ТОП 10 на сайтеПриготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Техника нижней прямой подачи мяча.
Франко-прусская война (причины и последствия)
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Смысловое и механическое запоминание, их место и роль в усвоении знаний
Коммуникативные барьеры и пути их преодоления
Обработка изделий медицинского назначения многократного применения
Образцы текста публицистического стиля
Четыре типа изменения баланса
Задачи с ответами для Всероссийской олимпиады по праву
ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?
Влияние общества на человека
Приготовление дезинфицирующих растворов различной концентрации
Практические работы по географии для 6 класса
Организация работы процедурного кабинета
Изменения в неживой природе осенью
Уборка процедурного кабинета
Сольфеджио. Все правила по сольфеджио
Балочные системы. Определение реакций опор и моментов защемления
How to Introduce Yourself to a Roomful of People
At times, a self-introduction may be one-sided – such as when a roomful of people are asked to introduce themselves. In this case, you may be asked to provide specific information, but at other times you may be free to respond in any manner you choose. The first case is easy – just remember to include a greeting, your name, and all the requested information (regardless of the responses of previous participants).
Focus On Three Things Only
When the introduction details are your choice, be conversational and brief, focusing on only three things. The idea is to build rapport. By choosing just three things, your introduction will be more memorable. For example, for a very short introduction I might say something like,
“Hi, everyone. I’m Lisa, Lisa Marshall. I’m a professional speaker and author who enjoys dancing and photography.”
For a longer answer I might say something like…
“Hi, everyone. I’m Lisa, Lisa B. Marshall. I’m a professional speaker and author. I specialize in communication skills and I’m excited because my new audiobook on interviewing skills will be released shortly. I enjoy dancing, although I’m not that good at it. I really love Latin music and salsa dancing is my favorite. I also enjoy photography. In fact, I am thinking of buying myself a digital SLR for my upcoming birthday.”
Lisa B. Marshall
5. Read the text and do the tasks below.
Hello. My name is Paul Simon. I am British. I am from Bristol, which is situated on the river Avon, in the South–West of England. I’m a language student at Christ Church College in Oxford. Christ Church College is quite famous and I’m proud to be a student of it. I’m twenty. I’m not married yet, I’m single. My new friends are from various countries – Spain, Italy, France, Germany, Holland and Japan, too. We are very friendly but it isn’t quite easy to understand each other. You see, our accents are so different! Sabine is French. Her home town is Bordeaux. She is in her late teens. Sabine is very smart and her English is rather good. She is keen on classical music and art. Mr Lewis, our language teacher is from Manchester. He is intelligent, experienced and always ready to help. My favourite subjects are Literature and History. I’m also interested in Natural Sciences and I’m good at sports. My hobbies are table tennis and computer games.
Am I happy here? Yes, sure. The only trouble is my parents are far away and I feel a bit lonely sometimes.
6. Are the following sentences true or false? If false, say why.
7. Here are the answers to some questions about the text. Ask the questions.
8. Express the following in one word.
1 having or showing good manners, consideration for others, and correct social behaviour
2 to tell someone’s name to a person or group of people, so that they meet formally
3 a form of words or an action used on meeting someone
4 knowing a lot about life, people, etc.
5 good at learning and understanding things quickly
6 ability to do something well
9. Match the words of similar meaning.
10. Match the words to their opposites.
11. Choose the corresponding English word.
12. Fill in the correct word from the list below. Some words may be used more than once.
Days and Dates
13. Dictate the ordinal numbers in any order to your partner. Check what they have written.
14. Practise saying these important dates in the Russian calendar.
a) 07/01 23/02 b) 08/03 c) 01/05 d) 12/06 e) 22/08 f) 04/10
15. Put in the correct preposition at / on / inor —.
16. Complete the following sentences with the correct preposition of time.
17. Work with your partner. Take it in turns to ask and answer the questions.
18. Complete the following tag questions.
You learn English, don’t you?
Your sister doesn’t go to university, does she?
You are 20 years old, aren’t you?
She isn’t a journalist, is she?
19. Work with a partner. Complete the tag questions; act out the following dialogue.
Applying for a job
20. Work with your partner. Imagine you are going to get a new job and you are being interviewed by a Personnel Department officer. Complete the conversation.
21. Work in pairs or small groups. Practise asking and answering the following questions.
1. What is your full name?
2. How old are you?
3. When were you born?
4. How would you describe where you come from (your origins, ancestry or background)?
5. Where do you live now?
6. What is your address?
7. What is your telephone number?
8. When did you finish school?
9. What subjects were you especially good at?
10. Were you good at English?
11. What sort of person are you?
12. What do you do now?
13. What university did you apply to?
14. What are you going to be upon graduation?
15. Are you sure you have made the right choice?
16. What are you interested in?
17. What are your leisure time activities?
18. What do you like/dislike doing?
19. Have you got many friends?
20. What do they do?
22. Make notes about yourself under the headings, then talk about yourself.
· age / date of birth
· where I live / place of origin
· family (marital status)
23. Work in pairs following the instruction:
Write down in note form some details of a famous person’s life; date and place of birth; what sort of family he/she was born into; education; career; first job; what he /she was famous for, etc. Bring your notes to the lesson.
Student A. Ask student В questions to find out as much as you can about the famous person and try to guess his/her name.
v Definite Questions (expecting factual reply)
— When/where (was he born)?
— Which (college did he attend)?
— How long (did he spend in...)?
— Did he ever (travel to... / produce something by writing, such as a book, a poem, or a song / appear in... / perform in a play or film / act in... / play the part of ...)?
v Tentative Questions (expecting speculative reply)
— Do you happen to know... when/where he was born?
— You don’t know (You don’t happen to know) when/if..., do you?
— I don’t suppose you know (Have you got any idea) when/where (he was born)?
— He was born in ..., wasn’t he?
— I always thought (I had an idea) he was born in..., wasn’t he?
Student B. Answer Student A’s questions supplying the necessary information from the notes prepared at home.
Lesson 2. Daily LIFE
By doing nothing we learn to do ill.
1. Study the following quotations about work and discuss which ones you most, or least, agree with.
2. Read the text and answer the questions below.
PLANNING ONE’S DAILY ROUND
Have you ever thought that 24 hours isn’t enough to do all you have to do? All of us have so many duties and obligations! In addition to the daily routine at offices, schools, hospitals, etc., we have always got some housework to do and shopping, we have to cook the meals and keep the house clean. It is really surprising how much work some people manage to do! But it often happens that we don’t have enough time to do everything and put it off till “some other time”. What do you think is the reason? Why do some people manage and not others?
A lot depends on how you plan your daily round. If you plan your day carefully, you’ll be able to do more and it takes you less time.
Planning the day is especially necessary for people who want to make time for important things. Many outstanding people say that a daily timetable has helped them greatly to achieve what they have.
1. Do you agree that 24 hours isn’t enough to do all we have to do?
2. Do you often put off things till some other time? Why?
3. Do you find it necessary to plan your daily round? Give your reasons.
4. Some people say that a strict timetable makes life dull and uninteresting. What do you think?
3. Read the text below. Use your dictionary to help.
PAUL BROWN'S DAILY ROUTINE
Friday morning. The alarm clock goes off at 7. Paul usually gets up easily but not this time. It’s not simple to wake up so early if you go to bed at 3 in the morning. He can hardly open his eyes. Half an hour passes before Paul finally makes himself get up. He is still sleepy. He slowly gets dressed and looks out of the window. It’s drizzling and the sidewalk is wet. There’s nobody in sight. The campus looks deserted. But Paul goes jogging every morning, whatever the weather. He sighs, puts on his sneakers and goes out. Twenty minutes later he comes back and takes a long shower. As usual jogging and a cold shower do him good. He is wide awake now. Paul looks at the clock. It’s 8.15. Time for breakfast. He goes to the kitchen to make coffee. A cup of coffee is always reviving, especially after the party like yesterday’s. He smiles at the thought of that delicious birthday cake. But the smile vanishes the moment he remembers his schedule for today. He’s got three classes on Friday.
9.00–10.30 – German Class
11.00–12.30 – Political System of Germany
14.00–15.30 – German Literature
Anything else? An appointment with his tutor at 4 o’clock. He completely forgot! And there’s an essay to finish! When in the world can he do that? He suddenly remembers: lunch time (12.30—14.00). Well, he can’t afford a regular lunch today, just a quick snack. It gives him at least an extra hour more to finish his essay and get ready for the discussion. His tutor is always very critical of his students’ homework. You must know your subject well enough to answer his tricky questions.
8.50. Paul rushes out of the house. It doesn’t take him long to get to the college. So at 8.55 he is at the university. All the students in his class are already there. They’re very glad to see Paul. And so is he. At 9 o’clock Mr Lewis comes in and the class starts. Mr Lewis’s classes are Paul’s favourite ones. Time flies quickly. He enjoys the class so much that the end of the class at 10.30 always comes as a surprise. 10.30–11.00. Coffee break. Paul and the other students go to a coffee bar to have a chat over a cup of coffee. 11.00. Back to another class. It’s rather difficult for Paul to concentrate on the subject, all the more so he doesn’t like it too much. It isn’t as interesting as Mr Lewis’s German Class. Honestly Paul finds it boring.
12.30. Lunch time. Everybody hurries to the dining hall. But Paul doesn’t. At lunchtime he is at his desk in his room. So much work to do and so little time! Paul opens his essay book and starts writing. When he looks at the clock, it’s ten minutes past 2. He is late for the class but he feels great. His essay is ready! The thought is very comforting. Friday’s last class is German Literature, another of Paul’s favourites. It’s always very interesting and instructive. After the class Paul has got half an hour to look through the essay and his notes. He is no longer afraid of the coming meeting. He feels sure of himself.
The session goes well. The students discuss their essays. The tutor makes some critical remarks but on the whole he’s quite pleased with their work. Finally he sets work for them to do and they part till next time. On his way home Paul drops in at the student pub. He takes a glass of beer and sits down at the table next to his friends. He looks around. The pub is crowded, as usual at this time. Everybody is laughing and talking. Loud music is playing. But nobody is dancing. It’s too early for that. Paul suddenly feels very tired. He says good-bye to his friends and leaves the pub. The thing is that there is a concert of a Spanish guitar player at the club at 8. Paul doesn’t want to miss it but he needs some rest. The concert finishes at 11.30. When Paul comes back home, it’s nearly midnight. At long last the hard day is over! He takes off his clothes and goes to bed straightaway. 5 minutes later he is fast asleep.
4. Are the following statements true or false? If false, say why.
1. On Friday mornings Paul never gets up before 8.15.
2. Paul always goes to bed until midnight.
3. Paul doesn’t care about the weather when he goes jogging.
4. He almost never has a regular lunch in the afternoon. Instead, he has a quick snack.
6. Paul doesn’t like all the subjects he’s studying but only some of them.
7. Paul is self-confident because he’s always ready for his classes.
8. He feels comfortable at the thought that his essay is ready.
9. The tutor is displeased with Paul’s work and he tells him to come next time.
10. There’s a student pub not far from Paul’s hall.
11. After classes Paul doesn’t drop in the pub because he is too tired.
12. In the evening he goes to the pub to see a concert of a Spanish guitar player.
5. Render the text in Russian.
WHAT ARE THE WAYS TO PREVENT TIREDNESS?
(Some important rules suggested by psychologists)
1. Rest before you get tired (not after).
2. Learn to relax. If you are having hard times find a quiet half-hour all for yourself to gain strength.
3. Don’t forget about four good working habits:
· clean your desk of all papers except those you need at hand;
· do things in order of their importance;
· when you face a problem, first analyse the facts, then make a decision;
· learn to organize things.
4. Put enthusiasm into your work; it’s the only way to enjoy what you are doing.
5. Remember: no one was ever killed by doing well-organized work.
6. Don’t be a mental loafer. Don’t be afraid to concentrate on some ideas, to think hard and to exercise your will and memory.
6. Express the following in one word.
1 mental power by which a person can direct his thoughts and actions
2 sure that you can do things successfully, and not afraid or nervous in social situations
3 (an example of) person’s usual behaviour
4 programme or timetable for work
5 person who is idle
7. Match the words of similar meaning.
8. Match the words to their opposites.
9. Choose the corresponding English word.
10. Match the words to make phrases.
11. Fill in the correct word from the list below. Some words may be used more than once.
12. Look at the clock. Write the times. Practise saying them.
Example: It's _____________________.
Answer: It’s half past eight.
v What is the difference between 8 a.m. and 8 p.m.? Look at the chart and check your answer.
00.00 = midnight
12.00 = midday (noon)
in the morning / in the afternoon / in the evening / in the daytime
BUT: at night / at midnight / at noon
13. Match the times that are the same.
Example: 03.00 — 3 a.m. — three o’clock in the morning
B. Early or late?
C. Word combinations with ‘time’
14. Give the proper forms of the verbs in brackets; translate the text.
Jane (be) always busy with her job. She (get) to the office before 8.30. She (take off) her coat, (put on) her reading glasses and (sit down) at her desk. Then she (read) her mail and (fill out) the daily reports. If she (have) enough time, she (have) a cup of coffee.
At 9 o’clock the other workers (arrive). Some of them (be) too tired to smile. Sometimes Jane (be) too busy to talk, but she (say) hello to everyone.
At 9.30 she (go) into the boss’s office. She (give) him the daily reports. They always (talk) about them for a few minutes. She (tell) the boss her plans for the day. Then she (go back) to her office and (make) phone calls. The company (do) business in England and Japan, so sometimes she (have) to call these countries.
At the end of the day she (pick up) the children at school. They (be) always happy to see her and she (be) always energetic enough to play with them at home. Jane (be) important to the people at the office and to the people at home, and she (do) a good job both places.
Adverbs of frequency
A: How often do you arrive at work on time?
B: I usually arrive at work on time.
15. Work with a partner. Use the adverbs of frequency to talk about your daily routine.
16. What do these English sayings mean to you? Are they similar to any in your own language? Which ones do you like best? Why? How many sayings about time can you think of in your own language?
1. Time and tide wait for no man.
17. Read the following text and express in your own words the main idea of the text.
It is Never Too Late to Be Punctual
People who are unpunctual fall into three categories. The first, and saddest comprises the hopelessly incompetent and inefficient who worry about being on time and never are. The second lot are, strange as it may seem, impatient people who cannot bear to be kept waiting, and who make sure they don’t arrive before the appointed time, thus guaranteeing that others must wait for them. If they are outmaneuvered and compelled to wait for someone, they are the first to express disapproval of the bad manners of the latecomers. Finally, there are the egoists determined to impose their own personality on others and to impress their sense of importance on them. An easy way to do this is to keep everyone waiting until the star makes an appearance.
18. Give personal information.
19. Work in pairs or small groups. Discuss the questions about your daily routine.
1. When do you usually get up on weekdays?
2. What’s the first thing you do in the morning?
3. When do you have breakfast?
4. What kind of breakfast do you usually have?
5. Do you have tea or coffee for breakfast?
6. How do you get to university?
7. How long does itusually take you?
8. When do your classes start?
9. When do you have your lunch break?
10. How long does it last?
11. Where do you have lunch?
12. When is your working day over?
13. What do you like doing in the evenings?
14. When do you do your homework?
15. What time do you go to bed?
16. What do you like doing in your spare time?
17. What don’t you like doing at all?
18. Do you go out on Friday evenings? Where do you usually go out?
19. Do you like staying at home? What do you do then?
20. What do you do at weekends?
Последнее изменение этой страницы: 2016-12-12; Нарушение авторского права страницы
infopedia.su Все материалы представленные на сайте исключительно с целью ознакомления читателями и не преследуют коммерческих целей или нарушение авторских прав. Обратная связь - 188.8.131.52 (0.062 с.)