ТОП 10:

Упражнения по теме «The Past Indefinite (Simple) Tense»



Упражнение 1. Объясните употребление времени the Past Indefinite (Simple) в следующих предложениях.

1. At home we heated soup.

2. A netting wire fence ran all around the house to keep out rabbits and deer.

3. My aunt looked after my father and they lived in our old house.

4. He always smiled at children and gave them sweets.

5. «Did you hear about the party?» «It was a complete failure.»

6. You heard what he said.

7. She knew her brother at the University where he lectured on physics.

8. In Port-au-Prince nobody walked at night.

9. He collected books on Caribbean flora.

10. I wonder what happened to him in India.

Упражнение 2. Прочитай историю о типичном рабочем дне Шэрон.

I usually get up at 7 o`clock and have a big breakfast. I walk to work, which takes me about half an hour. I start work at 8.45. I never have lunch. I finish work at 5 o`clock. I`m always tired when I get home. I usually cook a meal in the evening. I don`t usually go out. I go to bed at about 11 o`clock. I always sleep well.

Вчера был такой же типичный рабочий день для Шэрон. Напиши, что она делала и что не делала вчера.

1. She got up at 7 o`clock………………………………..........……

2. She …………………………...…………..........…a big breakfast.

3. She……………………….………..………..........……………….

4. It ………………………………………………….to get to work.

5. ………………………….....………………………….…..at 8.45.

6. ……………….....……………………………………….…lunch.

7. …………………………………………………...….at 5 o`clock.

8. ………………tired when…………………………………home.

9. ……………………………………..…a meal yesterday evening.

10. …………………………...............……..out yesterday evening.

11. …………………………………………...……….at 11 o`clock.

12. ………………………………………….………..well last night.

 

Упражнение 3. Заполните пропуски подходящими по смыслу глаголами в нужной форме the Past Indefinite (Simple) Tense: buy, catch, cost, drink, fall, hurt, sell, spend, teach, throw, win, write.

1. Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.

2. «How did you learn to drive?» «My father ______________me.»

3. We couldn`t afford to keep our car, so we ________________it.

4. I was very thirsty. I _________________the water very quickly.

5. Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He`s much better than me, so he______ easily.

6. Don _________down the stairs this morning and _______his leg.

7. Jim ________ the ball to Sue, who______________________ it.

8. Ann_________________________ a lot of money yesterday. She _______________a dress which_________________£100.

 

Упражнение 4. Твой друг только что вернулся из путешествия. Ты расспрашиваешь его об этом. Задай свои вопросы.

1. (where/go?)Where did you go?.....................................................

2. (go/alone?)……………………………………………....………..

3. (food/good?)……….……………………………………….........

4. (how long/stay there?)……………………………………...........

5. (stay at a hotel?)………………………………………….............

6. (how/travel?)……………………………………………..............

7. (the weather/fine?)………………………….…………………...

8. (what/do in the evenings?)…………………................................

9. (meet anybody interesting?)……….....………………………….

Упражнение 5. Поставьте глагол в правильную форму, положительную или отрицательную.

1. It was warm, so I took off my coat. (take).

2. The film wasn`t very good. I didn`t enjoy it very much. (enjoy).

3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I …………………her. (disturb).

4. I was very tired, so I ……………………….….to bed early. (go).

5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I ………….very well. (sleep).

6. Sue wasn`t hungry, so she ……………………...anything. (eat).

7. We went to Kate`s house but she ……….………at home. (be).

8. It was a funny situation but nobody …………………... (laugh).

9. The window was open and a bird ………….into the room. (fly).

10. The hotel wasn`t very expensive. It ………..very much. (cost).

11. I was in a hurry, so I ………………time to phone you. (have).

12. It was hard work carrying the bags. They .….very heavy. (be).

Упражнение 6. Раскройте скобки, поставьте глагол в Past Simple.

1. Yesterday evening I (not go) to the cinema with a friend.

2. He (go) to school last year?

3. Last night the concert (finish) at midnight.

4. The secretary (arrive) at the office this morning before her chief.

5. Tom (not give) a bicycle to his friend.

6. The train was at 8 p. m. so I (leave) home at 7 p. m.

7. Last Sunday was my mother’s birthday, so I (make) a cake.

8. I (start) to learn English five years ago.

9. It (begin) to rain in the afternoon.

10. Julie (do) a lot of English exercises last week.

2.1.3.Будущее неопределенное время – The Future

Indefinite (Simple) Tense

Утвердительная форма Вопросительная форма Отрицательная форма
I We You They shall He will She play I I we Shall you Will they play he she it   I We You shall not They (shan`t) play He will not She (won`t) play It
       

The Future Indefinite (Simple) Tenseупотребляется в следующих случаях:

1. Для выражения действий, относящихся к будущему времени (для описания естественного хода событий): They will certainly help us.

2. Для выражения намерения выполнить какое-либо действие, но при этом подчеркивает, что решение принято спонтанно, в момент разговора, а не заранее (в отличие от to be going to do something – собираться, намереваться сделать что-либо): I will go and shut it.

3. Следующие обстоятельства времени наиболее часто употребляются с глаголами в The Future Indefinite (Simple) Tense: tomorrow, the day after tomorrow, next week (month, year, Monday), some day, one of these days.







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