The benefits of ISO International Standards



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The benefits of ISO International Standards



ISO International Standards ensure that products and services are safe, reliable and of good quality. For business, they are strategic tools that reduce costs by minimizing waste and errors and increasing productivity. They help companies to access new markets, level the playing field for developing countries and facilitate free and fair global trade.

ISO standards are developed by the people that need them, through a consensus process. Experts from all over the world develop the standards that are required by their sector. This means they reflect a wealth of international experience and knowledge.

Structure and governance

ISO is an independent, non-governmental organization made up of members from the national standards bodies of 169 countries. Our members play a vital role in how we operate, meeting once a year for a General Assembly that decides our strategic objectives.

ISO has a Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland, that coordinates the system. Operations at the Central Secretariat are directed by the Secretary General.

The General Assembly

The General Assembly is the ultimate authority for ISO work. This annual meeting is attended by ISO members and Principal Officers, including the President, the Vice-President (policy), the Vice President (technical management), the Vice-President (finance), the Treasurer and the Secretary General.

The ISO Council

The ISO Council takes care of most governance issues. It meets twice a year and is made up of 20 member bodies, the ISO Officers and the Chairs of Policy Development Committees (CASCO, COPOLCO, DEVCO). Membership to the Council is open to all member bodies and rotates to make sure it is representative of the member community.

Under the Council are a number of bodies that provide guidance and management on specific issues.

CASCO - provides guidance on conformity assessments

COPOLCO - provides guidance on consumer issues

DEVCO - provides guidance on matters related to developing countries

Council Standing Committees - advise on financial and strategic matters

Ad hoc Advisory Committees - can be established to advance the goals and strategic objectives of the organization

Technical Management Board

The management of the technical work is taken care of by the Technical Management Board. This body is also responsible for the technical committees that lead standard development and any strategic advisory boards created on technical matters.

ISO Central Secretariat

The General Assembly and the Council map out ISO’s strategic direction. However, day to day operations are run by the Central Secretariat in Geneva, Switzerland. The Central Secretariat is under the direction of the Secretary General, who is also one of our Principal Officers.

ISO Members

There is a network of national standards bodies. These national standards bodies make up the ISO membership and they represent ISO in their country.

There are three member categories. Each enjoys a different level of access and influence over the ISO system. This helps us to be inclusive while also recognizing the different needs and capacity of each national standards body. Countries with limited resources or without a fully developed national standards system can still observe and keep up to date with international standardization in ISO.

Full members (or member bodies) influence ISO standards development and strategy by participating and voting in ISO technical and policy meetings. Full members sell and adopt ISO International Standards nationally.

Correspondent members observe the development of ISO standards and strategy by attending ISO technical and policy meetings as observers. Correspondent members can sell and adopt ISO International Standards nationally.

Subscriber members keep up to date on ISO’s work but cannot participate in it. They do not sell or adopt ISO International Standards nationally.

 

Контрольные вопросы:

1. What is ISO?

2. What is the history of ISO?

3. Where is the ISO Central Secretariat locating?

4. What kind of members are there in ISO organization?

Литература:

1 Основная литература:

1.1 Basic English (second year): учебник для 2 курса по баз. осн.ин.яз. / С.М. Булатова; Ж.А.Тутбаева / - 2012.

1.2 Романов, С.Д. Большой современный англо-русский русско-английский словарь-справочник:80 000 слов и выражений современного английского и русского языка.

 

2 Дополнительная литература:

2.1 Учебное пособие по дисциплине «Профессионально-ориентированный иностранный язык» для студентов специальности «Стандартизация, серитификация и метрология», Семей, 2015. 109 с.

2.2 Агабекян И.П. «Английский язык для технических вузов», Ростов-на-Дону,2001.

2.3 Образцов П.И., Иванова О.Ю. Профессионально-ориентированное обучение иностранному языку на неязыковых факультетах вузов. Орел: ОГУ, 2005. 114 с.

2.4 Источники интернет.

2.5 Научно – техническая информация на английском языке.

Практическое занятие №4 (3 часа)

Тема:Standards Development.

Цель занятия:Освоить термины и определения по тексту.

Методические рекомендации (указания) по выполнению задания:

1.Прочитать текст.

2. Перевести текст.

3. Выписать новые слова.

 

Standards Development



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