5. 'Did you understand what she said?' 'Most of it but not ......

 

Exercise 2. Complete the sentences with every day or all day.

 

1. Yesterday it rained all day.

2. I buy a newspaper......but sometimes I don't read it.

3. I'm not going out tomorrow. I'll be at home……

4. I usually drink about four cups of coffee……

5. Paula was ill yesterday, so she stayed in bed……

6. Last year we went to the seaside for a week and it rained ……

7. I'm tired now because I've been working hard……

Exercise 3. Put in every or all.

 

1. Bill watches TV for about two hours every evening.

2. Barbara gets up at 6.30……morning.

3. The weather was nice yesterday, so we sat in the garden ……. afternoon.

4. I'm going away on Monday. I'll be away ..…. week.

5. 'How often do you go skiing?' '…… year. Usually in March.'

6. A: Were you at home at 10 o'clock yesterday?

B: Yes, I was at home ……morning. I went out after lunch.

7. My sister likes cars. She buys a new one…… year.

8. I saw Jack at the party. He wasn't very friendly. He didn't speak to me …… evening.

9. We go away on holiday for two or three weeks…… summer.

 

Exercise 4. Put in everybody/everything/everywhere.

 

1. Everybody ……needs friends.

2. Chris knows……about computers.

3. I like the people here……is very friendly.

4. This is a nice hotel. It's comfortable and……is very clean.

5. Kevin never uses his car. He goes……by motor-bike.

6. Let's have dinner……is hungry.

7. Sue's house is full of books. There are books……

8. You are right……you say is true.

 

Exercise 5. Put in a verb (one word).

 

1. Everybody has problems.

2. Are you ready yet? Everybody……waiting for you.

3. The house is empty. Everyone……gone out.

4. George is very popular. Everybody……him.

5. This town is completely different. Everything ……changed.

6. I arrived home very late. I came in quietly because everyone

7. Everybody……mistakes!

 

Exercise 6. Complete these sentences with all, everything or everybody/everyone.

 

1. It was a good party. Everybody enjoyed it.

2. All I've eaten today is a sandwich.

3. ……has got their faults. Nobody is perfect.

4. Nothing has changed……is the same as it was.

5. Margaret told me……about her new job. It sounds quite interesting.

6. Can……write their names on a piece of paper, please?

7. Why are you always thinking about money? Money isn't……

8. I didn't have much money with me……I had was ten pounds.

9. When the fire alarm rang,……left the building immediately.

10. She didn't say where she was going……she said was that she was going away.

11. We have completely different opinions. I disagree with…… she says.

12. We all did well in the examination……in our class passed.

13. We all did well in the examination……of us passed.

14. Why are you so lazy? Why do you expect me to do …...for you?

 

Exercise 7. Write sentences with whole.

 

1. I read the book from beginning to end. I read the whole book.

2. Everyone in the team played well. The……

3. Paul opened a box of chocolates. When he finished eating, there were no chocolates left in the box. He ate……

4. The police came to the house. They were looking for something. They searched everywhere, every room. They……

5. Ann worked from early in the morning until late in the evening. ……

6. Everyone in Dave and Judy's family plays tennis. Dave and Judy play, and so do all their children. The ……

7. Jack and Jill went on holiday to the seaside for a week. It rained from the beginning of the week to the end. It……

Now write sentences 5 and 7 again using all instead of whole.

 

8. (5) Ann ……

9. (7) ……

 

Exercise 8. Complete these sentences using every with one of the following:

five minutes ten minutes four hours six months four years

 

1. The bus service is very good. There's a bus every ten minutes.

2. Tom is ill. He has some medicine. He has to take it……

3. The Olympic Games take place……

4. We live near a busy airport. A plane flies over our house……

5. It's a good idea to have a check-up with the dentist……

 

Exercise 9. Which is the correct alternative?

 

1. I've spent the whole money / all the money you gave me. (all the money is correct)

2. Sue works every day / all days except Sunday.

3. I'm tired. I've been working hard all the day / all day.

4. It was a terrible fire. Whole building / The whole building was destroyed.

5. I've been trying to phone her all day but every time / all the time I phone her the line is engaged.

6. I don't like the weather here. It rains every time / all the time.

7. When I was on holiday, all my luggage / my whole luggage was stolen.







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