ТОП 10:

Lesson 50.Intercontinental ballistic missile.Submarine-launched ballistic missile.



Lesson 50.Intercontinental ballistic missile.Submarine-launched ballistic missile.

Assignment 1. Read the following words and word combinations, using transcriptions:

 

Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) [ˌɪntəˌkɔntɪ'nent(ə)lbə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl] medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs),   ['miːdɪəm - reɪnʤ bə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl]
intermediate-range ballistic missiles (IRBMs) [ˌɪntə'miːdɪət - reɪnʤ bə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl] short-range ballistic missiles (SRBMs) [ʃɔːt - reɪnʤ bə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl]
long-range ballistic missiles(LRBMs) ['lɔŋ - reɪnʤ bə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl] multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) ['mʌltɪplˌɪndɪ'pendəntlɪˈtɑːgɪtəbl ˌriː'entrɪ'vɪəkl / ['viːɪkl]

 

Assignment 2. Active vocabulary: Learn the following words and word combinations

 

No. Word/ word combination Russian equivalent
0. missile реактивный снаряд; ракета
1. range ряд, линия, направление
2. nuclear weapon ядерное оружие
3. nuclear warhead ядерная боеголовка
4. being launched быть запущенным
5. submarine подводная лодка
6. launch спуск на воду, запуск
7. target цель, мишень
8. virtual impunity практически безнаказанно
9. Warhead боеголовка
10. Automatic gyno controle автоматический гино-контролер
11. Guidebeam and radio command receives радио и лучевой приемник
12. Rocket body тело ракеты
13. Propellant turbopump топливный турбонасос
14. Thrust frame упорная рамка
15. Wing крыло
16. Jet vane реактивное сопло
17. Air vane воздушное сопло
18. Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) межконтинентальнаябаллистическая ракета
19. intermediate-range ballistic missiles (IRBMs) баллистическая ракета среднего радиуса действия
20. Submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) баллистическая ракета подводных лодок
21. multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) комплекс боеголовок направленного действия(независимого наведения)

Assignment 3. Read the text; be ready to answer the questions.

Home assignment.

Assignment 9.

Choose a type of the missile and write an article about it. (100-150 words)

Assignment 10.Circle 9 words.

D P O K L A M A A
A I E T N A I R O
C C B B F S S H H
X O T O S V S S M
S U B M A R I N E
X N T B R W L J K
M T S S P E E D V
B R R D U A O O V
I Y R S S P A C E
H L A F F O H F E
E N M R A N G E D

 

Assignment 11.

Types of SLBMs in different countries:

United States (sometimes described as Fleet Ballistic Missiles)

UGM-27 Polaris– decommissioned

UGM-73 Poseidon –decommissioned

UGM-96 Trident I (C4) –decommissioned

UGM-133 Trident II (D5)

Soviet Union / Russia

R-13 NATO name SS-N-4 – decommissioned

R-21 NATO name SS-N-5 – decommissioned

RSM-25 R-27 NATO name SS-N-6 – decommissioned

RSM-40R-29 "Vysota", NATO name SS-N-8 "Sawfly" – decommissioned

RSM-45 R-31 NATO name SS-N-17 "Snipe"– decommissioned

RSM-50 R-29R "Vysota", NATO name SS-N-18 "Stingray"

RSM-52 R-39 "Rif", NATO name SS-N-20 "Sturgeon" – decommissioned

RSM-54 R-29RM "Shtil", NATO name SS-N-23 "Skiff" – decommissioned (last ship is now under rebuild to R-29RMU "Sineva")

RSM-54 R-29RMU "Sineva", NATO name SS-N-23 "Skiff"

RSM-54 R-29RMU2 "Liner"

RSM-56 R-30 "Bulava", NATO name SS-NX-32 – under development

United Kingdom

UGM-27 Polaris and Chevaline – decommissioned

UGM-133 Trident II (D5)

Lesson 51.Missile Defense

Assignment 1. Read the following words and word combinations, using transcriptions:

antiballistic missile system(ABM) [əntibə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl'sɪstəm] destruction [dɪ'strʌkʃ(ə)n]
detection [dɪ'tekʃ(ə)n] protection [prə'tekʃ(ə)n]
interception [ˌɪntə'sepʃ(ə)n] Ground-Based Midcourse Defense system [graund - beɪsd ˌmɪd'kɔːs də`fens 'sɪstəm]

 

 

Assignment 2. Active vocabulary: Learn the following words and word combinations

No. Word/ word combination Russian equivalent
0. missile defense противоракетная оборона
1. anti-aircraft weapons зенитное оружие
2. allocate выделять
3. self-defense самооборона
4. Capability возможности.
5. soon-to-be скоро, чтобы быть
6. Deployed развернуть
7. the head of the Pentagon's deputy assistant заместитель помощника главы Пентагона
8. Restrictions ограничения
9. antiballistic missile system(ABM) система противоракетной обороны
10. Detection выявление, обнаружение, открытие; регистрация
11. Ground-Based Midcourse Defense system Наземная система обороны

Strategic missile defense

Targets long-range ICBMs, which travel at about 7 km/s (15,700 mph). Examples of currently active systems: Russian A-135 system which defends Moscow, and the U.S. Ground-Based Midcourse Defense system that defends the United States from missiles launched from Asia. Geographic range of strategic defense can be regional (Russian system) or national (U.S. system).

Theater missile defense

Targets medium-range missiles, which travel at about 3 km/s (6,700 mph) or less. In this context the term "theater" means the entire localized region for military operations, typically a radius of several hundred kilometers. Defense range of theater defensive systems is usually on this order. Examples of deployed or soon-to-be deployed theater missile defenses: American THAAD and Russian S-400 Triumf.

American THAAD Russian S-400 Triumf

Tactical missile defense

Targets short-range tactical ballistic missiles, which usually travel at less than 1.5 km/s (3,400 mph). Tactical anti-ballistic missiles (ABMs) have short ranges, typically 20–80 km (12–50 miles). Examples of currently-deployed tactical ABMs: American MIM-104 Patriot and Russian S-300V.

American MIM-104 Patriot Russian S-300V

 

 

Military News,24.04.2012

The U.S. government wants to cooperate with Russia on missile defense, but do not go with it to create a common air defense system under a unified command and control, said the head of the Pentagon's deputy assistant Brad Roberts.

"The United States wants to cooperate with Russia on missile defense, but they will not allow any restrictions on its missile defense that will carry all four phases, with an adapted approach to the creation of European missile defense system, and that Russia will not be able to command and control over the protection of NATO territory , "- said Roberts.

"NATO will be responsible for its defense, and Russia - for its" - said Deputy Assistant Secretary, speaking before the Senate Committee on Armed Services.

 

Questions:

1. What is ABM?

2. What types of ABM do you know?

3. What do you know about these types of missile intercepted?

4. Is MIM-104 Patriot Russian or Amarican tactical ABM?

5. What does the Pentagon say about Missile Defense of Rissia and the USA?

 

Assignment 4.Give defenitions of the following words and word combinations.

missile defense, antiballistic missile system(ABM), detection, interception, destruction, protection, anti-aircraft weapons, allocate , self-defense, deployed

 

Assignment 5.Match

1. missile 2. carry 3. unique 4. launch 5. ballistic 6. defensive 7. military 8. anti-aircraft a. system b. from c. out d. weapons e. defense f. operations g. missile h. requirements

Assignment 5.Label the pictures and match .

_________________________ _____________________________ the USA

Russia

_______________________________ ___________________________

Assignment 6.Word-formation.

 

Against the backdrop of a new 1) _________of the ongoing conflict between

 

Palestine and Israel, there are 2) __________ of a new Israeli weapon, which is

 

designed to 3) _________ the location of military units and cities from missile

 

attacks by the Arabs. This weapon is 4) _________ the "Iron Dome". The idea of ​​Israeli designers is simple: the new system is to intercept missiles and

5) __________ missiles at ranges from 4,000 to 70,000 meters.

 

Assignment 7. Make your own dialogues about ABM.

 

Home assignment.

Assignment 8.

Write an article about missile defense. (100-150 words)

Theme 7.Satellites.Laser technologies.

Lesson 52.Satellites

Assignment 1. Read the following words and word combinations, using transcriptions:

satellite ['sæt(ə)laɪt] Aerospace Defence Forces ['ɛərə(u)speɪs dɪ'fen(t)s fɔːsɪs]
NATO ['neɪtəu] Cosmodrome ['kɔzmədrəum]
Global Positioning System (GPS) ['gləub(ə)l pə'zɪʃ(ə)nɪŋ 'sɪstəm] adversary ['ædvəs(ə)rɪ]

 

 

Assignment 2. Active vocabulary: Learn the following words and word combinations

No. Word/ word combination Russian equivalent
0. increasingly все больше и больше
1. be used for быть использованным для чего-либо
2. dependence зависимость, подчинённое положение
3. military purposes военные цели
4. weapon оружие
5. imagery изображение
6. demand потребнось, нужда
7. estimated предполагаемый
8. data redistribution and backhaul перераспределения данных и транспорта
9. signal latency сигнал задержки
10. government правительство
11. headquartered in штаб-квартира, располагаться в
12. spacecraft космический корабль
13. be intercepted by быть перехваченным
14. Armed Forces Вооруженные Силы
15. Aerospace Defence Forces Войска Воздушно-Космической Обороны
16. Advanced Extremely High Frequency (AEHF) Высокотехнологичный Высокочастотный спутник
17. adversary враг, противник

 

 

Assignment 3. Read the text; be ready to answer the questions.

Our world is becoming an increasingly complex place in which, we are very dependent on other people and organizations. An event in some distant part of the globe can rapidly and significantly affect the quality of life in our home country.

This increasing dependence, on both a national and international scale, forced us to create systems that can respond immediately to dangers, enabling appropriate defensive or offensive actions to be taken. These systems are operating all around us in military, civil, commercial and industrial fields. A worldwide system of satellites has been created and it is possible to transmit signals around the globe by bouncing them from one satellite to an earth station and then to another satellite.

A military satellite is an artificial satellite used for a military purpose, often for gathering intelligence, as a communications satellite used for military purposes, or as a weapon.

A satellite by itself is neither military nor civil. It is the kind of payload it carries that enables one to arrive at a decision regarding its military or civilian character. Nevertheless, even the above distinction is now blurred. For example, a civilian satellite can carry military transponders and vice versa. Civil commercial satellites are also known to carry out military tasks including enabling military communications and imagery. At the same time, military satellites like the NAVSTAR GPS have more civilian users than military users. In spite of the above possibilities, satellites which have purely military uses are known as military satellites.

Military satellite industry

The demand for military satellite communications in 2009 is estimated at 16 Gbit/s, it is expected to grow to 28Gbit/s in 2019. The largest demand for military satellites is from the US. Demand from international security forces is growing as well, especially from NATO states and the Middle East. Military satellites are becoming more indispensable in theater of operations as well as "home country" use for training, data redistribution and backhaul.

Military News

WASHINGTON, May 5, 2012. United States launched a military next-generation AEHF 2 (Advanced Extremely High Frequency 2) satellite into the orbit .The satellite was created by Lockheed Martin. It costs $ 1.7 billion, it weighs about seven tons. The service life of each satellite is 14 years. AEHF2 is a series of communications satellites operated by the United States Air Force Air Force Space Command. The spacecraft will be used to relay secure communications for the Armed Forces of the United States, the British Armed Forces, the Canadian Forces and the military of the Netherlands. The system will consist of four spacecraft in geostationary orbits, of which two have been launched.

The Aerospace Defense Forces (Russia)

The Aerospace Defense Forces (Russian Voyska Vozdushno-Kosmicheskoy Oborony or VKO ) is the branch of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation responsible for air and missile defense, and the operation of Russian military satellites and the Plesetsk Cosmodrome. Formed on 1 December 2011, it replaced the Space Forces. The VKO is commanded by former Space Forces commander Lt Gen Oleg Ostapenko, who was appointed by Russian Ex-President Dmitry Medvedev.

Advanced satellite communications are an absolute necessity for military victory. The information that gets sent around the world must be kept safe, secure and protected. It can’t be intercepted by adversaries.

Questions:

1. Has a worldwide system of satellites been already created?

2. What does a worldwide system of satellites provide?

3. What is the purpose of satellites?

4. What is GPS?

5. What are the main innovations of the t U.S. Armed Forces?

6. Who commands theVKO?

 

Assignment 4.Read the sentences and answer T(True) / F(False) / DS (Doesn`t say)

1) A military satellite is used only for a military purpose. ______

2) Military satellites like the NAVSTAR GPS have less civilian users than military users. _____

3) AEHF2 is operated by the United States Air Force Space Command. _______

4) Russian President Dmitry Medvedev was a former Space Forces commander. ______

 

Assignment 5. Read the text and complete.

Advanced Extremely High Frequency

General information Answers:

Manufacturer ___________ (Lockheed Martin)

«Northrop Grumman»

Country of origin ____________ (United States)

Applications Military communications

Orbit regimes Geosynchronous

Operator US Air Force

Lifetime _________________ (14 years)

Launched 2

First launch USA-214, 2010-08-14

Second launch ______________________ (2012-05-04)

Average mass ______________________ (6,168 kg)

 

 

Assignment 6. Match.

1. cosmodrome 2. Aerospace Defence Forces 3. Global Positioning System (GPS) 4. Satellite 5. government 6. Spacecraft 7. ArmedForces a. спутник b. спутниковая система навигации c. космодром d. Войска Воздушно-Космической Обороны e. космический корабль f. Вооруженные Силы g. правительство

 

 

Assignment 7.Crossword :

1. It is a space-based satellite navigation system.

2. Not civil.

3. The atmosphere of Earth.

4. « Вооруженные Силы» in English.

5. … is a tool or instrument used to damageor harm to living beings.

6. Spacecraft.

7. It is a synonym for Universe.

Assignment 8. Complete the text. Use pictures, protected, satellite, and soldier

A ______on the ground uses advanced satellites to urgently send _______ of a high-value target. Meanwhile, a submarine quietly lurking below the ocean's surface is transmitting confidential orders to the same _______ constellation. At the same time, a jet flying high above the clouds is relaying full motion video. The U.S. military's most important data has to be kept secured and _________.

 

 

Assignment 9. Discuss in groups:

 

1. What do you know about the satellites?

2. The role of the satellites in present-day world.

3. Being a spaceman is an interesting hard work! Would you like to be a spaceman or a pilot? Why?

 

Assignment 10. Pop- quiz question!

1. The Day of Military Space Forces in Russia. (Space Forces Day)

a) April 5 b) October 4 c) October 31

2. Flag of the Aerospace Defense Forces.

a) b) c)

3. The VKO is commanded by __________ Oleg Ostapenko _.

a) Cpl. b) Sgt. c) Lt. Gen.

 

Home assignment

Write an essay of 10-15 sentences about “Satellites in our life”.

Home assignment.

Choose a type of the laser and write an article about it. (100-150 words)

 

Lesson 54, 55.Create a project on:“Weapons and military technique of English speaking countries (UK, the USA) and Russia” (200-250 words)

 

 

Section 4.Peculiarity of Military Culture, Etiquette and Military Languages.

Theme 1.Insignia and awards in Great Britain.

Home assignment

Continue the following phrase:

1.According to the Royal Clothing Warrant, General Officers were distinguished by the…

2.Colonel, Lt Colonel and Major wore 1/2 inch regimental pattern laces on upper and lower … with one … and one …

3.Captain wore similar collar with…

4.Brigadier Generals wore a crossed…

5.A Field Marshal wears crossed...

6.General has a crossed sword and baton, a star and a crown on the...

Assignment 7

Match!

1. the Victoria Cross 2. the George Cross 3. the Distinguished Service Order 4. the Conspicuous Gallantry Cross 5. the George Medal 6. the Distinguished Service Cross 7. the Military Cross 8. the Distinguished Flying Cross 9. the Air Force Cross 10. the Queen's Gallantry Medal 11. the Royal Red Cross 12. the Elizabeth Cross a. Медаль Георга b. Крест «За боевые заслуги» c. Военный крест d. Крест королевы Виктории e. Крест Георга f. Крест за летные боевые заслуги g. Крест военно- воздушных сил h. Королевский красный крест i. Крест за отвагу j. Крест Елизаветы k. Королевская медаль За отвагу l. Кавалер ордена За выдающиеся заслуги

Home assignment

In the history there are no unimportant parts. In any award there is a historical truth, and changing it, we break the great truth of history. To read the biography of a person that has been encrypted in awards and medals, you can with the language in which awards are saying.

Lesson 58.

Assignment 1.Read the following words and word combinations, using transcriptions:

valour ['vælə] Buckingham Palace ['bʌkɪŋəm 'pælɪs]
Commonwealth ['kɔmənwelθ] Governor-General ['gʌv(ə)nə 'ʤen(ə)r(ə)l]
Empire ['empaɪə] Crimean War [kraɪ'miːən wɔː]
precedence ['presɪd(ə)n(t)s] Secretary of State for Defence ['sekrət(ə)rɪ ɔv steɪt fɔ dɪ'fen(t)s]
investiture [ɪn'vestɪʧə] Regulation [ˌregjə'leɪʃ(ə)n]

 

Assignment 2.Active vocabulary: Learn the following words and word combinations:

No. Word/word combination Russianequivalent
1. valour бесстрашие, мужество, отвага
2. previous предыдущий; предшествующий
3. precedence первенство, превосходство
4. recipient адресат, получатель
5. investiture награждение
6. realm королевство; государство
fulfil выполнять; делать, исполнять
to honor в честь
issue исходить
regimental полковой
witness свидетель, очевидец
on occasion иногда, время от времени
pass up пропустить
approve утверждать
signature подпись
ordain посвящать в духовный сан
brooch брошь
mess jacket короткий двубортный жакет
annuity ежегодная рента, ежегодная выплата
determined определённый; назначенный, установленный

Assignment 3.Read the text, be ready to answer questions:

Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of the armed forces of various Commonwealth countries, and previous British Empire territories.

It takes precedence over all other orders, decorations and medals. It may be awarded to a person of any rank in any service and to civilians under military command. In the United Kingdom, it is usually presented to the recipient or to their next of kin by the British monarch at an investitureheld at Buckingham Palace. In other countries where the Monarch of the Commonwealthrealms is the head of state, the Governor-General usually fulfils the same function. It is the joint highest award for bravery in the United Kingdom with the George Cross, which is the equivalent honour for valour not in the face of the enemy. However, the VC is higher in the order of wear and would be worn first by an individual who had been awarded both decorations (which has not so far occurred).

The VC was introduced on 29 January 1856 by Queen Victoria to honor acts of valour during the Crimean War. Since then, the medal has been awarded 1,356 times to 1,353 individual recipients. Only 13 medals, nine to members of the British Army, and four to the Australian Army, have been awarded since the Second World War.

A recommendation for the VC is normally issued by an officer at regimental level, or equivalent, and has to be supported by three witnesses, although this has been waived onoccasion. The recommendation is then passed up the military hierarchy until it reaches the Secretary of State for Defence. The recommendation is then laid before the monarch who approves the award with his or her signature.

The VC is always the first decoration worn in a row of medals and it is the first set of post-nominal letters used to indicate any decoration or order.

The Victoria Cross was at first worn as the recipient fancied. It was popular to pin it on the left side of the chest over the heart, with other decorations grouped around the VC.

In 1900 it was ordained in Dress Regulations for the Army that it should be worn after the cross of a Member of the Royal Victorian Order.

In 1902 King Edward VII gave the cross its present position on a bar brooch. The cross is also worn as a miniature decoration on a brooch or a chain with mess jacket, white tie or black tie.

Today holders of the Victoria Cross or George Cross are entitled to an annuity, the amount of which is determinedby the awarding government. Since 2002, the annuity paid by the British Government is £1,495 per year.

Answer the questions:

1.When is the Victoria Cross awarded?

2.What precedence has it?

3.Where is it usually presented?

4.When was the Victoria Cross introduced?

5. Why was it introduced?

6. How many times has the medal been awarded?

7. Who gives a recommendation for the VC?

8. Who approves the award after that?

9. How is the VC worn?

10. What privilege do the recipients become?

Assignment 4.Give definitions of the following words and word combinations:

Valour, cross, the highest military decoration, valour, precedence, recipient, the head of state, highest award for bravery, to honor, regimental level, on occasion, pass up, approve, the first decoration, it was ordained, a bar brooch, mess jacket, an annuity.

 

Assignment 5.Listen to the recording and answer the following questions.

Thesection is the smallest element in the army. The section commander is a corporal and the second in command (2IC) is a lance corporal. An infantry section has between eight and ten men.

A platoon has three sections. The platoon commander is a second lieutenant or lieutenant. A sergeant is second in command. An infantry platoon has between 29 and 36 officers and men.

A company has three platoons. The commander is called the OC (officer commanding). In the British Army the OC is a major. The 2IC is a captain. The senior NCO is a company sergeant major (CSM).

An infantry battalion has five companies. The commander is called the CO (commanding officer). The CO is a lieutenant colonel and his 2IC is a major. The senior NCO is the regimental sergeant major (RSM).

Look through the words below before listening:

corporal капрал
lance corporal младший капрал
infantry пехота
NCO военнослужащий сержантского состава
lieutenant colonel подполковник
regimental sergeant major полковой старшина

Questions:

1.What is the section commander?

2.What is the second in command?

3.What is the platoon commander?

4.How is the commander in platoon called?

5. What is the officer commanding in the British Army?

6. What is the seior NCO in an infantry platoon?

Home assignment

Write an essay of 10-15 sentences on what privileges the recipients are awarded in Russia?

 

Theme 2. The Rules of British Military Uniform’s Wearing

Home assignment

Option 1.

Write an essay of 10-15 sentences on the new facts about the History of British Military Uniform.

Option 2.

Continue the following phrase:

1. From the late 17th century to the early 20th century, ________________________

2. Red coat has evolved from being the British infantryman's ordinary uniform ____________________________________________________

3. A contemporary comment on the New Model Army dated

7 May 1645 stated ___________________________________________________

4. There had been isolated instances of red military clothing ____________________

5.At Edgehill, the first battle of the Civil War, the King's lifeguard had worn red coats, ______________________________________

Lesson 60.Uniform numbers

Assignment 1.Read the following words and word combination, using transcriptions:

authorized [’ɔ:Ɵə‚raɪzd] temperate ['temp(ə)rət]
ceremony ['serɪmənɪ] khaki ['kɑːkɪ]
distinction [dɪ'stɪŋkʃ(ə)n] equivalent [ɪ'kwɪv(ə)lənt]
universal [ˌjuːnɪ'vɜːs(ə)l] camouflage ['kæməflɑːʒ]
required [rɪ'kwaɪəd] linen ['lɪnɪn]
similar ['sɪmɪlə] worsted [wustɪd]
desert ['dezət] identical [aɪ'dentɪk(ə)l]
trews [truːz] olive ['ɔlɪv]
specified [’spesə‚faɪ]    

Assignment 2.Active vocabulary: Learn the following words and word combination:

No. Word/word combination Russian equivalent
1. To number Нумеровать
2. To be prescribed Предписано
3. To note Замечать
4. Can vary Может варьировать
5. Aides Помощники
6. Consist of Состоять из
7. Comprise Включать, содержать
8. Collar Воротник
9. Cut in a similar fashion Такого же покроя
10. Similar to Похожий на
11. Is listed as Включать в себя
12. Tan trousers Желтовато – коричневые брюки
13. Stable belt Жесткий ремень
14. Being replaced Замененный
15. Waistcoat Жилет
16. In place of Вместо

Assignment 3.Read the text, be ready to answer question:

The British army numbers its uniforms for ease of instruction. Fourteen 'orders' of dress are authorised and prescribed to be worn on various occasions; "Full Dress" is also prescribed for the most important ceremonies.

While there are officially fourteen different grades (or 'Numbers'), many of these are rarely worn altogether. Note that uniform distinctions can vary greatly from one Regiment or Corps to another.

Full dress is the most elaborate order worn by the British Army. Now it is rarely worn except by the Foot Guards and the Household Cavalry.

No. 1 Dress, sometimes referred to as "blues", is a universal ceremonial uniform which is almost consistent throughout the British Army. No. 1 Dress is only worn on ceremonial occasions, and, in some regiments, by the duty officer.

No.5: Desert combat dress

Desert combat clothing is listed as: hat, jacket and trousers DPM and is issued to soldiers posted to Cyprus and the Middle East. As issued during the 1991 Gulf War, this uniform was identical to the No. 9 DPM tropical uniform, except for the multi-tone desert camouflage.

No.9: Tropical Combat Dress

No.9 dress is no longer provided, being replaced by Combat Soldier 95 No 8 Dress

No.10: Temperate mess dress

Short Jacket, with which men wear trousers or a kilt, and women a long dress or skirt. Normally worn by the rank of Sergeant upwards for formal functions, its colours and pattern can vary greatly from unit to unit but generally match the traditional full dress of the regiment or corps. Thus jackets can be scarlet, dark blue or green with facings and waistcoats in regimental colours.

No.12: Protective clothing

Formerly olive green shirt and trousers, it has been replaced with smart Combat Dress: ironed shirt and trousers worn with beret and stable belt (identical to that of No. 7 Dress). The current uniform worn by soldiers most of the time, it is to be supplemented by the new Barrack Dress.

Home assignment

Option 1.

Women of the garrison had a less authorized uniform but one that fitted the class structure and social order of the time. The wives of the men in the ranks wore a plain cotton dress with apron and a hairpiece called a `snood.' Their shoes were made of plain leather common to the period. It was in distinct contrast to the more ornate dress worn by an officer's wife, in keeping with her position as an upper-class citizen.

Write an essay on the women's uniform.

Option 2.

Continue the following phrase:

1. While there are officially fourteen different grades (or 'Numbers'), __________________

2. Full dress is the most elaborate order _________________________________________

3. Originally issued as a field uniform, this uniform ________________________________

4. Normally worn by the rank of Sergeant upwards for formal functions,________________

5. The current uniform worn by soldiers most of the time,___________________________

Lesson 61. Modern uniforms

Assignment 1.Read the following words and word combination, using transcriptions:

Utilitarian [ˌjuːtɪlɪ'tɛərɪən] Wedding ['wedɪŋ]
Frugality [fruː'gælətɪ] Glengarry [glen'gærɪ]
Extent [ɪk'stent bonnet ['bɔnɪt]
Ceremonial [ˌserɪ'məunɪəl] disruptive [dɪs'rʌptɪv]
Casual ['kæʒwəl] albeit [ɔːl'biːɪt]
Civilian [sɪ'vɪlɪən] Royal Hussars ['rɔɪəl][hu'zɑː]
Notably ['nəutəblɪ] Beret ['bereɪ]
Enthusiasm [ɪn'θjuːzɪæz(ə)m] Crimson ['krɪmz(ə)n]

 

Assignment 2. Active vocabulary: Learn the following words and word combination:

No. Word/word combination Russian equivalent
1. Necessity Необходимость
2. Limited extent Ограничено
3. Casual clothing Повседневная одежда
4. Peer Коллега
5. Retain Сохранять
6. Notably Особенно
7. Are not issued with Не снабжаются (чем-либо)
8. Peaked cap Фуражка
9. Albeit Хотя (и)
10. Propose Предложенный
11. Currently В настоящее время
12. “Non-iron” shirts Немнущиеся рубашки
13. Pattern Модель, образец
14. Crimson Малиновый (цвет)
15. Amalgamated Объединенный
16. Mess dress Парадная вечерняя форма

 

Assignment 3.Read the text, be ready to answer question:

The utilitarian necessities of war and economic frugality are now the dominant factors in uniform design. Most military forces, however, have developed several different uniform types, including combat dress, working dress, service or ordinary duty uniforms and (to a very limited extent) ceremonial full dress. The practice of wearing a form of full dress off duty ("walking out dress") has largely died out as the modern soldier prefers the casual clothing of his civilian peers. The British Army generally retains its traditional full dress uniforms only for bands and units performing ceremonial functions (notably the Household Brigade).

An attempt dating from the early 1950s to provide other British soldiers with a plainer (and cheaper) dark blue or green No.1 dress did not meet with much enthusiasm; indeed, most soldiers are not issued with their own No.1 dress, and the most common occasion when it is now worn is for a wedding. Parade dress for most British regiments is khaki No. 2 dress with No 1 Dress coloured peaked caps, berets or Glengarry bonnets. Following the introduction of the Combat Soldier 95 (CS95) clothing system of Disruptive Pattern Material (DPM) this is worn for most day-to-day business replacing the old 'working' uniform of green Lightweight Trousers and Shirt/Jersey, albeit that these are still used as 'Barrack Dress' by some office based personnel. However, the proposed Future Army Dress (FAD), which is currently being developed by the British Army, includes a return to Barrack Dress for all arms, including 'non-iron' shirts and trousers in a similar pattern to that of the current No.2 Dress uniform. Tradition is however still strong in British military culture and there are many regimental distinctions added to some uniforms. One example is the King's Royal Hussars who wear their historic crimson trousers with all orders other than fatigue or combat dress. The trews or tartan trousers of Lowland regiments have been retained for certain orders of dress in the amalgamated Royal Regiment of Scotland, although the kilt of the Highland regiments is the parade dress. Mess dress in traditional scarlet, blue or green is worn by officers and senior NCOs of all regiments for formal evening dress.

Answer the question:

1. What are now the dominant factors in uniform design?

2. What do you know about the practice of wearing a form of full dress?

3. What is the most common occasion now when №1 dress is worn?

4. What is parade dress for most British regiments?

5. Is it a tradition in British Army to have regimental distinctions in uniforms?

6. What uniform do the King’s Royal Hussards wear?

7. When does Royal Regiment of Scotland wear the kilt?

8. When do officers and senior NCOs wear mess dress?

mess dress number 2 uniform combat uniform
Assignment 4.Label the pictures. Use these words.

 

Assignment 5.Listen to a conversation and answer the questions.

1. What event is CaptainLebowski invited to attend?

2. What is the dress code for the event?

3. What uniform do they agree that Captain Lebowski will wear?

4. What time does Captain Lebowski need to attend?

(Текст для аудирования берется из аудиодиска 3 CAMPAINGN - English for the military.

Home assignment

Continue the following phrase:

1. Most military forces, however, have developed several different

uniform types, _________________________________________________________

2. The British Army generally retains its traditional full dress

uniforms only _________________________________________________________

3. Most soldiers are not issued with their own No.1 dress, and the most

common occasion ______________________________________________________

4. However, the proposed Future Army Dress (FAD), which is currently being developed by the British Army,____________________________________________________

5. The trews or tartan trousers of Lowland regiments_____________________________

 

 

 

Lesson 50.Intercontinental ballistic missile.Submarine-launched ballistic missile.

Assignment 1. Read the following words and word combinations, using transcriptions:

 

Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) [ˌɪntəˌkɔntɪ'nent(ə)lbə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl] medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs),   ['miːdɪəm - reɪnʤ bə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl]
intermediate-range ballistic missiles (IRBMs) [ˌɪntə'miːdɪət - reɪnʤ bə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl] short-range ballistic missiles (SRBMs) [ʃɔːt - reɪnʤ bə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl]
long-range ballistic missiles(LRBMs) ['lɔŋ - reɪnʤ bə'lɪstɪk 'mɪsaɪl] multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) ['mʌltɪplˌɪndɪ'pendəntlɪˈtɑːgɪtəbl ˌriː'entrɪ'vɪəkl / ['viːɪkl]

 

Assignment 2. Active vocabulary: Learn the following words and word combinations

 

No. Word/ word combination Russian equivalent
0. missile реактивный снаряд; ракета
1. range ряд, линия, направление
2. nuclear weapon ядерное оружие
3. nuclear warhead ядерная боеголовка
4. being launched быть запущенным
5. submarine подводная лодка
6. launch спуск на воду, запуск
7. target цель, мишень
8. virtual impunity практически безнаказанно
9. Warhead боеголовка
10. Automatic gyno controle автоматический гино-контролер
11. Guidebeam and radio command receives радио и лучевой приемник
12. Rocket body тело ракеты
13. Propellant turbopump топливный турбонасос
14. Thrust frame упорная рамка
15. Wing крыло
16. Jet vane реактивное сопло
17. Air vane воздушное сопло
18. Intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) межконтинентальнаябаллистическая ракета
19. intermediate-range ballistic missiles (IRBMs) баллистическая ракета среднего радиуса действия
20. Submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) баллистическая ракета подводных лодок
21. multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles (MIRVs) комплекс боеголовок направленного действия(независимого наведения)

Assignment 3. Read the text; be ready to answer the questions.







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