Decide if the sentences (1-8) below are true or false.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Decide if the sentences (1-8) below are true or false.



1. The system of university education in the US is centralized. T\F

2. There is no difference between private and State universities. T\F

3. Students must pass final examinations to get a degree.T\F

4. Lifelong fitness is a major course. T\F

5. There are no special advanced University degrees. T\F

6. Any University has only one campus. T\F

7.Students get a credit, usually on a five (0-4) point scale. T\F

5. Read the text again and answer these questions:

1/ Is there a national system of higher education in the USA? 2/ What government bodies do control higher education in the country? 3/ What is the size of universities and colleges? 4/ What types of higher education institutions exist in the country? 5/ Where do the universities receive their financial support from? 6/ How is financial aid provided for students?

Read and translate the text below. Put the following sentences and phrases in the correct order.

1. American and British higher education systems compared.

2. Sources of financial support.

3. The organization and size of U.S. and British universities.

4. Students’ grants in Great Britain and in the USA.

5. Types of higher educational establishments and their structure.

 

There is no national system of education and Ministry of Education in the USA such as exists in Great Britain. The British Department of Education and Science controls higher education sector in the country. In contrast, education in America is largely a business of the individual state, not of the Federal Government. Each of fifty states has its own system of education. Universities and colleges of Great Britain are usually small and traditional. American higher educational establishments, combining a number of different colleges and professional schools are usually larger and more innovative than British ones, sometimes with 25.000 to 35.000 students on one campus. Universities have never had a monopoly on higher learning. Teacher training colleges and polytechnics are alternatives to universities for some English students. Some of them are of university level and their work is officially described as the higher education sector. On the contrary, all schools of education, engineering and business studies are integral parts of universities in the U.S. British universities receive about 79% of their financial support through Parliamentary grants. Similarly in the USA, public institutions get about 75% of their funds from local, state or federal sources, but private colleges and universities receive little or no government support. In Britain personal financial aid provided by the government to over 80% of the students is administered according to the parents’ income. In the U.S., students’ grants are administered by the university or the sponsoring agency and are supplied by private organizations and the state or federal governments.

Obviously, British and American universities have similar educational goals but different sources of financial support.

Read the text again if necessary and choose the best title A, B or C.

A. The structure of British and American universities.

B. Educational aims of universities in the USA and Great Britain.

C. American and British universities: resemblance and differences.

Complete the table with key words and give a talk comparing systems of higher education in three countries.

THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

  Institutions Public/ non-public Multilevel system Academic year Subjects
Russia   Institute Academy University Part students All students Pay B.S, M.S, C.S, D.S degrees award, 4 years Semesters, sessions, last, pass exams, test general scientific, humanities, special
UK            
USA              

· GRAMMAR FOCUS

If clauses Условные предложения

 

Type Subordinate Clause (придаточное предложение – условие) Main Clause (главное предложение – следствие)  
If you don’t water plants they die. БЫ
Present Simple Present Simple
Если цветы не поливать, они погибают.
No particular time (не относится ни к какому конкретному времени)
If you don’t water the plants they will die. БЫ
Present Simple / Cont. / Perfect Future Simple
Если не польешь цветы, они погибнут.
Future (будущее)
If you didn’t water plants they would die. БЫ
Past Simple / Continuous would + V
Если бы цветы не поливали, они бы погибали.
Present / Future / No particular time
If you hadn’t watered the plants they would have died. БЫ
Past Perfect would have + V3
Если бы ты не полил цветы, они бы погибли.
Past (прошлое)
1 mixed If you were not so absent-minded you would have watered the plants. БЫ
Past Simple would have + V3
Если бы ты не был так рассеян, ты бы полил вчера цветы.
Present / no particular time (настоящее) Past (прошлое)
2 mixed If you had watered the plants yesterday they would be alive now. БЫ
Past Perfect would + V
Если бы ты вчера полил цветы, сейчас бы они были живы.
Past (прошлое) Present (настоящее)

Complete the sentences. Write each sentence three times in first, second and third conditionals.

E.g. If you (to be) free, I (to come) to see you.:

If you are free, I will come to see you.

If you were free, I would come to see you.

If you had been free, I would have come to see you.

If I (to see) her, I (to be) glad.

If I see her, I will be glad.

If I saw her, I would be glad.

If I had seen her, I would have been glad.

 

1. If my friend (to come) to see me, I (to be) very glad. 2. If mother (to buy) a cake, we (to have) a very nice tea party. 3. If we (to receive) a telegram from him, we (not to worry). 4. If you (not to work) systematically, you (to fail) the examinations. 5. If you (to be) busy, I (to leave) you alone. 6. If I (to live) in Moscow, I (to visit) the Tretyakov Gallery every year. 7. If I (to get) a ticket, I (to go)to the Philharmonic. 8. If I (to live) near a wood, I (to gather) a lot of mushrooms. 9. If my father (to return) early, we (to watch) TV together. 10. If she (to know) English, she (to try) to enter the university.

Change the sentences of real conditions into unreal conditions in the present or future and in the past.

1. If I am not too busy, I shall go to the concert. 2. They will all be surprised if I make such a mistake. 3. If he doesn't come in time, shall we have to wait for him? 4. If no one comes to help, we shall be obliged to do the work ourselves. 5. If you put on your glasses, you will see better. 6. What shall we do if they are late? 7. Will you be very angry if we don't come? 8. Will he be very displeased if I don't ring him up?

 

Complete the sentences in real conditions.

1. If I (to see) John, I (to tell) him your news. 2. He (to be) very pleased if it (to be) really true. 3. If you (to go) to town on Monday, you (to meet) my brother Tom. 4. If you (to need) help, my father (to help) you. 5. We (to have) a picnic lunch if the day (to be) fine. 6. If you (to ask) a policeman, he (to tell) you the way. 7. I (to finish) the job tomorrow if I (to can). 8. I (not / to require) an umbrella if it( not / to rain). 9. If she (to think) it over carefully, she (to form) a clear opinion. 10. If they (to catch) the bus now, they (to arrive) at half past nine. 11. He (to find) the answers if he (to look) at the back of the book. 12. If you ( to want) me to, I (to come) for a walk with you. 13. If he (to write) to her, she (to answer) at once. 14. If you ( to wait) a few moments, the waiter (to bring) your coffee. 15. He (to lose) weight if he (to stop) eating too much. 16. If she ( to be) patient, I (to try) to explain. 17. I (to wear) a purle tie only if I (to must). 18. If we (to leave) at once, we (to catch) the early train. 19. If he (to do) that again, his father (to punish) him. 20. If she (drink) this medicine, she (to feel) much better.

 

12.Complete the sentences in a) real conditions, b) unreal conditions in the present.

1. If I (to know), I (to tell) you. 2. If she (to want) to talk she (to ring up). 3. Her health (to improve) if she (to sleep) longer. 4. If he (to have) enough money, he (to buy) a large house. 5. She (to feel) lonely if Peter ( to go) out every evening. 6. We (to be) pleased to see you if you (to arrive). 7. If we (to can) come on Sunday, we (to come). 8. I (to understand) Mr. Smith if he (to speak) slowly. 9. We (not / to go) by ship unless there (to be) no other way. 10 If you (not / to give) him good meals, he (not / to be able) to work hard.

 



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