Тема: Риси характеру людини.

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Тема: Риси характеру людини.

І. Робота над текстом за темою заняття.


1. a) Перекладіть назви рис характеру людини українською мовою. Запишіть їх у дві колонки: virtuous characteristics (позитивні риси) та evil characteristics (негативні риси).


Amiable, disobedient, unreliable, good-natured, ill-tempered, kind, kind-hearted, haughty, communicative, arrogant, sociable, modest, attentive, impudent, thoughtful, boastful, greedy, selfish, unrestrained, reasonable, calm, patient, sympathetic, honest, polite, capricious, bright, irritable, wise, sly, cruel, intelligent, rude, capable, coarse, diligent, hard-working, jealous, just, frank, sincere, mean, trustworthy, courageous.


b) Опишіть характер людини, яку ви знаєте, використовуючи слова із частини а).

2. Поєднайте початок і кінець речень. Перекладіть утворені речення українською.


1. He was very proud when a) someone stole his money.

2. He was very jealous when b) his father appeared on TV with the Prime Minister.

3. He was very embarrassed when c) he heard that his aunt had died.

4. He was very angry when d) he saw those big dogs running towards him.

5. He was very sad when e) he bought her a birthday present on the wrong day.

6. He was very frightened when f) his best friend went out with the girl he really liked.

3. Дайте відповіді на запитання.


a) Would you feel embarrassed or upset if you forgot your mother’s or your father’s birthday?

b) Do you ever feel frightened in a car (as a passenger) because you are going very fast?

c) Do you get angry when other people want you to do things that you don’t want to do?

d) If you made a stupid mistake in English, would you feel embarrassed?

e) Is there anything that you are very proud of?

f) Are there any common situations where you sometimes feel embarrassed?


ІІ. Граматичний матеріал. Тема: Артиклі.


Читайте більше на





або у будь-якому граматичному довіднику на Ваш бибір.


1. Вставте артикль a/an, the, де необхідно

1. ….. moon goes round ….. earth every 27 days.

2. Did you see ….. film on ….. TV or at ….. cinema?

3. After ….. breakfast we went for a walk by ….. sea.

4. There is ….. theatre not far from ….. our house. ….. theatre is very beautiful.

5. Tom lives in ….. small village in ….. country.

6. ….. butter and ….. cheese are made of ….. milk.

7. Here is ….. book you wanted.

8. It is ….. beautiful day. ….. sun is shining brightly in ….. sky.

9. What is ….. highest mountain in ….. world?

10.….. Volga is ….. longest river in ….. European part of ….. Russia.

11.….. children like ….. ice-cream.

12.What ….. beautiful weather! Let’s go for ….. walk!

13.Would you like ….. cup of tea?

14.I usually go to …..bed at 11 o’clock.

15.Pass me ….. sugar, please.

2.Виберіть правильний варіант використання артикля в наступних реченнях

1. Apples / the apples are good for you.

2. Look at apples / the apples on that tree! They are very large.

3. Women / the women are often better teachers than men / the men.

4. In Britain coffee / the coffee is more expensive than tea / the tea.

5. We had a very nice meal in that restaurant. Cheese / the cheese was

especially good.

6. Do you know people / the people who live next door?

7. Many children don’t like to go to school / the school.

8. After work / the work, Ann usually goes home / to home.

9. All criminals must be sent to prison / the prison for their crimes.

10. When Max was ill, we all went to hospital / the hospital to visit her.

11. I like to read in bed / the bed before going to sleep.

12. How many people go to university / the university in your country?

13. Have you ever visited Tower of London / the Tower of London?

14. The British Prime Minister lives in Downing Street / the Downing Street.

15. Mr. Brown’s wife likes to read Times / the Times.



ІІІ. Робота над текстом за професійним спрямуванням.

1. Вивчіть нові слова. Підготуйтеся до словникового диктанту.

legal (a) – правовий, законний, юридичний

substantial (a) – важливий, суттєвий

provide (v) – давати, забезпечувати

rival (a) – той, що є суперником

assert (v) – стверджувати

immanent (a) – постійний

enact (v) – постановити, приймати

correspond (v) –відповідати

summarize (v) – підводити підсумки

unjust (a) – несправедливий

notion (n) – поняття, думка

sovereign (n) – монарх, правитель

back (v) – підтримувати

threat (n) – загроза

set forth (v) – формулювати

statute (n) – статут, закон, що є написаним

profound (a) – глубокий

influence (n) - вплив

influential (a) – впливовий

Anglophone (a) – англомовний

argue (v) – стверджувати, доказувати

Прочитайте та перекладіть текст.

Philosophy of law

Philosophy of law is a branch of philosophy and jurisprudence which studies basic questions about law and legal systems, such as “what is the law?”, “what is the relationship between law and morality?” and many

other similar questions. The question “What is law?” has received the most substantial attention from philosophers of law. Three schools of thought have provided rival answers to this question.Natural theoryasserts that there are laws that are immanent in nature, to which enacted laws should correspond as closely as possible. This

view is frequently summarized by the maxim: an unjust law is not a true law, in which “unjust” is defined as contrary to natural law. Legal positivismis the view that the law is defined by the social rules or practices that identify certain norms as laws. Historically, the most important part of this theory was developed by Jeremy Bentham, whose views were popularized by his student, John Austin. Austin’s version of legal positivism was based on the notion that the law is the command of the sovereign backed by the threat of punishment.

Legal realismis the view that the law should be understood as it is practiced in the courts, law offices, and police stations, rather than as it is set

forth in statutes. In the 20th century, two great legal positivists had a profound influence on the philosophy of law. On the continent, Hans Kelsen was the most influential theorist, and his legal views are still influential. In the

Anglophone world, the most influential figure was Herbert Lionel Adolphus Hart, Professor of Jurisprudence at Oxford University, who is considered one of the most important legal philosophers. Hart’s most famous work is The

Concept of Law first published in 1961. He argued that the law should be understood as a system of social rules. Hart’s theory, although widely admired, was criticized by a variety of late 20th century philosophers of law

(R.Dworkin, J.Finnis, J.Raz)

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