I. Выберите правильную форму глагола, согласующуюся с подлежащим. Запишите составленные предложения, переведите их на русский язык.



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ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

I. Выберите правильную форму глагола, согласующуюся с подлежащим. Запишите составленные предложения, переведите их на русский язык.



Example: The news is/are bad. - Новости - плохие.

1. The talks are/ is going ahead between the Government and the unions.

2. Politics is/ are a dirty business.

3. I bought a pair of jeans which were/ was much cheaper.

4. Cattle are/is kept for their meat.

II. Выберите нужную форму прилагательного или наречия. Запишите составленные предложения, переведите их на русский язык. Напишите три формы сравнения этих прилагательных или наречий.

Example: He was a bit depressed yesterday but he looks happily / happiertoday. - Вчера он был слегка расстроен, а сегодня выглядит более счастливым. (happy – happier – the happiest)

1. There’s been a lot of talk about European integration late/lately.

2. Do you feel nervous/nervously before the examinations?

3. Michael Faraday contributed significant/significantly to the fields of electromagnetism and electrochemistry.

4. There was a terrible/terribly change in the weather.

III. Выберите нужные местоимения. Запишите составленные предложения, переведите их на русский язык.

Example: He didn’t come to some/any results. - Он не пришел ни к какому результату.

1. I want to see him but they/he doesn’t want to see mine/me.

2. These books are mine but this/those newspaper is yours.

3. Be careful! That plate is very hot. Don’t burn you/yourself.

4. That new chess champion is amazing. Anyone/No one can beat him!

IV. Соедините части (1-4) с (а-d). Запишите составленные предложения, переведите их на русский язык.

1. Do interest rates usually go up in … a) by next week so she is working in the evenings at present.
2. They built most houses out of wood… b) order to reduce inflation?
3. The Chancellor will announce the details of the budget… c) long ago.  
4. She has an important project to finish… d) at 10 o’clock tomorrow.

V. Составьте и запишите предложения из данных слов.

Example: mother/was/ when/ to/ my/ yesterday/ her/ busy/ went/ I /see.

My mother was busy when I went to see her yesterday.

1) parents/is/most/thing/your/family/for/life/the/important?

2) three/most/families/of/children/and/American/consist/a/of/a/mother/ father.

3) like/who/and/I/are/people/noisy/don’t/aggressive.

4) was/strange/the/smiled/there/something/about/way/he.

VI. Раскройте скобки, употребив подходящее по смыслу производное слово. Запишите предложения, переведите их на русский язык.

Example: The (major) majority of students took the (examine) examination successfully.

1. I recently left my job in an (advertise) agency after a (agree) with my boss.

2. My next door neighbour has a very unusual (appear).

3. When I was at school I decided to study (engine).

4. Nowadays you need to have (special) knowledge just to use the DVD.

VII. Прочитайте текст, постарайтесь понять его содержание.

Alexander Graham Bell

1. Alexander Graham Bell (March 3, 1847 – August 2, 1922) was a Scottish-American-Canadian scientist and inventor. He was, until recently, widely considered to be the inventor of the telephone, although this matter has become controversial, with a number of people claiming that Antonio Meucci was the 'real' inventor. In addition to his work in telecommunications technology, he was responsible for important advances in aviation and hydrofoil technology.

2. Alexander Graham Bell was educated at the Royal High School of Edinburgh, from which he graduated at the age of 13. At the age of 16 he secured a position as a pupil-teacher of elocution and music in Weston House Academy at Elgin, Scotland. The next year he spent at the University of Edinburgh.

While still in Scotland he is said to have turned his attention to the science of acoustics, with a view to ameliorate the deafness of his mother.

In 1870, at the age of 23, he immigrated with his family to Canada, where they settled at Brantford.

3. Before he left Scotland, Bell had turned his attention to telephony, and in Canada he continued an interest in communication machines. He designed a piano which could transmit its music to a distance by means of electricity.

In 1873, he accompanied his father to Montreal, Canada, where he was employed in teaching the system of visible speech. The elder Bell was invited to introduce the system into a large day-school for mutes at Boston, but he declined the post in favor of his son, who became Professor of Vocal Physiology and Elocution at Boston University's School of Oratory.

4. At Boston University he continued his research in the same field, and produced a telephone which would not only send musical notes, but articulate speech. On March 7, 1876, the U.S. Patent Office granted him Patent № 174 465 covering "the method of, and apparatus for, transmitting vocal or other sounds telegraphically…”, the telephone.

5. After obtaining the patent for the telephone, Bell continued his many experiments in communication, which culminated in the invention of the photophone-transmission of sound on a beam of light — a precursor of today's optical fiber systems. He also worked in medical research and invented techniques for teaching speech to the deaf. The range of Bell's inventive genius is represented only in part by the eighteen patents granted in his name alone and the twelve he shared with his collaborators.

Notes:

an inventor   изобретатель
to claim   требование, претензия
to be responsible for   отвечать за
advance   прогресс, успех
to be associated with   ассоциироваться, быть связанным с
elocutionist   преподаватель дикции
to ameliorate   улучшать (ся)
deafness   глухота
a beam   луч
a precursor   предвестник, предшественник
visible   видимый

 

VIII. Укажите, какое из данных утверждений соответствуют содержанию текста.

1. A.G. Bell is unanimously considered to be the inventor of the telephone.

2. Nobody claims that the telephone was invented by A. Meucci.

3. A.M.Bell described the method of teaching deaf mutes to understand what other people were saying by the motion of their lips.

 

IX. Выберите правильные ответы на вопросы.

1. Why did A. G. Bell become interested in acoustics?

a) He wanted to ameliorate the deafness of his mother.

b) He wanted to send long-distance signals.

2. What A. G. Bell’s invention is considered a predecessor of modern fiber systems?

a) The invention of a selenium cell.

b) The invention of the photophone – transmission of sound on a beam of light.

 

X. Выберите правильный перевод предложения.

1. The latter published a lot of works on the subject, several of which are well known.

a) Последний из них опубликовал множество работ по этой теме, некоторые из которых хорошо известны.

b) Последний опубликовал множество работ по этому предмету, некоторые из которых широко известны.

2. At Boston University he continued his research in the same field.

a) В Бостонском Университете он продолжил исследования в поле.

b) В Бостонском Университете он продолжил исследования в той же области.

3. The range of Bell’s inventive genius is represented only in part by the eighteen patents.

a) Диапазон изобретенного гения Белла распространяется только в области его восемнадцати патентов.

b) Диапазон гениальности Белла, как изобретателя, представлен только частично в его восемнадцати патентах.

 

XII. Переведите письменно абзацы 3 – 5 текста “A.G. Bell”.

Вариант 2

I. Выберите правильную форму глагола, согласующуюся с подлежащим. Запишите составленные предложения, переведите их на русский язык.

Example: The news is/are bad. - Новости -- плохие.

1. His politics are/is right wing.

2. Conditions in the prison are/is very poor.

3. This pair of jeans is/are new.

4. Classics was/ were what I wanted to study.

II. Выберите нужную форму прилагательного или наречия. Запишите составленные предложения, переведите их на русский язык. Напишите три формы сравнения этих прилагательных или наречий.

Example: He was a bit depressed yesterday but he looks happily / happiertoday. - Вчера он был слегка расстроен, а сегодня выглядит более счастливым. (happy – happier – the happiest)

1. Zworykin was eventually/eventual hired by one of his instructors.

2. Ann was high/highly successful in the test.

3. He never speaks to me nice/nicely in the mornings.

4. Are you not as young/youngest as you used to be?



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