What is Environmental pollution ? 





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What is Environmental pollution ?



Контрольная работа. Вариант 1.

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION.

Environmental pollution is a term that refers to all the ways by which people pollute their surroundings. People dirty the air with gases and smoke, poison the water with chemicals and other substances, and damage the soil with too many fertilizers and pesticides. People also pollute their surroundings in various other ways. They ruin natural beauty by scattering rubbish and litter on the land and in the water. They operate motor vehicles that fill the air with the noise.

Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems facing humanity today. It causes global warming, destruction of the ozone layer, and other disastrous processes. Air, water, and soil – all harmed by pollution – are necessary to the survival of all living things. Badly polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. Pollution of soil reduces the amount of land available for growing crops. Environmental pollution also brings ugliness to our naturally beautiful world.

Задание 2. Ответить на вопросы.

What is Environmental pollution ?

How do people dirty the air ?

Do the people poison the water ?

Do the people ruin natural beauty ?

Is it one of the most serious problem ?

Does is couse global warming ?

What does polluted water do with fish and ofher marine life ?

Задание 3. Закончить предложения.

1. People dirty the air with …

2. People poison the water with…

3. People damage the soil with…

4. People also pollute their surroundings is…

5. They ruin natural beauty by…

6. Motor vehicles fill the air with…

7. Environmental pollution causes global…

8. Polluted air can cause…

9. Polluted water kills fish and…

10. Pollution of soil reduces the amount of…

Задание 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. He (to work) in the centre of Chicago. 2. He (to work) in the centre of Chicago ? 3. He (not to work) in the centre of Chicago. 4. They (to read) many books. 5. They (to read) many books ? 6. They (not to read) many books. 7. The children (to eat) soup now. 8. The children (to eat) soup now ? 9. The children (not to eat) soup now. 10. You (to play) volleyball well ? 11. When you (to play) volleyball ? 12. What Nick (to do) in the evening ?

Задание 6. Вставьте much или many.

1. A don’t eat … mangoes. 2. He eats … fish. 3. She ate so … dessert that she is in bed today with a stomachache. 4. That man drank so … wine, and he smoked so … cigarettes that he has a terrible headache today. 5. Mary must not eat too … salt because she has problems with her blood pressure. 6. My mother says I eat too … French fries and drink too … beer. She wants me to be healthy. 7. There is not too … space in my flat. 8. There are … new pictures in this room. 9. There are … teachers at our school, and … of them are women. 10. … of these plays are quite new.

Задание 7. Вставьте little или few.

1. He has got … friends. 2. I drink … coffee. I don’t like it. 3. We must hurry. We’ve got very … time. 4. There are very … scholarships for students in this university. 5. The Smiths have … money. They aren’t rich. 6. The theatre was almost empty. There were very … people there. 7. There was … lemonade in the bottle. There were … peaches in the basket. 8. I have … time, so I can’t go with you. 9. He has … English books. 10. There is … juice in my glass. Have you got any juice ?

Задание 8. Переведите предложения на английский язык.

Загрязнение окружающей среды – одна из самых серьёзных проблем, с которой сталкивается человечество в наши дни. 2. Люди загрязняют воздух газами и дымом. 3. Они отравляют воду и почву разными вредными веществами. 4. Люди разрушают естественную красоту окружающей среды, разбрасывая мусор и отходы на земле и в воде. 5. Загрязнение окружающей среды является причиной глобального потепления, разрушения озонового слоя и других гибельных процессов. 6. Сильно загрязнённый воздух может быть причиной болезни и даже смерти. 7. Загрязнённая вода убивает рыбу и других обитателей морей. 8. Загрязнение почвы уменьшает количество пригодной земли для выращивания урожаев. 9. Радиация – Это невидимый загрязнитель, который может быть очень опасным. 10. Маленькие количества электромагнитной радиации производят различные электронные приборы, такие как компьютеры, лазеры, микроволновые печи, телевизоры, рентгеновские аппараты.

Контрольная работа. Вариант 2.

Задание 1. Прочитать и перевести текст.

Radiation.

Radiation is an invisible pollutant that can be highly dangerous. Nuclear radiation comes from radioactive substances, including waste from nuclear weapons testing and from nuclear power plants. Small amounts of electronic devices including computers, lasers, microwave ovens, TVsets, and X-ray machines.

Scientists have not determined exactly what effect small amounts of radiation influence people. But exposure to large amounts can cause cancer and harmful changes in reproductive cells.

International agreements ban most testing of nuclear weapons in the atmosphere. Such regulations have helped to eliminate the major sources of radiation. However, the amount of radioactive waste is constantly increasing. Scientists are studying the ways to eliminate these wastes safely and permanently.

Задание 2. Ответьте на вопросы по прочитанному тексту.

Where does nuclear radiation come from?

Have you a computer of your own? How much time do you spend before the display?

Do you often watch TV?

Does you family prepare food with the help of a microwave oven?

Do you know the influence on people of the small amounts of radiation?

Do you often go to the seaside? How much time do you spend there?

Do you smoke? And what about your friends?

Where do you live? Are your surroundings clean?

How can we reduce the pollution of the surroundings?

Задание 3. Переведите данное выражение на английский язык.

Невидимый загрязнитель, очень опасный, отходы от испытаний ядерного оружия, атомные электростанции, микроволновые печи, точно не определили, большие количества, вредные изменения, репродуктивные клетки, соглашения запрещают, однако, постоянно, надежно.

Задание 4. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в соответствующем времени, лице и числе.

Yesterday (to be) my day off. I usually (to wake up) early on my day off, but sometimes I (not get up) at once. I (to get up) at eight o’clock yesterday. 2. “When you (to have) breakfast yesterday?” “I (to have) breakfast at nine in the morning.” 3. We usually (to stay) in the country over the week-end, but the weather (to be) bad and we (not to go) to the country tomorrow. 4. “When you last (to go) to the theatre?” “Two weeks ago.” 5. I usually (to go) to bed at eleven o’clock. Yesterday my friends (to come) to see me, and I (to go) to bed at one in the morning. 6. She (not to be) at home now. She (to play) tennis. 7. When your son (to go) to college?

Задание 5. Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

This man is an engineer. 2. That woman is my sister. 3. This child is my son. 4. That goose is big. 5. This mouse is white. 6. This man is a doctor. 7. That woman is my cousin. She is a teacher. 8. That girl is my niece. She is a pupil. 9. This girl has a blue sweater. 10. This boy has a warm coat. 11. My uncle has a large flat. 12. There is a table in the room.

Задание 6. Поставить следующие предложения в отрицательную и вопросительную формы.

Her sister lives in Moscow.

My friend learns English.

Our teacher speaks French.

This engineer works at our office.

His friend does English exercises at home.

His wife goes to the office in the morning.

His name is Pavlov.

They are having dictation now.

Задание 7. Вставить do или does.

1. … you sleep well? Yes, I … .

2. … your sister wash the plates? Yes, she … .

3. What … your teacher read to you?

4. … Mr. Snowdon speak Russian? No, he … not.

5. Where … you take books from?

6. Pamela … not drive a car.

7. David … not like getting up early.

8. How long … it take you to get to school?

9. … she play tennis well? No, she … not.

10. What languages … John speak?

Задание 8. Вставить вместо точек вопросительные слова.

1. Sam … in London. (live)

2. He … in a secondary school. (work)

3. He … two small children. (have)

4. Jane … not … in Britain. (live)

5. She … in Italy. (live)

6. She … her work at ten o`clock. (start)

7. She … not … up early. (get)

8. Henry … his breakfast at half past seven. (have)

9. He … not … lunch. (have)

10. Eric Cantona … for Manchester United. (play)

Контрольная работа. Вариант 3.

Задание 1. Прочитать и перевести текст.

Thomas Alva Edison

Several years later, Edison learned telegraphy and he became a telegraph operator. He was soon one of the fastest operators in a large telegraph company in Boston. He wanted to improve the telegraph system and worked very hard at it. Night after night he read the “Book of Experiments”, by Michael Faraday, the inventor of the electric generator, in the hope that this would help him to solve his problems.

One of Edison’s greatest inventions was the gramophone, or the “photograph”, as he called it, which repeated his words. He told his assistants that this was only the beginning. The time would come, he said, when his new instrument would record music. “It will play symphonies and whole operas, the world will hear again the great singers who are no longer loving…”
Another of Edison’s inventions was the electric lamps.
Edison believed that only work could bring success.

Задание 2. Вставьте some, any, no или их производные.

1. Here are … books by English writers. Take … book you like. 2. There are … boys in the garden because they are at school. 3. I can see … on the snow, but I don`t know what it is. 4. Are there … desks in the classroom? – Yes, there are … exercise books. 6. Did he say … about it? – No, he said … . 7. What shall I do now, Mom? I have done my homework. – You can do … you like. 8. There was … in the street because it was very late. 9. … wants to see him. 10. Is there … here who knows this man? 11. Have you … books on Dickens? I want to read … about him. I have read … books by Dickens and I am interested in the life of the Public Library? – Yes, take … bus that goes from here towards the railway station and get off at at the third stop. 13. Please bring me … apples, Mary. 14. That is a very easy question - … can answer it.

Задание 3. Вставьте глагол to be в Present Simple.

Where … you? – I … in the kitchen. 2. Where … Fred? – He … in the garage. 3. Where … Lisa and John? – They … at college. 4. … you busy? – No, I … not. Mike … busy. He … the busiest person I`ve ever met. 5. It … ten o`clock. She … late again. 6. How … you? – I … not very well today. – I … sorry to hear that. 7. We … interested in classical music. 8. Vera … afraid of snakes. 9. My grandmother … not nervous and she … rarely upset. She … the kindest person I`ve ever seen. My grandmother … really wonderful. 10. I sorry. They … not at the office at the moment. 11. Where … the keys? – In your jacket. 12. What … the time, please? – Two o`clock.

Задание 4. Вставьте глагол to be в Past Simple.

My aunt … very depressed last Sunday. The weather … terrible. It … cold and rainy. Her husband … not at home. He … at hospital because he … sick. Her children … not at school. They … not in the yard, they … in the living room. The TV … broken. The children … not happy because her children .. too noisy.

The house … not clean. The sink ... broken. There … dirty dishes on the kitchen table and in the sink. There … nothing in the fridge. There … no vegetables for dinner, there … no juice for her children. There … not even bread in the house! She … tired and hungry. She … just exhausted.

Задание 5. Вставьте mush, many, little или few.

1.Robert wrote so …. Letters that he` s never going to write a letter again. 2. She ate so … ice cream that she`s going to have a sore throat. 3. His father earned … money , but he enjoyed his job. He loved teaching English very … . 4. There are … cookies in the box. I should have bought them last Monday. 5. Does your sister read … ? – Yes , she does. And your brother ? – Oh , he doesn`t. He has so … books, but he reads very … . 6. Have you … work to do today? – No, not very … .7. Walk quicker, please. We have very … time. 8. I am sorry to say , I have read very … books by Walter Scott. 9. My brother is a young teacher. Every day he spends … time preparing for his lessons. 10. I know very … about this writer. It is the first book I am reading.

Задание 6. Раскройте скобки употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

1. Tom ( to play) football on Saturday. 2. He ( not to play) football every day. 3. I ( to wear) a suit now. 4. I ( not to wear ) jeans now. 5. My friend ( not to like ) to play football. 6. I ( not to read) now. 7. He ( to sleep) now ? 8. We ( not to go ) to the country in winter . 9. My sister ( to eat) sweets every day. 10. She ( not to eat) sweets now. 11. They ( to do) their homework in the afternoon. 12. The ( not to go) for a walk in the evening. 13. My father ( not to work) on Sunday.14. He ( to work) every day. 15. I (to read) books in the evening. 16. I ( not to read) books in the morning. 17. I ( to write) an exercise now. 18. I ( not to write) a letter now. 19. They ( to play) in the yard now. 20. They ( not to play) in the street now.

Задание 7. Поставьте следующие словосочетания во множественное число.

This magazine, that sticker, this stamp , that sandwich, this poster , this teacup , this egg , that wall, that picture , this foot, that mountain , this lady , that window , this man , that match , this knife , this book, this family , this pie , that answer , that apartment, that teacher , that comedy.

Задание 8. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Look at … sky. It is covered with … dark clouds. Let`s hurry … home. 2 It was very pleasant to live in … country in … summer . … weather was nice and it seldom rained. Summer is … fine season . 3. How lovely … night is! There are no … clouds in … sky and … air is so fresh. 4. When spring comes , … sun shines brighter , snow melts , … days become longer. 5 . Winter is … good time for sports. 6. On … Sunday my friend and I usually go to … country. We sky , skate , play … snowballs and have … very good time. 7. … fog is so dense that it is difficult to walk. 8. My friend is … very good chess player. 9. In … summer we lived in … country and went up to … town by … train. 10. Tomorrow is … Sunday. If it is too hot in … town , we shall go to … country. And on … Monday we shall come back. 11. Autumn is … most beautiful … season of … year. 12. Winter isn`t … depressing season.

Контрольная работа. Вариант 4.

Задание 1. Прочитать и перевести текст.

L. Armstrong was born in New Orleans on July 4, 1900. He loved music from a very early age and would follow street bands at parades and even funerals just to hear the music. One of the teachers that Louis liked a lot was a music teacher named Mr. Davis , who had formed a band in the school. Louis soon was asked to join the band. Mr. Davis gave him bugle and cornet lessons , and the boy had never been happier. He learned quickly and was soon made the leader. Because his family was poor , he had to earn money , doing odd jobs. He began to practice and listen to music every chance he got. Louis got his first real job playing when he was 16, working for whatever money the customers threw him. He also began to play with Fate Marble on the riverboats that went up and down the Mississippi. With the Marble band the first learned how to read music and also got the chance to play jazz for many who had never heard it before. Louis was becoming know as the best player around New Orleans.

Контрольная работа. Вариант 5.

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

EASTER.

Easter is a church holiday, and many churches gave an out door service at sunrise on this day. Easter marks the end of winter and the beginning of spring. At Easter people usually buy new clothes to wear on Easter Sunday.

After church services, many people take walks down the streets wearing their new Easter hats and suits. The see their friends on the street. This colourful procession of people is called the “Easter Parade”. The Easter Parade tradition started about 100 years ago.

Ladies and gentlemen in spring finary usually walked up Broadway toward Canal Street, or down to the Battery after church, and took the new sun with their neighbours until it was time for the noonday meal.

Another custom observed at Easter time is the decoration of eggs and preparing basket of eggs and candy eggs for children. Very often eggs are hidden in the yards and the children have an egg-hunt trying to find them. Usually little candies and a large chocolate egg are hidden along with the real eggs. Little children believe the Easter rabbit comes and leaves the eggs for them.

Where do people walk up ?

Задание 3. Переведите на английский язык следующие пары слов.

Немного денег, много денег, несколько стульев, мало стульев, несколько песен, мало песен, немного веселья, мало веселья, мало мальчиков, немного воды, несколько человек, мало воды, мало воздуха, мало столов, несколько минут, несколько кошек, мало травы, немного удачи, несколько дней, мало работы, немного соли, несколько ложек, мало света, мало окон, несколько машин, немного сахару, мало яиц, мало сыра.

Задание 4. Поставьте следующие предложения во множественное число.

This phone in the office is out of order. 2. That blouse is made of silk. 3. This is an excellent painting. 4. His book is very popular and it really interests me. 5. It’s a difficult word to write. 6. My son is a journalist and he has been very successful. 7. This purse isn’t made of leather. 8. That is my neighbour’s car. 9. Has he got a camera ? 10. It’s a new cassette recorder. 11. This room is very large. 12. There is a match in the box. 13. There is a knife over there. 14. There is a man and a woman in the street. 15. This lady is that gentleman’s wife.

Задание 5. Вставьте предлоги on, in или into.

1. Where is the book ? – It is … the table. 2. Where is the tea ? – It is … the cup. 3. Put the plates … the table. 4. Put the book … the bag. 5. There is a beautiful picture … the wall. 6. He went … the room. 7. I like to sit … the sofa … my room. 8. Mother is cooking dinner … the kitchen. 9.She went … the room and sat down … the sofa. 10. There are many people … the dark today. 11. there is a girl standing … the bridge. Why is she crying? – She has … dropped her doll … the water. 12. There is no tea … my cup. 13. Pour some tea … my cup. 14. Put these flowers … the windowsill. 15. I saw many people … the platform waiting for the train.

Задание 6. Прочитайте, переведите предложения и поставьте их в вопросительную и отрицательную форму.

Is she teaching German now?

Задание 7. Заполните пропуски правильной грамматической формой глагола to cook)

1. My brother and I often … dinner for the family.

2. What … you … now?

3. I … dinner yesterday?

4. Who … breakfast yesterday?

5. What … you … for dinner tomorrow?

6. I … not … dinner now. I … … … it in some hours.

7. … you already … the dinner?

8. As a rule, our mother … dinner.

9. She always … well.

10. What … she … in the evening yesterday.

Задание 8. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

Контрольная работа. Вариант №6.

Задание 1.

The exhibits are not lifeless collections: they are shown dynamically. Real machines and equipment, models and illuminated diagrams illustrate all the technological processes, and thus the work of a complex device can be seen and more easily understood.

The hall of atomic power engineering describes in popular form the physical structure of matter, the fundamentals of radioactivity in nuclear reactions, and of the generation of atomic power for peace purposes.

Задание 2. Ответьте на вопросы.

When was the Polytechnic Museum founded? 2. What Russian scientists can be named as its founders? 3. How many persons visit the Polytechnic Museum every year? 4. How many exhibits has the Museum on display? 5. What can a visitor, see and learn in the halls of the Museum? 6. What can a visitor, see and understand in the chemical section of the Museum? 8. What size is the model of the chemical laboratory in which Lomonosov worked?

Задание 3. Поставьте следующие существительные во множественное число.

A baby, a plant, a lemon, a peach, a banana, a brush, a star, a mountain, a tree, a shilling, a king, the waiter, the queen, a man, the man, a women, the woman, an eye, a shelf, a box, the city, a boy, a goose, the watch, a mouse, a dress, a toy, the sheep, a tooth, a child, the ox, a deer, the life, a tomato, a secretary, a crowd, the airport, a theatre, the tornado, a shop, the tragedy.

Задание 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Simple.

What your neighbors (to do) yesterday? 2. Mr Smith (to fix) his car yesterday morning. 3. His wife (to water) plants in the garden. 4. Their children (to clean) the yard and then they (to play) basketball. 5. In the evening their boys (to listen) to loud music and (to watch) TV. 6. Their little girl (to cry) a little and then (to smile). 7. Her brothers (to shout) at her. 8. Mrs Smith (to work) in the kitchen. 9. She (to bake) a delicious apple pie. 10. She (to cook) a good dinner. 11. She (to wash) the dishes and (to look) very tired. 12. The children (to brush) their teeth, (to yawn) a little and (to go) to bed.

Задание 5. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1.… Thames is … short river. 2. … Russia is washed by … Arctic Ocean in … north. 3. Kiev is to … south of … Moscow. 4. … Europe is … continent. 5. … Moscow is … capital of … Russia. 6. Is … Asia … island or … continent? 7. … Black Sea is in … south of our country. 8. … White Sea is in … north of our country. 9. … Philippines are situated to … southeast of … Asia. 10. This is … map of … world. Can you read … maps? What can you see on … map? 11. Petrov is … architect. He is … experienced architect. He is in … Far East. He has … beautiful wife. His wife is … dentist. They have … son and … daughter.

Задание 6.

Задание 7.

Задание 8.

I (not to drink) milk now.

He (to play) now.

Контрольная работа. Вариант № 7.

Задание 1. Прочитать и перевести текст.

With her 78 crime novels, Agatha Christie has the distinction of being the worlds best-selling writer, and «The Mousetrap», one of her 19 plays, has run longer than any other production in the history of the British theatre.

Despite her mother’s view that no child should be allowed to read until the age of eight, so as not to damage eyes or brain, Agatha managed to find books to read, including Jules Verne’s science fiction. She liked devising word and number puzzles.

Задание 2. Составьте вопросы по прочитанному тексту.

Задание 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляю глагол в нужном времени.

My friend (to go) to the library every Wednesday. 2. He (not to go) to the country yesterday. 3. He (to play) computer games from two till three yesterday. 4. We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday. 5. My brother (not to play) tennis yesterday. He (to play) tennis the day before yesterday. 6. My sister (not to play) the piano at four o’clock yesterday. She (to play) the piano the whole evening. 7. When I came into the kitchen, mother ( to cook). 8. She (to cook) the whole day yesterday. 9. We (to wash) the floor in our flat yesterday. 10. We (to wash) the floor in our flat from three till four yesterday. 11. You (to do) your homework yesterday ? 12. You (to do) your homework from eight till ten yesterday ? 13. Why she (to sleep) at seven o’clock yesterday ? 14. He (to sit) at the table the whole evening yesterday. 15. What Nick (to do) when you came to his place ?

Задание 3. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

1. Look at … sky. It is covered with … dark clouds. Let’s hurry … home. 2. It was very pleasant to live in … country in … summer … weather was nice and it seldom rained. Summer is … fine season. 3. How lovely … night is! There are no … clouds in … sky and … air is so fresh. 4. When spring comes, … sun shines brighter, … snow melts, … days become longer. 5. Winter is … good time for sports. 6. On ... Sunday my friend and I usually go to … country. We ski, skate, play … snowballs and have … very good time. 7. … fog is so dense that it is difficult to walk. 8. My friends is … very good chess player. 10. Tomorrow is … Sunday. If it is too hot in … town, we shall go to … country. And on … Monday we shall come back.

Задание 4 . Вставьте предлоги in или to и переведите предложения.

1. In winter I usually go … bed at ten o’clock because I go… school and have to get up early. But in summer, when I don’t go… school and live … the country, I like to go … bed late. 2. Do you like to read … bed? 3. We did not want to stay … town on such a hot day, so we went … the country. 4. It is very late. Go … bed at once. 5. Where is your little sister? – She is … bed. Mother always puts her … bed at eight o’clock. 6 . In summer my mother does not go … work and I don’t go … school. We live … the country. My father goes … work every day, so he stays … town. But sometimes he comes … the country after work and goes back … town early in the morning, when I am still … bed.

Задание 5. Вставьте little, a little, few или a few.

1. There is … salad left in this bowl. 2. Would you like … salad ? – Yes, thank you. My doctor says it’s good for my health. 3. I have … money, so we cannot go to the cinema. 4. I have … money, so we cannot go to the cinema. 5. This girl works very …, that’s why she knows nothing. 6. Mother gave us … apples, and we were glad. 7. He did not like it at the camp: he had very … friends there. 8. This lemon drink is sour; if you put … sugar in it, it will be sweeter. 9. This lemon drink is sour; if you put … lumps of sugar in it, it will be sweeter. 10. The hall was almost empty: there were very … people in it.

Задание 6. Вставьте глагол to be в Present Simple .

1. Where … you? – I … in the kitchen. 2. Where … Fred? – He … in the garage. 3. Where … Lisa and John? – They … at college. 4. … you busy? – No, I … not. Mike … busy. He … the busiest person I’ve ever met. 5. It … ten o’clock. She … late again. 6. How … you? – I … not very well today. – I … sorry to hear that. 7. We … interested in classical music. 8. Vera … afraid of snakes. 9. My grandmother … not nervous and she … rarely upset. She … the kindest person I’ve ever seen. My grandmother really wonderful. 10. I … sorry. They … not at the office at the moment.

Задание 7. Вставьте some, any, no или оставьте пропуски незаполненными, смотря по смыслу.

1. There are … buses today and I can’t go shopping. 2. There is … caviare in the can. I love it. Would you like … ? 3. Please don’t offer her … chips. She doesn’t want … . 4. Can I have … milk in my tea? I don’t like it black. 5. There is … ink in my pen. 6. Is there … snow in the street this morning? 7. My mother likes … music. 8. Are there … chess players here? 9. There are … diagrams in the new book. 10. Are there … newspapers on the table? 11. Was there … water in the glass or … milk? 12. There was … soap in the box; he used it to wash his hands. 13. There was … soap in the box: it smells of … soap. 14. There are … letters for you on the table. 15. Do you like … apples? 16. Where there … of our teachers at the stadium? 17. There were … students of our group at the consultation yesterday.

Задание 8. Раскройте скобки, поставьте глагол у нужную форму. Сделайте предложения вопросительными и отрицательными.

Tom always (to eat) breakfast. 2. Yesterday he (not to eat) breakfast because he (to get) up late. 3. We (to like) to cook but we (not to like) to wash the dishes. 4. My friend (to know) Spanish very well. 5. He (to live) on the third floor. 6. Her friends (to be) ready at five o’clock. 7. One of her brothers (to make) a tour of Europe last summer. 8. Antonio Stradevari (to make) wonderful violins. 9. He (to turn) on the TV to watch cartoons every morning. 10. He (to turn) on the TV to watch cartoons yesterday morning. 11. He (to turn) on the TV to watch cartoons tomorrow morning. 12. I always (to go) to the Altai Mountains to visit my relatives there.

Контрольная работа. Вариант 8.

Задание 1.

English-Speaking Countries.

English is the language of the people of England. At the same time it is the language of the people of many other countries. Those countries are called English-speaking countries. About three hundred million use English as their mother tongue. And, as you know, other hundreds of millions use English as their second language.

Many centuries ago English was spoken in England only.

Then English was brought to other lands in different parts of the world, lands which were British colonies. There were British colonies in America, Asia and Africa. India, Australia and New Zealand were also British colonies.

The English language was first brought to the North American continent by English people in 1607. Today the largest English-speaking country in the world is United States of America. Another English-speaking country in North America is Canada

What other countries are there whose population use English?.

Задание 2. Ответить на вопросы по прочитанному тексту:

Questions:

Where was it?

Задание 3. Раскройте скобки, употребляю глагол в нужном времени.

My friend (to go) to the library every Wednesday. 2. He (not to go) to the country yesterday. 3. He (to play) computer games from two till three yesterday. 4. We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday. 5. My brother (not to play) tennis yesterday. He (to play) tennis the day before yesterday. 6. My sister (not to play) the piano at four o’clock yesterday. She (to play) the piano the whole evening. 7. When I came into the kitchen, mother ( to cook). 8. She (to cook) the whole day yesterday. 9. We (to wash) the floor in our flat yesterday. 10. We (to wash) the floor in our flat from three till four yesterday. 11. You (to do) your homework yesterday ? 12. You (to do) your homework from eight till ten yesterday ? 13. Why she (to sleep) at seven o’clock yesterday ? 14. He (to sit) at the table the whole evening yesterday. 15. What Nick (to do) when you came to his place ?

Задание 4 . Вставьте предлоги in или to и переведите предложения.

2. In winter I usually go … bed at ten o’clock because I go… school and have to get up early. But in summer, when I don’t go… school and live … the country, I like to go … bed late. 2. Do you like to read … bed? 3. We did not want to stay … town on such a hot day, so we went … the country. 4. It is very late. Go … bed at once. 5. Where is your little sister? – She is … bed. Mother always puts her … bed at eight o’clock. 6 . In summer my mother does not go … work and I don’t go … school. We live … the country. My father goes … work every day, so he stays … town. But sometimes he comes … the country after work and goes back … town early in the morning, when I am still … bed.

Задание 5. Вставьте little, a little, few или a few.

2. There is … salad left in this bowl. 2. Would you like … salad ? – Yes, thank you. My doctor says it’s good for my health. 3. I have … money, so we cannot go to the cinema. 4. I have … money, so we cannot go to the cinema. 5. This girl works very …, that’s why she knows nothing. 6. Mother gave us … apples, and we were glad. 7. He did not like it at the camp: he had very … friends there. 8. This lemon drink is sour; if you put … sugar in it, it will be sweeter. 9. This lemon drink is sour; if you put … lumps of sugar in it, it will be sweeter. 10. The hall was almost empty: there were very … people in it.

Задание 6. Вставьте глагол to be в Present Simple .

2. Where … you? – I … in the kitchen. 2. Where … Fred? – He … in the garage. 3. Where … Lisa and John? – They … at college. 4. … you busy? – No, I … not. Mike … busy. He … the busiest person I’ve ever met. 5. It … ten o’clock. She … late again. 6. How … you? – I … not very well today. – I … sorry to hear that. 7. We … interested in classical music. 8. Vera … afraid of snakes. 9. My grandmother … not nervous and she … rarely upset. She … the kindest person I’ve ever seen. My grandmother really wonderful. 10. I … sorry. They … not at the office at the moment.

Задание 7. Вставьте some, any, no или оставьте пропуски незаполненными, смотря по смыслу.

2. There are … buses today and I can’t go shopping. 2. There is … caviare in the can. I love it. Would you like … ? 3. Please don’t offer her … chips. She doesn’t want … . 4. Can I have … milk in my tea? I don’t like it black. 5. There is … ink in my pen. 6. Is there … snow in the street this morning? 7. My mother likes … music. 8. Are there … chess players here? 9. There are … diagrams in the new book. 10. Are there … newspapers on the table? 11. Was there … water in the glass or … milk? 12. There was … soap in the box; he used it to wash his hands. 13. There was … soap in the box: it smells of … soap. 14. There are … letters for you on the table. 15. Do you like … apples? 16. Where there … of our teachers at the stadium? 17. There were … students of our group at the consultation yesterday.

Задание 8. Раскройте скобки, поставьте глагол у нужную форму. Сделайте предложения вопросительными и отрицательными.

Tom always (to eat) breakfast. 2. Yesterday he (not to eat) breakfast because he (to get) up late. 3. We (to like) to cook but we (not to like) to wash the dishes. 4. My friend (to know) Spanish very well. 5. He (to live) on the third floor. 6. Her friends (to be) ready at five o’clock. 7. One of her brothers (to make) a tour of Europe last summer. 8. Antonio Stradevari (to make) wonderful violins. 9. He (to turn) on the TV to watch cartoons every morning. 10. He (to turn) on the TV to watch cartoons yesterday morning. 11. He (to turn) on the TV to watch cartoons tomorrow morning. 12. I

Вариант 9.

Задание 1. Прочитать и перевести текст.

Thomas Alva Edison

Several years later, Edison learned telegraphy and he became a telegraph operator. He was soon one of the fastest operators in a large telegraph company in Boston. He wanted to improve the telegraph system and worked very hard at it. Night after night he read the “Book of Experiments”, by Michael Faraday, the inventor of the electric generator, in the hope that this would help him to solve his problems.

One of Edison’s greatest inventions was the gramophone, or the “photograph”, as he called it, which repeated his words. He told his assistants that this was only the beginning. The time would come, he said, when his new instrument would record music. “It will play symphonies and whole operas, the world will hear again the great singers who are no longer loving…”
Another of Edison’s inventions was the electric lamps.
Edison believed that only work could bring success.

Задание 2. Вставьте some, any, no или их производные.

2. Here are … books by English writers. Take … book you like. 2. There are … boys in the garden because they are at school. 3. I can see … on the snow, but I don`t know what it is. 4. Are there … desks in the classroom? – Yes, there are … exercise books. 6. Did he say … about it? – No, he said … . 7. What shall I do now, Mom? I have done my homework. – You can do … you like. 8. There was … in the street because it was very late. 9. … wants to see him. 10. Is there … here who knows this man? 11. Have you … books on Dickens? I want to read … about him. I have read … books by Dickens and I am interested in the life of the Public Library? – Yes, take … bus that goes from here towards the railway station and get off at at the third stop. 13. Please bring me … apples, Mary. 14. That is a very easy question - … can answer it.

Задание 3. Вставьте глагол to be в Present Simple.

Where … you? – I … in the kitchen. 2. Where … Fred? – He … in the garage. 3. Where … Lisa and John? – They … at college. 4. … you busy? – No, I … not. Mike … busy. He … the busiest person I`ve ever met. 5. It … ten o`clock. She … late again. 6. How … you? – I … not very well today. – I … sorry to hear that. 7. We … interested in classical music. 8. Vera … afraid of snakes. 9. My grandmother … not nervous and she … rarely upset. She … the kindest person I`ve ever seen. My grandmother … really wonderful. 10. I sorry. They … not at the office at the moment. 11. Where … the keys? – In your jacket. 12. What … the time, please? – Two o`clock.

Задание 4. Вставьте глагол to be в Past Simple.

My aunt … very depressed last Sunday. The weather … terrible. It … cold and rainy. Her husband … not at home. He … at hospital because he … sick. Her children … not at school. They … not in the yard, they … in the living room. The TV … broken. The children … not happy because her children .. too noisy.

The house … not clean. The sink ... broken. There … dirty dishes on the kitchen table and in the sink. There … nothing in the fridge. There … no vegetables for dinner, there … no juice for her children. There … not even bread in the house! She … tired and hungry. She … just exhausted.

Задание 5. Вставьте mush, many, little или few.

1.Robert wrote so …. Letters that he` s never going to write a letter again. 2. She ate so … ice cream that she`s going to have a sore throat. 3. His father earned … money , but he enjoyed his job. He loved teaching English very … . 4. There are … cookies in the box. I should have bought them last Monday. 5. Does your sister read … ? – Yes , she does. And your brother ? – Oh , he doesn`t. He has so … books, but he reads very … . 6. Have you … work to do today? – No, not very … .7. Walk quicker, please. We have very … time. 8. I am sorry to say , I have read very … books by Walter Scott. 9. My brother is a young teacher. Every day he spends … time preparing for his lessons. 10. I know very … about this writer. It is the first book I am reading.

Задание 6. Раскройте скобки употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

2. Tom ( to play) football on Saturday. 2. He ( not to play) football every day. 3. I ( to wear) a suit now. 4. I ( not to wear ) jeans now. 5. My friend ( not to like ) to play football. 6. I ( not to read) now. 7. He ( to sleep) now ? 8. We ( not to go ) to the country in winter . 9. My sister ( to eat) sweets every day. 10. She ( not to eat) sweets now. 11. They ( to do) their homework in the afternoon. 12. The ( not to go) for a walk in the evening. 13. My father ( not to work) on Sunday.14. He ( to work) every day. 15. I (to read) books in the evening. 16. I ( not to read) books in the morning. 17. I ( to write) an exercise now. 18. I ( not to write) a letter now. 19. They ( to play) in the yard now. 20. They ( not to play) in the street now.

Задание 7. Поставьте следующие словосочетания во множественное число.

This magazine, that sticker, this stamp , that sandwich, this poster , this teacup , this egg , that wall, that picture , this foot, that mountain , this lady , that window , this man , that match , this knife , this book, this family , this pie , that answer , that apartment, that teacher , that comedy.

Задание 8. Вставьте артикль, где необходимо.

2. Look at … sky. It is covered with … dark clouds. Let`s hurry … home. 2 It was very pleasant to live in … country in … summer . … weather was nice and it seldom rained. Summer is … fine season . 3. How lovely … night is! There are no … clouds in … sky and … air is so fresh. 4. When spring comes , … sun shines brighter , snow melts , … days become longer. 5 . Winter is … good time for sports. 6. On … Sunday my friend and I usually go to … country. We sky , skate , play … snowballs and have … very good time. 7. … fog is so dense that it is difficult to walk. 8. My friend is … very good chess player. 9. In … summer we lived in … country and went up to … town by … train. 10. Tomorrow is … Sunday. If it is too hot in … town , we shall go to … country. And on … Monday we shall come back. 11. Autumn is … most beautiful … season of … year. 12. Winter isn`t … depressing season.

Вариант 10.

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION.

Environmental pollution is a term that refers to all the ways by which people pollute their surroundings. People dirty the air with gases and smoke, poison the water with chemicals and other substances, and damage the soil with too many fertilizers and pesticides. People also pollute their surroundings in various other ways. They ruin natural beauty by scattering rubbish and litter on the land and in the water. They operate motor vehicles that fill the air with the noise.

Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems facing humanity today. It causes global warming, destruction of the ozone layer, and other disastrous processes. Air, water, and soil – all harmed by pollution – are necessary to the survival of all living things. Badly polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. Pollution of soil reduces the amount of land available for growing crops. Environmental pollution also brings ugliness to our naturally beautiful world.

Задание 2. Ответить на вопросы.

Задание 3. Закончить предложения.

11. People dirty the air with …

12. People poison the water with…

13. People damage the soil with…

14. People also pollute their surroundings is…

15. They ruin natural beauty by…

16. Motor vehicles fill the air with…

17. Environmental pollution causes global…

18. Polluted air can cause…

19. Polluted water kills fish and…

20. Pollution of soil reduces the amount of…

Задание 4. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Continuous или в Present Simple.

2. He (to work) in the centre of Chicago. 2. He (to work) in the centre of Chicago ? 3. He (not to work) in the centre of Chicago. 4. They (to read) many books. 5. They (to read) many books ? 6. They (not to read) many books. 7. The children (to eat) soup now. 8. The children (to eat) soup now ? 9. The children (not to eat) soup now. 10. You (to play) volleyball well ? 11. When you (to play) volleyball ? 12. What Nick (to do) in the evening ?

Задание 6. Вставьте much или many.

2. A don’t eat … mangoes. 2. He eats … fish. 3. She ate so … dessert that she is in bed today with a stomachache. 4. That man drank so … wine, and he smoked so … cigarettes that he has a terrible headache today. 5. Mary must not eat too … salt because she has problems with her blood pressure. 6. My mother says I eat too … French fries and drink too … beer. She wants me to be healthy. 7. There is not too … space in my flat. 8. There are … new pictures in this room. 9. There are … teachers at our school, and … of them are women. 10. … of these plays are quite new.

Задание 7. Вставьте little или few.

2. He has got … friends. 2. I drink … coffee. I don’t like it. 3. We must hurry. We’ve got very … time. 4. There are very … scholarships for students in this university. 5. The Smiths have … money. They aren’t rich. 6. The theatre was almost empty. There were very … people there. 7. There was … lemonade in the bottle. There were … peaches in the basket. 8. I have … time, so I can’t go with you. 9. He has … English books. 10. There is … juice in my glass. Have you got any juice ?

Задание 8. Переведите предложения на английский язык.

Загрязнение окружающей среды – одна из самых серьёзных проблем, с которой сталкивается человечество в наши дни. 2. Люди загрязняют воздух газами и дымом. 3. Они отравляют воду и почву разными вредными веществами. 4. Люди разрушают естественную красоту окружающей среды, разбрасывая мусор и отходы на земле и в воде. 5. Загрязнение окружающей среды является причиной глобального потепления, разрушения озонового слоя и других гибельных процессов. 6. Сильно загрязнённый воздух может быть причиной болезни и даже смерти. 7. Загрязнённая вода убивает рыбу и других обитателей морей. 8. Загрязнение почвы уменьшает количество пригодной земли для выращивания урожаев. 9. Радиация – Это невидимый загрязнитель, который может быть очень опасным. 10. Маленькие количества электромагнитной радиации производят различные электронные приборы, такие как компьютеры, лазеры, микроволновые печи, телевизоры, рентгеновские аппараты.

Контрольная работа. Вариант 1.

Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION.

Environmental pollution is a term that refers to all the ways by which people pollute their surroundings. People dirty the air with gases and smoke, poison the water with chemicals and other substances, and damage the soil with too many fertilizers and pesticides. People also pollute their surroundings in various other ways. They ruin natural beauty by scattering rubbish and litter on the land and in the water. They operate motor vehicles that fill the air with the noise.

Environmental pollution is one of the most serious problems facing humanity today. It causes global warming, destruction of the ozone layer, and other disastrous processes. Air, water, and soil – all harmed by pollution – are necessary to the survival of all living things. Badly polluted air can cause illness, and even death. Polluted water kills fish and other marine life. Pollution of soil reduces the amount of land available for growing crops. Environmental pollution also brings ugliness to our naturally beautiful world.

Задание 2. Ответить на вопросы.

What is Environmental pollution ?





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