The students of Cambridge University don't attend all lectures.



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The students of Cambridge University don't attend all lectures.



3. The students will take an active part in the preparation of the con­ference.


VI. Прочитайте и устно переведите с 1-го по 9-й абзацы текста. Перепишите и письменно переведите 2,3,4,6,8,9 абзацы.

ISAAC NEWTON

~Ыл the little village of Woolthorpe, not far from the old university town of Cambridge, in a farmer's house Isaac Newton was born in 1642.

2. His family wanted him to become a farmer, he did his best to be of use at the farm, but with no suc-ess, his mind being always busy with observing various phenomena of nature and reflecting upon them.

3. At the age of 18 he was sent to Cambridge and there he followed the ordinary mathematical courses of his time.

4. Some years after having taken his degree he was appointed profes­sor to the chair of physics and mathematics at Cambridge.

"^^The study of light was Newton's favourite study. Having made a number* of experiments with lenses, he came to the conclusion that white light consisted of rays of different colours and that each particular kind of coloured ray was differently bent when it fell on a glass surface at the angle. His results formed the basis of modern spectography.

6. The theory of gravity was developed by him when he was only 24, butsome twenty years later he returned to this subject.

TsJhe problem of the paths of the planets, one of the greatest prob­lems of those times, was "what laws could account for the ceaseless mo­tion of the planets round the sun?"

8. Newton deduced and calculated the force of gravity acting between the sun and the planets thus establishing the law of gravitation in its most general form. With the help of this law he found a connecting link between the mechanics of the earth and the mechanics of the heavens.

9. He also discovered the laws of motion which we still consider to be the basis of all calculations concerning the motion.

Newton died in 1727, at the age of 84.

Вариант 3

I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грам­матическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием - s, то есть служит ли оно: а) призна­ком множественного числа имени существител' чого; б) показа­телем 3-го лица единственного числа в Present indefinite; в) по-


казателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного. Переведите предложения.

1. The importance of Popov's investigations in physics is cleat to

everybody.

2. The results of these observations will be very important.

3. Physics deals with different natural phenomena.

II. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их, учи­
тывая особенности передачи на русский язык определений, вы­
раженных - именем существительным.

1. We get weather forecasts every day.

2. The new University building houses many departments.

3. This scientist works at some problems of low temperature physics.

III. Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие разные
степени сравнения, и переведите их.

1. This engineer is one of the best oil experts in oil industry.

2. The longer is the night, the shorter is the day.

3. Football is more popular than basketball.

IV. Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание
на перевод неопределенных и отрицательных местоимений.

1. At some of Minsk Metro stations there are escalators.

2. Any student of our group can speak on the history of Minsk.

3. No park in our city is as popular as Gorky Park.

V. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в них ви
до-временные формы глаголов, переведите предложения.

1. Classical mechanics formed the foundation for the further devel­opment of that science.

2. Physics is an ancient science.

3. These phenomena will find wide application in physics.

VI. Прочитайте и устно переведите с 1-го по 7-й абзацы текста.
Перепишите и письменно переведите 2,3,5,6 абзацы.

POLZVNOV, THE INVENTOR OF THE STEAM ENGINE

1. A steam engine to meet industrial requirements was first put into


operation in a far-away Siberian town, Barnaul, in August 1766. That first steam "fire" engine was invented and constructed by Polzunov, a self-taught men, the son of a Russian soldier.

2. Polzunov was bom in 1728, in the Urals, in the city of
Ekaterinburg. He began working when tfe was 14 at a Ural plant and

in a short period of time became an outstanding specialist in the metal­lurgical industry.

3. Polzunov was quite familiar with the technical problems of his day and among them with those of power engineering which was based on water wheels. In spite of the fact that the water wheels constructed by Russian specialists were the best in the world, their use at the time had one great disadvantage. They required water and because of it works and factories had to be built far from raw material sources.

4. Polzunov wanted to put an end to this dependence upon water. He had great experience as well as a good knowledge of theory. As a result of his steady scientific research, Polzunov worked out the design of the first fire-operated machine that could be used instead of the water wheels.

5. The construction of this engine involved difficulties and hardships. Polzunov had to do almost everything with his own hands. He did ail the designing and drawing. In addition to it, he created the required instru­ments and machine parts and made them. Such hard conditions of work completely ruined his health.

6. At last all the parts were assembled and the engine was quite ready to be put into operation. It was a machine working on steam pressure with two cylinders used by Polzunov in order to provide continuous ac­tion. The first test proved to be a success. However, Polzunov did not live to see the results of his work. He died in poverty on May 27, 1766.

7. Later on thanks to Janes Watt the steam engine found its further development.

Вариант 4____

I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грам­матическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием - s, то есть служит ли оно: а) показателем 3-го липа единственного числа глагола в Present


Indefinite; б) признаком множественного числа имени сущест­вительного; в) показателем притяжательного падежа жменя существительного. Переведите предложения.



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