ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

Sample Curriculum Vitae (CV)



 

Name John Edward Harvey
Address and telephone number 27 South St., Stoke Ripton, Birnshire, XY195LM T-(49675) 223926
Date and place of birth 7th August 1995, Bath
Nationality British
Age
Education 2001-2009 Ripton County school. 2009-2010 Grant College of Further Education
Languages French, German
Previous experience Summer job working at a local supermarket
Interests Swimming, tennis, art, computer

 

His name is …; lives …; was born on the …; he is …, studied at …, can speak …, had a job at …, is interested in … .

 

2. Ответьте на следующие вопросы о себе:

1. What’s your first /family/ name? 2. How do you spell your surname?

3. How old are you? 4. When is your birthday? 5. Where are you from?

6. Where do you live? 7. What do you do for living? 8. What is your future profession? 9. What do you do in your spare time? 10. Do you go in for sports? 11. Are you single or married? 12. What are your parents? 13. Have you got any brothers or sisters? 14. What’s your brother’s /sister’s hobby?

HOME TASK

 

Подготовка к сессии 2 включает три аспекта:

I. Задания по грамматике; II. Устная речь; III. Чтение.

I. Grammar

Используя «Краткий курс грамматики английского языка», изучите следующие темы (после названия грамматической темы указан соответствующий параграф), ответьте на вопросы и выполните упражнения. Выполняйте задания в тетради.

 

1. Множественное число имен существительных § 1.1.

1.1. Как образуется множественное число имен существительных в английском языке?

1.2. Составьте таблицу особых случаев образования множественного числа существительных.

 

Exercise 1. Запишите существительные в форме множественного числа. A farmer, a country, a city, a day, a leaf, an address, a lemon, an apple, a child, a man, a house, a mouse, a tooth, a photo, hair, a potato, a box, a hobby, an exercise-book, a piano, a son-in-law, a wife, a gallery, а woman, a toy, a roof, a foot, money.

 

Exercise 2. Запишите предложения в форме мн. числа.

1) I am a student. 2) He is a hero. 3) This is a book. 4) That is my life. 5) This woman has a large family. 6) That person has an idea.

 

2. Употребление артикля § 1.5.

2.1. Что такое артикль и перед какой частью речи он употребляется?

2.2. Какие артикли используются в английском языке?

2.3. Составьте таблицу на основные случаи их употребления (по 5 примеров на каждый вид артикля и его отсутствие).

Exercise 3. Вставьте артикль (a, an, the) там, где необходимо.

1. This is … camera. 2. This is … David. 3. I’d like to change … money. 4. … Martin is from … Italy. 5. This is … cinema. … cinema is new. 6. I’d like to buy … orange. 7. I am … student. My brothers are … farmers. 8. I want to buy … this stamp. 9. This is my … Smartphone. 10. … Smiths live in … London. 11. These are … students of our group. 12. …man entered the room. 13. She has … aunt and two … uncles. 14. Would you like …cup of tea? – Yes, I usually drink … tea in the morning.

 

3. Имя числительное § 4.

3.1. По каким суффиксам можно определить вид числительного в английском языке?

3.2. Выпишите числительные, образование которых не подчиняется общему правилу.

 

Exercise 4. Запишите числительные словами и прочитайте вслух.

1) 5, 18, 12, 19, 10, 20, 38, 43, 157, 587, 908, 1600, 4765, 22 215. 2) 1-й, 2-й, 3-й, 4-й, 5-й, 21-й, 33-й, 13-й, 50-й.

Exercise 5. Ответьте на вопросы.

1) When do the British celebrate Christmas Day and Halloween?

2) When do people in Russia celebrate Christmas and Victory Day?

3) When is the International Students’ Day held?

4) When do you celebrate your birthday?

 

4. Количественные местоимения § 5.9.

4.1. В чем различие в употреблении количественных местоимений «many и few» – «much и little»? Как они переводятся?

4.2. Запишите в 2 столбика 10 исчисляемых и 10 неисчисляемых существительных.

4.3. В чем различие в употреблении количественных местоимений «few – a few», «little – a little»? Как они переводятся? Напишите по одному примеру на каждое местоимение.

Exercise 6. Заполните пропуски местоимениями “much / many”. Переведите предложения.

1. I don’t eat … oranges. 2. He eats … fish. 3. Mary mustn’t eat too … salt because she has problems with her blood pressure. 4. There is not … space in my flat. 5. There are … students in the gym. 6. Please don’t put … pepper on the meat. 7. There were … plates on the table. 8. She doesn’t eat … bread, she is on a slimming diet. 9. … people learn English. 10. There is … light in the room, it has … windows. 11. … of their conversation was about the university.

 

Exercise 7. Заполните пропуски местоимениями “little, a little, few, a few”. Переведите предложения.

1. I am busy now, I have … time. 2. Would you like … salad? – Yes, thank you. 3. Mother gave us … apples, and we were glad. 4. He didn’t like it in the camp: he had very … friends there. 5. I have … money, so we can go to the cinema. 6. I have … money, so we cannot go to the cinema. 7. She left and returned in … minutes.

 

5. Неопределенные местоимения § 5.6, 5.8

5.1. Какие неопределенные местоимения и их производные используются в английском языке? Сделайте таблицу.

5.2. Как они переводятся на русский язык в зависимости от вида предложения, в котором они употребляются?

5.3. Может ли местоимение any употребляться в утверждении?

5.4. Что вы знаете о неопределенном местоимении «one»?

5.5. Сколько отрицаний может быть в английском предложении?

 

Exercise 8. Выберите соответствующее местоимение для заполнения пропуска.

1. I have … friends in Moscow. (something, somebody, some, any, anybody) 2. Have you got … problems with the foreign language? (no, any, some, something, anything)

3. He will do … for you! (every, any, everything, somewhere)

4. She doesn’t want to see … tonight. (nobody, nothing, somebody, anybody)

5. Please, do … to help her. (nobody, no, anything, something)

6. Does … help this girl with mathematics? (any, nobody, somebody, anybody)

7. … may smoke here. (nobody, something, nothing, any)

8. If you have … against me, speak out! (anything, some, any, something)

9. Could I have … to eat? (anything, something, anywhere, everywhere)

 

6. Местоимение “it” § 5.2.

6.1. Какие существительные замещает местоимение it ?

6.2. В какой функции местоимение it не переводится?

 

Exercise 9. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию местоимения it.

 

1. It’s cold and I’m tired. 2. It doesn’t matter. 3. I looked at the window. It was closed. 4. It is here that we meet every Sunday. 5. Don’t you see? It’s me. 6. It’s no use crying. 7. It was dark to read. 8. It’s wonderful outside. 9. Can you explain it to me once more, please? 10 It was he who did it. 11. Here is your pen. Take it. 12. It is reported that the plane has landed.

7. Простые времена в активном залоге § 8.2.

7.1. Какие действия выражают Present / Past / Future Simple?

7.2. Какие наречия часто уточняют эти времена? Выучите их.

7.3. Как образуется глагол в Present / Past / Future Simple? Запишите формы глаголов, обозначив основную форму глагола буквой V.

7.4. Какие вспомогательные глаголы используются в вопросительной и отрицательной форме в Present / Past / Future Simple? Выпишите их.

 

Exercise 10. Употребите глагол в Present Simple.

1. I (to go) to the university by bus yesterday. 2. It (to take) me 15 minutes to get there. 3. … you (to play) tennis tomorrow? 4. … you (to cook) well? 5. We (to have) English twice a week next term. 6. They … not (to eat) meat, they are vegetarians. 7. Ann … not (to use) the dictionary while translating. 8. They (to study) five days a week last year.

 

Exercise 11. Задайте специальный вопрос в Present Simple. § 8.2.1, 12.2.

1) When…? → The dean comes at half past nine.

2) What…? → The girl asks us a lot of questions.

3) How often…? → We always air our classroom twice a day.

4) Who…? → They tell us about their studies.

5) What book…? → I read an English book every day.

6) What kind of…? →My father drives a new car.

7) How…? → He speaks English very well.

8) Where…? → My sister goes to her office on week-days.

9) How many…? → We have three classes on Monday.

 

Exercise 12. Задайте специальный вопрос в Past Simple к подчеркнутому члену предложения. § 8.2.3, 12.2.

1. We had breakfast at the student canteen. 2. He wanted to go to Moscow during the holidays. 3. Our English class began at 10 o’clock. 4. Last night I got a letter from my parents. 5. My sister read some English books. 6. My friend passed all the exams successfully. 7. They discussed important problems at the seminar. 8. We were late for classes yesterday. 9. She made a good report at the seminar.

 

8. Настоящее длительное время в активном залоге § 8.3.1.

8.1. По какой «общей формуле» образуется глагол в длительном времени? Выпишите «формулу» в тетрадь.

8.2. Как образуется настоящее длительное время? Запишите «формулу».

8.3. Какие действия выражает Present Continuous?

8.4. Как образуется вопросительная и отрицательная форма в Present Continuous?

Exercise 13. Образуйте и сравните формы Present Simple and Present

Continuous. § 8.2.1, 8.3.1.

Present Continuous Present Simple
I (read) now. I (read) every day.
He (sleep) now. He (sleep) well every night.
My mother (not work) now. My mother (not work) at an office.
They (not eat) now. They (eat) at school every morning.
… your brother (drive) now? … he (drive) to his office?
… you (watch) TV now? … you (watch) TV in the evening?

 

1. I usually … (go) to the University by bus, but now I … (walk). 2. My friend always … (attend) lectures and seminars. Some students … (miss) classes sometimes. Today Alex and Peter … (stay) away. 3. – What …you … (read) now? – I … (read) a book by V. Pelevin. In fact, I … (read) a lot.

4. It … (snow) quite often in the Urals. Look outside! It … (snow) again!

5. I never … (lose) the keys. But you … always … (lose) them!

 

9. Степени сравнения прилагательных и наречий § 2.

9.1. Как изменяется прилагательное в английском языке?

Сравните с русским языком.

9.2. Какие есть способы образования степеней сравнения прилагательных? Выпишите соответствующие суффиксы и вспомогательные слова.

9.3. Какие исключения из общего правила необходимо запомнить?

Выпишите их в тетрадь.

9.4. Какие сравнительные обороты вы знаете?

 

Exercise 14. Найдите и исправьте ошибки.

1. I’m busier than my little sister. 2. London is more old than New York.

3. Do you know the shortest way to the station? 4. Be activer at your lesson, please. 5. She is the most pretty girl I’ve ever known. 6. The boy is as taller as his father. 7. Baseball is the popularest summer sport in America.

8. Yesterday he started to feel more bad. 9. Mary’s answer is correcter than yours. 10. Can you come more early next time?

 

Exercise 15. Переведите на русский язык. § 2.

1. The smaller a car is, the easier it is to park. 2. She is much more serious than her brother. 3. The play was so boring that I fell asleep. 4. He wasn’t as friendly as he usually is. 5. The more complicated the problem, the harder it is to find a solution. 6. My English is getting better and better. 7. She is the most beautiful girl in our group. 8. It’s not so bad! 9. The worse the weather, the more dangerous it is to drive on the roads.

10. Предлог § 6.

10.1. Какими предлогами обозначается место предмета в пространстве?

10.2. Какие предлоги направления вы знаете?

10.3. Приведите примеры многозначности некоторых предлогов.

 

Exercise 16. Вставьте, где необходимо, предлоги “at”, ”on” , “in”.

1. Kate doesn’t normally work ___ weekends, but she had to work ____ last Saturday.

2. We’re leaving ___ the morning, but we’ll be back ___ three weeks.

3. Did she send you a card ___ your birthday?

4. ___ what time does the meeting start ___ Monday?

5. They went on holiday to Spain ___ Easter and then again ___ the summer.

6. The bridge was built ___ the 16th century.

7. Do you enjoy driving ____ night?

8. I’m taking my driving test ___ 4.30 ___ July 3rd .

9. He was born ____ 1900 and died ___ 1972.

10. I’m going to a conference in Egypt ___ a week.

11. Can you meet me ___ 2 o’clock next Saturday afternoon?

 

11. Конструкции с существительными §§1.2, 1.3, 1.4.

11.1. Как выражается значение родительного падежа у одушевленных и неодушевленных существительных?

11.2. На какой вопрос отвечает словосочетание с притяжательным падежом?

11.3. Как оформляются в притяжательном падеже существительные в единственном и множественном числе?

11.4. Какова последовательность перевода словосочетания с притяжательным падежом?

 

Exercise 17. Соедините существительные, используя ’s или the ... of ... или конструкцию существительное+существительное.


Models: job / Sally – Sally’s job; door / car – the door of the car; TV / set – a TV set

 

1. motorbike / Andrew;

2. shoe / shop;

3. milk / cat;

4. the price, the computer;

5. bedroom / children;

6. problem / nobody;

7. sports / car;

8. name / the girl who came to dinner

last;

9. rising cost / petrol;

10. traffic / London;

11. alarm / clock;

12. clothes / ladies;

13. son / Mary and Ken;

14. end / film;

15. vacation / two weeks;

16. house / my mother-in-law.

II. Communication   1. Представьтесь и расскажите о себе, используя задание 2 на стр.12. 2. Расскажите о своем рабочем дне. В качестве источника информации используйте текст “My Working Day” и задание 5.2 на стр. 9.   Активный словарь

I come from – я родом из… correspondence department – заочное отделение twice a year – дважды в год day-off – выходной to arrive at – приезжать, приходить duty –обязанность, долг have to – должен to mark – проверять to prepare for – готовиться к though [ðou] – хотя on my way home – по дороге домой to do some shopping – делать покупки

to wait for – ждать just talk – просто разговариваем to fail exams – завалить экзамены to work hard at – упорно трудиться to search for – искать

necessary ['nesəs(ə)rɪ] – необходимый

to write a report – писать доклад a course [kɔ:s] paper – курсовая

работа

a library ['laɪbr(ə)rɪ] – библиотека

do one’s best – стараться to combine [kəm'baɪn] – сочетать still – все равно to look forward ['fɔːwəd] to – с

нетерпением ждать a job – работать useful – полезный to get experience – получать опыт


 

My Working Day

Let me introduce myself. I am … and I am … years old. I come from Berezniki but now I live and work in Perm. I am a teacher, I work at school. I am also a student of a correspondence department. I study at Perm Pedagogical University. I have examination sessions twice a year.

I always go to my work on Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday. I don’t go to school on Saturday and Sunday. These are my days-off. I usually arrive at work at eight o’clock though my working day begins at 8.30. I usually have four classes a day and many other duties. You know, teachers have to work not only with children but with their parents, write plans and other documents, discuss educational problems with their colleagues. I also spend a lot of time marking exercise books and preparing for the next lesson.

I leave school at about 4 o’clock in the afternoon. On my way home I do some shopping and walk a little. At home I cook dinner and wait for my parents. When they come from work, we have dinner together. Then we sit in the living room, drink tea, watch TV or just talk.

As I’m a student and don’t want to fail my exams I work hard at my lessons. I do them in the evening. I read a lot, search for the necessary information in the Internet, write reports or a course paper. Sometimes at the weekends I go to the library. I really do my best.

I must say that it isn’t easy to combine work and learning. But still I always look forward to my next working day because I like my job and my study. I think I’m getting a lot of useful experience.

III. Reading

 

1. Прочитайте текст “Our University” и выполните задания к нему.

Активный словарь

to attend lectures [ə'tend 'lektʃəz] – посещать лекции seminar – семинар

'credit-test – зачёт course [kɔ:s] of studies – курс обучения curriculum [kə'rikjuləm] – программа to 'enter the University – поступить в университет facilities [fə'silitiz] (мн.ч.) – оборудование, аппаратура, удобства to be engaged [in'geiʤd] in – заниматься чем-л.

ex'ternal student – студент-заочник first-year student – студент первого курса full-time student – студент дневного отделения field [fi:ld] of knowledge – область знаний

Foreign language ['forin 'læŋgwiʤ] – иностранный язык to graduate ['grædjueit] from the University – закончить университет to last – длиться, продолжаться to miss classes – пропускать занятия to pro'vide (with) – предоставлять, обеспечивать чем-л.

postgraduate ["pəust'grædjuit] (student) – аспирант senior ['si:njə] student – студент старших курсов scientific ["saiən'tɪfɪk] work – научная работа state grant – стипендия subject – учебный предмет to sub'mit a graduation paper – представить выпускную работу to take / to pass an examination (in) – сдавать / сдать экзамен (по) teaching practice ['præktis] – педагогическая практика term – семестр

 

1.1. Прочитайте и переведите текст.

Our University

 

Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogical University is the oldest higher school of this type in the Urals. It was founded in 1921 and the number of students was small. During the next years our University grew greatly. Nowadays a great number of students enter every year its thirteen faculties: the Faculty of Mathematics, of Philology, of Physical Culture, of Primary Schooling, of Psychology and Pedagogy of Childhood, of Natural Sciences, of History, of Information Technology and Economics and others.

In five buildings of the University there are a lot of facilities: lecture halls, computer classrooms, research laboratories, a rich library, some readingrooms, a big conference hall. The staff of professors and lecturers is great and includes many outstanding scientists who make a contribution to their fields of knowledge.

Pedagogical University provides higher education for future teachers. There are full-time students, part-time students and external students at our University. Part-time and external students combine work and learning. Many full-time students and postgraduates are provided with hostel accommodations and receive state grants. The course of studies for future Bachelors lasts 4 or 5 years; some students can study another 2 years to earn a Master's degree.

The academic year begins in September and ends in July. Each academic year has two terms and at the end of each term students take credit-tests and terminal examinations in different subjects. There are many subjects on the curriculum: Pedagogy, Psychology, Philosophy, Foreign language, History of Russia, etc. Students attend lectures and seminars. They are also engaged in scientific work and write their research papers. All students have teaching practice at a number of schools and kindergartens in Perm. At the end of the course of study students take final examinations and submit a graduation paper.

 

1.2. Определите, являются ли следующие утверждения

а) истинными; б) ложными; в) не содержатся в тексте.

Используйте фразы “It’s right”, “It’s wrong”, “There is no information”.

 

a) Perm State Humanitarian Pedagogical University is the oldest higher school in the Urals. b) There are 13 faculties at the University nowadays.

c) The Faculty of Physics, of Natural Sciences, of Information Technology and Economics are housed in the main building.

d) Our University provides higher education for future engineers.

e) Full-time students usually combine work and learning.

f) The course of studies for future Bachelors lasts six years.

g) Students take credit-tests and terminal examinations twice a year.

1.3. Запишите понятие, которое объясняется в дефиниции.

 

a) the method of teaching when students listen to a professor and write down;

b) students who combine work and learning;

c) the place where books and other literary materials are kept;

d) a sum of money to finance educational study;

e) the testing of knowledge of students without giving any definite mark;

f) a period in which a break is taken from studies for rest, travel, or recreation;

g) the method of teaching when students in small groups discuss with a professor theories and exchange information;

h) any of the divisions of the academic year at the University.

 

1.4. Ответьте на вопросы о своей учебе.

 

1. Are you a full-time student or an external student?

2. What faculty do you study at?

3. You are a first-year student, aren’t you?

4. Do you combine work and learning?

5. How long does your course of studies last?

6. What subjects do you study this term?

7. How many exams and credit-tests will you take this term?

8. Do you attend all the lectures and seminars or do you miss them sometimes?

9. Is the foreign language difficult for you?

10. Are you engaged in scientific work? What subject is your research work devoted to?

11. What are your future plans after graduating from the University?

 

2. Прочитайте текст “The Bell Schools in the UK” и выполните задания к нему.

The Bell Schools in the UK

1. In 1955 Frank Bell started a school of English for overseas students in Cambridge. This was so successful that in 1969 he opened another school in Bath and later others in Norwich and Saffron Walden. All the schools of the Bell group aim (стремиться) to combine good teaching in attractive and friendly surroundings. In 1973 the school in Bath became the Bell Educational Trust, a non-profit-making educational foundation.

2. The school accepts about one hundred students from many different countries. They all aim to improve their English. Students are accepted at all levels from the complete beginners to the advanced ones. We ask that beginners should be able to read and write the English Alphabet. The minimum age for enrolment is 17 and the average age of the students is about 22. There are three terms of about eleven weeks each; these are October to December, January to March and April to June. There are three shorter courses in summer in July, August and September.

3. At the start of the course all students are given a test and an interview so that we can form the right group for learning. When the school decides on the groups they consider levels of English, nationality and the number of men and women so that each group forms a positive соherent learning unit. Each group has a group tutor. This is the teacher who is responsible for the group and who plans the course work. The teaching may be different at different levels. For example, advanced students often need more practice with written work and elementary students need more oral practice. However, the school tries to maintain a balance of four skills of listening, speaking, reading and writing and students are encouraged to use English as much as possible.

4. One of the features of the school approach to teaching English is the use of questionnaires, interviews and projects. The students are taken out of the classroom to use their English and they may find themselves interviewing people in the city centre or making a video film about life in Bath.

5. Here are some of the subjects the school offers: English Literature, Making a Magazine, Business English, the Media, Making a TV Programme, Music, Typing, Ecology, History, Photography, and Technical English. The subjects may change each term but the School tries to offer as wide a range as possible. The aim of these lessons is to give students the chance to study something of interest to them in English and this encourages them to use English more.

At the end of the course each student receives a report which comments on progress, attendance and attitude.

 

2.1. Определите, являются ли следующие утверждения а) истинными; б) ложными; в) не содержатся в тексте. В первом и во втором случае выпишите предложения, подтверждающие или опровергающие информацию.

a) The school in Bath occupies a pleasant nineteenth century house with an attractive garden and a car park.

b) The academic year in Bell schools is divided into two terms.

c) The groups at this school are formed according to the students’ level of English knowledge, nationality and gender.

d) Only advanced students may be accepted to Bell schools: they should be able to speak English fluently, write correctly and read.

 

2.2. Укажите абзац, который содержит следующую информацию.

a) A peculiar method of teaching in this school is spoken communication when students leave their classrooms to have a conversation with townspeople.

b) There are a lot of subjects on the curriculum whose range changes each term.

c) There are differences in teaching the advanced students and the beginners.

 

2.3.Ответьте на вопрос: “What are the duties of a group tutor?”

 

2.4. Определите основную идею текста.

a) The school in Bath accepts about one hundred students from different countries who are classified into groups from complete beginners to very advanced.

b) The main methods of teaching at such schools are questioning, interviews and projects; they give students more oral practice.

c) The aim of the Bell group schools is to teach good English at different levels and according to the individual interests of the students.

d) It is very important to form the groups of students according to the results of entrance test.

 

3. Прочитайте текст “Oxbridge” и выполните задания к нему. Oxbridge

Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest and the most prestigious universities in Great Britain. They are often called collectively Oxbridge. Only the education elite can go to Oxford or Cambridge. Both universities date from the twelfth and thirteenth centuries.

 

They are federations of semi-independent colleges, each college having its own staff, known as “Fellows”. Most colleges have their own dining hall, library and chapel (часовня) and contain enough accommodation for at least half of their students. Each college is governed by a Master. The larger ones have more than 400 members, the smallest colleges have less than 30. The Fellows teach the college students either one-to-one – or in small groups, known as “tutorials” in Oxford and “supervisions” in Cambridge. Oxbridge has the lowest student/staff ratio (соотношение) in Britain. Lectures and laboratory work are organized at university level. Before 1970 Oxbridge colleges were single-sex (mostly for men). Now they admit both men and women.

Oxford and Cambridge cling to their traditions, such as the use of Latin at degree ceremonies or the way of student life. The university has a number of societies and clubs, enough for every interest one could imagine. Sport is a common leisure (досуг) activity at Cambridge. The most popular sports are rowing and punting. Significant focus is given to the Boat Race, which is annual held between Cambridge and Oxford teams and watched by millions of viewers.

3.1. Выпишите из текста синонимичное предложение.

a) Oxford and Cambridge universities consist of a number of colleges.

b) Most students are provided with hostel accommodations.

c) Both universities were founded in the medieval period.

d) Students of Cambridge and Oxford take part in the famous Boat Race which is played every year.

 

3.2. Определите, являются ли следующие утверждения а) истинными; б) ложными; в) не содержатся в тексте. В первом и во втором случае выпишите предложения, подтверждающие или опровергающие информацию.

 

a) Oxbridge is a collective name for the oldest and most prestigious universities in Britain.

b) Fellows are students at these universities.

c) Lectures are called tutorials and supervisions at Oxbridge.

d) The number of teachers at Oxbridge is smaller than at other universities.

e) Both men and women can be admitted to Oxford and Cambridge.

f) Some of students clubs are called “Greek letter societies”.

 

3.3. Определите основную идею текста.

a) The term “Oxbridge” is a morphological blend of the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, which is used to refer to them collectively in contrast to other British universities.

b) Oxford and Cambridge universities are two intellectual eyes of Britain which have much in common in date of foundation, traditions, general organization, methods of instruction and way of student life.

c) Oxford and Cambridge universities are called collectively “Oxbridge” to describe them as the top-scoring educational institutions in the UK, often with implications of superior social or intellectual status.

SESSION TWO

Advanced Grammar

1. Проанализируйте значения времен совершенного вида и выполните задания.

 

Present Perfect a) Is Sally here? – No, she has just gone out. b) They have been friends since childhood.
Past Perfect c) She went for a holiday after she had passed the exam.
Future Perfect d) By the end of this year I will have learnt English very well.

1) Соотнесите временные формы Perfect и их значения:

а) действие произошло в прошлом, но имеет результат в настоящем;

б) действие произошло ранее другого действия в прошлом

(«предпрошедшее» время);

в) действие произойдет к определенному моменту в будущем

(«предбудущее» время);

г) действие началось в прошлом и длится до момента речи.

 

2) Найдите обстоятельства времени, которые маркируют указанные выше значения.

 

1.1. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на обстоятельства времени. Образуйте форму Present Perfect.

 

1. Everyone (to hear) of a real English breakfast. 2. … you (to have) your lunch yet? 3. Here is your watch. I just (to find) it. 4. She (to travel) a lot this year. 5. … you (to see) John lately? 6. Where is your key? – I (to lose) it. 7. The police (to arrest) two men in connection with the robbery. 8. Peter failed in the exam. – He (not to work) hard this term. 9. Who is absent? – Ann. She (to be) ill for a week. 10. What time is he leaving? – He (to leave) already.

2. Сравните предложения в действительном и страдательном залоге и ответьте на вопросы.

 

Active Passive
1. She often invites friends to the party. 2. The children took a dog for a walk. 3. The teacher will ask the students about the grammar rule. 1. She is often invited to the party. 2. The children were taken for a walk. 3. The teacher will be asked (by the students) about the grammar rule.

 

1) В каких предложениях подлежащее не является производителем действия?

2) Как может быть выражен деятель в пассиве?

3) В каких временных формах представлены предложения в таблице?

4) Запишите «формулу» образования пассива в английском языке.

 

2.1. Переведите предложения на русский язык и проанализируйте способы перевода. Обратите внимание на различные видовременные формы пассива.

1. Canada is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific, its motto is “From Sea to Sea”. 2. The term “United Kingdom” has been used in the official government yearbooks since 1922. 3. This film was much spoken about. 4. Ann was being told an interesting story, when I came. 5. He will be offered this job by the company, I think. 6. Have you been explained the rules of the games? 7. You are wanted on the phone. 8. Babies are looked after with great care. 9. Listen, what music is being played? 10. The tourists were shown around the Tower of London.

 

2.2. Переведите на английский язык, используя времена группы Simple в страдательном залоге.

Мне рассказали Мне рассказывают Мне расскажут

Ее привели Ее приводят Ее приведут

Нам ответили Нам отвечают Нам ответят

Ему помогли Ему помогают Ему помогут

Нас пригласили Нас приглашают Нас пригласят Его позвали Его зовут Его позовут

 

3. Прочитайте сложные предложения и определите, какое из них является а) сочинительным; б) подчинительным; в) бессоюзным.

1) Australia is a member of the Commonwealth while the USA is not.

2) I can’t speak French but my grandfather does.

3) The book he read yesterday was about the history of London.

 

3.1. Найдите границы придаточного бессоюзного предложения, переведите на русский.

Model: The people [I talked to during my trip] were very friendly. – Люди, с которыми я разговаривал во время поездки, были очень дружелюбными.

1. I gave her all the money I had. 2. The museum we wanted to visit was shut when we got there. 3. Are these the keys you were looking for? 4. The man I was sitting next to on the plane talked all the time. 5. Everything they said was true. 6. The woman I wanted to see was away. 7. What’s the name of the film you are going to see? 8. It was the most boring film I‘ve ever seen.

 

3.2. Прочитайте примеры сочинительных предложений и выучите парные союзы.

 

a) Australia as well as the UK is situated on the island. Австралия, так же как Британия, является островным государством.
b) Both Britain and Australia are washed by seas from all sides. И Британия, и Австралия со всех сторон омываются морями.
c) Ann speaks English fluently; she studied either in Oxford or in Eton. Анна бегло говорит по-английски; она училась или в Оксфорде, или в Итоне.
d) Neither my parents nor my friends have been to the UK. Ни я, ни мои родители не бывали в Соединенном Королевстве.
e) Tom might be a sportsman; he is not only tall but also strong. Том, должно быть, спортсмен; он не только высокий, но и сильный.

 

3.3. Используйте парный сочинительный союз.

1. … my sister … I are fond of arts. We often visit exhibitions. 2. Where are you going to spend your holiday? – I don’t know yet. I might go … to Turkey … to Egypt. 3. Peter is a very active student; he takes part … in cultural life at the University … in sports competitions. 4. … Sue … Kate can play tennis. They don’t go in for sports at all.

 

3.4. Проанализируйте значения подчинительных союзов в предложениях, примеры переведите.

 

1. Дополнит. that (что), whether, if (ли) I know that you will soon forget about it. We don’t know whether the exhibition opens today or tomorrow.
2.Определит. which, who, that (который, -ая, -ое), whose (чей), whom (которого, которому) A bus, which goes to the airport, runs every half hour. The official head of the UK is the Queen, who reigns but doesn’t rule. I met a man whose sister knows you.
3. Условия if (если) If the weather is lovely, we’ll spend the weekend in the country.
4. Времени when (когда), while (в то время как, тогда как), till=until (пока не), after (после того как), before (до, прежде чем), since (с тех пор как), as soon as (как только) When you cross the street in London look right and then left. While mother was watching TV, I did my homework. I’ll wait for you till your lessons are over. I take a shower in the morning after I get up. Call me before you come. As soon as you get off you will see the bank in front of you.
5. Причины because (потому что), as, for (так как) As we were in a hurry we took a taxi.
6. Цели in order to, so that (для того чтобы) I gave you the address so that you may find us.
7. Следствия that’s why (поэтому) You didn’t phone, that’s why I was worried.
8. Уступит. though, although (хотя) Though it was raining they went for a walk.

 

HOME TASK

Подготовка к сессии 3 включает три аспекта:

I. Задания по грамматике; II. Устная речь; III. Чтение.

I. Grammar

Используя «Краткий курс грамматики английского языка», изучите следующие темы (после названия грамматической темы указан соответствующий параграф), ответьте на вопросы и выполните упражнения. Выполняйте задания в тетради.

 

1. Времена совершенного вида (Perfect Tenses) § 8.4.

1.1. Какое действие выражает Present Perfect (Past Perfect, Future Perfect) и как переводятся эти временные формы на русский язык?

1.2. Сделайте список наречий и предлогов, уточняющих эти времена.

1.3. Как образуется глагол в совершенном времени? Выпишите «общую формулу» образования сказуемого.

 

Exercise 1. Употребите глагол в Past Perfect. § 8.4.2.

1. She hoped that I already (to pay) for the tickets. 2. When we came the performance (to begin). 3. He went to bed as soon as he (to switch off) the TVset. 4. By the end of the year she (to play) in two films. 5. When they came home the football match (to finish). 6. She went for a holiday after she (to pass) the exam.

 

Exercise 2. Употребите глагол во Future Perfect. § 8.4.3.

Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на использование

Present Simple в придаточных предложениях времени и условия. § 8.2.1.

 

1. When the uncle returns from Australia his son (to grow up). 2. By the end of this year I (to learn) English very well. 3. I’ll need this magazine. … you (to look it through) by the morning? 4. If you come at nine the concert (to finish). 5. We mustn’t be late. They (to eat) everything by the time we come. 6. Before they choose a suitable house they (to see) hundreds of them. 7. When you go out it (to stop raining). 8. By the end of May she (to pass) all the exams.

 

2. Страдательный залог (Passive Voice) § 8.7.

2.1. Что выражает глагол в действительном залоге (Active Voice) и в страдательном залоге (Passive Voice)?

2.2. Как образуется страдательный залог? Выпишите «общую формулу» образования сказуемого.

2.3. Формой какого падежа переводится дополнение с предлогом by? 2.4. Законспектируйте способы перевода пассива на русский язык; приведите по одному примеру на каждый способ.

 

Exercise 3. Образуйте Present, Past или Future Simple Passive.

1. The members of the House of Commons (to elect) by people. 2. Queen Elizabeth II (to crown) in 1952. 3. English (to speak) as a second language by many people in India, Pakistan and numerous countries in Africa. 4. … Australia often (to visit) by tourists from other countries? 5. This program (not to show) on TV tomorrow. 6. In 1066 England (to conquer) by the Normans. 7. Why … the newspapers (not to bring) yesterday? 8. Scotland (to join) to the UK in 1707, after a long struggle for its independence.

 

 

Exercise 4. Переведите предложения, принимая во внимание разные способы перевода.

1. What is being done in the house for the guests? 2. Some flowers can be cut and brought in from the garden. 3. The second course was followed by fruit salad. 4. His name is often referred to in the articles. 5. He is such a bore. He is never listened to. 6. The policeman has been sent for. 7. This film was much spoken about. 8. We were treated to ice-cream. 9. If you wear this hat you’ll be laughed at. 10. We were shown around the building. 11. Your luggage will be looked after.

3. Модальные глаголы (Modal Verbs) § 10.

3.1. Чем модальные глаголы отличаются по значению от смысловых глаголов?

3.2. Запишите модальные глаголы в 2 столбика, в зависимости от наличия /отсутствия частицы to перед инфинитивом.

3.3. Для чего нужны эквиваленты (заменители) модальных глаголов?

 

Exercise 5.Соотнесите модальные глаголы и их значения.

permission (b) physical or mental

ability /disability (a) probability (c)

 

может

 

impossibility (d) possibility in a particular situation (e) politeness (f)

 

1) He can play tennis well and speak Chinese.

2) I haven’t been able to sleep recently.

3) It’s cloudy; it may /might rain in the evening.

4) May / can I take your book?

5) Could you leave me a message, please?

6) We have just had lunch. You can’t (cannot)be hungry.

7) She wasn’t at home when I phoned but I was able to contact her at her office.

Exercise 6. Соотнесите модальные глаголы и их значения. § 10.3. logical necessity (b) moral or social

obligation /duty (a) personal obligation (c)

 

 

должен

 

 

advice or expectation or plan (e) opinion (d) absence of necessity (f) probability (g)

 

1) You must work hard in order to pass the exam successfully.

2) Peter is tall and strong, he must be a good sportsman.

3) In Britain schoolchildren have towear uniform.

4) The delegation is to arrive on Monday.

5) You should eat more fruit and vegetables.

6) We needn’t hurry. We’ve got plenty of time.

7) I ought to pay our debts.

 

Exercise 7. Вставьте модальные глаголы could, must, was to, had to, might, shouldn’t, will be able to, needn’t, ought to.

 

1. Ted isn’t at work today, he … be ill. 2. My grandfather was a very clever man. He … speak five languages. 3. You look tired. You … work so hard. 4. It was raining hard and we … wait until it stopped. 5. You … buy the tickets now, you can book them in advance. 6. As they had agreed before, Tom … wait for his girlfriend at the entrance. 7. Children … take care of their parents. 8. I hope he … speak English well next year. 9. Where are you going for your holidays?

– I haven’t decided yet. I … go to London.

 

4. Относительные местоимения “who”, “whom”, “which” (“that”), “whose”, “where”. §7.

4.1. От чего зависит выбор местоимения who и which?

4.2. Объясните на примере, что относительные местоимения выполняют не только функцию связи, но и замещения.

4.3. Каким членом придаточного предложения являются местоимения who, which, whom, whose, where?

 

Exercise 8. Соедините предложения, используя союзные слова.

 

1. London was founded about 2000 years ago by the Romans … gave their settlement the name Londinium. 2. “Londinium” is derived from the Celtic word Llyn-din … means literally “river place”. 3. A mountaineer is a person … ambition is to climb Everest. 4. I see … you mean. 5. Many people think that Big Ben was named after Sir Benjamin Hall, a British engineer, … was responsible for the Clock Tower. 6. Do you know a restaurant … we can have a really good meal? 7. I don’t know the name of the woman to … I spoke on the phone. 8. We didn't know … had happened. 9. The Thames … has always been the part of London history is often called Father of London.

 

II. Communication

1. Speak on the topic “Our University and My Studies”. Use the text and the tasks on p. 19-21.

2. Speak on the topic “Great Britain”. Use the text and the tasks on p. 32-35.

III. Reading

 

1. Прочитайте текст “Great Britain” и выполните задания к нему.

Vocabulary


actually – фактически area ['ɜəriə] – площадь, регион coast – побережье to consist of – состоять из government – правительство to influence – влиять island ['ailənd] – остров isle [ail] – остров (обычно с именем собственным) to be known for – быть известным lake – озеро mountain [mauntin] – гора plain – равнина population – население relief – рельеф, ландшафт to separate – разделять to be situated – быть расположенным temperate ['temprit] – умеренный to unite – объединять to vary ['vɜəri] – отличаться, изменяться

Mind some proper names:

to appoint – назначать chamber – палата disadvantage – недостаток equipment – оборудование general election – всеобщие выборы the House of Commons – Палата Общин

hereditary – наследственный highly developed – высокоразвитый to hold (held, held) – проводить legislative power – законодательная власть manufacture – производство majority – большинство nevertheless – однако raw material – сырье to receive [ri'si:v] – получать to rule – управлять vehicle ['vi:ikl] – транспортное средство


the United Kingdom (UK) – Соединенное Королевство Wales (Welsh) – Уэльс (уэльский, валлийский)

Scotland (Scottish) – Шотландия (шотландский язык)

Northern Ireland – Северная Ирландия

Edinburgh ['edinbərə] – Эдинбург

Manchester ['mæntʃəstə] – Манчестер Birmingham ['bə:miŋəm] – Бирмингем the British Isles – Британские острова the Continent = Europe the English Channel – пролив Ла-Манш the Strait of Dover – Дуврский пролив the Atlantic Ocean – Атлантический океан the Irish Sea ['aiəriʃ] – Ирландское море

1.1. Read and translate the following text. Great Britain

 

When we speak about the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland we actually speak about four countries united into one state: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Each of these countries has its language, its capital, and its government. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff and Belfast. At the same time London is the capital of the United Kingdom.

English is the official language, but some people also speak Scottish, Welsh and Irish.

The population of the country is over 57 million people. There are many beautiful cities in Great Britain: Liverpool and Manchester, Glasgow and Edinburgh, Belfast and Birmingham.

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is situated on the British Isles to the north-west of Europe. The British Isles consist of two large and more than 2000 small islands.

Their total area is over 244,000 square kilometers, the English Channel (or La Manche) and the Strait of Dover (or Pas de Calais) separate them from the Continent. The Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea wash the West Coast of the country. The East Coast is washed by the North Sea.

The relief [ri'li:f] of the British Isles varies very much. The north and the west of England are mountainous, but all the rest – east, centre and south – is a vast plain. Ben Nevis in Scotland is the highest mountain in the UK (it is only 1,343 m. high). There are a lot of rivers in Great Britain but they are not very long. The Severn is the longest river, running from east to west. The Thames is the deepest and the most important river, where London is situated. The Lake District in Northern England with its lakes and v





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