B. Make your own sentences with these words and combinations.



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B. Make your own sentences with these words and combinations.



 

Task 5. A. Find synonyms for the following words:

1. to rise 6. to be overdue

2. to turn on 7. intermission

3. to take a douche 8. dining room (university)

4. to put one's clothes on 9. to converse/talk (with)

5. implement 10. exhausted

B. Find antonyms for the following words:

1. weekend 6. to forget

2. late riser 7. seldom

3. to go to bed 8. ill

4. to flunk 9. close to

5. busy 10. enemy

 

C. Match the words with the definitions:

1. weekday 5. examination

2. breakfast 6. computer

3. university 7. proverb

4. lecture 8. internet

 

A. a machine for performing calculations automatically;

B. a large and diverse institution of higher education created to educate for life and for a profession and to grant degrees;

C. teaching by giving a discourse on some subject (typically to a class);

D. any day except Sunday (and sometimes except Saturday);

E. a condensed but memorable saying embodying some important fact of experience that is taken as true by many people;

F. world-wide network of computer networks that use the TCP/IP network protocols to facilitate data transmission and exchange;

G. a set of questions or Tasks evaluating skill or knowledge;

H. the first meal of the day (usually in the morning).

Grammar

Task 6. Look at the words and fill in the table:

word prefix base word suffix
difficult business different retell composition examination favourite interesting because remember      

Task 7. A. Find ten sentences with the Present Simple Tense and translate them into Russian.

B. Choose the right variant and explain your choice.

1. My friend does not / is not an early riser.

2. Are / do you do your morning Tasks?

3. Do / does your mother make breakfast for you?

4. Usually I do / am not miss my classes.

5. In the evening all of us get / gets together after work and study.

С. Check yourself consulting the following rules:

The Present Simple (Indefinite) Tense – настоящее неопределённое время употребляется для выражения действия обычного, постоянного, повторяющегося, происходящего в настоящее время, не соотнесенного с моментом речи:

I go to the University on foot. The lectures at the University begin at 9 o’clock.
Я хожу в университет пешком. Лекции в университете начинаются в 9 часов.

Обычный, повторяющийся характер действия обуславливает использование таких наречий, как always (всегда), often (часто), seldom (редко), usually (обычно), never (никогда), sometimes (иногда), every day (каждый день) и т.д. В предложении они стоят между подлежащим и смысловым глаголом:

Twice a year students take their exams.
Дважды в год студенты сдают экзамены.

Утвердительная форма образуется путём постановки личной формы инфинитива без частицы to после подлежащего. Однако, если подлежащее стоит в форме третьего лица единственного числа (т.е. выражено местоимениями he, she, it или его можно заменить этими местоимениями), то глагол принимает окончание -s или -es,которое образуется и читается по тем же правилам, что и окончание множественного числа имен существительных:

My friend lives in a hostel. The school year begins in September.
Мой друг живёт в общежитии. Учебный год начинается в сентябре.

Вопросительная форма образуется при помощи вспомогательного глагола do, который в третьем лице единственного числа имеет форму does и инфинитива смыслового глагола без частицы to. В вопросительной форме вспомогательный глагол ставится перед подлежащим, за которым следует смысловой глагол:

Do you speak English well? Yes, I do.
Ты хорошо говоришь по-английски? Да.

В отрицательной форме отрицание not ставиться после вспомогательного глагола. В разговорной речи обычно употребляется сокращённая форма от do not – don’t и does not – doesn’t:

The students do not go to the library every day. The computer doesn't work.
Студенты не ходят в библиотеку каждый день. Компьютер не работает.

Глагол to be не нуждается во вспомогательных глаголах для образования отрицательной и вопросительной форм настоящего неопределенного времени:

Итак, схематически The Present Simple Tense можно изобразить следующим образом (где V –основа инфинитива глагола, а «+ / - / ?» обозначают утвердительное, отрицательное и вопросительное предложения):

+   –   ? V1 (3 л. ед.ч + s) do / does not V1 Do / Does ... V1 He lives in Tambov. They live in Tambov. He doesn't live in Tambov. They don't live in Tambov. Does he live in Tambov? Yes, he does. No, he does not. Do they live in Tambov? Yes, they do. No, they don't.

 

Task 8. Make up your own sentences using the Present Simple Tense.

Task 9. Choose the right sentence:

1. A. Every day all members of my family get up at half past six.

B. Every day all members of my family gets up at half past six.

2. A. We are not eat much in the morning.

B. We do not eat much in the morning.

3. A. Is your farther drive you to the university?

B. Does your farther drive you to the university?

4. A. I do not have more than 5 classes a day at the university.

B. I have not more than 5 classes a day at the university.

5. A. I try not to miss my classes.

B. I am not try to miss my classes.

Comprehension

Task 10. Choose the right variant:

1. In the morning I usually

A. play computer games and chat over the Internet

B. take a shower and do morning Tasks

C. read books and listen to music

2. People watch morning news or read newspapers while having breakfast because

A. they want to get the latest news

B. they are used to this artificial noise

C. they do not feel sleepy

3. When the weather is good and I have enough time I prefer to go the university

A. by bus

B. on foot

C. take a taxi

4. Students go to the library

A. to make a report and get ready for seminars

B. to meet their friends

C. to go in for sport

5. In the evening I like to be with my family, because

A. we play chess

B. go to the park

C. all of us get together after work and discuss our family affairs.

Task 11. Complete the sentences:

1. I take a warm or cool shower and clean my teeth in ………….

2. I take my learning tools and go to ………….

3. But when I am late for the first lesson my father ………….

4. If the weather is good I go for ………….

5. In the evening all of us get together to discuss our ………….

Task 12. Decide whether these statements are true or false:

1. People usually divide their day into 4 main parts: morning, job or studying, evening and late evening.

2. We have the same timetable on weekdays and weekends.

3. In the morning we do in series the following things: having breakfast, taking a shower and doing morning Tasks.

4. After a cool shower you always feel refreshed and full of energy.

5. While having breakfast many people usually watch morning news.

6. My friend’s classes begin at 8.30 and it takes him 30 minutes to get to his university by bus, so he usually leaves home at 8.20 and gets there on foot.

7. Without missing your classes you can’t pass examinations successfully.

8. Sometimes students have to stay at the university till late because they go to the library to get ready for their practical classes or to write a report.

9. Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.

10. Having a timetable you can manage to do everything you plan to do.

Task 13. A. Match the following titles with the corresponding passages of the text (one is extra):

A. about timetable E. studying

B. morning F. afternoon

C. breakfast G. evening

D. to the university H. weekends

1. When my classes are over I go to the sports center where I have karate lessons. I have karate lessons three times a week. When I do not have them, I take guitar lessons.

2. I usually get up at 8 o'clock and do the same things I do on weekdays except going to university. At 12 o'clock I rehearse with in the rock band where I play the guitar. Our rehearsal ends in the evening. Sometimes I can stay at home and read books, or go somewhere with my friends.

3. I take a shower and then have my meal. The first thing many people do automatically is to turn on TV and watch news when they have a meal. Well I think all this is the key to our depression or bad mood. I like to talk with my parents while having morning meal.

4. As many people I have different timetables on weekdays and weekends. I think that it is very important to go to bed before midnight and to get up quite early in the morning, especially on weekdays. Thus you can manage to do everything you plan to do.

5. I put all the necessary books into my bag and get dressed. I leave home at about 9 o'clock. I get to my university by bicycle.

6. I have my meal and start doing my homework at 8 o'clock. If I have some spare time after doing homework, I play the guitar or read classical literature. I go to bed.

7. I take a cool shower and then I go jogging to the park near my place. So I do jogging for about thirty minutes and then do some Tasks. After this I feel refreshed and full of energy. Besides fresh air and birds singing improves my mood greatly even on Mondays.



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