ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Write a, the, or no article to complete these sentences.



1 She's .a... journalist.

2 ..The.. moon moves slowly round the... earth.

3 sun is shining.

4 I'd like cup of coffee, please.

5 Have you got double room?

6 He gave me a lighter and some cigarettes but lighter didn't work.

7 There was doctor and nurse in the room nurse was sleeping.

8 She took sandwich and piece of cake, but didn't eat cake.

9 Yes, I work at this school. I'm teacher.

10 A man and two women were sitting in the car. 1 think man was Italian.

11 Did you see Pope when he came to England?

12 He offered me cigarette, but I refused.

13 Did you send me postcard when you were in Greece?

14 They had six cats and dog. I really liked dog.

15 Have you got match, please?

16 She sent me letter and card letter didn't arrive.

17 I had cup of tea and ice cream tea was terrible.

18 Have you met Sally? She's friend of mine.

7. Write the names of the places below in two columns, those with the and those without the:

 

River Seine

Luxembourg

Istanbul

Pyrenees

Chile

Solomon Islands

River Seme

Philippines

Sweden

Oxford Street

Bombay

South China Sea

Hamburg

Algeria

Rocky Mountains

St Lawrence River

Barcelona

People's Republic of Mongolia

Pacific Ocean

 

8. Insert the articles where necessary:

 

1. __ morning will be cold.

2. __ winter is the season between __ autumn and ___ spring.

3. It was __ cold winter morning.

4. He usually wakes up in __ morning at 8 o' clock.

5. It was the best thing to do on __ fresh morning.
UNIT 7

 

GREAT BRITAIN (The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland)

Pre-Reading Task: What is Great Britain? What do you know about this country?

 

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (or the UK) is made up of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The UK covers the British Isles which is the geographical name of all the islands situated off the northwest coast of the European Continent. They consist of Great Britain, Ireland and of about five thousand small islands. The North Sea, the Strait of Dover and the English Channel separate Great Britain from the continent. It is washed on the west coast by the Atlantic Ocean and by the Irish Sea.

The mountains in Great Britain are not very high, the highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland. The main rivers in Britain are the Thames, the Mersey, the Severn and others, but none of them are very long.

The climate of Great Britain is mild. The Atlantic Ocean and the warm waters of the Gulf Stream influence the weather on the British Isles. The summers are cool and rainy; the winters are not very cold.

Great Britain is a highly developed industrial country. One of the leading industries in Great Britain is the textile industry. Coal, iron and steel as well as various machines are also produced there. Shipbuilding and motor industry are highly developed too.

There are many big industrial cities in Britain, such as Birmingham and Sheffield (with big iron and steel works), Manchester and Liverpool (the biggest centres of textile industry), Cardiff and others. London, the capital city of the UK, is one of the biggest commercial centres and ports of the world. It is also an important political, cultural and educational centre. Other educational centres in Great Britain are Oxford and Cambridge with the world famous oldest Universities, and also Edinburgh and Sheffield.

The UK is a constitutional monarchy. In law, the Head of State is the Queen. In practice, the Queen reigns, but does not rule. The country is ruled by the elected government with the Prime Minister at the head. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.

There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties. The current Prime Minister is ...

Britain is famed for its history, heritage and tourist attractions. London is obviously attractive as much for domestic travellers as it is for those travelling from abroad. The list of famous London landmarks and attractions is virtually endless. It’s often best to make a list of things you'd like to do on your short London break. Culturally, there's theatreland with its world famous West End shows. Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in Southwark is an interesting must-see for many visitors. Madame Tussauds Waxworks is another must-do on many people’s lists. After going around London’s world-famous shopping districts, why not visit South Kensington and the museums - the Science Museum, the Imperial War Museum and the Victoria and Albert Museum.

York is a great destination for experiencing a cross section of historical influence, from Viking times through Roman and medieval right up to modern institutions like the Terry's chocolate factory and the famous Banks of York Music Store. Must-sees here include York Minster, where you can see the finest examples of gothic buildings.

Edinburgh is another great location. Is there anyone who doesn't recognise the iconic Edinburgh Castle? History is everywhere here too, though well balanced by modern culture and influence, not least the Edinburgh International Festival.

The total population of Great Britain today is about 59 million people. The official language of the country is English, though in Wales people speak Welsh which is different from English, while the Scottish dialect differs little from English. There are many other languages spoken in Britain as it has become now a multinational state.

 

VOCABULARY

 

to be made up of (to consist of) —состоять из

to cover— охватывать

to be situated— быть расположенным

the Strait of Dover —Па-де-Кале

The English Channel— Ла-Манш

The Gulf Stream —Гольфстрим

to be washed— омываться

mild climate— мягкий климат

cool — прохладный

coal (iron, steel, shipbuilding, etc.) industry —угольная (металлургичес­кая, сталелитейная, кораблестроительная и т. д.) промышленность

works— промышленные предприятия, заводы

commercial centre— торговый центр

constitutional monarchy– конституционная монархия

to rule - править

Prime Minister – премьер-министр

the House of Lords– палата лордов

the House of Commons– палата общин

the Labour, the Conservative and the Liberal parties– лейбористская, консервативная и либеральная партии

landmarks - архитектурный памятник, ориентир

West End- Уэст-Энд, западная аристократическая часть Лондона

Shakespeare's Globe Theatre- театр Шекспира «Глобус»

Southwark– Саутуорк (район)

Madame Tussauds Waxworks– музей восковых фигур Мадам Тюссо

must-see– то, что обязательно нужно посмотреть

must-do –то, что непременно нужно сделать

York Minster - Кафедральный собор Йорка

cross section– перекресток, перепутье

Viking times (Roman, medieval times)– времена/эпоха викингов (Римлян, средневековья)

Edinburgh– Эдинбург, столица Шотландии

the total population— общая численность населения

 

1. Answer the following questions:

1. Where is the UK situated?

2. What parts does it consist of?

3. Are there any high mountains in Great Britain?

4. What are the main rivers?

5. What influences the climate in Great Britain?

6. What are the most highly developed industries in the country?

7. What important industrial and cultural centres do you know in Great Britain?

8. Where are the most famous universities?

9. What system of ruling the country is there in the UK?

10. Who reigns and who rules the country?

11. What structure does the British Parliament have?

12. What are the three main political parties in Great Britain?

13. Why is London attractive both for domestic travellers and for those travelling from abroad?

14. What must-sees and must-dos are there in London?

15. What makes York an interesting place?

16. What can a traveller find in Edinburgh?

17. What languages are spoken in different parts of the country?

2. Say if these statements are right or wrong:

1. The UK is made up of England & Scotland.

2. The English Channel separates Great Britain from the Continent.

3. On the west coast the UK is washed by the Atlantic Ocean.

4. The mountains in Great Britain are not very high.

5. The climate in Great Britain is tropical.

6. The summers in the UK are very hot.

7. The UK's leading industry is food processing.

8. Birmingham and Sheffield are big industrial cities.

9. London is one of the commercial centres of the world.

10. Britain is well-known for its food shops.

11. Only people travelling from abroad find London attractive.

12. Madame Tussauds Waxworks is a must-do for tourists.

13. In York you can see Viking times through Roman and medieval up to modern institutions.

14. Everybody knows the Edinburgh Castle.

15. Only English is spoken in Great Britain.

3.Finish these sentences:

1. The UK is made up of ...

2. The British Isles consist of Great Britain, ...

3. The Atlantic Ocean & the warm waters of the Gulf Stream ...

4. Coal, iron and steel ...

5. Other educational centres in the UK are ...

6. London is obviously attractive as much for …

7. Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in Southwark is ...

8. Madame Tussauds Waxworks is ...

9. History is everywhere here too, though ...

10. Must-sees in York include …

11. Edinburgh is another ...

12. There are many languages ...





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