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Для развития навыков устной речи на английском языке
для студентов 1-2-го курсов
ИЭФ, ФКСиС и ФИТУ
Дневной формы обучения
Topical Materials for Creative Presentations
УДК 802.0 (075.8)
ББК 81.432.1 я 73
Н.И.Дубовец, И.И.Ершова, Л.С.Карпик, Р.И.Коваленко, Н.С.Кучинская, Ю.К.Лобач, Т.С.Матюшевская, Р.К.Образцова, А.И.Рогачевская, И.Г.Субботкина, Г.Л.Теплякова, О.В.Туник, Е.Н.Щекотович
Методическая разработка cодержит оригинальные тексты по устным темам. Предназначена для развития навыков устной речи на английском языке у студентов 1-2 курса ИЭФ, ФКСиС и ФИТУ.
Цель разработки — способствовать развитию навыков говорения на английском языке и активизировать лексический минимум. Каждая тема представлена комплексом речевых упражнений и типовыми ситуациями.
ISBN © Коллектив авторов, составление, 2006
© БГУИР, 2006
UNIT 1. Student’s Profile. 2
UNIT 2. Youth Problems. 2
UNIT 3. My University. 2
UNIT 4. English as a world language. 2
UNIT 5. Belarus. 2
UNIT 6. Ecological problems. 2
UNIT 7. Careers in you Technologies. 2
UNIT 8. Specialities in Engineering Economics. 2
UNIT 1. Student’s Profile
1. Read the title of the unit and say what it is about.
2. Try to predict which sentences best describe student’s profile.
3. Write 5-7 questions you are sure will be answered in the text.
4. What do you think a typical day for students is? What about you? Look at the activities below and fill in the time you spend in each activity. Sleep…; exercise…; work…; watch TV…; study…; do housework… .
5. How does student’s life differ from other people’s life. Match the occupation with the texts:
a) student b) waiter c) businessman d) postman
1) I start work at nine. I finish at about seven. I often work late, and I sometimes work at home too. I usually have lunch in a restaurant because my company pays. I always wear smart clothes like a suit, to work. I go to work by train. I never go by car there’s too much traffic.
2) My job is an evening job. I start at six o’clock in the evening and finish at about two o’clock in the morning. I have a break at about ten and I always eat in the kitchen. I wear a uniform, of course.
3) I go in when there are classes. They sometimes start at nine. Sometimes at ten. I usually have lunch in the cafeteria, but some days I don’t have lunch. In the evening I often work in the library. I go to everywhere by bicycle. I usually wear casual clothes like jeans.
4) I start early – at five o’clock in the morning and I usually finish at about one o’clock in the afternoon, so I always have lunch at home. I wear a uniform at work.
6. Interview your partner and write his answers in the grid.
1. Read the text and underline the words you still don’t know.
2. Look through the text and find the sections which contain the answers to your questions.
I am a first-year student of the Belarusian State University of Informatics and Radioelectronics. I study full- time. I passed my entrance examinations in July and was admitted to the University.
On weekdays the alarm- clock wakes me up at 6.30 and my working day begins. I am not an early riser, that is why it is very difficult for me to get out of bed, especially in winter. I switch on my tape-recorder and do my morning exercises. Twice a week I go jogging in the park near home before breakfast. Then I go to the bathroom, take a warm shower, clean my teeth and shave. After that I go to my bedroom to get dressed. Usually my mother makes breakfast for me. But when she is away on business or just doesn’t have to get up early, I make breakfast myself. My breakfast is light and quick. I usually have a cup of tea or coffee with some sandwiches and jam. While having breakfast, I listen to the latest news on the radio.
I leave for the university at 7.30 and go to the nearest underground station. The University is situated in the center of the city in 6 P. Brovka street. It only takes me about 20 minutes to get there so I am always in time for the first lecture. I don’t want to waste my time on the train. I‘ve got a small CD-player I listen to music.
I take Programming. My classes begin at 8 o’clock. I have a quite varied timetable, but on a normal day I have two or three lectures, then I attend practical classes, labs and seminars. The classes are over at 3 o’clock. I work hard at my classes and after that I have lunch at the student’s canteen and spend 2 or 3 hours at the library.
Every day I look through the notes of the lectures. I always take notes of all lectures, which is helpful when I get ready for my seminars and labs works.
At the moment it’s a bit hard because studying here is very different from school. At school they used to tell you what to do and when to do it, but here you have more freedom. I am not used to that so I often leave my essays to the last minute. Then I have to work right through the night, which is something I have never done before.
I come home at about 6 p.m. and wait for my parents. We have dinner together. Then we sit in the living room, drink tea, listen to music, watch TV or just talk.
During the term I am usually busy studying, but I have time for some things other than work. I mean, in the afternoon I go swimming. I have my training in the swimming -pool twice a week. In the evenings I go out with friends or play computer games.
As a rule I go to bed at about 11. Sometimes I am so tired that I fall asleep at once.
And still I always look forward to my next working day because I enjoy my life.
1. Answer the following questions:
1) Do you get up early? Is it easy for you to get up early?
2) Do you wake up yourself or does an alarm -clock wake you up?
3) Do you do morning exercises? Do you do morning exercises to music?
4) Which do you prefer: a cold or hot shower in the morning?
5) How long does it take you to get dressed?
6) What do you usually have for breakfast?
7) Some people look through newspapers or listen to the latest news on the radio while having breakfast. What about you?
8) When do you usually leave the house?
9) What do you usually do on your way to the university?
10) When do you usually have lunch?
11) Do you ever have a nap in the afternoon?
12) What time do you come home?
13) How do you spend evenings?
14) What time do you usually go to bed?
2. George had problems with studying, so he wrote to a magazine problem page for advice. Find out what his study problems are and tell your partner about four of them.
I'm having problems with my studies at school. I find it difficult to get down to work in the evenings and I can't concentrate on anything at the moment. I spend most of my time listening to records or watching TV instead of doing my homework. The other students in my class are much better than I am and I have difficulty in keeping up with them. I sometimes have problems with following the lessons as well. I can't always take down the important things my teacher says because I write so slowly. She has told me that I'm falling behind with my studies. I'm not good at writing essays and I usually hand in my homework late because I put off doing it until the last minute. So I often have to invent silly excuses to explain why I haven't done the work. I'm sure I'm not going to get through my final exams in June. I scraped through the mock exams last February with 54% - all the other students passed with flying colours. I'm now so far behind that I don't know how I'm going to catch up with them. My teacher spent some time going through my homework with me but she found so many mistakes that I felt even more depressed.
What do you suggest I do?
3. Work in pairs. Do you have any of the following study problems? If you do, discuss them with your partner.
4. Work in group. Underline the multi-word verbs in the letter and try to work out what they mean.
4.1. Match the multi-word verbs in A with the definitions in B.
4.2. Ask your partner the questions below. Try to use the multi-word verbs from this unit in your questions and answers.
A How are you getting on with your studies?
В At the moment I'm falling behind a little, so I'll have to work harder to catch up with the rest of the class.
a. How are you getting on with your studies?
b. What things do you write down in lessons?
c. Do you always do your homework immediately?
d. How do you check there are no mistakes in your work before you give it to your teacher?
e. How do you think you will do in your future exams?
4.3. Fill in the gaps below.
to have difficulty in ________ (doing) something
to have problems with_______(doing) something
to concentrate on_______(doing) something
to be good/quite good at________ (doing) something
4.4. Use the phrases in the boxes above to write some sentences about yourself. Then discuss them with your partner. Find out how many things you have in common.
A I'm good at using computers and learning languages. What are you good at?
В I'm quite good at using computers, but I have problems with learning languages. I have difficulty in remembering the grammar rules!
Express your feelings about the following pastimes. The expression given in the boxes are just suggestions.
Read the text and answer the questions.
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