IX . Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания:



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IX . Выучите следующие слова и словосочетания:



major/ minor – крупный, большой/ мелкий

to evolve from … to – развиваться из … в…

a herbalist – травник (специалист по траволечению)

to dispense, a dispenser – фасовать, отпускать по рецепту, фасовщик

to compound – готовить лекарство по прописи

a formulary – рецептурный справочник

to handle smth. – иметь дело с чем-либо

sophisticated – сложный (для понимания)

doubtful – сомнительный

to be replaced with – заменяться чем-либо

regardless of – независимо от

duties – обязанности

to ensure – обеспечить, гарантировать

 to possess – иметь, обладать

 skills – навыки, умения

to maintain – поддерживать, сохранять

inherent – (внутренне) присущий

to counsel, counseling – консультировать, консультация

preventive – профилактический

 integral – неотделимый, неотъемлемый

proper –  правильный, надлежащий

to record, recording – регистрировать, запись, регистрация

data processing – (компьютерная) обработка данных

inventory – инвентарь, инвентарный

adverse drug reactions (ADRs) – побочные действия лекарств

to be augmented – расширяться (за счет чего-либо)

 pharmaceutical care – фармацевтическая служба

an area – область

 extemporaneous compounding – экстемпоральное приготовление лекарств по рецепту (незамедлительное)     

X . Прочтите текст А  и  переведите его на русский язык:

                                  The practice of pharmacy

The practice of pharmacy has undergone a major transformation in the twentieth century. Pharmacists have evolved from herbalists, compounding and dispensing a limited formulary of poorly controlled products to drug information specialists handling thousands of sophisticated and highly refined pharmaceutical products. Although pharmacists are still in a period of significant professional change, it is doubtful that their role in compounding and dispensing products will ever be totally replaced with other professional responsibilities. Regardless of his or her other professional duties, the pharmacist is responsible for ensuring that the product which he or she dispenses are safe, accurate, and appropriate for the patient. Hence, the pharmacist must possess skills, knowledge, and understanding of basic principles which allow him to maintain accuracy in compounding and dosing.

The skills and activities inherent in the provision of pharmaceutical care include, though are not limited to, the following:

a) patient assessment;

b) patient education and counseling;

c) patient-specific pharmacist care plans necessary for recognition, prevention, and management of drug interactions;

d) drug treatment protocols;

e) dosage adjustment;

f) selection of therapeutic alternatives;

g) preventive services;

h) managerial skills.

An integral part of pharmaceutical care is proper documentation, which involves systematic recording of patient information, drug monitoring, data processing, inventory record maintenance for dispensing of controlled substances, and reporting information on adverse drug reactions to the local and regional Pharmacy and Therapeutics Committees.

       The practice of pharmacy embraces a variety of settings, patient populations, and specialist, as well as generalist, pharmaceutical settings. In today’s pharmacy practice, a pharmacist must be able to provide services in all settings, including home, hospital and ambulatory care, primary care, consultation, long-term care, and community pharmacy practice.

       A pharmacist may specialize within a narrow field of practice, or incorporate one or more areas of focused practice into a general practice of pharmacy. Examples of highly specialized practice include pharmacist-directed diabetes management clinics, hypertension clinics, hospital-based infectious disease services, and others.

                                                            TASKS:

I. Answer the questions:

1  How has the practice of pharmacy changed in the twentieth century?

2 What is the chief responsibility of the pharmacist today?

3 What skills do you consider to be most important for the pharmacist to possess?

4 What are specialized fields of practice?

5  Where do you prefer to work: in specialized or general practice of pharmacy?

 



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