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Some expressions to be used while making a presentation



How to start giving ideas on the topic concerned How to proceed to the main idea
Thank you for giving me the opportuni­ty to tell you about... I would like to talk about... Let’s look at some ways of... I’ll start my presentation by asking you questions In the first part of my presentation, I’ll describe... After that I’ll talk about... Finally I’ll show you... First I’d like to talk about... I'd like to draw your attention to... Now, I’d like to move on to... Next, let me describe… I’d now like to turn to... Finally, let me explain... For example... For instance… First... Second… Third...
Ending the presentation
In conclusion let me remind you... I'm sure you’ll agree that... I therefore recommend... Thank you for your kind attention (for listening) I’ll be happy to answer all your questions at the end of my presenta­tion.

Lesson 7. DESCRIBING PEOPLE

It takes all sorts to make a world.

English saying

Lead-in

1. Answer the following questions.

1. What sort of things do you notice about a person when you meet him for the first time?

  1. Does the appearance of a person reveal anything about his personality and attitudes?

3. What can you tell about a person from a first meeting?

4. Are your first impressions of people usually right?

  1. What kind of people do you choose to be your friends?

6. What kind of people do you try to avoid?

7. What kind of people would you like to work with?

8. What kind of people deserve your respect?

9. What kind of people would you like your children to be?

10. What positive qualities do you consider necessary to anyone?

11. What negative traits can’t you put up with?

12. What traits of character would you try to develop in yourself?

13. Which ones should be rooted out?

2. Put the words from the list under the following headings: a) positive; b) neutral; c) negative

stupid, selfish, witty, reliable, tolerant, mean, cheerful, generous, moody, helpful, pessimistic, optimistic, bossy, lazy, callous, tactless, industrious, talkative, kind, reserved, resolute, sociable, modest, hot-tempered, shy, intelligent, cruel, honest

· Choose three adjectives from the list to describe the qualities you like most in a friend.

· Choose another three to describe someone you don’t like.

  • If you were asked to list three adjectives that describe your personality, what would they be?

3. Develop the idea given.

 

“Man’s main task in life is to give birth to himself, to become what he potentially is. The most important product of his effort is his own personality” (Erich Fromm)

Reading

4. Read and translate the text, pick out the words describing traits of a person’s character; memorize them.

Meeting people for the first time we always make a judgment based on their appearance and behaviour.

Each person has a nature of his own. Some people are diligent, industrious and persistent; others are double-faced, hot-tempered, irritable, callous; still others are touchy, shy, modest or kind. And there are some other types of people.

If you are a determined and strong-willed person you would never give in and behave coolly and calmly whatever happens in your life.

We treat different people in different ways. Sociable and friendly people are generally very popular with others and have lots of friends. On the contrary, tactless and hostile people are doomed to stay alone. When in trouble, we rely on people who can’t leave others in the lurch. What kinds of people deserve our respect? Most probably, reasonable, resolute, generous people. And a good friend is definitely a reliable person who is interesting to speak to – he must be witty and intelligent.

5. Give the English equivalents for the following Russian ones.


1. выносить суждение, складывать мнение

2. основанный на чем-либо

3. сдаваться

4. обращаться с людьми

5. пользоваться популярностью, успехом

6. быть обреченным на одиночество

7. иметь неприятности

8. полагаться на кого-либо

9. покинуть кого-либо в беде

10. заслужить уважение


Vocabulary Practice

6. Explain the meaning of the following words.

1 appearance outward qualities
2 personality the qualities that make up the whole nature or character of a particular person
3 trait distinguishing quality or characteristic
4 attitude way of feeling, thinking or behaving
5 impression the image or feeling a person or thing gives to someone’s mind
6 to treat to act or behave towards
7 to put up with smb/smth to bear patiently

7. Match the words with their definitions.

1 generous a too sensitive, easily hurt
2 sociable b full of humour
3 touchy c giving, ready to give
4 witty d made angry by small things
5 irritable e friendly; liking company

 

8. Match the words of similar meaning.

1 industrious a sensible
2 intelligent b clever
3 reserved c sociable
4 resolute d self-contained
5 callous d determined
6 reasonable e hard-working
7 outgoing f unkind

9. Match the words to their opposites.

1 intelligent a patient /tolerant
2 diligent b hostile
3 tactful c shy
4 outgoing d lazy
5 double-faced e ignorant
6 friendly f honest
7 irritable g tactless

10. Match the words to make phrases.

1 to ask a one’s temper
2 to deserve b for advice
3 to make c in the lurch
4 to behave d respect
5 to feel e a judgment
6 to lose f uneasy
7 to leave g coolly

11. Fill in the correct word from the list below. Some words may be used more than once.

tactful, irritable, sure, trait, impression, qualities

 

  1. Henry was a typical Oxford man – well-mannered, easy-going, and very ... of himself.
  2. There was a ... in his personality that encouraged people to trust him.
  3. She gives the ... of being rather stiff and unfriendly, but I think that’s because she’s basically shy.
  4. My parents tried to be ... about my new boyfriend, but I knew they didn’t like him. `
  5. Besides intelligence and charm, Bella had some less desirable ... .
  6. I’m sorry I’m so ... today – I didn’t get much sleep last night.

12. Work with a partner. Discuss the following questions.

 

  1. What kind of people are usually surrounded by friends?
  2. What kind of people are called good mixers/poor mixers?
  3. What kind of people are often lonely?
  4. What kind of people feel uneasy in company?
  5. What kind of people keep their thoughts to themselves?
  6. What kind of people think only of themselves?
  7. What kind of person will never lose his temper?
  8. What kind of person will never do a silly thing?
  9. What do you call a person who is mostly in high spirits?
  10. What do you call a person who says what he thinks?
  11. What kind of people are quick to see the point?
  12. What do you call people who are easily hurt?
  13. What kind of person would you ask for advice?
  14. What traits of character would you appreciate in a wife/husband, a son, a daughter, a mother, a bosom friend?
  15. What traits would you detest most?

GRAMMAR REVIEW

13. Fill the gaps with "a", "an", "the" where necessary; read and translate the text.

My cousin Paul is ... tallish man in his mid thirties. He is ... bit plump and has got ... long brown wavy hair. He has ... round, friendly-looking face and ... small brown eyes. He has got ... little scar on his cheek from ... accident he had when he was ... child. He wears ... glasses and has got ... beard. He isn’t very smart and tends to wear ... shabby clothes.

CONVERSATION

14. Read and translate the dialogues.

A.

– Samantha, do you look like your sister?

– Oh, no, not at all, my sister and I look very different. I have brown eyes and she has blue eyes. We both have brown hair, but I have short curly hair and she has long straight hair. I am tall and thin. She is short and heavy. No, I don’t look anything like my sister at all. We look very different.

B.

– Kate, do you look like your sister Sherry?

– No, not at all. My sister and I are very different. She is dark-skinned and I am very pale. Sherry is heavy and short and, as you can see, I am tall and thin. Sherry has blue eyes and I have brown eyes. She has black hair. My hair is brown. Plus our lifestyles are very different. I usually play tennis on Sunday. I live in the city and my apartment is big and tidy. My sister, on the other hand, is lazy, rarely goes out and lives in a small, unkempt apartment.

15. Work in pairs. Make up short dialogues on analogy, comparing yourself and your sister/brother/cousin.

16. Read about Ann and get ready to speak about her cousin Kate. They do not get on well together. Why? Probably, because they are so different. (When you speak be careful to use the correct verb form.)

  • Ann is never in a hurry; she is punctual, careful and likes order in everything. And Kate?
  • Ann isn’t good with her hands, so she isn’t very fond of housework. She does not do her washing; she prefers to take her dirty linen to the laundry. What she is fond of is reading books. And Kate?
  • Ann is never late for work. She gets up early enough not to do things in a hurry, cooks a substantial breakfast and goes to work by bus. But what Ann cannot do is save money. She spends all she earns. And Kate?

17. Work in pairs. Ask your partner questions about his/her appearance and personality.

1. How would you describe your build?

2. How tall are you?

3. How much do you weigh?

4. Are you doing anything to keep your figure slim? What exactly are you doing?

5. What kind of hair have you got?

6. What colour is it?

7. What is your hairstyle?

8. What shape is your face?

9. What colour eyes have you got?

10. What shape is your nose?

11. What is your complexion?

12. Do you think you have any special features?

13. How would you describe your personality?

18. Read through these two morning routines. Underline the correct alternatives. Which person is most like you?

Person A

My alarm goes off early, and it takes me ten minutes to eat my breakfast, drink two cups of coffee, have a shower, pack my bag and read the post and thirty minutes to (1) get dressed / wear.I start thinking about what I’m going to (2) get dressed / wearwhile I have my breakfast. After a shower, I (3) put on/ wearmy underwear and then I look in my wardrobe and choose a pair of trousers. If they still (4) fit/ lookme, I put them on. If they feel a bit tight around the waist, I (5) try them on / take them offand spend a few minutes feeling guilty about all those chocolates I had last night. Then, I choose a looser pair of trousers and think about a top that (6) goes with / fitsit. I usually (7) have on/ try ontwo or three tops before I find one that (8) looks / wearsright and (9) feels / fitscomfortable. Finding a pair of socks usually takes about five minutes – I can find two dozen odd pairs, but none that (10) look / match.By now, I’m late.

 

Person В

I get up as late as I possibly can and jump in and out of the shower. I (1) put on/ fitthe trousers I (2) had on/ got dressedyesterday and take a shirt out of the wardrobe – it doesn’t matter which one as long as it’s ironed. I find the jacket that (3) fits / goes withthe trousers, look down and check that my socks (4) match / feel,and that’s it. Nearly all my clothes are either green or brown, because I’ve been told that they are the only colours that (5) suit / matchme. So I never really have to worry about what I (6) look like / go with.The important thing is to make sure I have enough time to enjoy my favourite drink of the day: that first cup of coffee...

19. Work with a partner. Take it in turns to describe your morning routines. Make sure you use the words in bold from ex.18.

DISCUSSION

20. Work in pairs or small groups. Discuss the following questions.

A.

1. What is the role played by personal traits of character in choosing a profession?

2. What traits of character are required to make a good teacher (a good lawyer, a good journalist)?

3. What traits might prevent one from becoming a good specialist in those fields?

 

B.

1. Is the way people dress of any importance in our hectic life?

2. Do you agree that our society has created certain stereo­types in the manner of dressing, which is becoming more and more casual?

3. Would you agree that the entire wardrobe of many young people seems to consist of jeans, T-shirts and sneakers?

4. Is yours the same? Or do you agree that “fashions die but style remains”?

5. What is your friend wearing at the moment? Does he always dress like that?

6. What do you usually wear to go to university/to aparty/to the theatre?

7. What kind of clothes do you prefer (casual/smart/trendy, etc.)?

8. How often do you wear smart clothes? On what oc­casions?

9. Who do you usually dress for: for yourself or for other people?

10. Who buys you clothes – you yourself or your mother?

11. Does your mother always like the way you dress?

12. Is there anything among your clothes that you es­pecially like? Why do you like it?

13. Some students wear the same clothes to all exams. They say they bring them luck. What about you?

14. Should teachers dress in a special way to be more popular?





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