Appendix 2. Roget’s Thesaurus of English words and phrases (Penguin books, 2000)

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Appendix 2. Roget’s Thesaurus of English words and phrases (Penguin books, 2000)


N. academy, institute, educational i.; college,

lycee, gymnasium, senior secondary school;

conservatoire, ballet school, art s., academy of

dramatic art; finishing school; correspondence

college; university, campus; Open University;

redbrick university, Oxbridge, varsity; sixth-

form college, FE c., college of further or higher

education; polytechnic, poly; alma mater, old

school, groves of academe.

school, nursery s., creche, playgroup, kinder­-

garten; infant school; private school, indepen-

dent s., public s., state-aided s., state s.;

preparatory school, prep s., crammer; primary

school, middle s., secondary s., high s., second-

ary modern s., grammar s., senior secondary s;

comprehensive s., sixth form college, FE c.;

boarding school, day s.; night s., evening

classes; Sunday s.; special s.; approved school,

List D s.; reform s., Borstal; remand home,

detention centre; catchment area, parent’s



В данной словарной статье обратите внимание на следующее:

ü жирным курсивом в начале статьи представлено слово, организующее словарную статью, – лексико-семантическое поле данного исходного слова;

ü курсивом представлены тематические (темообразующие, а в каких-то случаях и полеобразующие) для данного словаря слова (цифра подсказывает, где можно найти ту или иную тематическую или полевую группу слов);

ü абзац в словарной статье означает начало новой тематической группы внутри поля;

ü жирная буква в начале некоторых абзацев указывает на часть речи, в которой представлена тематическая группа;

ü в рамках абзаца через запятую помещены более близкие по значению слова, а через точку с запятой – менее близкие.

Appendix 3. Cognitive Map

Cognitive map is a kind of “shpargalka” which you built in order to ease your further retelling of the text. Otherwise, it is a kind of a content skeleton of the text. It presents all important themes and gives idea how each of them is being developed by the author. It may show three dimensions of the text content organization: (1) a hierarchy one – what is most important), (2) a structural dimension – how this “what” is structured), (3) a systemic dimension (what vocabulary the author uses to present the themes and to develop them). If we want to add a third dimension (that is to separate our vocabulary with which we want to present main ideas of the text from the vocabulary of the author (how s\he names the ideas), we need to make the words of the author somehow, for example with italics or bald letter (this is up to you). If you have this third dimension, then while retelling, you can add the specific author’s vision of the idea. If not, than you present the idea as it is without this nuance.

Cognitive map of vocabulary article “the University”

    А. University as a    
B. Disciplines i   i i   C. Personnel i
learned at University: basics of scientific knowledge   1. social institution: Universities and Academies = its characteristics: double field (academic) and unity (intention to combine studies and scientific work); 2. Educational institution (Universities): learning disciplines = its characteristics (two): multi field and completeness (all disciplines); functions (two): Personnel is prepared and scientific work is held;   prepared at university: in different spheres of national economy, science and culture.

Variants of rendering only one theme of the map – A:

Variant 1: The University is both social and educational institution. It has its unique field – unity of 2 activities: studies and science. It also has maximum number of disciplines and carries out its traditional functions – personnel preparation and scientific work holding.

Variant 2: the University has its unique profile both in macro- (society itself) and micro- (concrete educational institution) context. It unites scientific work and studies that are incarnated in personnel preparation in diverse disciplines. It characterizes the University both as social and educational institution.

Variants of rendering the whole text (all themes in the cognitive map):

Variant 1: Vocabulary article “the University” pays special attention to term “University”, characterizes the learning disciplines and shows the diversity of the University personnel application. In particular, it represents the University both as a social double field and as a multidisciplinary educational institution. The article states the fact that the set of the University disciplines aims to generate basics of scientific knowledge and specifies the field of the University personnel application – national economy, science, culture.

Variant 2: the University is both social institution preparing personnel for national economy, science and culture and multidisciplinary educational institution that provides with basics of scientific knowledge. It is a unity of two socially significant activities – studies and science.

Variant 3 couldsaveoriginaltext line. In this case, pay attention to the functions of the text sentences. So, the first sentence brings information and the second one summarizes this information.

Appendix 4. Semantic Map

Semantic map is designed helps you to use necessary vocabulary, that is to use it in a coherent context.

You choose a topic and try to cover it through several concepts. For each concept you can start your speech with every aspect, which should contain about 2-4 sentences and compose a coherent text. One is to close most appreciate words for development (deductive logic), for example:



University teachers
Scientific work
Professional and personal qualities


Аспект: Профессиональные и личные качества.Нам преподают


Below we give you an idea how to develop these aspects:

Aspect 1: Professional and personal qualities. Your teachers are special. Many of them are famous scientists. They are competent and experienced, though some of them are very young…

Aspect 2: Status. Teaching staff of our department varies greatly. Among them there are professors with a doctoral degree, associate professors with a PhD degree, senior teachers and teachers. ...

Aspect 3:Teaching.Professors and assistant professors deliver lectures and lead seminars. Teachers and assistants often teach practical classes. Students can get consultations from all of them. …

Aspect 4: Scientific work.Our University teachers are not just teachers, they are also scientists. They carry out their research, write articles and make reports at the conferences. ...

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