How do people dirty the air ?



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How do people dirty the air ?



Do the people poison the water ?

Do the people ruin natural beauty ?

Is it one of the most serious problem ?

Does is couse global warming ?

What does polluted water do with fish and ofher marine life ?

Задание 3. Закончить предложения.

1. People dirty the air with …

2. People poison the water with…

3. People damage the soil with…

4. People also pollute their surroundings is…

5. They ruin natural beauty by…

6. Motor vehicles fill the air with…

7. Environmental pollution causes global…

8. Polluted air can cause…

9. Polluted water kills fish and…

10. Pollution of soil reduces the amount of…

Задание 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. He (to work) in the centre of Chicago. 2. He (to work) in the centre of Chicago ? 3. He (not to work) in the centre of Chicago. 4. They (to read) many books. 5. They (to read) many books ? 6. They (not to read) many books. 7. The children (to eat) soup now. 8. The children (to eat) soup now ? 9. The children (not to eat) soup now. 10. You (to play) volleyball well ? 11. When you (to play) volleyball ? 12. What Nick (to do) in the evening ?

Задание 6. Вставьте much или many.

1. A don’t eat … mangoes. 2. He eats … fish. 3. She ate so … dessert that she is in bed today with a stomachache. 4. That man drank so … wine, and he smoked so … cigarettes that he has a terrible headache today. 5. Mary must not eat too … salt because she has problems with her blood pressure. 6. My mother says I eat too … French fries and drink too … beer. She wants me to be healthy. 7. There is not too … space in my flat. 8. There are … new pictures in this room. 9. There are … teachers at our school, and … of them are women. 10. … of these plays are quite new.

Задание 7. Вставьте little или few.

1. He has got … friends. 2. I drink … coffee. I don’t like it. 3. We must hurry. We’ve got very … time. 4. There are very … scholarships for students in this university. 5. The Smiths have … money. They aren’t rich. 6. The theatre was almost empty. There were very … people there. 7. There was … lemonade in the bottle. There were … peaches in the basket. 8. I have … time, so I can’t go with you. 9. He has … English books. 10. There is … juice in my glass. Have you got any juice ?

Задание 8. Переведите предложения на английский язык.

Загрязнение окружающей среды – одна из самых серьёзных проблем, с которой сталкивается человечество в наши дни. 2. Люди загрязняют воздух газами и дымом. 3. Они отравляют воду и почву разными вредными веществами. 4. Люди разрушают естественную красоту окружающей среды, разбрасывая мусор и отходы на земле и в воде. 5. Загрязнение окружающей среды является причиной глобального потепления, разрушения озонового слоя и других гибельных процессов. 6. Сильно загрязнённый воздух может быть причиной болезни и даже смерти. 7. Загрязнённая вода убивает рыбу и других обитателей морей. 8. Загрязнение почвы уменьшает количество пригодной земли для выращивания урожаев. 9. Радиация – Это невидимый загрязнитель, который может быть очень опасным. 10. Маленькие количества электромагнитной радиации производят различные электронные приборы, такие как компьютеры, лазеры, микроволновые печи, телевизоры, рентгеновские аппараты.

Контрольная работа. Вариант 2.

Задание 1. Прочитать и перевести текст.

Radiation.

Radiation is an invisible pollutant that can be highly dangerous. Nuclear radiation comes from radioactive substances, including waste from nuclear weapons testing and from nuclear power plants. Small amounts of electronic devices including computers, lasers, microwave ovens, TVsets, and X-ray machines.

Scientists have not determined exactly what effect small amounts of radiation influence people. But exposure to large amounts can cause cancer and harmful changes in reproductive cells.

International agreements ban most testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere. Such regulations have helped to eliminate the major sources of radiation. However, the amount of radioactive waste is constantly increasing. Scientists are studying the ways to eliminate these wastes safely and permanently.

Задание 2. Ответьте на вопросы по прочитанному тексту.

Where does nuclear radiation come from?

Have you a computer of your own? How much time do you spend before the display?

Do you often watch TV?

Does you family prepare food with the help of a microwave oven?

Do you know the influence on people of the small amounts of radiation?

Do you often go to the seaside? How much time do you spend there?

Do you smoke? And what about your friends?

Where do you live? Are your surroundings clean?

How can we reduce the pollution of the surroundings?

Задание 3. Переведите данное выражение на английский язык.

Невидимый загрязнитель, очень опасный, отходы от испытаний ядерного оружия, атомные электростанции, микроволновые печи, точно не определили, большие количества, вредные изменения, репродуктивные клетки, соглашения запрещают, однако, постоянно, надежно.

Задание 4. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в соответствующем времени, лице и числе.

Yesterday (to be) my day off. I usually (to wake up) early on my day off, but sometimes I (not get up) at once. I (to get up) at eight o’clock yesterday. 2. “When you (to have) breakfast yesterday?” “I (to have) breakfast at nine in the morning.” 3. We usually (to stay) in the country over the week-end, but the weather (to be) bad and we (not to go) to the country tomorrow. 4. “When you last (to go) to the theatre?” “Two weeks ago.” 5. I usually (to go) to bed at eleven o’clock. Yesterday my friends (to come) to see me, and I (to go) to bed at one in the morning. 6. She (not to be) at home now. She (to play) tennis. 7. When your son (to go) to college?

Задание 5. Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

This man is an engineer. 2. That woman is my sister. 3. This child is my son. 4. That goose is big. 5. This mouse is white. 6. This man is a doctor. 7. That woman is my cousin. She is a teacher. 8. That girl is my niece. She is a pupil. 9. This girl has a blue sweater. 10. This boy has a warm coat. 11. My uncle has a large flat. 12. There is a table in the room.

Задание 6. Поставить следующие предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную формы.

Her sister lives in Moscow.

My friend learns English.

Our teacher speaks French.

This engineer works at our office.

His friend does English exercises at home.

His wife goes to the office in the morning.

His name is Pavlov.

They are having dictation now.

Задание 7. Вставить do или does.

1. … you sleep well? Yes, I … .

2. … your sister wash the plates? Yes, she … .

3. What … your teacher read to you?

4. … Mr. Snowdon speak Russian? No, he … not.

5. Where … you take books from?

6. Pamela … not drive a car.

7. David … not like getting up early.

8. How long … it take you to get to school?

9. … she play tennis well? No, she … not.

10. What languages … John speak?

Задание 8. Вставить вместо точек вопросительные слова.

1. Sam … in London. (live)

2. He … in a secondary school. (work)

3. He … two small children. (have)

4. Jane … not … in Britain. (live)

5. She … in Italy. (live)

6. She … her work at ten o`clock. (start)

7. She … not … up early. (get)

8. Henry … his breakfast at half past seven. (have)

9. He … not … lunch. (have)

10. Eric Cantona … for Manchester United. (play)

Контрольная работа. Вариант 3.

Задание 1. Прочитать и перевести текст.

Thomas Alva Edison

The American inventor, Thomas Alva Edison, was born in Ohio in 1847.

Tom, or Al, as his family called him, was one of those children who are always asking “Why?” He was always trying to learn how things worked or how they were made. The boy’s education was limited to three months in the public school * of Port Huron, Michigan. He started work at the age of twelve, when a new railway was opened between Port Huron and Detroit. Young Edison began to travel every day on one of the trains. He sold fruit, sweets and cakes to the passengers.

Several years later, Edison learned telegraphy and he became a telegraph operator. He was soon one of the fastest operators in a large telegraph company in Boston. He wanted to improve the telegraph system and worked very hard at it. Night after night he read the “Book of Experiments”, by Michael Faraday, the inventor of the electric generator, in the hope that this would help him to solve his problems.

One of Edison’s greatest inventions was the gramophone, or the “photograph”, as he called it, which repeated his words. He told his assistants that this was only the beginning. The time would come, he said, when his new instrument would record music. “It will play symphonies and whole operas, the world will hear again the great singers who are no longer loving…”
Another of Edison’s inventions was the electric lamps.
Edison believed that only work could bring success.



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