ТОП 10:

Буду благодарен за указанные ошибки, опечатки и прочие неточности, встречающиеся в текстах упражнений.



Автор курса: Лайдж Ки

Упражнения к урокам 2..13 доступны в онлайн режиме – http://urikor.net/eng_course/soft.html

По вопросам приобретения ответов к практическим заданиям пишите на электропочту urikor@list.ru или urikor@urikor.net Обязательно укажите тему письма: «Приобретение ответов к практическим заданиям курса по изучению английского языка». В противном случае нет никакой гарантии, что письмо не попадет в СПАМ!

Буду благодарен за указанные ошибки, опечатки и прочие неточности, встречающиеся в текстах упражнений.

 

Урок 2

Тема: Существительные: единственное/множественное число, определённый/неопределённый/нулевой артикль

Упражнения:

Упражнение 1: Напишите формы множественного числа следующих существительных

flower _________________

man _________________

boat _________________

language_________________

watch_________________

country _________________

knife _________________

woman _________________

address_________________

sheep _________________

tooth _________________

leaf _________________

сhild_________________

foot_________________

umbrella_________________

person_________________

family_________________

holiday_________________

sandwich_________________

city_________________

mouse_________________

Упражнение 2. Поставьте следующие существительные во мн. при этом особое внимание обращайте на артикли.

Образец: a test — (любое) испытание, tests — испытания (вообще); the test— данное испытание, the tests— эти испытания.

Risk, the risk, a hint, the hint, a net, the net, the lens, a lens, a hill, the hill, the end, a dress, a step, the step, a lift, a dog, the dog, an oak, the oak, an ode, the ode, a desk, the desk, the theme, a theme.

Упражнение 3. Поставьте перед словами a/an или нулевой артикль. Посмотрите перевод слова в словаре, если необходимо.

Water, rice, oak, tree, bee, sugar, monitor, keyboard, angel, button, bed, ice, tea, address, flower, ode, apple.

Упражнение 4. Поставьте перед словами определённый артикль the или неопределённый артикль a/an. Посмотрите перевод слова в словаре, если необходимо.

Don, apple, Volga, tree, Metropol, palace, place, God, opposition, box, angle, ace, truth, cube, monitor, videocard, motherboard, Alps, Lena (река), Hague, Moscow, Queen Mary (корабль), fan, eel, elf.

 

 

Урок 3

Глагол: общие сведения. Инфинитив

Упражнения:

Упражнение 1.Образуйте из приведенных слов существительные и глаголы в инфинитиве. Поставьте существительные во множественном числе (где возможно!). Переведите на русский язык. Будьте особо внимательны при переводе!

Образец: fish: a fish – рыбина: to fish – ловить рыбу.

Check, plan, help, test, lift, stress, hint, risk, belt, step, end, trend, mill, spark, block, shift, present, control, book, clone, print, water, cry, paint, plant, watch, call, slip, key, smoke, love, study, list, flow, film, act, blame, distance, stub, suck, sugar, rain, snow, reek, rock, meal, beat, ribbon, gaze, laugh, exhibit, knock

 

Упражнение 2.Переведите на русский язык, обращая внимание на артикли.

Образец: to shift the block – передвинуть (этот) блок.

To check the text, to miss a hint, to test the net, to test a net, to fix a tent, to fix tents, to end the test, to mill shells, to check the plan, to shift the block, to block progress, to block the test, to hint, to stress the hint, to place the exhibit, to write a poem, to risk love, to state the fact, to shift a desk, to question love, to ribbon a dog, to book a ticket, to suck a lollipop, to call the cops, to clone a sheep, to print a text, to film the party, to key the door, to present flowers, to control the process, to water a tree, to battle a lion, to catch a bird, to help friends.

 

Урок 4

Члены предложения. Порядок слов в английском предложении

Упражнения:

 

Упражнение 1.Пользуясь правилом твердого порядка слов, опреде­лите подлежащее, сказуемое и дополнение в следующих предложе­ниях. Попытайтесь перевести на русский язык (сказуемые в этих предложениях имеют форму настоящего времени). Обращайте вни­мание на артикли или их отсутствие.

Образец: Students solve problems Студенты решают (разные) проблемы.

Plans help.

The plans help.

They fix the shelf.

The belts fix shelves.

The men lift boxes.

The architects test the plans.

Chiefs plan the help.

The chemists test the scheme.

People plant flowers.

Drivers fix problems (компьют).

Monitors show images.

The phone rings.

A scanner scans documents.

A director controls a process.

A reporter states the fact.

A king rules a state.

A man drives a car.

Modems transmit the signals.

A poet writes a poem.

The pen writes.

Tourists book tickets.

A woman locks the door.

The teacher explains.

Students check mistakes.

Fingers press buttons.

The students finish the test.

Sportsmen lift weights.

Bakers make cakes.

The key starts the engine.

The stereo makes noise.

A horseman rides a horse.

The fridge contains products.

A child sucks the lollipop.

Christmas gives pleasure.

 

Упражнение 2.Переведите на английский язык. Выбор артикля покамест остаётся за Вами. Обращайте внимание на образование множественного числа существительных как в функции подлежащего, так и в функции дополнения..

Ремни закрепляют полку.

Спортсмены поднимают тяжести.

Пальцы нажимают кнопки.

Мониторы показывают изображения.

Сканеры сканируют документы.

Драйвера устраняют проблемы.

Туристы заказывают билеты.

Дети сосут леденцы.

Студенты проверяют ошибки.

Люди садят деревья.

Новый Год дарит радость.

Студенты заканчивают тесты.

В холодильниках лежат продукты (холодильники содержат продукты).

Пекари пекут торты.

Продавцы продают товары.

Собаки лают.

Младенцы ползают.

Ключи заводят двигатели.

Учёные проверяют схемы.

Парни устанавливают палатки и проверяют сети.

Карандаши чертят.

Девочки поют песни.

Программисты создаёт программы.

Звонят телефоны.

Студенты закрывают окна.

 

Урок 5.

Глагол в функции сказуемого. Изъявительное и повелительное наклонение. Личные местоимения в дательном и объектном падеже.

Практические задания:

Задание 1. Переведите предложения на русский язык. Обращайте внимание на артикли.

 

  1. Test the net. 2. Let us test the nets. 3. Let them test nets! 4. Shift the desk! 5. Let me shift the desk. 6. Let her fix the tent! 7. Let me help you! 8. Let us help her!

 

 

Задание 2. Переведите на русский язык.

ОБРАЗЕЦ: Check the plans of the students – Проверьте планы (этих) студентов.

 

Check the test!

Fix the tent!

Let us fix the tent!

Shift the block!

Let him shift the block!

Lift the box!

Let us risk!

Plan tests!

Test plans!

Check the test!

Help the chemist!

Let us help to lift the block!

Let him help to plan the test!

Let us help him to shift the boxes!

Let us help him to shift boxes!

Plan the help!

Check the plan!

Let him (to) plan the test!

 

 

Задание 3. Соедините предложения со сказуемым в повелительном наклонении на английском языке в первой колонке с их русскими эквивалентами во второй колонке. Обратите внимание на некоторые нюансы перевода!

 

 

  1. Let them go!
  2. Let the man listen!
  3. Do tell me about that!
  4. Let’s go to the cinema!
  5. Do read that aloud!
  6. Don’t let’s go in there!
  7. Do speak!
  8. Do work!
  9. Let me go!
  10. Do let me go!
a) Давайте не будем заходить туда! b) Расскажи же мне об этом! c) Пусть этот мужчина слушает! d) Отпустите меня! e) Работайте же! f) Пусть они идут! g) Разрешите же мне идти! h) Ну же, говори! i) Пойдём в кино! j) Читай же это вслух!

 

 

Задание 4. Дайте в письменном виде английские эквиваленты предложений со сказуемым в повелительном наклонении. Помните о правилах использования артиклей.

 

  1. Проверьте (эту) программу. 2. Проверяйте (всегда) программы. 3. Давайте проверим (эти) программы. 4. Пусть он проверит (эту) программу. 5. Помогите мне поднять (этот) блок. 6. Пусть она поможет ему. 7. Пусть они помогут нам. 8. Давайте проверим этот текст. 9. Пусть он проверит его. 10. Разрешите мне помочь вам.

 

Урок 6.

Урок 7-8.

Неправильные глаголы

Практическое задание 1: Выберите, к какой из групп относятся следующие глаголы:

a) правильные (regular)

b) неправильные (irregular)

с) неправильные глаголы, которые могут образовывать формы прошедшего времени и причастия II стандартным способом

 

To file, to light, to understand, to dwell, to put, to win, to hit, to cancel, to learn, to sleep, to find, to spread, to tread, to hide, to be, to shrink, to sit, to bear, to begin, to meet, to teach, to bite, to blow, to look, to break, to do, to wear, to split, to wake, to draw, to say, to seek, to sell, to drink, to drive, to eat, to fall, to fly, to hold, to forbid, to spell, to sink, to hear, to catch, to come, to freeze, to give, to lie, to ride, to ring, to tell, to swear, to think, to rise, to become, to remove, to leave, to see, to watch, to shake, to relate, to shave, to show, to fling, to get, to grind, to sow, to speak, to wind, to spin, to steal, to cut, to swim, to swing, to tear, to bind, to slide, to bring, to cost, to need, to shed, to go, to cancel, to pay, to grow, to know, to shut, to burn, to buy, to dig, to feed, to fight, to flee, to build, to swell, to hang, to have, to sing, to shoot, to set, to keep, to hurt, to run, to leap, to lay, to spring, to design, to lead, to write, to let, to read, to beat, to lend, to creep, to burst, to spoil, to forget, to deal, to lose, to smell, to broadcast, to saw, to reach, to spill, to forgive, to make, to send, to react, to take, to shine, to spit, to program, to stand, to arise, to stick, to spend, to breed, to sting, to cast, to strike, to sweep, to bleed, to weep, to strive, to dream, to lean, to mean, to cling, to feel, to awake, to speed, to move, to choose, to stop, to throw, to kneel, to bend, to divide.

 

 

Практические задание 2: Выберите, к какой из групп относятся следующие неправильные глаголы:

a) глаголы, все три формы которых одинаковы;

b) глаголы, все три формы которых разные;

c) глаголы, у которых две формы одинаковые, но отличаются от третьей;

d) глаголы, которые могут образовывать формы прошедшего времени и причастия II стандартным способом

 

To burst, to hit, to find, to spread, to arise, to be, to shoot, to shrink, to sit, to bear, to begin, to bite, to blow, to break, to choose, to do, to smell, to wake, to draw, to say, to seek, to sell, to drink, to drive, to eat, to fall, to fly, to forbid, to spell, to spill, to forgive, to catch, to come, to freeze, to give, to lie, to ride, to ring, to rise, to saw, to become, to leave, to see, to shake, to shave, to show, to fling, to get, to grind, to sow, to speak, to wind, to awake, to spin, to spring, to steal, to strive, to swear, to cut, to swim, to take, to tear, to throw, to bind, to bleed, to slide to bring, to cost, to bend, to shed, to go, to grow, to know, to shut, to burn, to buy, to dig, to dwell, to feed, to fight, to flee, to build, to swell, to hang, to have, to sing, to sink, to hear, to hold, to broadcast, to set, to keep, to hurt, to split, to run, to leap, to kneel, to lay, to lead, to write, to let, to put, to read, to beat, to lend, to creep, to spoil, to forget, to deal, to lose, to make, to send, to shine, to sleep, to spit, to stand, to stick, to spend, to breed, to sting, to cast, to strike, to sweep, to tell, to think, to understand, to weep, to win, to tread, to wear, to dream, to lean, to mean, to meet, to pay, to learn, to light, to swing, to teach, to cling, to feel, to speed.

 

 

Практические задание 3: Образуйте форму прошедшего времени (Past Indefinite) следующих неправильных глаголов:

 

To stick, to leap, to forget, to spoil, to think, to deal, to lose, to sing, to win, to dwell, to spill, to lend, to sweep, to hit, to find, to spread, to sit, to grow, to shrink, to do, to shoot, to be, to arise, to wake,, to smell, to lay, to sell, to seek, to say, to draw, to choose, to break, to blow, to bite, to begin, to bear, to give, to freeze, to forgive, to forbid, to fly, to drink, to drive, to eat, to fall, to come, to catch, to lie, to ride, to ring, to rise, to saw, to become, to leave, to speed, to see, to feel, to shake, to shave, to show, to fling, to sow, to get, to grind, to speak, to wind, to awake, to spin, to spring, to steal, to strive, to swear, to cut, to swim, to take, to spell, to tear, to bind, to bleed, to slide, to bring, to cost, to bend, to shed, to go, to know, to shut, to burn, to throw, to buy, to dig, to feed, to fight, to flee, to build, to swell, to hang, to have, to sink, to hear, to hold, to broadcast, to set, to sleep, to spit, to stand, to send, to shine, to put, to read, to beat, to make, to let, to kneel, to lead, to write, to keep, to hurt, to split, to run, to creep, to breed, to sting, to cast, to strike, to tell, to understand, to weep, to burst, to tread, to wear, to spend, to dream, to lean, to mean, to meet, to pay, to learn, to light, to swing, to teach, to cling.

 

 

Практические задание 4: Переведите неправильные глаголы, указав все три формы.

писать

стрелять

писать или про­износить слово по буквам

бросать

покупать

резать

плавать

брать

учиться

понимать

терять

красть

показывать

закрывать

гнать, везти, ехать

прислоняться

приходить

строить

подниматься

ударять; бастовать

звонить; звенеть

стоить

рождать

ломать

держать, хранить

видеть сны; мечтать

замерзать, замораживать

ударять; поражать

начинать, -ся

видеть

забывать

класть

носить

приносить

говорить

пахнуть; нюхать

копать

падать

забывать

идти, ехать

лежать

истекать кровью

бороться, сражаться

плавать

повредить, ушибить.

 

Урок 9.

Упражнения

 

Упражнение 1.Вставьте один из следующих глаголов в прошлом неопределённом времени в пропущенные в предложениях места.

clean, die, enjoy, finish, happen, live, open, play, rain, smoke, start, stay, want, watch

1 Yesterday evening I watched television

2 I ________my teeth three times yesterday.

3 Bernard _______ 20 cigarettes yesterday evening.

4 The concert last night __________ at 7.30 and _______ at 10.

5 The accident _______ last Sunday afternoon.

6 When I was a child, I _______ to be a doctor.

7 Mozart _______ from 1756 to 1791.

8 We _______ our holiday last year. We _______ at a very good hotel.

9 Today the weather is nice, but yesterday it _______ .

10 It was hot in the room, so I _______ the window.

11 The weather was good yesterday afternoon, so we _______ football.

12 William Shakespeare _______ in 1616.

 

Упражнение 2.Продублируйте предложения, преобразовав их в прошлом неопределённом времени (yesterday/last weeketc.)

1 He always goes to work by car. Yesterday he went to work by car.

2 They always get up early. This morning they __________.

3 Bill often loses his keys. He __________ last Saturday.

4 I write a letter to Jane every week. Last week __________.

5 She meets her friends every evening. She __________ yesterday evening.

6 I usually read two newspapers every day.____________ yesterday.

7 They come to my house every Friday. Last Friday_____________.

8 We usually go to the cinema on Sunday.______________ last Sunday.

9 Tom always has a shower m the morning._____________ this morning.

10 They buy a new car every year. Last year_______________.

11 I eat an orange every day. Yesterday______________.

12 We usually do our shopping on Monday.______________ last Monday.

13 Ann often takes photographs. Last weekend_____________.

14 We leave home at 8.30 every morning_____________ this morning.

 

Упражнение 3.Вставьте один из следующих глаголов в прошлом неопределённом времени в пропущенные в предложениях места.

Buy, catch, cost, drink, fall, hurt, sell, spend, teach, throw, win, write

 

1 . Mozart wrote more than 600 pieces of music.

2 . “How did you learn to drive?” “My father _________ me.”

3 . We couldn’t afford to keep our car, so we _________ it.

4 . I was very thirsty. I _________ the water very quickly.

5 . Paul and I played tennis yesterday. He’s much better than me, so he ________ easily.

6 . Don ________ down the stairs this morning and _________ his leg.

7 . Jim ________ the ball to Sue, who ___________ it.

8 . Ann ________ a lot of money yesterday. She __________ a dress which _________ $100.

 

Упражнение 4.Продублируйте глаголы в пропущенных местах, поставив их в отрицательной форме.

1 . I saw John but I didn't see Mary.

2 . They worked on Monday but they ___________ on Tuesday.

3 . We went to the shop but we _____________ to the bank.

4 . She had a pen but she ____________ any paper.

5 . Jack did French at school but he ___________ German.

 

 

Упражнение 5.Что Вы делали/не делали вчера? (Предложения будут утвердительными или отрицательными).

1 . (watch TV) I watched TV yesterday. или I didn't watch TV yesterday.

2 . (get up before 7.30) I______________________

3 . (have a shower) I______________________

4 . (buy a magazine) _____________________

5 . (speak English) _____________________

6 . (do an examination) _____________________

7 . (eat meat) _____________________

8 . (go to bed before 10.30) _____________________

 

Упражнение 6.Вставьте глаголы, данных в скобках, в прошлом неопределённом времени в пропущенные в предложениях места. Обращайте внимание на контекст ситуаций (предложения будут утвердительными или отрицательными).

 

1. It was warm, so I took off my coat. (take)

2. The film wasn’t good. I didn’t enjoy it very much. (enjoy)

3. I knew Sarah was very busy, so I ______________ her. (disturb)

4. I was very tired, so I __________ to bed early. (go)

5. The bed was very uncomfortable. I ______________ very well. (sleep)

6. Sue wasn’t hungry, so she _______________ anything. (eat)

7. We went to Kate’s house but she ____________ at home. (be)

8. It was a funny situation but nobody ______________. (laugh)

9. The window was open and a bird ____________ into the room. (fly)
10. The hotel wasn’t very expensive. It ______________ very much. (cost)
11. I was in a hurry, so I ________________ time to phone you. (have)

12. It was hard work carrying the bags. They ______________ very heavy. (be)

Упражнение 7.Вы задаёте кому-либо вопросы. Напишите общие вопросы (Did ...?).

1 . I watched TV last night. And you? Did you watch TV last night?

2 . I enjoyed the party. And you? _______ you____________?

3 . I had a good holiday. And you? ______________________?

4 . I got up early this morning. And you? __________________?

5 . I slept well last night. And you? ______________________?

 

Упражнение 8.Напишите специальные вопросы (Who/What/How/Why ...?) к данным ниже предложениям.

1 . I met somebody. Who did you meet ?

2 . Harry arrived. What time _______ Harry __________?

3 . I saw somebody . Who _______ you __________?

4 . They wanted something. What ________________?

5 . The meeting finished. What time __________________?

6 . Pat went home early. Why _____________________?

7 . We had dinner. What _____________________ for dinner?

8 . It cost a lot of money. How much ___________________?

 

Упражнение 9.Вставьте глаголы, данных в скобках, в прошлом неопределённом времени в пропущенные в предложениях места в нужной форме (утверждение, отрицание или вопрос).

1 . I played (play) tennis yesterday but I didn't win (not/win).

2 . We_____ (wait) a long time for the bus but it________ (not/come).

3 . That’s a nice shirt. Where____________ (you/buy) it?

4 . She_________ (see) me but she____________ (not/speak) to me.

5 . ____________ (it/rain) yesterday? “No, it was a nice day.”

6 . That was a stupid thing to do. Why___________ (you/do) it?

Упражнение 10.Напишите отрицание к данным предложениям в будущем неопределённом времени.

1. You’ll sleep. You won't sleep.

2. I’ll forget. I _______________________.

3. It will happen.__________________.

4. You’ll find it.___________________.

 

Упражнение 11.Напишите предложения, начиная словами I think. . . Все предложения в будущем неопределённом времени.

1. (Diana/pass the exam). I think Diana will pass the exam.

2. (Jack/win the game). I think_________________________.

3. (Sue /like her present). _______________________________.

4. (the weather/ be nice tomorrow). _______________________________.

Now write two sentences with I don't think ...

5 (they/get married). I don't _______________________.

6 (I /be at home this evening). _____________________________.

 

Упражнение 12.Вставьте Shall/Will + один из следующих глаголов в пропущенные места:
be, be, come, get, like, look, meet, pass

1. Don’t worry about your exam. I'm sure you I’ll pass.

2. Why don’t you try on this jacket? It _____________ nice on you.

3. You must meet George sometime. I think you ________________ him.

4. It’s raining. Don't go out. You _________ wet.

5. They’ve invited me to their house. They ___________ offended if I don’t go.

6. Goodbye. I expect we _______________ again before long.

7. I’ve invited Sue to the party but I don’t think she _____________.

8. I wonder where I ___________ 20 years from now.

 

Упражнение 13.Вставьте Will или Won't.

1. Can you wait for me? I won't be very long.

2. There’s no need to take an umbrella with you. It _____ rain.

3. If you don’t eat anything now, you ______ be hungry later.

4. I’m sorry about what happened yesterday. It ________ happen again.

5. I've got some incredible news! You _________ never believe what's happened.

6. Don’t ask Margaret for advice. She _________know what to do.

 

 

Упражнение 14.Напишите вопросы, используяWill...? + один из следующих глаголов:

be back, cost, finish, get married, happen, like

 

1 I’ve bought Mary a present. Will she like it?

2 The meeting is still going on. When _________________?

3 My car needs to be repaired. How much ______________________?

4 Sally and David are in love. _______________________?

5 “I’m going out now.” “OK. What time ______________________?

Урок 10.

The Present Continuous

 

1. Напишите следующие глаголы в форме Present Continuous, распределив их по данным группам.

 

Become, begin, change, come, cut, expand, get, grow, start, leave, win, sell, spend, write, give, talk, forget, run.

 

a) “look-ing”: expanding, __________, __________, __________, __________, __________.

b) “tak(e)-ing”: becoming __________, __________, __________, __________, __________.

c) “travel-l-ing”: beginning __________, __________, __________, __________, __________.

 

2. Вставьте am/is/are + один из следующих глаголов в пропущенные в предложениях места.

building, coming, having, playing, cooking, standing, swimming

1. Listen! Jack is playing the piano.

2. They __________ a new cinema in the city at the moment.

3. Look! A dog __________ in the river.

4. “You __________ on my foot!” “Oh, I’m sorry.”

5. Hurry! The bus __________!

6. “Where are you, George?” “In the kitchen. I __________ dinner.”

7. (on the telephone) “Hello. Can I speak to Alice, please?” “She __________ a shower right now. Can you phone again later?”

 

3. Что происходит или не происходит в данный момент? Напишите правдивые предложения, вставив в нужных местах am/is/areи поставив основные глаголы в -ing

форме.

 

1. (I/wash/my hair) I am not washing my hair.

2. (The wind/blow) The wind is blowing.

3. (I/sit/on a chair) _____________________.

4. (I/eat) _____________________________.

5. (It/rain) ___________________________.

6. (I/learn/English) ____________________.

7. (I/listen/to the radio) __________________.

8. (The sun/shine) _____________________.

9. (I/wear/shoes) ______________________.

10. (I/smoke/a cigarette) __________________.

11. (I/read/a newspaper) __________________.

 

4. Напишите вопросы, вставив в нужных местах am/is/areи поставив основные глаголы в –ingформе.

 

  1. (you/watch/TV?) Are you watching TV?
  2. (the children/play?) _________________?
  3. (What/you/do?) ____________________?
  4. (What/Rod/do?) ____________________?
  5. (it/rain?) _________________________?
  6. (that clock/work?) ___________________?
  7. (you/write/a letter?) ___________________?
  8. (Why/you/run?) _____________________?

5. Напишите вопросы, как в предыдущем упражнении. Во всех предложениях речь будет идти о будущем.

 

  1. (you/go out/tonight?) Are you going out tonight?
  2. (you/work/next week?) ____________________?
  3. (What/you/do/tomorrow evening?) ____________________?
  4. (What time/Mike and Leo/come?) ____________________?
  5. (When/Fred/go/on holiday?) ____________________?

 

6. Вставьте … am/is/are + going to +один из следующих глаголов в пропущенные места.

 

Eat, give, lie, rain, study, walk, wash

 

  1. My hair is dirty. I am going to wash it.
  2. I don’t want to go home by bus. I __________________.
  3. Brandon’s university course begins in October. He __________________ engineering.
  4. Take an umbrella with you. It __________________.
  5. I’m hungry. I __________________ this sandwich.
  6. It’s Kim’s birthday next week. We __________________ her a present.
  7. I feel tired. I __________________ down for an hour.

 

 

7. Напишите правдивые (утвердительные или отрицательные) короткие ответы на вопросы.

 

  1. Are you watching TV now? No , I’m not.
  2. Are you wearing shoes? ____________.
  3. Are you wearing a hat? ____________.
  4. Is it raining? _______________.
  5. Are you eating anything? ______________.
  6. Are you feeling well? ______________.
  7. Is the sun shining? _______________.
  8. Is anyone watching you? ______________.

 

 

The Past Continuous

 

 

8. Что делали люди вчера в 14.30? Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в форме Past Continuous. В последнем предложении напишите про себя.

 

  1. Joey was at home. He was watching TV (to watch TV).
  2. Bill and Sue _________ (to watch) a movie at the cinema.
  3. Josh _________ (to drive) his car.
  4. Caroline _________ (to wait) for a bus at the bus stop.
  5. Mr. and Mrs. Mason _________ (to walk) in the park.
  6. And you? I ___________.

 

9. Поставьте глаголы в следующих предложениях в Past Continuous.

 

  1. The retail industry is changing very fast. - The retail industry was changing very fast.
  2. Shoppers are not changing from cash to plastic money.
  3. The costs of mobile phones are decreasing constantly.
  4. The Internet shopping is becoming more and more popular.
  5. The population is growing very fast.
  6. Shopping by TV is not happening so often anymore.
  7. Big retailers are expanding internationally.
  8. I am tasting this wine and I am enjoying it.

 

10. Напишите вопросы, вставив в нужных местах was/wereи поставив основные глаголы в –ingформе.

 

  1. (What/Ted/do/when you saw him?) What was Ted doing when you saw him?
  2. (What/you/do/at 9 o’clock?) ___________________________?
  3. (What/she/wear/yesterday?) ___________________________?
  4. (it/rain/when you came out?) ___________________________?
  5. (Where/you/live/in 1990?) ____________________________?

 

Урок 11.

The Future Continuous

 

1. Вставьте в пропущенные места will be/shall be + один из следующих глаголов в -ing форме.

 

Drive, do, fly, pack, take, make, have

 

  1. Mike will be driving a car at this time tomorrow.
  2. We ___________ our bags for the voyage at 5 tomorrow.
  3. I think, she ___________ dinner when you come.

4. I _____ not __ ______ bath at that time.

  1. My parents ___________ to Rome at this time on Friday.
  2. My father ___________ a report from 6 till 8 in the evening.

7. As far as I remember, you ___________ some shopping at about 2 o’clock tomorrow.

 

2. Поставьте глаголы в следующих предложениях в Future Continuous.

 

  1. They were having dinner at 3. - They will be having dinner at3.
  2. I am doing my morning exercises.
  3. The children will ski in the afternoon.
  4. The girl was reciting a poem.
  5. I shall wait for you at the bus stop.
  6. The boys will play hockey.
  7. The students will discuss it on Friday.

 

3. Сделайте из следующих предложений вопросы.

 

  1. John will be coming soon. – Will John be coming soon?
  2. We shall be flying to Munich at this time tomorrow.
  3. You will be meeting him every day.
  4. We shall be packing our things, when you come.
  5. He’ll be going to school soon.
  6. Jack will be looking for you all afternoon.
  7. The mother will be cooking all day tomorrow.
  8. We’ll be walking in the park all day tomorrow.

 

Continuous vs. Indefinite

 

4. Вставьте в пропущенные места вспомогательные глаголы am/is/areили do/don’t/does/doesn’t.

 

1. Excuse me, do you speak English?

2. “Have a cigarette.” “No, thank you, I _______ smoke.”

3. Why _______ you laughing at me?

4. “What _______ she do?” “She is a dentist.”

5. I _______ want to go out. It _______ raining.

6. “Where _______ you come from?” “From Canada.”

7. How much _______ it cost to send a letter to Australia?

8. I can’t talk to you at the moment. I _______ working.

9. George is a good tennis player but he _______ play very often.

 

 

5. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в форме Present Continuous или Present Simple.

 

  1. Excuse me, do you speak (you/speak) English?
  2. Tom is having (have) a shower at the moment.
  3. They don’t watch (not/watch) TV very often.
  4. Listen! Somebody ____________ (sing).
  5. She’s tired. She ____________ (want) to go home now.
  6. How often ____________ (you/read) a newspaper?
  7. “Excuse me, but you ____________ (sit) on my place.” “Oh, I’m sorry.”
  8. I’m sorry, I ____________ (not/understand). Please, speak more slowly.
  9. “Where are you, Roy?” “I’m in the sitting-room. I ____________ (read).”
  10. What time ____________ (she/finish) work every day?
  11. You can turn off the radio. I ____________ (not/listen) to it.
  12. He ___________________ (not/usually/drive) to work. He usually ____________ (walk).

 

6. Раскройте скобки, поставив глаголы в форме Past Continuous или Past Simple.

 

  1. When we went (go) out, it was raining (rain).
  2. I wasn’t hungry last night. I didn’t eat (not/eat) anything.
  3. Were you watching (you/watch) TV when I phoned (phone) you?
  4. Jane wasn’t at home when I went to see her. She ____________ (work).
  5. I ____________ (get up) early this morning. I ____________ (wash), ____________ (dress) and then I ____________ (have) breakfast.
  6. The postman ____________ (come) while I ____________ (have) breakfast.
  7. We ____________ (meet) Joan at the party. She ______________ (wear) a red dress.
  8. The boys ____________ (break) a window when they ____________ (play) football.
  9. I was late but my friends ____________ (wait) for me when I ____________ (arrive) to the party.
  10. I ____________ (get up) at 7 o’clock. The sun ____________ (shine), so I ____________ (go) for a walk.
  11. He ____________ (not/drive) fast when the accident ____________ (happen).
  12. Marge ____________ (not/go) to work yesterday. She was ill.
  13. “What ____________ (you/do) on Saturday evening?” “I went to the cinema.”
  14. “What ____________ (you/do) at 9.30 on Saturday evening?” “I ____________ (watch) a film in the cinema.”

 

Урок 12.

Урок 13.

Упражнения

 

 

The Past Perfect

 

Exercise 1. Read the situations and write sentences from the words in brackets as in the example.

1 . You went to Jill's house but she wasn't there, (she / go / out) She had gone out.

2. You went back to your home town after many years. It wasn't the same as before, (it / change / a lot) ____________________________________________.

3. I invited Rachel to the party but she couldn't come, (she / arrange / to do something else) ________________________________________.

4. You went to the cinema last night. You arrived at the cinema late, (the film / already / begin) ____________________________________________.

5. I was very pleased to see Tim again after such a long time. (I / not / see / him for five years) _________________________________________________.

6. I offered Sue something to eat but she wasn't hungry, (she / just / have / breakfast) __________________________________________.

Exercise 2. Read the situations and write sentences ending with before. Use the verb in brackets.

1. The man sitting next to me on the plane was very nervous. It was his first flight. (fly) He had never flown before. or He hadn't flown before.

2. A woman walked into the room. She was a complete stranger to me. (see) I ___________________________________________________ before.

3. Simon played tennis yesterday. He wasn't very good at it because it was his first game.
(play) He ___________________________________________________.

4. Last year we went to Denmark. It was our first time there. (be) We ____________________________________________________.

Exercise 3. Put the verb in brackets into the correct form, Past Perfect (I had done etc.) or past simple (I did etc.).

1. “Was Tom at the party when you arrived?” “No, he had gone (go) home”

2. I felt very tired when I got home, so I ____________ (go) straight to bed.

3. The house was very quiet when I got home. Everybody ___________________ (go) to bed.

4. Sorry I'm late. The car _________________ (break) down on my way here.

5. We were driving along the road when we ________________ (see) a car which ___________ (break) down, so we __________________ (stop) to see if we could help.

 

 

Exercise 4.Replace the infinitives in brackets by the Past Indefinite or the Past Perfect.

1. Yesterday we discussed (to discuss) the film which we had seen (to see) some days before.

2. When my sister ________ (to go) to the theatre, I ____________(to begin) to write the letter.

3. The children ____________ (to fall asleep) by ten o'clock.

4. He ____________ (to tell us) many interesting things he __________ (to see) in Lutsk.

5. Peter __________ (to show) us the bicycle his father __________ (to buy) for him.

6. Mother __________ (to cook) supper by the time they ___________ (to come) home.

 

 

Exercise5.Choose the right form of the verb from the brackets.

1. Now she was glad she hadnotthrown his address away (did not throw/has not thrown/had not thrown).

2. Rosemary ______ _______ in Paris three days before she called Jean-Jacques (was/were/has been/had been).

3. I paid for what we _______ ______ (were drinking/have drunk/had drunk), and we made our way to a cheap restaurant.

4. On their return they found that Davidson ______ just ________ (has... come/have... come/ had… come).

5. Dr. McPhail told her what ______ _______ and asked her to break the news to Mrs. Davidson (happened/happens/has happened/had happened).

6. "What's your butler's name? I ask because I had a fancy I ______ _______ him somewhere before (saw/see/sees/have seen/has seen/had seen).

7. I realized immediately she ____ _____ ____ me whether they were her daughters, her sisters, her nieces, or her friends (did not tell/hasn't told/hadn't told).

8. I was very much surprised when I heard he ______ _______ Wolfram&Heart Co. (has left/is leaving/had left).

9. He felt as he ______ _______ when his father died (feels/felt/had felt).

10. A change came over my life after this. Before Thompson every­thing ___ _____ _____, he drove my papers and clothes back to their proper places (is disorganized/was disorganized/ had been disorganized).

 

 

The Future Perfect

Exercise 6. Turn the following into the Future Perfect.

 

1. I had done my homework by 9 о 'clock. I shall have done my homework by 9 о 'clock.

2. They had built the new school by the first of September. ___________________________.

3. The teacher had looked through our exercise-books by that time. _____________________.

4. We had discussed the report by four o'clock in the afternoon. __________________________.

5. The pupils had read three English books by the end of the year. _________________________.

6. I had written the composition by 9 o'clock. ____________________________.

 

Exercise 7. Replace the infinitives in brackets by the Future Indefinite or the Future Perfect.

 

1. He will receive (to receive) the telegram tomorrow.

2. He _____________ (to receive) the telegram by tomorrow.

3. I _____________ (to do) the exercises by seven o'clock.

4. I _____________ (to do) the exercises in the afternoon.

5. By this time you _____________ (to take your examination).

6. You _____________ (to take) your examination next week.

7. The teacher _____________ (to correct) our dictations in the evening.

8. The teacher _____________ (to correct) our dictations by the next lesson.

 

Exercise 8. Put the verb into the correct form, the Future Continuous or the Future Perfect (will be (do)ing) or (will have (done)).

1. Don't phone me between 7 and 8. We'll be having (we/have) dinner then.

2. Phone me after 8 o'clock. _____________ (we/finish) dinner by then.

3. Tomorrow afternoon we're going to play tennis from 3 o'clock until 4.30. So at 4 o'clock, _____________ (we/play) tennis.

4. A: Can we meet tomorrow afternoon?

B: Not in the afternoon. _____________ (I/work).

5. В has to go to a meeting which begins at 10 o'clock. It will last about an hour.
A: Will you be free at 11.30?

B: Yes, _____________ (the meeting/finish) by that time.

6. Tom is on holiday and he is spending his money very quickly. If he continues like this, _____________ (he/spend) all his money before the end of his holiday.

7. Chuck came to Britain from the USA nearly three years ago. Next Monday it will be exactly
three years. So on Monday, _____________ (he/be) in Britain for exactly three years.

8. Do you think _____________ (you/still/do) the same job in ten years' time?

9. Jane is from New Zealand. She is travelling around Europe at the moment. So far she has travelled about 1,000 miles. By the end of the trip, _____________ (she/travel) more than 3,000 miles.

10. If you need to contact me, _____________ (I/stay) at the Lion Hotel until Friday.
11. A: _____________ (you/see) Laura tomorrow?

B: Yes, probably. Why?

A: I borrowed this book from her. Can you give it back to her?

 

Урок 14.

Упражнения

Present Perfect Continuous

 

Exercise1. Write a question for each situation.

1. John looks sunburnt. You ask: (you / sit in the sun?) Have you been sitting in the sun?

2. You have just arrived to meet a friend who is waiting for you. You ask: (you / wait / long?) ___________________________________?

3. You meet a friend in the street. His face and hands are very dirty. You ask: (what / you / do?) ___________________________________?

4. A friend of yours is now living in Baker Street. You want to know “How long...?” You ask: (how long / you / live / in Baker Street?) ___________________________________?

5. A friend tells you about his job - he sells computers. You want to know “How long...?” You ask: (how long / you / sell / computers?) ___________________________________?

 

Exercise 2. Read the situations and complete the sentences as in the example.

1. The rain started two hours ago. It's still raining now. It has been raining for two hours.

2. We started waiting for the bus 20 minutes ago. We're still waiting now.

We ___________________________ for 20 minutes.

3. I started Spanish classes in December. I'm still learning Spanish now.

I ___________________________ since December.

4. Ann began looking for a job six months ago. She's still looking now. ___________________________ for six months.

5. Mary started working in London on 18 January. She's still working there now. ___________________________ since 18 January.

6. Years ago you started writing to a friend. You still write to each other regularly now. We ________________________________________________ for years.

 

Exercise 3. Put the verb in brackets into The Present Continuous (I am +V-ing etc.) or The Present Perfect Continuous (I have been +V-ing etc.).

1. Maria has been learning (learn) English for two years.

2. Hello, Tom. I __________________ (look) for you all morning. Where have you been?

3. Why ________________________ (you/look) at me like that? Stop it!

4. We always go to Ireland for our holidays. We ________________ (go) there for years.

5. I ___________ (think) about what you said and I've decided to take your advice.

6. “Is Ann on holiday this week?” “No, she ______________________ (work).”

7. Sarah is very tired. She __________________ (work) very hard recently.

 

Past Perfect Continuous

 

Exercise 4. Read the situations and make sentences from the words in brackets.

1. I was very tired when I arrived home. (I / work / hard all day) I had been working hard all day.

2. The two boys came into the house. They had a football and they were both very tired, (they / play / football) _________________________________.

3. There was nobody in the room but there was a smell of cigarettes, (somebody / smoke / in the room) _________________________________.

4. Ann woke up m the middle of the night. She was frightened and didn't know where she was. (she / dream) _________________________________.

5. When I got home, Mike was sitting in front of the TV. He had just turned it off. (he / watch / TV) _________________________________.

 

Exercise 5. Read the situations and complete the sentences as in the example.

1. We played tennis yesterday. Half an hour after we began playing, it started to rain.
We had been playing for half an hour when it started to rain.

2. I had arranged to meet Tom in a restaurant. I arrived and waited for him. After 20 minutes I
suddenly realized that I was in the wrong restaurant.

I _____________________ for 20 minutes when I _____________________________.

3. Sarah got a job in a factory. Five years later the factory closed down. At the time the factory ________________________, Sarah __________________________ there for five years.

4. I went to a concert last week. The orchestra began playing. After about ten minutes a man in
the audience suddenly began shouting.

The orchestra ______________________________________when ____________________.

 

Exercise 6. Put the verb into the most suitable form, Past Continuous (I was doing), Past Perfect (I had done) or Past Perfect Continuous (I had been doing).

1. It was very noisy next door. Our neighbors were having (have) a party.

2. We were good friends. We had known (know) each other for a long time.

3. John and I went for a walk. I had difficulty keeping up with him because he __________ (walk) so fast.

4. Mary was sitting on the ground. She was out of breath. She ________________ (run).

5. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table with their mouths full. They _______________ (eat).

6. When I arrived, everybody was sitting round the table and talking. Their mouths were
empty but their stomachs were full. They _______________________ (eat).

7. Jim was on his hands and knees on the floor. He ____________________(look) for his contact lens.

8. When I arrived, Kate _________________ (wait) for me. She was rather annoyed with
me because I was late and she ______________________ (wait) for a very long time.

9. I was sad when I sold my car. I __________________ (have) it for a very long time.

10. We were extremely tired at the end of the journey. We ____________________ (travel) for more than 24 hours.

 

Урок 15.

Урок 16.

Образование и употребление времён страдательного залога

1.Перепишите предложения. Вместо “somebody” или “they” напишите предложения в страдательном залоге.

1 Somebody has cleaned the room. The room has been cleaned.

2 They have postponed the concert. The __________________­­__.

3 Somebody is using the computer at the moment. The computer __________________­­__.

4 I didn’t realize that somebody was recording our conversation.
I didn’t realize that __________________­­__.

5 When we got to the stadium we found that they had cancelled the game.
When we got to the stadium, we found that __________________­­__.

6 They are building a new ring road round the city. __________________­­__.

7 They have built a new hospital near the airport. __________________­­__.

2. Составьте предложения из слов в скобках.Некоторые из них будут в действительном залоге, некоторые – в страдательном.

1 There’s somebody behind us. (I think / we / follow) I think we’re being followed.

2 This room looks different. (you / paint?) Have you painted it?

3 My car has disappeared. (it / steal!) It __________________­­__.

4 My umbrella has disappeared. (somebody / take) Somebody __________________­­__.

5 Tom gets a higher salary now. (he / promote) __________________­­__.

6 Ann can’t use her office at the moment. (it / redecorate) __________________­­__.

7 The photocopier broke down yesterday, but now it's OK. (it / work / again; it / repair) __________________­­_________________________.

8 The police have found the people they were looking for. (two people / arrest / last night) __________________­­__.

9 A tree was lying across the road. (it / blow down / in the storm) __________________­­__.

10 The man next door disappeared six months ago. (nobody / see / since then) __________________­­__.

11 I was mugged on my way home a few nights ago. (you / ever / mug?) _________________________________________.

 

3. Перепишите по-другому предложения, как указано в примере.

1 They didn’t give me the money. I wasn't given the money.

2 They asked me some difficult questions at the interview.
I __________________­­__.

3 Janet’s colleagues gave her a present when she retired.
Janet __________________­­__.

4 Nobody told me that George was ill.
I wasn’t __________________­­__.

5 How much will they pay you?
How much will you __________________­­__?

6 I think they should have offered Tom the job.
I think Tom __________________­­__.

7 Has anybody shown you what to do?
Have you __________________­­__?

 

4. Закончите предложения, используя being + один из следующих глаголов:
ask, attack, give, invite, keep, pay

 

1 Mr. Miller doesn’t like being kept waiting.

2 They went to the party without __________________­­__.

3 Most people like __________________­­__ presents.

4 It’s a dangerous city. People won't go out after dark because they are afraid of __________________­­__.

5 I don't like __________________­­__ stupid questions.

6 Few people are prepared to work without __________________­­__.

 

5. Закончите предложения, используя get/got + один из следующих глаголов(в нужной форме):
ask, break, damage, hurt, pay, steal, sting, stop, use

 

1 There was a fight at the party but nobody got hurt.

2 Ted __________________­­__ by a bee while he was sitting in the garden.

3 How did that window __________________­­__?

4 These tennis courts don’t __________________­­__ very often. Not many people want to play.

5 I used to have a bicycle but it __________________­­__.

6 Last night I __________________­­__ by the police as I was driving home.

7 How much did you __________________­­__ last month?

8 Please pack these things very carefully. I don’t want them to __________________­­__.

9 People often want to know what my job is. I often __________________­­__ that question.

 

6. Почему вы сделали эти вещи?Ответьте, используя “have something done”. Используйте один из следующих глаголов:clean, cut, repair, service

1 Why did you take your car to the garage? To have it serviced.

2 Why did you take your jacket to the cleaner’s? To __________________­­__.

3 Why did you take your watch to the jeweller’s? __________________­­__.

4 Why did you go to the hairdresser? __________________­­__.

7. Составьте предложения, как указано в примере.

1 Jill didn’t repair the roof herself. She had it repaired.

2 I didn’t cut my hair myself. I __________________­­__.

3 They didn’t paint the house themselves. They __________________­­__.

4 Sue didn’t make the curtains herself. __________________­­__.

8. Используйте слова в скобках. Чтоб закончить предложения. Используйте структуру “have something done”.

1. We are having the house painted (the house / paint) at the moment.

2. I lost my key. I’ll have to __________________­­__ (another key / make).

3. When was the last time you _________________







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