ЗНАЕТЕ ЛИ ВЫ?

КОНТРОЛЬНО-ТРЕНИРОВОЧНЫЕ УПРАЖНЕНИЯ (1)



1. В каждой колонке подчеркните слова, в которых гласная буква произносится так же, как и выделенная гласная в первом слове:

apple candy that lay flash ran wait sad face fish him it light is thing pink trick fine box drop stop pole shop on snow top rode egg seen bed get well wheel let tree tent cup trunch just use uncle fruit lunch sun such

 

2. Образуйте множественное число существительных с помощью суффикса -s (-es):

atom, set, group, work, climate, trade, name, art, play, star, year, idea, sorrow, ray, culture, nature, doctor, sculpture, teacher, counter, con­ductor, leaf, life, shelf, knife, wife.

 

3. Напишите следующие существительные во множественном числе. Укажите, в каких случаях суффикс множественного числа произносится как [s], [z], [iz]:

Образец: map – maps[s] atom – atoms[z] cage – сages [iz]

student, party, chair, ring, glass, face, leaf, fat, time, way, univer­sity, language, wing, salt, energy, design, book, problem, diction­ary, class, change, subject, speech, rule.

4. Перепишите следующие предложения, вставляя данные в скобках сущес­твитель­ные в единственном или множественном числе:

1) Ann’s father told some funny circus .... The funniest ... was about a giant clown. (story, stories)

2) Many ... live in an apartment house. Tom’s ... lives on the fourth floor. (family, families)

3) Do you know the name of your ... ? The travellers will see many .... (country, countries)

4) Ben’s dog has five brown ... . One little ... has a flat nose. (puppy, puppies)

5) Small ... laugh and play. Jack’s ... has a now toy. (baby, babies)

 

5. Замените существительные с предлогом of существительными в притяжа­тельном падеже:

a meeting of students, the flat of my mother-in-law, the rays of the sun, a distance of two miles, thejoys of life, the house of his parents, the theatres of Moscow, the children of my sister Mary, the rights of the women, the name of my friend.

 

6. Переведите следующие словосочетания па английский язык, употребляя притяжательный падеж:

письмо моего друга, рассказы этого писателя, библиотека институ­та, дочь моей младшей сестры, младшая дочь моей сестры, стены этого старого дома, старые стены этого дома.

 

7. Образуйте степени сравнения следующих прилагательных и наречий с помощью суффиксов -er, -est:

short, cold, wide, early, big, near, late, fast, small, old, nice, young, large, kind, long, quick, easy.

 

8. Образуйте степени сравнения следующих прилагательных и наречий с помощью слов more, (the) most:

interesting, carefully, comfortable, progressive, efficient, clearly, beautiful, difficult, beautifully, regularly, prominent, brightly, especially, wonderful, realistic, remarkable, special, dependent, attentively, important.

 

9. Употребите прилагательные и наречия, данные в скобках, в нужной степени сравнения:

1) My brother is much ... than myself. (young)

2) The opera theatre is one of ... buildings in the city. (beau­tiful)

3) The sound grew ... and ... . (faint)

4) The party was not so ... as I had expected. (funny)

5) I have no one ... than you. (near)

6) What is the ... news? (late)

7) Yesterday I came home ... than usual. (late)

8) Ann sings far ... than Nina, (well)

9) I like this picture ... of all. (well)

 

10. Заполните пропуски притяжательными местоимениями, соответствующи­ми лич­ным местоимениям, данным в скобках:

1) (Не) ... composition is very interesting.

2) (We) ... son goes to school.

3) (You) ... sister is young.

4) (They) ... knowledge of the subject is very poor.

5) (He) ... name is John.

6) (I) ... family lives in Kiev.

7) (She) ... friends often visit her.

 

11. Употребите нужную форму личных местоимений:

1) I often see (they, them) in the bus.

2) She lives near (we, us).

3) (We, us) always walk to school together.

4) He teaches (we, us) English.

5) She sits near (I, me) during the lesson.

6) I always speak to (he, him) in English.

7) What is the matter with (he, him) today?

8) He explains the lesson to (we, us) each morning,

9) There are some letters here for you and (I, me).

10) I know (she, her) and her sister very well.

 

12. Употребите нужную форму притяжательных местоимений:

1) Would you like to see some of (her, hers) poems?

2) (Their, theirs) knowledge of the subject is not much superior to (our, ours).

3) You take care of (your, yours) things and I’ll take care of (my, mine).

4) All (our, ours) clothes were dirty, and (my, mine) especially so.

5) (Their, theirs) boat was faster than (our, ours).

6) I’m afraid they will take (your, yours) words against (her, hers).

7) (Their, theirs) home is pretty but (our, ours) is prettier.

 

13. Заполните пропуски указательными местоимениями this, that, these, those:

1) All ... is very interesting. 2) ... exercises are very easy. 3) ... will do. 4) ... chair is very comfortable. 5) ... is my English book. 6) Try one of ... . 7) ... are the TV sets of the latest type. 8) ... office at the end of the hall is the administra­tion office. 9) ... books are over there on the table.

 

14. Заполните пропуски глаголом to be, употребляя соответствующую форму настоя­щего времени:

1) Не ... a good student. 2) They ... old friends. 3) I ... a teacher. 4) John ... absent from class today. 5) The weather ... good today. 6) The sky ... clear. 7) We ... both students. 8) Mr. Smith ... sick today. 9) She and I ... cousins.

 

15. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах:

1)They are in Europe now. 2) She is a clever girl. 3) It is cold today. 4) He is in his office. 5) They are members of the country club. 6) Both sisters are tall. 7) John is angry with you. 8) She is a good ten­nis player. 9) The stamps are in my desk. 10) She is a good teacher. 11) I am her cousin.

 

16. Заполните пропуски глаголом to have, употребляя соответствующую форму на­стоящего времени:

1) She ... one sister and two brothers. 2) We ... a large library at school. 3) They ... a new car. 4) She ... green eyes. 5) Helen ... a headache. 6) The secretary ... a new typewriter. 7) Mr. Smith’s office ... three large windows. 8) We ... many friends in Moscow. 9) Both brothers ... red hair. 10) Harry’s dog ... a long tail. 11) He and I ... many things in common.

 

17. Употребите оборот there is (are) в следующих предложениях. Переведите их на русский язык:

1) ... a new moon tonight. 2) ... someone at the door. 3) ... a lot of students absent today. 4) ... three lamps in the room. 5) ... two large windows in the room. 6) But ... only one door. 7) ... a lot of English classes in our school. 8) ... nobody in the room now. 9) ... no one at home. 10) ... twelve months in a year. 11) ... a letter for you on the table. 12) ... several beautiful parks in this city.

 

18. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах:

Образец: There is a flag on the top of the building. Is there a flag on the top of the building? There isn’t a flag on the top of the building.

1) There is a big parade today. 2) There are two lamps in the room. 3) There are ten new words in the lesson. 4) There are enough chairs for everyone. 5) There is a good restaurant near here. 6) There is a comfortable chair in each room.7) There are many pictures on the walls of our room. 8) There are more than ten sentences in each exer­cise.

 

19. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Present Indefinite:

1) We (read) the newspaper in class every day.

2) He always (prepare) his homework carefully.

3) We always (play) tennis on Saturdays.

4) She (speak) several foreign languages.

5) The children (play) in the park every afternoon.

6) Helen (work) very hard.

7) They (take) a lot of trips together.

8) We always (travel) by car.

9) I (eat) lunch in the cafeteria every day.

 

20. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах:

Образец: John goes there twice a week.

Does John go there twice a week? John doesn’t go there twice a week.

1) He knows French perfectly. 2) I understand everything he says. 3) She makes mistakes in spelling. 4) They enjoy their English les­sons. 5) They live in Kiev. 6) We use our books in class. 7) The plane leaves at ten o’clock. 8) She always comes to class late. 9) I always take the same bus to work.

 

21. Образуйте повелительное наклонение и его отрицательную форму. Переведите предложения на русский язык:

Образец: (Tell) her about it.

Tell her about it. Скажи ей об этом.

Don’t tell her about it. – He говори ей об этом.

1) (Give) this to John. 2) (Open) the door. 3) (Close) the door. 4) (Telephone) him in the morning. 5) (Let) him talk with her. 6) (Turn) off the light. 7) (Leave) your hat on the chair. 8) (Lend) me a pencil. 9) (Help) him with his homework.

 

22. Заполните пропуски глаголом to be, употребляя соответствующую форму про­шедшего времени:

1) Ann ... absent from school yesterday.

2) The exercises in the last lesson ... difficult.

3) She ... in the same class as Nick last year.

4) We ... tired after our long walk.

5) The weather yesterday ... very warm.

6) There ... a lot of students absent from class yesterday.

7) I ... hungry after so many exercises.

8) I ... busy all day yesterday.

9) We ... good friends for many years.

 

23. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах:

1) We were pleased to receive your letter.

2) The door of the office was open.

3) The wind last night was very strong.

4) He and his brother were sick two days ago.

5) There were few passengers in the compartment.

6) There was a very interesting lecture last Monday.

7) There were two examinations last spring.

8) There was a large picture in her room.

 

24. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Indefinite:

1) We (work) in our garden all day yesterday.

2) I (listen) to the radio until twelve o’clock last night.

3) He always (want) to learn English.

4) Ann and I (talk) over the telephone yesterday.

5) They (live) in France for many years.

6) The meeting (last) about two hours.

7) I (wait) almost two hours for Helen yesterday.

8) She (study) in our class last semester.

9) We (watch) television until eleven o’clock last night.

 

25. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах:

Образец: Не prepared his lesson well.

Did he prepare his lesson well? He didn’t prepare his lesson well.

1) They stayed in Moscow all summer. 2.) She planned her work well. 3) The crowd waited a long time to see the famous actor. 4V He worked in that Institute for many years. 5) We arrived home late. 6) He entered this class in April. 7) Ann passed all her examinations. 8) The meeting lasted a long time. 9) They travelled there by train. 10) She decided to write a letter to her parents at home.

 

26. Образуйте Past Indefinite и Participle II от следующих глаголов. Проверьте себя по таблице неправильных глаголов:

to build, to think, to go, to see, to give, to meet, to write, to read, to know, to take, to teach, to feel, to have, to come, to begin, to find, to get, to say, to tell, to put, to leave, to do, to sing, to lose, to stand.

 

27. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Indefinite. Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1) I (forget) to bring my notebook to class yesterday.

2) The telephone (ring) twice but no one answered it.

3) George (think) about his troubles continuously.

4) Last year Professor Johnes (teach) us both English and mathemat­ics.

5) I (lose) my English book yesterday but (find) it later.

6) The Petrovs (take) their two children to the South with them.

7) He (tell) the whole story to us.

8) The meeting (begin) at ten o’clock yesterday.

9) They (go) to the park after the lesson.

 

28. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме, употребляя данные в скобках вопросительные слова:

Образец: Не arrived at ten o’clock. (What time) What time did he arrive?

1) They sat in the first row. (In which row)

2) The performance lasted two hours. (How long)

3) He went to Leningrad to see some friends. (Why)

4) She put the mail on my desk. (Where)

5) He walked to school with Mary. (Whom with)

6) They spoke to us in French. (In what language)

7) He arrived home very late. (When)

 

29. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной форме, употребляя вопросительные слова who, what:

Образец: My friend likes music very much. Who likes music very much?

1) She wants to visit Moscow.

2) Speech is a kind of vibration.

3) Painting is an ancient art.

4) He collects the paintings of old masters.

5) Every substance is a kind of matter.

6) Metals are the best conductors of heat.

7) The Romans made portraits in stone.

8) Poor lighting makes a piece of sculpture look uninteresting.

9) We know little about early painters.

30. Заполните пропуски глаголом to be, употребляя соответствующую форму буду­щего времени:

1) She ... our new teacher.

2) These exercises ... very difficult for you.

3) They ... glad to see their old friends.

4) There ... many examinations next term.

5) There ... a new club in our town next year.

6) We ... very tired after the long walk.

7) I ... happy to be here again.

8) We ... interested in his progress.

 

31. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Future Indefinite:

1) Helen (find) the book which you need.

2) They (see) us tomorrow.

3) I (finish) the work in April.

4) The shops (close) at noon today.

5) We (arrive) at three o’clock.

6) She (tell) you all about it.

7) We (spend) two months in the South.

8) The plant (die) because of lack of sunshine.

9) The meeting (begin) at eight o’clock. 10) The film (last) an hour.

32. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах:

Образец: They will arrive at three o’clock. Will they arrive at three o’clock? They won’t arrive at three o’clock.

1) They will return in October.

2) These exercises will be easy for you.

3) He will be able to meet us later.

4) Our drama society will present a new play this year.

5) The lesson will be over at twelve o’clock.

6) There will be three new students in the class.

7) She will leave a message on the table for him.

8) They will write to us on Wednesday.

9) We shall take the children to the park.

 

33. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Present Continuous:

Образцы: 1) Look! It (begin) to rain.

Look! It is beginning to rain.

2) They (wait) for us on the corner now. They are waiting for us on the corner now.

1) I see that you (wear) your new suit today.

2) Listen! Someone (knock) at the door.

3) The bus (stop) for us now.

4) Please, be quiet! The baby (sleep).

5) The leaves (begin) to fall from the trees.

6) John (have) lunch in the cafeteria now.

7) Listen! I think the telephone (ring).

8) Ann seems to be very busy. I guess she (prepare) her English lesson.

 

34. Напишите следующие предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах:

Образец: They are working. Are they working? They aren’t working.

1) You are doing that exercise correctly.

2) He is looking for the book which he lost.

3) All the birds are flying south.

4) The sky is getting very dark.

5) They are laughing at what you said.

6) They are travelling in Europe at present.

7) Helen is taking dancing lessons at the country club.

8) Mr. Evans is writing a series of articles on the economic situation.

9) Ann is doing well in her studies at present.

 

35. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Past Continuous:

Образцы: 1) They (eat) dinner when we came.

They were eating dinner when we came.

2) It (rain) when I left home. It was raining when I left home.

1) When you telephoned, I (have) dinner.

2) The baby (sleep) soundly when I went to wake him.

3) She (talk) with Mr. Smith when I saw her in the hall.

4) The accident happened while they (travel) in the South.

5) When I got up this morning, the sun (shine) brightly.

6) At seven o’clock, when you telephoned, I (read) the newspaper.

7) Mary (play) the piano when I arrived.

8) Helen fell just as she (get) off the bus.

9) The wind (blow) hard when I came to work this morning.

36. Употребите глаголы, данные в скобках, в форме Future Continuous:

Образец: At ten o’clock tomorrow morning she (have) her music lesson.

At ten o’clock tomorrow morning she will be having her music lesson.

1) I (wait) on the corner for you at the usual time tomorrow morning.

2) It probably (rain) when you get back.

3) If you come before six, I (work) in my garden.

4) At this time tomorrow afternoon I (take) my final English examination.

5) If we go there now, they (have) dinner. But if we go later, they (watch) television.

6) At this time next year he (study) at the university.

37. Заполните пропуски относительными местоимениями who, whom, which. Пере­ведите предложения на русский язык:

1) The film ... we saw last night was not good.

2) She is the girl ... I saw at the party yesterday.

3) This is the kind of exercise ... I like best.

4) Was it Helen ... said that?

5) The book ... I read last night was very interesting.

6) Is this the book ... you lost?

7) The teacher with ... I studied English last year no longer teaches in our school.

 

38. Заполните пропуски соответствующими артиклями. Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1) ... man whom Mr. Smith telephoned this morning is here now. 2) ... book which I am reading now belongs to John. 3) There is ... pencil on the desk. 4) She is ... good teacher. 5) Is this ... book which you need? 6) I want to buy ... new briefcase. 7) ... good book is always a pleasure for me. 8) It is ... good idea. 9) ... picture painted by the student is beautiful.

 

39. Заполните пропуски соответствующими предлогами. Переведите предложения на русский язык:

1) Не thanked me ... my interest ... the matter. 2) This book belongs ... our teacher. 3) We all went ... a walk ... the park. 4) Nick usually sits ... this desk. 5) I make many mistakes ... spelling. 6) The man walked quickly across the room and sat down. 7) She spends a lot ... time ... her English. 8) We read ... the accident ... the newspaper this morning. 9) They told me ... their trip ... the North.

 

40. Образуйте существительные от следующих глаголов с помощью суффиксов -ег, -or, -ment, -ation, -ion. Переведите существительные на русский язык:

Образцы: 1) to teach – учить; teacher учитель

2) to inform – информировать; information инфор­мация

to introduce, to work, to develop, to collect, to visit, to write, to contribute, to educate, to wait, to settle, to approach, to complete, to create, to build.

 

41. Образуйте прилагательные от следующих существительных с помощью суффик­сов -able, -ible, -al, -ic, -ful. Переведите прилагательные на русский язык:

respect, nation, pay, wonder, care, skill, advice, comfort.

 

42. Образуйте наречия от следующих прилагательных с помощью суффикса -lу. Переведите наречия на русский язык:

bad, quick, correct, sudden, loud, easy, free, especial, careful, secret.

КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА №1

1. Прочитайте текст и письменно ответьте по-английски на вопросы, следующие за текстом.

2. Выпишите существительные в единственном числе и поставьте их во множественном числе.

3. Выпишите из текста предложенные конструкции с предлогом ofи переведите их на русский язык. Замените существительные с предлогом ofсуществительными в притяжательном падеже.

4. Выпишите из текста прилагательные и наречия, переведите их на русский язык и образуйте степени сравнения.

5. Найдите в тексте и переведите на русский язык предложения, в которых употреблены местоимения. Укажите, к какой группе они относятся (личные, указательные, вопросительные, относительные).

6. Выпишите из текста все неправильные глаголы, запишите их основные формы и переведите их на русский язык.

7. Выпишите из текста предложения в Present Indefinite и переведите их на русский язык. Напишите эти предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах.

8. Выпишите из текста предложения в Past или Future Indefinite и переведите их на русский язык. Напишите эти предложения в вопросительной и отрицательной формах.

9. Переведите письменно текст контрольной работы №1 на русский язык. При переводе пользуйтесь англо-русским словарем.

Вариант №1.

THE LAND OF WHITE NIGHTS.

Saint-Petersburg was founded on 16 May, 1703. Several generations of talented Russian and foreign architects were engaged in the planning and con­struction of Petersburg’s downtown. The Peter and Paul Fortress was built to protect the Neva banks from Swedish invasion. Later D.Trezzini, the famous Swiss archi­tect, reconstructed the fortress. It became a prison. Now it is a museum. D.Trezzini erected the Peter and Paul Cathedral here, which is a masterpiece of architecture. Russian tsars were buried in it. Petersburg is one of the world's most beautiful cities.

The Summer Garden, the Winter Palace, the Hermitage, the monument to Peter I, the Russian Museum are the city's remarkable architectural sights.

Soon after Petersburg appeared, it turned into the main center of Russian sci­ence and culture. Outstanding scholars like M.V. Lomonosov, D.I. Mendeleyev, I.P. Pavlov and many others engaged themselves in activities of the Academy of Sci­ences and the University. A.S. Pushkin, M.Y. Lermontov, N.A. Nekrasov glorified the city in many of their works.

There are many memorial places in the city that relate to life and creative work of the great Russian writers N.V. Gogol, T.M. Dostoevsky, the composers M.I. Glinka, P.I. Chaikovskiy, M.P. Musorgskiy. N.A. Rimskiy - Korsakov, the painters K.P. Bryullov, I.Y. Repin, I.N. Kramskoy, V.I. Surikov, etc.

St. Petersburg today is a centre of science and culture, well-developed industries including shipbuilding, a large international port on the Baltic Sea.

St. Petersburg is famous for its suburbs. Petrodvorets (Peterhof), Pushkin (Tsarskoe Selo), Pavlovsk, Lomonosov are museums of history and art. Russian and foreign tourists visit St-Petersburg suburbs to see outstanding pieces of Russian art.

Magnificent architectural ensembles, sculptures, a unique water-duck system for numerous fountains, fine examples of park-landscape art make one solemnly proud of the generations of Russian people who have managed to create, in rotten swamp, such great masterpieces of human genius.

Anyone who visits St-Petersburg will always be tempted to come back.

Questions:

1. When was the town of St. Petersburg founded?

2. St. Petersburg is one of the world's most beautiful cities, isn't it?

3. What is St. Petersburg famous for?

4. Is St. Petersburg a centre of science and culture?

Вариант №2.

THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION.

The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It occupies about one-seventh of the earth's surface. It covers the eastern part of Europe and the northern part of Asia. Its total area is about 17 million square kilometres. The country is washed by 12 seas of 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. Russia bor­ders on many countries.

So great variety of scenery and vegetation can be found here. We have steppes in the south, plains and forests in the midland, tundra and taiga in the north, highlands and deserts in the east.

There are two great plains in Russia: the Great Russian Plain and the West Siberian Lowland. There are several mountain chains on the territory of the country: the Urals, the Caucasus, the Altai and others.

There are over two million rivers in Russia. Europe's biggest river, the Volga, flows into the Caspian Sea. The main Siberian rivers — the Ob, the Yenisei and the Lena.

Russia is rich in beautiful lakes. The world's deepest lake (1,600 metres) is Lake Bai­kal

Russia has one-sixth of the world's forests. They are concentrated in the European north of the country, in Siberia and in the Far East.

On the vast territory of the country there are various types of climate, from arctic in the north to subtropical in the south. In the middle of the country the climate is temper­ate and continental.

Russia is very rich in oil, coal, iron, natural gas, copper, nickel and other mineral resources.

Moscow is the capital of Russia, its political, economic, commercial and cultural centre. It was founded 8 centuries ago by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky. Now Moscow is one of the largest cities in Europe. Its total area is about nine hun­dred square kilometres. The population of the city is over 8 million.

Moscow is one of the most beautiful cities in the world. The heart of Moscow is Red Square. There are a lot of beautiful palaces, old mansions, museums, theatres, cathedrals, churches and monu­ments in Moscow.

Moscow is a city of students. There are over 80 higher educational institutions in it, including several universities.

Russia is a parliamentary republic. The Head of State is the President. The legislative powers are exercised by the Duma.

Notes:

to occupy – занимать

surface – поверхность

total area – общая площадь

to wash – омывать

to border – граничить с

variety – разнообразие, множество

scenery – пейзаж, ландшафт

vast territory – обширная территория

head of state – глава государства

Questions:

1. Where is the Russian Federation situated?

2. What is the total area of the country?

3. What mineral resources is the Russian Federation rich in?

4. What is the climate like in Russia?

5. When was Moscow founded?

Вариант №3.





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